Abbildungen der Seite

his knowledge of which he was ulti, condition in life came more immedi, mately indebted for his succéss in life, ately within the compass of his official

His first situation was that of Captaia's power to improve. He was a great Clerk, in a ship of war, on tbe Jamaica promoter of the Fisheries, wbich gave station, 1763. In tbis capacity he con- employment and food to the poor and ducted himself so well, as to be made a wealth to the kingdom. He was the Purser in the Navy, from which employ. patron of Friendly Societies, and as ment be was taken by the Earl of Sand. such brought in several bills to protect wich, then at the head of the Admiralty, and render thein permanent. On these and introduced to Lord Nortb, who ap- he grafted the institution of Saving pointed him one of tbe Secretaries of Banks,, and encouraged them by every ibe Treasury. This office he resigned means in bis power. As Treasurer of on the formation of the coalition be. the 'Navy, be jutroduced such whole, tween Lord North and Mr. Fox

some regulations as eftectually protectOn the subsequent elevation of Mr. ed our brave tars from the rapacity and Pitt, who had many opportunities of frauds of navy agents to which they had appreciating the talepls of Mr. Rose, been long subjected. In alınost every the latter was replaced in his office, aod list of patriotic and charitable Institucontinued as senior to hold that impor- tions bis benevolence had corolled his tant situation, with a seat in Parlia- pane, and his unostentatious desire to ment, for many years,

contribute to their support, proved the la 1801, he reiired from office with generous kindness of bis nature. In all Mr. Pitt, and afterwards returned to his beneficent actions, his great object that illusirious Slatesman to participate was to render them permanently useful; in the labours of office, as joint Pay- and as one instance of bis seadiness to Master-General of the Forces. The promote the good of olbers rather tban death of his patron in 1806, once more his own individual benefit, the followremoved Mr. Rose, but on the retire. ing fact may be recorded :- When the ment of his opponents, he was appoint- Vicarage of Christ Church, of which he ed to the office of Treasurer of the Navy, was patron, became vacant some years which he held till his decease. Latterly ago, Mr. Rose, regardless of the applithe important office of Presidency of the cations which were made to him by somo Board of Trade was chiefly executed by of his frievds in behalf of their relatives the Right Honourable Frederick Roe or acquaintances, wrote to the Bishop binson. The lucrative situation of of Lincoln, desiring bim to recommend Clerk of Parliament was several years some clergy man of small income but apo since conferred on Mr. Rose as an proved principles and conduct, emi. ulterior provision, aud in consideration pently qualified for such a charge. His of his long failblul and important ser. lordship with the same laudable view, vices. This situation was given him passed over those who sought bis interwith the reversion to his eldest son Geo. est, and without solicitation introduced Heory Rose, Esq. M.P. for Southamp, the present worthy incumbent to Mr. ton, and now Minister at the Court of Rose, who immediately gave him the Munich- a gentleman of considerable appointment. talents and highly cultivated mind. He As a private friend, Mr. Rose's dewas brought up at Winchester, under portmeni was uniformly marked by the the celebrated Dr. Joseph Warton, and most steady and sincere principles of went through the school with great re- friendship; never making promises nor putation to himself ard credit to the even holding out expectations which character of that celebrated sewinary. he did not koow he could realize. He'

of the other situations above-men- possessed much complacency of mind Lioned which Mr. Rose held, that of and a benignant inclination to assist all President to the Board of Trade was to whom he could render service at any gratuitously executed by him; that of opportunity. Verderer of the New Forest was little lo his domestic character, he was affec. more than nominal, and the Keepership tionate, tender, and earoest in every relaof the Records was but of slender empolu- tion. lo short, in all the various paths ment: while in tbe various offices which of life in wbich he moved, he was active, he filled, bis active liberality was con- laborious, useful, friendly, benevolent, tinually shewu in numerous instances of and unaffectedly kind. The death of such public goud, by which be promoled the a man, therefore, is painfully and just. interests and comforl of those whose ly regretted by all who had mind and heart enough to estimate him as he de- nada, comprehend, on the Caribbean served.

