Abbildungen der Seite

have reason to suspect, and to give to such au- merchandise, effects, and property whatsoever, thorities all the aid in their power with regard arriving at the Mexican ports after the restoration thereto; and every, such attempt, when duly of the said custom-houses and previously to the proved and established by sentence of a compe- expiration of sixty days after the day of the sigient tribunal, shall be punished by the confiscation nature of this Treaty, shall be admitted to entry; of the property so attempted to be fraudulently and no other duties shall be levied thereon than introduced.

the duties established by the Tariff found in force

at such custom-houses at the time of the restoraART. XIX. With respect to all merchandise, tion of the same; and to all such merchandise, effects, and property whatsoever, imported into effects, and property, the rules established by the ports of Mexico while in the occupation of the preceding article shall apply. forces of the United States, whether by citizens of either Republic, or by citizens or subjects of ART. XXI. If unhappily any disagreement my neutral nation, the following rules shall be should hereafter arise between the Governments osserved :

of the two Republics, whether with respect to the 1. All such merchandise, effects and property, interpretation of any stipulation in this Treaty, or if imported previously to the restoration of the with respect to any other particular concerning custoin-houses to the Mexican anthorities, as the Political or Commercial relations of the two stipulated for in the third article of this Treaty, nations, the said Governments, in the name of shal be exempt from confiscation, although the those nations, do promise to each other that they importotion of the same be prohibited by the will endeavor, in the most sincere and earnest Mexican Tariff.

manner, to settle the differences so arising, and to 2. The same perfect exemption shall be enjoy- preserve the state of peace and friendship in ed by all such merchandise, effects, and property which the two countries are now placing themimported subsequently to the restoration of the selves, using for this end mutual representations custom-houses, and previously to the sixty days and pacific negotiations; and if by these means fixed in the following article for the coming into they should not be enabled to come to an agreeforce of the Mexican Tariff' at such ports respec- ment, a resort shall not, on this account, be had to tively; the said merchandise, efects, and proper- reprisals, agression, or hostility of any kind, by ty being, however, at the time of their importa- the one Republic against the other, until the Covtion, subject to the payment of duties, as provided ernment of that which deems itself aggrieved for in the said following article.

shall have maturely considered, in the spirit of 3. All merchandise, etfects, and property de- peace and good neighborship, whether it would scribed in the two rules foregoing, shall, during not be better that such difference should be settled their continuance at the place of importation, and by the arbitration of Coninissioners appointed upon their leaving such place for the interior, be on each side, or by that of a friendly nation; and, exempt from all duty, tax, or impost of every should such course be proposed by either party, kind, under whatsoever title or denonination. it shall be acceded to by tho other, unless deemed Nor shall they be there subjected to any charge by it altogether incompatible with the nature of whatsoever upon the sale thereof.

the difference or the circumstances of the case. 4. All merchandise, effects, and property described in the first and second rules, which shall ART. XXII. If (which is not to be expected, have been removed to any place in the interior and which God forbid !) war should unhappily while such place was in the occupation of the break out between the two Republics, they do forces of the United States, shall, during their now, with a view to such calamity, solemnly continnance therein, be exempt from all tax upon pledge themselves to each other and to the world, the sale or consumption thereof, and from every to observe the following rules-absolutely, where kind of impost or contribution, under whatsoever the nature of the subject permits, and as closely title or denomination.

as possible in all cases where such absolute ob5. But if any merchandise, effects, or property, servance shall be impossible: described in the first and second rules, shall be 1. The merchants of either Republic then residremoved to any place not occupied at the time by ing in the other shall be allowed to remain the forces of ihe United States, they shall, upon twelve months, (for those dwelling in the intetheir introdution into such place, or upon their rior, and six months for those dwelling at the sale or consumption there, be subject to the same seaports,) to collect their debts and settle their duties which, under the Mexican laws, they affairs; during which periods they shall enjoy the would be required to pay in such cases if they same protection, and be on the same footing in had been imported in time of peace, through the all respects, as the citizens or subjects of the maritime custom-houses, and had there paid the most friendly nations; and, at the expiration duties conformably with the Mexican Tariff. thereof, or at any time before, they shall have full

6. The owners of all merchandise, effects, or liberty to depart, carrying off all their effects property described in the first and second rules, without molestation or hindrance; conforining and existing in any port of Mexico, shall have the therein to the same laws which the citizens or right to re-slip the same, exempt from all tax, subjects of the most friendly nations are required impost, or contribution whatever.

