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" In no case may we interpret an action as the outcome of the exercise of a higher psychical faculty, if it can be interpreted as the outcome of the exercise of one which stands lower in the psychological scale, (p. "
Educational Review - Página 297
editado por - 1916
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Children's Early Text Construction

Clotilde Pontecorvo, Margherita Orsolini, Barbara Burge, Lauren B. Resnick - 1996 - 368 páginas
...the "Morgan canon" by which, whenever possible, higher mental processes have to be interpreted "as an outcome of the exercise of one which stands lower in the psychological scale" (Lloyd Morgan, 1894). British empiricism provided the basis for this reductionism, because on...
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Species of Mind: The Philosophy and Biology of Cognitive Ethology

Colin Allen, Marc Bekoff - 1999 - 209 páginas
...contemporary of Romanes who also was very interested in animal minds, is well known for his canon: "In no case may we interpret an action as the outcome of the exercise...exercise of one which stands lower in the psychological scale" (Lloyd Morgan 1894, p. 53). Although Lloyd Morgan did not give much credence to anecdote, it...
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Comparative Psychology of Invertebrates: The Field and Laboratory Study of ...

Gary Greenberg, Ethel Tobach - 1997 - 291 páginas
...behavior in terms of cognitive constructs, it is important to recall C. Lloyd Morgans canon: "In no case may we interpret an action as the outcome of the exercise...exercise of one which stands lower in the psychological scale" (Morgan, 1894/1977, p. 53). Summary It has been the purpose of this chapter to point out what...
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Culture and the Development of Children's Action: A Theory of Human Development

Jaan Valsiner - 1997 - 364 páginas
...evaluation of differences of levels led C. Lloyd Morgan to the formulation of his famous canon: In no case may we interpret an action as the outcome of the exercise...exercise of one which stands lower in the psychological scale. (Morgan, 1894, p. 53) Morgan's law of parsimony has often been used as a legitimization for...
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Animal Learning and Cognition: An Introduction

John M. Pearce - 1997 - 333 páginas
...these accounts by employing what is known as Lloyd Morgan's canon (Morgan, 1 894, p.53): In no case may we interpret an action as the outcome of the exercise...faculty, if it can be interpreted as the outcome of one which stands lower in the psychological scale. In other words, the best explanation is the one...
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Biographical Dictionary of Psychology

Noel Sheehy, Antony J. Chapman, Wendy A. Conroy - 2002 - 702 páginas
...prohahly hest known for his 'canon'. which applied the law of parsimony to animal hehaviour; 'In no case may we interpret an action as the outcome of the exercise of a higher psychical facuhy. if it can he interpreted as the exercise of the outcome of one which stands lower in the psychological...
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The Norton History of the Human Sciences

Roger Smith, Professor of Social Work Roger Smith, MD - 1997 - 1036 páginas
...comparative studies. In a much-quoted passage, he wrote: in no case is 'an animal activity to be interpreted as the outcome of the exercise of a higher psychical faculty, if it can be fairly interpreted as the the outcome of one which stands lower on the psychological scale'. Understood...
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Interpreting Minds

Radu J. Bogdan - 1997 - 320 páginas
...principle is Lloyd Morgan's law of parsimony: "In no case may we interpret an action as the outcome of a higher psychical faculty, if it can be interpreted as the outcome of one which stands lower in the psychological scale" (quoted from Gregory 1987, 496; see also Bennett...
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Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals

Robert W. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson, H. Lyn Miles - 1997 - 518 páginas
...are questionable. The statement by Zabel et al. is a paraphrase of Morgan's (1894) Canon: "In no case may we interpret an action as the outcome of the exercise of a high psychical faculty, if it can be interpreted as the outcome of the exercise of one which stands...
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Methodology and Tools in Knowledge-Based Systems: 11th International ...

Jose Mira - 1998 - 887 páginas
...be tested empirically. Therefore the principle of parsimony was introduced, stating that 'in no case may we interpret an action as the outcome of the exercise...exercise of one which stands lower in the psychological scale'; see [18]. Building further on this perspective behaviourism was developed, eg, [12], [21],...
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