« ZurückWeiter »
THE IMPORTANCE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Advantages which may be drawn from their Com.
POINTING OUT THE ACTUAL SITUATION
UNITED ST. A T E S.
TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH OF
L O N D ON:
PRINTED AT THE Logegraphic Press,
formation, on the commercial connections, which may
little knowledge of this Commerce, or zeal to enter into it.
press for political discussions, is one of the principal. The
order of the ideas, &c.
of the means of asuring it to a nation.
the lowest price.
league with each other by commercial connections.
page 11 Of exterior Commerce, considered in its Means of Exchange,
and its Balance. 1. Examination of what is understood by the balance of trade
between two nations. It is proved, l. That this balance of trade is but an in
fignificant expression that the balance of an account paid in gold, is not a proof of a disadvantageous commerce on the part of the nation which pays it, nor of an advanta
geous one on the part of that by which it is received. II. That the tables of this balance of trade deserve no cre.
dit; and that the only method of estimating the encrease - of commerce, is by the encrease of population,
III. That it is impollible to fix the quantity of money exist
ing in a country; and that all the calculations on this head, reft upon an uncertain and defective basis, because it is 'impossible to collect all their elements. IV. That metals are not real riches. V. That considered as agents of exchange, it would be more
advantageous to substitute paper for them in interior commerce, and not to be afraid to employ metals in exterior com
merce, to which this paper cannot be applied. It results from these demonstrations, that a trade may be
opened between two nations, without the aid of money; that a nation will have so much the more of it to exchange for foreign productions, as it shall have a greater number of these confidential establishments, by which money is advantageously replaced.
page 29 Application of the foregoing general Principles, to the reciprocal
Commerce of France and the United States. That France has every Means of procuring a great Commerce, und 1 hoje which must asure it to her in the United States ;
that her Productions are proper for them, and that her partia cular interior Circumstances, oblige hir to engaze in this Come
merce. Examination of the productions of France, of her industry
and of her geographical and natural position. Examination of the objection, that it would be better to direct
the attention to the interior of France, than to open to her
a great exterior commerce. 'It is proved that exterior commerce would in a very short
tine bring on an interior reform, and that France is, in her situation in great need of very considerable foreign mar
kets. ' An essential distinction to be made, in this respect, between a
new people, and a civilized people, who have numerous manufactures. It is proved that exterior commerce maintains and supports
then., Reflections on the inferiority of French manufactures to Eng. lish fabrics in certain articles—The causes pointed out. The remedy in exterior commerce.
That the United States are obliged by their present Necessities and
Circumsiances to engage in Foreign Commerce. That the writers who have treated on this matter have con
fidered it in an abstracted point of view only. That it is neceffary to examine it according to the state of
things. And that according to this state, the free Americans are
obliged to employ themselves in exterior commerce. To demonstrate this, it is proved that the free Americans have
wants of necessity, of convenience, and even some of luxury; And which they can neither do without, nor supply them.