to conform to. Upon the entrance of the armies With respect to the metals or other property, of either nation into the Territories of the other, exported from any Mexican port while in the women and children, ecclesiastics, scholars of occupation of the forces of the United States, and every faculty, cultivators of the earth, merchants, previously to the restoration of the custom-house artisans, manufacturers and fishermen, unarmed, at such port, no person shall be required by tho and inhabiting unfortified towns, villages, or Mexican authorities, whether general or State, to places, and in general all persons whose occupapay any tax, duty, or contribution upon any such tions are for the common subsistence and benefit exportation, or in any manner to account for the of mankind, shall be allowed to continue their resame to the said authorities.

spective employments unmolested in their per

sons. Nor shall their houses or goods be burnt, ART. XX. Through consideration for the inter- or otherwise destroyed, nor their cattle taken, ests of Commerce generally, it is agreed that if nor their fields wasted, by the arined force into less than sixty days should elapsed between the whose power, by the events of war, they may date of the signature of this Treaty and the resto- happen io fall; but if the necessity arise to take ration of the custom-houses, conformably with anything from them for the use of such armed the stipulation in the third article, in such case all force, the same shall be paid for at an equitable

price. All churches, hospitals, schools, colleges, Friendship, Limits and Settlement; and have libraries, and other establishments for charitable hereunto affixed our Seals respectively. and beneficent purposes, shall be respected, and

Done in quintuplicate, at the City of Guadalupe Hidalgo, all persons connecped with the same protected in on the second day of February, in the year of our the discharge of their duties and the pursuit of Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-eight. their vocations.


(L. 6.] 2. In order that the fate of prisoners of war


L. S. may be alleviated, all such practices as those of


(L. S.) sending them into distant, inclement, or unwhole

MIGL. ATRISTAIN, bume districts, or crowding them into close and And, whereas, the said Treaty, as amended, noxious places, shall be studiously avoided. has been duly ratified on both parts, and the reThey shall not be confined in dungeons, prison- spective ratifications of the same were exchanged slips, or prisons; nor be put in irons, or bound, at Queretaro on the thirtieth day of May last, by or otherwise restrained in the use of their limbs. Ambrose H. Sevier and Nathan Clifford, CommisThe officers shall enjoy liberty on their paroles, sioners on the part of the Government of the within convenient districts, and have comfortable United States, and by Senor Don Luis de la Rosa, quarters; and the common soldiers shall be dis- Minister of Relations of the Mexican Repnblic, posed in cantonments, open and extensive enough on the part of that Government : for air and exercise, and lodged in barracks as

Now, therefore, be it known that I, JAMES K. roomy and good as are provided by the party in POLK, President of the United States of America. whose power they are, for its own troops. But have caused the said Treaty to be made public, to if any officer shall break his parole by leaving the end that the same, and every clause and artithe district Bo assigned him, or any other prisoner cle thereof, may be observed and fulfilled with shall escape from the limits of his cantonment, good faith by the United States and the citizens after they shall have been designated to him, such thereof. individual, officer, or other prisoner shall forfeit In witness whereof I have hereunto set my 80 much of the benefit of this article as provides hand, and caused the Seal of the United States to for his liberty on parole or in cantonment.


be affixed. if any officer so breaking his parole, or

Done at the City o Washington this fourth day of July, mon soldier so escaping from the limits assigned

one thousaıd eight hundred and forty-eight, and him, shall afterward' be found in arms, previous

(L. 6.] of the Independence of the United States the ly to his being regularly exchanged, the person


JAMES K. POLK. so offending shall be dealt with according to the By the President: James BUCHANAN, Sec'y of State. established laws of war. The officers shall be daily furnished by the party in whose power they are, with as many rations, and of the some ARTICLES REFERRED TO IN THE XVTH ARTICLE OF articles, as are allowed, either in kind or by com

THE PRECEDING TREATY. mutation, to officers of equal rank in its own First and Fifth Articles of the unratified Convenarmy; and all others shall be daily furnished

tion between the United States and the Mexican with such rations as are allowed to a common sol

