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duty must be fully, faithfully, and impartially strance was submitted in the House of Repreperformed.” Military commissioners were also sentatives, and there it was laid on the table. appointed for each county with the powers of The principal ground of opposition to the con
justices of the peace, and sheriffs, constables, stitution, on the part of the Democratic party, police officers, and troops, if necessary, were is exhibited in the following passages from placed at their command for the enforcement the "remonstrance: of the regulations laid down in regard to the Section two of article eight enfranchises every election under the reconstruction laws. Some male negro over the age of twenty-one, whether a of the complaints had reference to the conduct convict, felon, or a pauper, and disfranchises every of colored citizens, and to these the command- white man who has held office in South Carolina. ing general considered it “proper to say that the in all elections, to ignorance, stupidity, and vice.
Intelligence, virtue, and patriotism are to give place, elective franchise conferred upon them by law The superior race is to be made subservient to the carries with it no authority to restrict others inferior. Taxation and representation are no longer in the free exercise of that right; and that to be united. They who own no property are to levy while it is their duty not to regard threats or holders have to pay these taxes, without having any intimidation as to themselves, any combinations, voice in levying them! The consequences will be, to prevent by force, intimidation, or threats, the in effect, confiscation. The appropriations to supsame free exercise of this right by others will port free schools for the education of negro children, be unlawful, and will subject the offenders to for the support of old negroes in the poor-houses, the penalties prescribed by law and by military with a standing army of negro soldiers, will be crush
and the vicious in jails and penitentiary, together orders. 'They are counselled to exercise the ing and utterly ruinous to the State. Every man's right of voting in a quiet and orderly manner, property will have
to be sold to pay his taxes. giving offence to no one; and, after casting some of the prominent objections to your adoption their votes, not to linger about the polling; of this constitution. We waive all argument upon places, but to return quietly to their homes and the subject of its validity. It is a constitution de to their customary avocations."
facto, and that is the ground upon which we approach The election took place without serious dis- your honorable body in the spirit of earnest remonturbance, and resulted in the choice of the Re- strance. That constitution was the work of Northern publican candidates for the State offices. The groes. Not one per cent.
of the white population of
adventurers, Southern renegades, and ignorant nevote on the constitution was as follows:
the State approves it, and not two per cent. of the
negroes who voted for its adoption understand what Against. Registered.
their act of voting implied. That constitution enfran
chises every male negro over the age of twenty-one, Abbeville.. 5,302 2,821 1,100 3,921 1,381 and disfranchises many of the purest and best white Anderson... 3,764
1,375 2,687 1,077 men of the State. The negro being in a large nuBarnwell. 5,718 3,357
4,014 1,674 merical majority as compared with the whites, the 8,053 4,939
5,099 2,955 effect is that the new constitution establishes in this Charleston.. 20,144 12,282 3,334 15,616 4,528 State negro supremacy, with all its train of count8,471 1,750
2,731 Chesterfield 1,936
less evils. A superior race—a portion, Senators and Clarendon 2,353 1,403
707 Representatives, of the same proud race to which it Colleton 5,420 3,083
3,465 1,955 is your pride to belong-is put under the rule of an Darlington... 4,667 2,710 691 3,401 1,266 inferior race; the abject slaves of yesterday, the Edgefield
7,056 3,472 1,072 4,544 2,512 Aushed freedmen of to-day. And think you that Fairfield.. 3,509 1,986
824 there can be any just, lasting reconstruction on this Georgetown 8,856 2,473
738 basis? The committee respectfully reply, in behalf Greenville.. 3,572 1,610
2,398 1.174 Horry. 1,640
of their white fellow-citizens, that this cannot be. Kershaw.... 2,743 1,406
1,735 1,008 We do not mean to threaten resistance by arms. But Lancaster... 2,100
1,648 458 the white people of our State will never quietly subLaurens..
4,119 1,901 1,137 3,038 1,081 mit to negro rule. We may have to pass under the Lexington.. 2,595 1,105
yoke you have authorized, but by moral agencies, Marion..
3,741 1,586 1,565 3,151 Marlboro'.
590 by political organization, by every peaceful means 2,213 1,258
1,693 Newberry 3,493 2,049
left us, we will keep up this contest until we have Oconee. 1,603
1,114 489 regained the heritage of political control handed Orangeburg. 6,159 2,957 1,167 4,124 1,035 down to us by an honored ancestry. This is a duty Pickens 1,325
we owe to the land that is ours, to the graves that it Richland.
4,628 2,501 1,248 3,749 879 contains, and to the race of which you and we are Spartanburg 4,449 1,430 1,983 3,413 Samter...