Sea, all the coast which extends from Mr. Rose possessed much literary ta- the frontiers of Guatimala, as far as the lent, which was displayed to great ad. Point of Gallinas, beyond the Bay of vantage in 1777, when he superintended Handa; and in the South Sea, from the the publication of the Journals of the province of Veragyes, as far as the val. House of Lords, in 31 folio voluines. ley of Tumbes, in Pero; and from

In 1794, he became executor to the thence describing an arch from southvenerable Earl of Marchmont, who be- west to porth-east, which, touching tbe queathed to him his large collection of river Apure, enters the lake of Maracas. books, manuscripts, and coins. The bo, occupying a space of 64,520 square dessertation ou Doomsday book in leagues, of 25 to the equatorial de. Nash's History of Worcestersbire is gree. from Mr. Rose's pen, and he was the The population, according to the last author of the following tracts:

official report made to the lodependent The Proposed System of Trade with General Government at Santa Fe, in Ireland explained, 8vo. 1785; A Brief 1813, amounts to gear three millions. Examination into the lucrease of the Re. The coinage at the two mints of Santa venue, Commerce, and Manufaclures of Pe di Bogota, the capital, a magnificent Great Britain, 8vo. 1796; Considerations city of forty thousand inhabitants, and on the Debt of the Civil List, 8vo. 1802 ; of Popayan, amounted to an average of Observations on the Historical Work of 2,500,000 piastres; the total produce of thelate Right Hon. C. J. Fox, 4to. 1809; the mines of gold and silver, ainoupts Letters to Lord Melville respecting a annually to about 3,500,000 piastres. Naval Arsenal at Norihfleet, 8vo. 1810; The value of goods imported from Observations respecting the Public Ex: Europe into New Grenada, was, before penditure and the Influence of the the Revolutioo, 5,7000,000 piastres an. Crown, 8vo. 1810; Substance of bis Dually; in the year 1810, the exports Speech ip the House of Commons, 8vo. alone amounted" to four millions, ia 1811;-His speech on the Corn Laws in which are included, to the value of 1814, and on the Property Tax in 1815, 600,000 of platina and pearls. were also printed, but this is supposed The revenue of the Federate Provinto have been done without bis au- ces of New Grenada, even after the sup. thority.

pression, by the Independent GoverbWe sball here close our Memoir of ment, of the tribute paid by the Indians, this excellent man with a quotation of a of the odious tax upon provisions, of passage from a Divine who wrote in the the sale of public employments, and of beginning of the last century, and which Papal Bulls and DISPENSATIONS: and one of our cotemporaries has most ap- after, moreover, the general diminution propriately attached to a biographical of all the import duties, amounted ių notice of Mr. Rose.--" The more and 1814, to 3,273,000 piastres. greater places he went through the more The kingdom of New Grenada, from and greater proofs he still gave of a ca. its geographical situation, the qualily pacity above them, and of a mind above and species of its produce, its great num. all corruption--so that he was allowed ber of ports, boih in the Atlantic and to get a great estate in places at Court, South Sea, and its connection with all without even having his integrity once the interior provinces through jonu. called in question-a rare felicity with merable vavigable rivers, promises a our great meni, and scarce ever to be ex- more frequent, convenient, and useful pected in a kingdom divided as this is, intercourse with foreign mercbants, where in great part, if not half the na. than any other part of Spanish America, tion, sets itself to believe and to speak The Province of Choco is watered by ill of the other." Eyre's Funeral Ser. the river San Juan, which enters the inon for Sir Stephen Fox, 8vo. 1716. Pacific Ocean; an artificial branch of

H. G. W. this river, called the Raspadura, at

5. 10. north latitude, and navigable for NEW GRENADA.

canoes, communicates with the river T may not be uninteresting to our Atrato, which enters the Gulph of Dasketch of that important portion of Pacific and Atlantic are in positive South America, ihe Federale Provinces navigable communication. of New Grenada :