Republic, of the twentieth of November, 1843. dier in its own service; the value of all which supplies shall, at the close of the war, or at pe ART. I. All claims of citizens of the Mexican riods to be agreed upon between the respective Republic against the Government of the United commanders, be paid by the other party, on a States, which shall be presented in the manner mutual adjustment of accounts for the subsistence and time hereinafter expressed ; and all claims of prisoners; and such accounts shall not be of citizens of the United States against the Gov. mingled with or set off against any others, nor ernment of the Mexican Republic, which, for the balance due on them be withheld as a com- whatever cause, were not submitted to, nor conpensation or reprisal for any cause whatever, sidered, nor finally decided, by the Commission, real or pretended. Each party shall be allowed nor by the arbiter appointed by the Convention to keep a Commissary of prisoners, appointed by of 1839, and which shall be presented in the manitself, with every cantonment of prisoners in pos- ner and time hereinafter specified, shall be refersession of the other; which Commissary shall red to four Commissioners, who shall form a see the prisoners as often as he pleases; shall be Board, and shall be appointed in the following allowed to receive, exempt from all duties or manner, that is to say: Two Commissioners shall taxes, and to distribute whatever comforts may be be appointed by the President of the Mexican sent to them by their friends; and shall be free to Republic, and the other two by the President of transmit his reports in open letters to the party the United States, with the approbation and conby whom he is employed.

sent of tho Sonate. The said Commissioners, And it is declared, that neither the pretence that thus appointed, shall, in presence of each other, war dissolves all treaties, nor any other what- take an oath to examine and decide impartially ever, shall be considered as annulling or sus- the claims submitted to them, and which may pending the solemn covenant contained in this lawfully be considered, according to the proofs article. On the contrary, the state of war is pre- which shall be presented, the principles of right cisely that for which it is provided, and during and justice, the law of nations, and the Treaties which its stipulations are to be as sacredly ob- between the two Republics. served as the most acknowledged obligations under the iaw of nature or of nations.

ART. V. All claims of citizens of the United

States against the Government of the Mexican Art. XXIII. This Treaty shall be ratified by Republic, which were considered by the Commisthe President of the United States of America, by sioners, and referred to the umpire appointed unand with the advice and consent of the Senate der the Convention of the eleventh of April, 1839, thereof; and by the President of the Mexican and which were not decided by him, shall be referRepublic, with the previous approbation of its red to and decided by the umpire to be appointed, General Congress; and the ratification shall be as provided by this Convention, on the points subexchanged in the City of Washington, or at the mitted to the umpire under the late Convention, seat of Government of Mexico, in four months and his decision shall be final and conclusive. It from the date of the signature hereof, or sooner is also agreed that, if the respective Commisif practicable.

sioners shall deem it expedient, they may submit In faith whereof, we, the respective Plenipo- to the said arbiter now arguments upon the said tentiaries, have signed this Treaty of Peace, claims.


It is an old saying in Europe, that “ There's Bain's Telegraph is patented in the United room enough in America for everybody;" and, States, England, Scotland, Ireland, Canada, luring 1848, 350,000 settlers, according to late esti- France, and Belgium; O’Rielly has secured it for nates, will have left their homes in the Old World all his lines; associations are also about to use it with the expectation of improving their circum- on lines between New-York and Buffalo, and sances and increasing their chances of happiness between New-York and Washington, the divi. in the New. There are thousands of millions of dends on the old companies being equal to 20 per acres of what are called the Public Lands; the cent. on the actual outlay, after paying all charges Western Passage Company offer to convey pas- and O'Rielly, Marshall Lefferts, and others, with sengers from New-York to Chicago, 1,525 miles, the support of the newspaper pres in New. or to Milwaukie, 1,445 miles, by canals and steam-York and Boston, are to establish, immediately, boats, in ten days, for $8; and if the poor man a line from New York to Halifax, through Newwith a large family could' but get rid of the $100 Haven, Boston, Portland, Calais, St. John, &c -a tax on his 80 acre wild lot; if the speculation and route upon which competition is very much land jobbing were effectually checked by the pro- wanted." The trustees of the magnetic telegraph hibition (as in Republican Rome 2,000 years since) patents agreed with O'Rielly in 1815 that he should of any larger estate in the hands of one man than build certain lines, find the means, and give 25 per 360 or 640 acres; and if the curse of negro Slavery cent. in stock for the use of the patent. He perwere excluded from the yet unpeopled West, formed his part of the agreement, and then they the progress of free institutions would be unim- went to law with him to get 50 per cent., that peded from the Atlantic to the Pacific; the crowd- they might be enabled to control all his lines. ed cities of the Atlantic seaboard would get rid Vexatious litigation was the result, which Bain's of an uneasy surplus population, which could well system will probably terminate by superseding be spared in the East, and would soon find itself in the other in many places. a thriving and prosperous condition on the banks So swift is Bain's Chemical Telegraph in its of the Mississippi and Missouri.