1,036 alike members—the proud Caucasian race, whose 5,157 3,426
3,908 1,249 Union.. 3,383 1,490
sovereignty on earth God has ordained, and they Williamsburg.. 2,689 1,644
155 themselves have illustrated on the most brilliant York. 4,283 1,933 1,576 3,509
724 pages of the world's history. Total... 183,597 70,758 | 27,288 | 98,016 | 85,551 June 25th, popularly known as the “Omnibus
After the passage of the act of Congress, of The constitution having been ratified, a copy Bill,” the Governor-elect issued a proclamation of the instrument was forwarded to Congress for the assembling of the Legislature on the for its approval. The Democratic Central 6th of July. The new Governor was inauguCommittee at once framed a remonstrance rated on the 9th of July, and, in his inaugural against it, which was prepared by the Hon. B. address to the Assembly, declared his full conF. Perry, and sent three of their number to fidence in the validity and wisdom of the FedWashington, to urge it upon the attention of eral legislation which had been adopted in Congress. They argued their case before the reconstructing the State. On taking leave of Reconstruction Committee, and the remon- the office, which he had filled since November
981 661 243 382
1865, Governor Orr submitted a message to choice of the majority fell on Thomas J. Robthe Legislature, in accordance with an invita- ertson, for the short term, ending in 1871, and tion which he had received, giving all the in- Frederick A. Sawyer for the long term, which formation in his possession respecting the con- ends in 1873. Judges of the Supreme Court dition and necessities of the State, and he also were also chosen : F. J. Moses being selected issued an address to the people of South Caro- for Chief Justice, and A. J. Willard and S. L. lina, in which he reviewed the period of his Hoge for Associates. A resolution with regard own administration, and recommended a cheer- to a memorial to Congress for the removal of ful cooperation with the existing authorities, disabilities was introduced, and referred to a for the restoration of prosperity in the State. committee, but not acted upon at this sesGeneral Scott also transmitted a message to sion. A bill “to protect all persons in the the Legislature, calling attention to the various State in their civil rights, and furnish the measures required in the organization of the means of their vindication," was introduced in State Government, and recommending such the House of Representatives, which declared acts as he deemed expedient, in carrying into the civil equality of all citizens, and prohibited effect the different provisions of the new con- any discrimination on account of race or color stitution. One of his most earnest recom- on the part of hotel-keepers, carriers of pasmendations was, that a memorial be sent to sengers, granters of licenses, etc. This bill Congress, praying for the removal of all polit- passed the House after long debate, and in the ical disabilities imposed upon citizens of the Senate was adopted with some important modiState. The “Fourteenth Amendment" was fications, but the amendments were not conratified by a vote of 108 to 10, and the re- curred in by the House, and the whole measconstruction of the State was practically ure failed. completed by the withdrawal by military Many laws were passed during the session, order, on the 13th of July, of all the authori- the object of which was to effect a reorganizaties created by the reconstruction acts, “ex- tion of the machinery of the State government. cept so far as necessary for the inauguration The various courts provided for in the constiof the new State government, and to close up tution were organized, and laws enacted to unfinished business.” It was announced that regulate their proceedings. Several enactthe terms of office of all agents and appointees, ments were made relating to elections, but instituted for the purpose of carrying into ef- none of these were of peculiar interest. A bill fect the authority of the military commander to amend the charter of the city of Charleston, in the civil government of the State, would making provision for an immediate municipal cease on the date of the proclamation of the election under regulations laid down in the President, announcing the ratification of the act, was vetoed by the Governor, and an atFourteenth Amendment; and that the tenure tempt to pass it over his veto was unsuccessof all appointees to civil office under authority ful. Among other measures relating to the of the reconstruction laws should terminate administration of affairs in the State, was a when their successors, elected or appointed homestead law and a law establishing a State under the constitutional laws of the State, police. Two laws were authorized, one to might be "duly qualified.” Further orders provide for certain floating obligations of the were given for completion of business connect- State, known as “bills receivable," and the ed with the functions of district commander, other to provide for the payment of interest and the final withdrawal of all such anomalous on the State debt. The Legislature adjourned authority.
on the 25th of September. The executive government of the reconstruct- The declared principles on which the Demo ed State of South Carolina consists of the follow- cratic party was organized, at the convention ing officers: Governor, R. K. Scott; Lieuten- of April, did not give satisfaction to the entire ant-Governor, Lemuel Boozer ; Adjutant and body of Conservatives in the State. The point Inspector-General, Franklin J. Moses, Jr.; chiefly objected to was the concession made in Secretary of State, Francis L. Cardoza; Comp- favor of qualified negro suffrage. In reply to troller-General, J. L. Neagle; Treasurer, Niles a letter of Judge Aldrich, condemning the acG. Parker; Attorney-General, D. H. Cham- tion of the convention, a member of the Demoberlain ; Superintendent of Education, Justus cratic Central Executive Committee gave the K. Jillson.
following as the “views and principles of the The Senate consists of 33 members, nine of Democratic party of South Carolinia, as now whom aro negroes.