From the coast of New Grenada, to The Federale Proviaces of New Gre. the mountains of Panama, Antioquia

[ocr errors]

Choco, and Popayan, and the provinces troy weight of gold, if in better peopling of Cundinamarca, Socorro, and Ocana, this region, which is one of the most there exists a convenient navigation, fertile of the new Continent, the Goa through the rivers Charge, Åtrato, verament would turn its attention to the Siace, and Magdalioa ; and through the progress of agriculture. Cauca, Sanjorge, Cesar, Sogamoso, and Of silver there are very rich veins in Carare, tributaries to the Magdalioa. the Vega de Supia. These mines, which The provine of Pamplona, the most supply both gold and silver, were only eastero of the northern part of New discovered within these 25 years. The Gregada, bas a free intercourse through operations have been interrupted, in Venezuela to the sea, by the river Sulo consequence of a lawsuit between the lia, which enters the Lake of Maraycay- proprietors taking place at the very bo. The river of the Amazons forms time when the most abundant minerals the southern boundary, the Oronoco were found. As to the old silver mines the south-east, and connectiog by itself of Pamplona, and those of St. Aona, or by its tributaries, the Apure, Mita, near Mariquita, they have been abanand Guzabero ; the provinces of Guy. doned by order of the late Spanish 20a, Camana, Caraccas, Casanare, and Viceroy, on account of some misundere, Cundinamarca; moreover by the rivers standing in the mode of working them. Ytapa, Mabo, and Maceroni, a direct No doubt, in better times, the Goveracommunication may exist into the Esse- ment will agaio endeavour to resume quibo, thus connectiog Dutch Guyana these works, as well as the works of with the most interior provinces of New Santo Christo de las Laxsas, and others Grenada, watered by the Rio Negro. Dear the river Guarino, which formerly All these rivers, except the Magdalipa furnished very considerable quantities and Bullia, have the convenience of fresh of silver. breezes. The Oronoco and its tributa. America, in its present stale, is de. ries, hate constant breezes and preva. pendent on Europe with respect to merlent winds, according to the seasou of cury; but it is probable that this de. the year. None of them bare a sensi. pendency will not be of long duration. ble ride. The Magdalina rises twice a The spirit of enterprise and research year; the Oropoco is six months risiog, will increase with the freedom and poand six months falling, but their cur- pulation of the country. If small veins rents are constantly soumth and gentle: of cinnabar, merely uncovered at their the velocity of the Magdalina in the surface, like the present works at Huaa. narrows, is about two miles and a quar: cavelica, yield annually 3000 quintals ter per hour; that of the Orovoco is of mercury, we cannot entertain a doubt less; hence the advautage of steam- that works of investigation, directed boat navigation in these rivers may be with intelligence, will one day produce conceived..

more mercury than is requisite for all From Panama to Guayaquel, in the the amalgamation of South America. Pacific Ocean, through the Isthmus, is Tbe works of the celebrated mine of carried on almost the whole commerce Almaden, notwithstanding their being of Pero and even Chili; and the com- partly inundated, have received such munication with the provinces of New improvements, since 1802, as to fur. Spain, on the South Sea coast, and with nish 20,000 quintals annually. In the the northern provjuces of Rio de la kingdom of New Grenada mercury is Plata, is cheaper and more speedy found in three different places; name. through the Isthmus than by Veracruz ly, in the Valle di Santa Rosa, in the and Buenos Ayres. I bare already ob. province of Antioquia, in the mountain served that the communication between of Quindiu, pear Carthago, and in the the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean, wbich province of Quilo, near Quenea. Very bas so much occupied the attention of abundant mines of lead, iron, and coplearsed and mercantile med, exists per, are worked in the province of Sureally and effectually through the Pas- corro: of the latter metal, the ladepenpadura, by which the Cocoa of Guaya- dent General Mac Gregor cast cannon quel is brought to Carthagena

in the year 1813. The gold inines alone of New Grena. · Mincs of emeralds exist no where da yield annually tbe value of 2,500,000 but in New Grenada, in the provincc. piastrea. The province of Choco might of Muso; the most exquissile pearls alone produce annually more than belong to Rio de Hacha and Panama : twenty thousand marks, or 12,000lb. and platina is only to be met with ja