operation, that it will record accurately the whole The Land Office Report of Dec., 1843, mentions of President Polk's Message of Dec. 7, 1848, at that the public domain lies in 12 States, and in the a number of places or stations, agreed upon, in a Territories, and covers 1,584,243,000 acres, of line of 1,000 miles, more or less, within an hour or which 142,026,003 have been sold. Of the unsold an hour and a half, according to the state of the lands, there are, in Ohio 875,465 acres; in Illinois, weather; the Magnetic system required 24 hours 15,693,076 acres, in Indiana, 3,572,645, in Wiscon- to send the same Message, by the O’Rielly and sin, 28,863,763; in Iowa, 29,868,068 ; in Missouri, Rogers lines, from Baltimore to the editors in St. 29,766,740; in Arkansas, 27,669,220; in Louisiana, Louis, Cleveland, Louisville, Pittsburg, &c., and 23,677,775 ; in Mississippi, 11,815,040; in Alabama, even at that it was a most surprising feat. 17,516,346, and in Florida, 36,137,137 acres Dur When the types are set, ít requires but a few ing 1847, the land sales were 2,521,305 acres, also minutes to throw off many copies of a newspaper 1,418,240 acres in first 9 months of 1848. Mexican or pamphlet; when a message is prepared by land warrants have been located on 1.775,520 punching a number of small holes through long acres; Mexican war warrants have been issued strips of paper, united ribbon-like, it can be sent for 6,505,960 acres.

along the wires at the rate of a newspaper column Ohio was a wilderness 50 years since, having a of reading matter in three minutes! A short mesfew thousand souls scattered over its fertile plains; sage can be quickly prepared by one person, and it is now a great and powerful community of still more rapidly transcribed at the other end of nearly two millions of free, independent and hap- the line by another. Long messages, and many py citizens Thirty-eight years since, Indiana, of them, would need a corps of compositors and Tllinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Iowa, con- transcribers, if required to be delivered in great tained but 42,554 inhabitants; they are now the haste; but if not, one person, in Europe or on home of 2,750,000 Americans. The railroad, steam-board a steamer to Halifax, &c., could prepare boat and canal have been of infinite service to many columns for the tour of the wires, at his leithem, and the electric telegraph forms an addi- sure; business men might write their letters, get tional bond of union. Chicago, Detroit, Cleve- them prepared in any town in France, England, land, Buffalo, Rochester, Montreal, Quebec, Bos- the United States or Canada; order them to be ton, New-York, Albany, Philadelphia, Baltimore, telegraphed at Halifax, Boston, or New-York; Washington, Charleston, New Orleans, Nashvisle, and direct their correspondents at the proper terLouisville, Cincinnati, Pittsburg, St. Louis and minus to choose a confidential person or persons to Galena are already united by the telegraph, and transcribe the despatches from the telegraph every important event that happens in any one of record. A swift compositor can set over 6,000 enis, these cities is communicated with more than or 18,000 leiters per 10 hours; Bain's messages lighting speed to the inhabitants of all the others. can be prepared still quicker by one person; and

Within the last iwelvemonth, Henry O’Rielly where hasie is requisite, dispatches can be divided and his associates have completed about 2,000 among a number, like the takes in setting up a miles of electric telegraph, and Amos Kendall, S. F. President's Message, or Treasury Report, in a B. Morse, and their coadjutors, nearly 1,500 more, news office. Without interfering with the Post aside from lines previously constructed by both Office Department, an analogous system might be parties. On almost all these lines, the electro-mag- established throughout the Union, based on elecnetic system of telegraphing, of which Dr. Charles tricity; but the Government shonld have no more T. Jackson, Mr. Morse, Professor Steinhiel and to do with it than to protect it in its fair and lawful others, claim to have been the inventors, is in use; operations. Bain's instrument will probably give although a company between New-York and occupation to many thousands of persons before Philadelphia employs successfully the instrument long; and, aided by phonography, abbreviations, a invented by Professor House, which prints mes cypher, &c., an incalculable amount of business sages in Roman characters of Pica size, quite will be transacted by its means, at rates far below distinctly. The latest, and it is a wonderful im- present prices. About 9,000 miles of telegraph provement upon all the others, is the instrument ure now in operation or ready for use, on this made by Alexander Bain.

Continent, and a line of telegraph to California

and Oregon is seriously talked of: it would cost, the Hudson River, New-York and Erie, Baltiless than 10 iniles of Massachusetts railroad. more and Ohio, Pennsylvania Central. New-York

The steamer and the railroad, like the telegraph, and New Haven, Lake Champlain and Ogdencontinue to increase in speed and usefulness; the burg, Portland and Montreal, Kennebec and Portcars now pass between Buffalo and Albany in less land, and Vermont Central. The Constitution of than 30 hours, charging but $9 75 per passenger; New-York requires general laws for incorpora

any lines have been recently re-laid with a tions where possible, and that State has passed a henvy T or H rail. Where human life is endan-general enactment for the formation of railroa:! gered on railways from carelessness, we rejoice companies. The line of steamers from Oregon 10 perceive that juries give exemplary damages. to Now-York being now in operation, and ile The investments in railroads make an immense Panamá Isthmus railroad in a fair way to be speed sinn; Massachusetts alone has over 40 millions dily built, it may at length be said ihat railroads. invested in 910 miles of road; and throughout the canals, coasting aud ocean steamers, and the le. Union about 160 millions are ihus employed, yield- egraphi

, unite together almost all the countries in ing a fair average revenue. Among many rail the world. ronds now in progress towards completion, are,



The imports, exports, revenue, &c , during the batch of doctors, &c. to cure them, and the neces. fiscal year, ending June 30, 1848, were as follow : sary quantity of idle clerks to profess to look over

Imports into the United States, foreign pro their accounts. Borrowing, to be paid out of ile duce, and merchandize, value $154,977,866, of blood and sweat of the pioneer of the west, is which, to the value of $21,128,010 were exported, very easy, in the estimation of this corrupt instru. leaving for domestic use, articles value $133,- ment of the slavocracy; paying the troops, lie 819,866.-Exports from the U. S., domestic pro- tells us, is very laborious work. In May last. ductions, value $132,904,121, besides the above- Messrs. Polk and Marcy wanted to send an army named amount of foreign goods.

to Oregon to fight the Indians. In December, the Receipts into the U.S. Treasury, same year, President explains the origin of the quarrel thus: exclusive of borrowed money. $35,436,750 ; being, “A few thousand dollars in suitable presents, as a from duties at the custom-houses, $31,757,071-land compensation for the country which had been sales, $3,328,642—other sources, $351,037.-Extaken possession of by our citizens, would have penditures, exclusive of payments of national satisfied the Indians and prevented the war. debt and interest, in same period, $42,811,970. small amount properly distributed, it is contideni

Messrs. Polk and Walker's estimate of U. S. ly believed, would soon restore quiet." In other ! revenue and expenditure, during the year ending words, the whites had seized upon the Indian June 30, 1949, including money borrowed: Reve- hunting grounds, dispossessed the owners, and nue, $57,018,970, of which $32,000,000 will be taken paid them nothing. Such was the cause of Semiat the custom-houses, $3,000,000 at land offices, nole and other wars with Indians, prior to 1848. $1,200,000 from various other sources, and $21, Mr. Cave Johnson's report of Dec. 2, 1848. 093,435 borrowed by authority of Congress, being shows, that during the year, up to July last, the part of the national debt.-Probable expenditure, gross revenue from postages amounted to $1.371,same year, including interest on the national deb, 077, being more than was annually received under and $3,000 000 of payments due to Mexico, May 30, the old rates, and $425,184 above last year's in18-19, $54,195, 275.- The expenditures aluring, 1849- come. The year's expenditures, including $100.50 are estimated at $33,213,153, being, for ordinary 500 paid for services of Bremen steamers, aniountexpenses, $25,874,050—for interest on the national ed to $4,198,845; thus leaving a surplus of profits debt, $3,799,102, (to pay which the proceeds of land on the conveyance of letters, &c. The mail routes sales are mortyaged to our foreign and other cre- were 163,208 miles in extent. Mr. Johnson reditors)—for Mexican compensation, $3,540,000. commends a five cents uniform postage rate on These arrangements are made apparently with a balf ounce letters ; 2 cents for paid and 4 for unview to leave large sums of borrowed inoney on paid would be infinitely better, with posimasters call in the hands of favored institutions, agents, elected by the people. The cost of transporting officers, &c, as before the war, while the country the mails, during 1847-8, was $584,192, paid to is taxed to pay the interest. There was famine railroad companies; $262,019 to steamboat ownin Europe in 1847, which enabled the U. S. to sell ers; $54,063 to “agencies connected therewith;" grain and provisions there, at high prices, value $796,992 for transportation in coaches; and $ 31.$68.701,221 ; this drain of treasnre from Europe 500 when by other modes; foreign mail service, made our money market easy. Mr. Polk affects $100,500. There were 4,017 mail contractors, -+ to think differently, and ascribes our safety to the mail agents, 16,159 post-offices and postmasters, Sub-Treasury!