Choco and Popayan. The coffee of New South Wales. By exploring this Muso is equal to that of Moka, and Strait, they found Captain Cook's con. probably the epoch is not far distant jecture had been well founded; the when it will not be necessary to make a Straits are about three leagues broad. voyage to Asia for tea, cinnamon, and and sufficiently navigable for ships of other spices, which abound in the Val- any size, and, from what we can learn, ley of Bogota, on the sublime sides free from any shoals. The country is of Quinidio, and on the banks of its covered with abundance of large trees ; majestic rivers.

one, in particular, inuch resembling the To complete the view of the riches English oak. To these Straits Captain and advantages possessed by the United Hayer gave the name of • Prven's Provinces of New Grenada, it remains Straits, in compliment to Captain Pruen, to mention coal and rock salt ; of the of the Honourable Company's Marine. former there are abundant strata in the From thence the ships proceeded to Valley of Bogota, some of wbich are of New Zealand ; of their transactions the height of 8,200 feet above the level there we have no account, but find they of the sea; and of the latter an in. afterwards steered for New Guinea, exhaustible store in the mines of Zipa- where finding abundance of nulnego quira, in the interior of the kingdom, of the round species, which seemed only where it is most wanted.

to require cultivation to render them Thus the United Provinces of New equal to those of the Banda Islands, Grenada, the centre betweeu Asia, Captain Hayes landed some of his peo. Europe, and the United States, through ple, formed a small settlement, and enwhich Asia is nearer to Europe several couraged the natives to the cultiva. thousand miles, by the communica- tion of that spice, and also the col tion between the two great oceans ; lection of a bark of a tree of a strong which is divided in every direction by aromatic taste. We conceive this to the loftiest mountains and finest rivers, be the same bark mentioned by Capo presenting such geographical and topo. tain Thomas Forrest, in bis Voyage graphical advantages for war or com- to New Guinea in the Tartar Galley, merce, and which has in ils various and which he calls the Musol. Captain provinces all the climates and all the Hages left the Duchess, Captain Court, productions of the world, must always and fiflren Europeans, hebind him, lo bold the first place among the differeat take care of his young settlement, and parts of Spanish America.

proceeded himself to Timor, Batavia,
and China."
16th Aug. 1818.

W. Tothe Editor of the European Magazine.

To the Editor of the European Magazines lately, I found the following memo.


Ware, Aug. 20, 1818. Colliers the test Aud"esthe January, H day, that ardat ces or knee patoylare randum, extracted from Madras CAVING it remarked 1795; and being desirous of ascertain.

very rare in the present age, to what ing whether the settlement, said in those they were formerly, I could wish to papers to have been formed by Captaiu learn, through the medium of your Hayes, on the North Coast of New Gui- valuable Miscellany, whether such is the nea, has succeeded, or has been subse. fact; and if so, what cause can be as• quently withdrawn, I shall be inuch signed for its almost total disappearobliged to any of your Correspondents, ance. No doubt some of your Corconversant with Indian affairs, to give respondents will think this question me the information sought, through the worthy of their attention. medium of your valuable and enter- I have tbe honour to be, Sir, taining Miscellany.

Your obedient bumble servant, « The Duke of Clarence, Captain

A CONSTANT READER. Hayes, and the Duchess, Captain Court, sailed from Bengal on a secret expedi. * These Straits are now denominated tion. They proceeded to that part of Bass's Straits ; but if Captain Hayes nas Van Diemen's Land, where Captain the first discoverer, they ought to retain Cook imagined it was divided from the name he originally gave them.