and of the latter 4,121 had been appointed within Mr. Polk states that the national debt, on July the year; 1,309 new offices had been opened, ani 6, 1848, amounted to $65,778,450, of which he says 296 old ones stopped. The letter postage of 1917half a million has been since paid. Our debt is amounted to $3,550,304,the newspaper small, he adds, as compared to that of most other $767,334-a steady increase, caused by nations. Including the debts of the states, and the old absurd charges on letters. John L. Ginsome of the cities, it is 300 millions, paying a ham's charge, of $49,787, for fitting up the blot yearly interest of nearly 17 millions, much of it be- Dutch Church, New York, on lease, for a possing due to persons residing abroad.

office, has been paid to him. The estimareil post Mr. Marcy estimates the expenditures for “the office resources of 1849-50 amount to $5,211.107. army proper,”, during 1849–50, at $4,432,286; this The 4 cents extra, charged for advertising in New is exclusive of pensions, a vast sum said to be York, and the two cents. in many places. for lut paid to Indians in the wilderness, &c. &c. No one delivery of letters, daily, over and above the dependence can be placed on such statements, postage rates, might be reduced, and fuir incones judging by the past. Mr. Marcy's zeal for the allowed to faithful carriers in large cities, for paymasters extra is so overflowing that instead more prompt service. Private post-offices, as in of keeping them a year idle, as has been done, he New York, ought not to be required, with a surwants them added to the army lumber, with a plus cent levied on each letter.



Prepared Expressly for the Whiç Almanac.


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MIAINE.-By Congress Districts.

VERMONT.-By Congress Districts.
PRESIDENT--1848. 1844.

PRESIDENT-1848. 1844.
Dist's. & Cos. Taylor, Cass. Van B. Clay. Polk. B'y. Dirts & ('os. Taylor. Cass. VB'n. Clav. Polk. B'n'y.

..3166 4697 841....3216 5117 453 1.Bennington ..1559 1150 616....1656 1450 168 Oxford*.........1531 3601 1201....1887 4395 397 Rutland ..2911 744 1377....3584 1578 333 4.Lincoln........5316 4670 967....4566 5354 461 Windham ..2618 608 1443....2642 1703 385 2.Cumberland ...4797 5989 1744....4483 6367 695

2.Orange ..1780 1414 1808.... 2076 1910 412 3.Franklin....... 886 1431 810... 1132 1609 392 Windsor. ..3656 1103 1908....4669 1813 538

Kennebec ..5056 2634 1656....5393 3535 561 3. Addison ...... 2558 319 1035....2527 772 312 5.Somerset ..2445 2085 1003....2840 2530 435 Chittenden ...1763 571 1516....1924 1444 886 Waldo.........1768 3382 1107....1826 4661 316 Franklin...... 1456 691 1204....1372 1438 261

Grand Isle ... 311 130 104.... 339 165 6.Penobscot.....3916 4591 1528....3976 4898 695 Piscataquis.... 937 1168 432....1047 1139 223 4.Caledonia....1367 1158 888....1762 1730 184

Essex........ 370 331 42.... 392 331 18 7.Aroostook 431 868 106.... 393 907 24

Lamoille 289 474 751.... 485 759 411 Hancock... 2075 2318 247.... 1849 2608 105

Orleans ......1056 562 536....1192 833 245
Washington...2501 2446 449....2329 2605 77

Washington..1398 1693 1106....1650 2035 301
Total Vote, 1848 : Taylor 35, 125; Cass 39,880 ; Van
Buren 12,096. Cass over Taylor 4,755.