EXTRACTS FROM A LAWYER'S state, with only one servant, a man as PORTFOLIO.

merry and useful, but as oddly shaped

and as much dreaded by the neigh(Concluded from page 13 )

bourhood, as the lubber-fiend of Mil. T has pleased one of the merriest tou's days. His master was known in

[ocr errors]

of law the chimnies of society, through Quarles, but more commonly by that of which all the smoke and black vapours Brother Christopher, in allusion to an find a vent; thence inferring that the old Moravian, whose reverend person sweeper: must have black hands. I am he resembled. And he, with a kind not qualified to decide whether these of familiar humility, which seemed an chiinnies of the moral world could be acquiescence in the simple customs of

cleaosed by besvms, or other machines, the former residents, always styled bis kas satisfactorily as by human sweepers, servant “ Brother John.”This singu

alias lawyers. 'Let future parliaments lar recluse had two nephews, to whom, consider this, as our's have bountifully as all his fortune was expected to centre compassionated a fraternity of the same in them, he was permiited to give the colour. I comfort myself by remember- names he most delighted in, bis own ing, that my profession acquaints me and his favourite domestic's : but these particularly with the firesides of my fel. young men, though they grew up with low creatures, and that the stains on the same prospects, education, and soour hands may be washed away.

ciety, were as unlike as the persons There was once in the North of Eng. whose appellations they borc. They Jand a half-forsaken bre-road, which led agreed only in their dependence on the traveller round the skirts of a wide their uncle Quarles, and their anxiety prody garden, from whence a flight of to secure his favour. On his sixtieth slone sleps ascended to a green ters birth-day, he sunimoned them to bis race, where stood the remuant of an lovely house, to make known their ancient building, called the Brother's chosen paths in life, and receive some House. Itowed this name to the appro- substantial proofs of his affection. Bropriation of the mansion in other times ther Christopher, as the eldest and his to a Moravian fraternity, long since dis- uncle's namesake, entertained very consolved. A few fat tiyleis scattered fidert hopes of his bounty and preamong the neglected Rowers in the gar- ference: while the younger, conscious den, distinguish the spois sanctified by that bis maupers and opinions were their remains; and the last inhabitant unlikely to conciliate a morose recluse, of the Brother's House might have been endeavoured to provide himself with a mistaken for one of their sociely. But set of aucient dogmas and quotations, though his habits now appeared so simple which might be useful occasionally. and sequestered, he had acted a cele. The visit was brielly paid, and rebrated part on the great theatre of life. ceived without any apparent distincHis genius and sensibility had been tion between the nephews; but a few blunted in his youth by too early in- hours after their departure, Quarles heritance of raiik and fortune, yet he called his servant John into his beddid not become, like the prodigal of chamber, and wrote this testamenthe seventeenth century, by turns "a

tars memorandum in his presence:fidler, statesman, and buttoon :"-he " Whereas in the year 1659 the most only changed into a chemist, and em- noble Marquess of Worcester hequeathed ployed the energies left by dissipation, to my ancestor, Sir Philip Quarles, Knt. 00 gas, galvanism, nierino fleeces, and a seal of his own special invention, as human skulls. Alter amusiig hiinself mentioned in the Marleiau MSS. volume with more than the 6

Century of in- 2428, in which there is a copy of the ventions,” dedicated by the Marquis Century of Inventions in bis own handof Worcester to King Charles, be sud- writing. By this aforesaid seal, any letdenly sunk into an obscure and indolent ter, though written but in English, may solitude, adopting Paracelsus's inaxim (as therein specified) be read in eight -" 'I'rees last longer than men, be- different languages: and by its help cause they stand still." He ceased to the owner may privately pote the day write, ate little, talked still Jess, and of the month, the month of the year, never moved beyond the threshold of the year of our Lord, the names of the the Brother's Hon«e, in which he settled witnesses, the individual place, and the bimself without regardiogits dilapidated very qumber of lines contained in any Europ. Ing. Vol. LXXIV. Aug.1015.



« ZurückWeiter »