Total vote, 1848.-Taylor, 23,122; Cass, 10,948 ;
Total Vote, 1844: Clay 34,378 ; Polk 45,719; Bi

Van Buren, 13,337, Taylor over Van Buren, 9,235; ney 4,836. Polk over Clay 11,341.

over Cass, 12,174. *CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS.-York County, and 21 towns

Total vote, 1844.-Clay, 26,770; Polk, 18,041;
in Oxford, form District 1. Cumberland County is the 2d Birney, 3,954. Clay over Polk, 8,729; over Polk
District, Kennebec and Franklin Counties, except the and Birney, 4,775.
Town of Greene, compose District 3. Lincoln, the re-
mainder of Oxford, and the town of Greene, form the 4th

District, District 5 includes Waldo and Somerset Coun-
ties, except Vinalhaven. District 6, Penobscot and Pisca-


1844. taquis Counties. District 7, Hancock, Washington, and Dist's. & Cos. Taylor. Cass. Van B. Clay. Polk. Bly. A roostook Counties. T. of Greene, T. 62: C. 74; V. B. 1.Rocking'm. 2710 3972 982....2830 4007 584 65. Vinalhaven, T. 37; C. 99.

Strafford...1664 1912 495....1702 180€ 330 MASSACHUSETTS.

2.Belknap... 610 1769 394.... 364 1701 248

Carroll..... 539 1835 625.... 732 1816 233 1848.


Merrimack 1245 4218 1076.... 1589 3821 629
Counties. Taylor. Cass. Van B. Clay. Polk. Bir'y.
Barnstable.2015 802 516....2290 1415 251

945....2358 2070 374

3.Cheshire...1881 2076
Berkshire .3549 2387 1549....3656 3885 401

Hillsboro'.2799 4773 1257....3124 4583 675
Bristol.....4840 2170 2832....4872 4903 644 4. Coos....... 230 1282 219.... 348 1364 108
Dukes..... 290 133 81.... 302 255 24 Grafton.....1927 4060 1104....2566 4046 631
Essex.....8555 4678 5020....8518 5259 1887 Sullivan....1176 1866 523.... 1553 1944 350
Franklin...2133 1542 1645....2725 2047 423
Hampshire 3055 1070 1806....3725 1605 626 Total..14,781 27,763 7,560 17,866 27,160 4,16!
Hampden.. 3306 3061 1284....3416 3593 451

Cass over Taylor 12,982; over V. Buren 20,203 ;
Middlesex.9854 6820 5964....9581 9124 1718

over all (1,112 scattering) 4,310.
Nantucket. 444 89 159.... 639 237 41
Norfolk....4739 2451 3538....5217

4287 888

Polk over Clay 9,294 ; over Clay & Birney 5,095.
Plymouth .3568 1847 3189....4449 3315 805
Suffolk.....8895 3173 2132....8778 4659 509

Worcester.5827 5058 8343....9359 7562 2147



Diet's & Cos. Taylor. Cass. Van B. Clav. Polk. Bir'. Total...C1.070 35,281 38,058 67,418 52,846 10,860

1.Hartford....6000 5345 810....6259 5624 287 Taylor ove. Cass 25,789; Van Buren over Cass Tolland.....1665 1612 191.... 1964 1950 120 2,777 ; Cass and 'an Buren over Taylor 12,269.

2.Middlesex..2136 2152 361....2824 2345 130 Clay over Polka, 572; over all 3,712.

New Haven 5273 4516 806....5516 4726 229 RHODE ISLAND.

3.N.-London..4020 3421 776....4081 3709 304

Windham...2266 2262 799....2620 2541 363 1849. 1844. Counties

142 Taylor. Cass. Van B. Clay.

4. Fairfield....5036 4064 452....5368 4599

Bristol....... 590 131 18.... 589 109

Litchfield...3918 3674 800....4668 1335 368
Kent.......... 690 318 52.... 786 381
Newport.. ....1146 205 109....1229 473 Total....30,314 27,046 5005 32,832 29,841 1943
N. Shoreham t'p.61 27 4....

Taylor over Cass 3,268; Cass and Van Buren
Providence....3542 2515 398....3751 3192 over Taylor 1,737.
Washington.... 750 450 149.... 967 712

Clay over Polk 2,991 ; over Polk å Birney 1.043.


730....7322 4867 Vote for Governor, April, 1849 : Bissell, Whig, Taylor over Cass 3,133; over Cass and Van 30,851 ; Catlin, Loco, 28,699; Scattering 1,773. Bis. Buren 2,403. Clay over Polk 2,455.

sell over all 379.

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