Seven of the 24 white organized under the auspices of the April conSenators are Democrats. Only 48 of the 124 vention : members of the other House are white men, and of these but 14 are Democrats. The en
1. We maintain, "with President Johnson and the
whole Democratic Party North," that the whole retire Legislature consists of 72 white and 85 construction programme, enacted and to be enacted colored members.
under the Military Bill of Congress, is unconstituOne of the first duties of the newly-organ- tional, illegal, and properly null and void. ized Legislature, and one in which great inter- Governor Orr, in his address to the so-called Constiest was taken, was the election of Senators to tutional Convention, wherein he acknowledged the Congress. After considerable canvassing, the legality of that body.
3. We maintain that to the States belongs the ques- Still another Democratic Convention was on of negro suffrage. And further, believing an af, held on the 6th and 7th of August, at Columrmative declaration on this subject expedient and ssential to party vitality, and a move in the direc- bia, for the purpose of nominating presidential on of justice and fair dealing, we deem
it becoming electors. Speeches were made by General nd right now to say what, in our sovereignty, we Wade Hampton and other prominent Conserrould be willing to concede to the colored element. vatives, and resolutions were adopted declarAnd further, the negro element in our midst, beng a large one, we deem it statesmanship not to ig
ing: 20re it.
1. We adopt the declaration of principles of the 4. We appreciate, as fully as any, the dignity and national Democratic party, and indorse the nominaclaims of the white race, and contend that their po- tions of Seymour and Blair. litical control of this Státe, and the country at large, 2. While entering a protest against the reconstrucis a right which must never be given up. This must tion acts, we rely confidently on constitutional agenbe, and shall be par excellence, a white man's gov- cies and peaceful instrumentalities to bring us the ernment. the knowledge of the white man's power, influence, effort to save free institutions and secure a genuine ... But, at the same time, confident and strong in peace we seek and the reforms we need.
3. We invite all to unite with the Democracy in the and resolve, we hold it magnanimous, just, and right, restoration to the Union, and put the republic on a to give the colored man a fair showing, and to set á career of honor, peace, and prosperity. premium upon industry, intelligence, and worth, 4. That President Johnson, for resisting the agwhenever these elements are found in him. Wé gression of Congress, is entitled to the gratitude of would extend no consideration to the black man's the people. Radical advisers from the North, nor to his renegade 5. Our acknowledgments are due to the citizens, adherents South; but, as respects the great mass of soldiers, and sailors of the North who, amid the colored people themselves, in consideration of their storm of Radical passions, have raised their voice in own inexperience, and the influences to which they behalf of an insulted and outraged section. have been subjected, we are disposed to indulge 6. The State Central Committee is authorized to them yet longer.
fill vacancies resulting from the death or resignation Another convention was held on the 9th of
of presidential electors; also, to take such steps as June
for the purpose of sending delegates to may be necessary to insure a Democratic success. the National Convention at New York, and a
An address was soon after issued by the Excommittee was inte to confer with the ecutive Committee of the party to the colored Executive Committee of the former conven
citizens of the State, in which they attempted tion. A harmonious meeting was held, which to show that the Southern Democrats are the resulted in the proposition that the present real friends of the colored men, and reproach convention appoint an Executive Committee the latter for numerous disorders which they of its own, and that the two be united at were led into by political excitement. an early day. This was unanimously agreed
The negroes made a reply to this address, in to, and the only platform adopted was em
which they assume to prove, from the past braced in the following resolutions, which con- record of the Democratic party, that it had stituted a supplemental report of the commit- not shown itself a friend to the colored man, tee of conference:
and deny that they have any disposition to
excite disorders, or indulge in violence. DurResolved, That the Democratic party of this state ing the heat of the campaign some disturbduly appreciates and accepts the invitation from the Executive Committee of the Democratic party of the
ances occurred, and, on the 31st of August, United States, to send delegates to the general con
Governor Scott issued a proclamation, in which vention to be held in New York, on the 4th day of he stated that information had reached him of July next, to nominate candidates for the presidency armed and disciplined organizations, formed and vice-presidency of the United States
political purposes, in the interest, as he inCarolina labors will render it impossible for the timated, of the Democratic party. white race to cast the vote of the State, at the next however, denied by the Democratic Commit presidential election, it is recommended to the dele- tee, who further declared that “in the fugates appointed from this State to ask the counsel of ture, as heretofore, this party proposes to be a their brethren from other States as to the propriety party of peace, of law, and order, and conof their voting in the convention, and to govern fidently relies upon peaceful instrumentality, Resolved, That having entire confidence in the and the ballot, to accomplish political reform, principles and patriotism of the Democratic party, which the interests of the State and country and believing and trusting to their assurances that demand." The negroes were also accused of South, as they have done in the North, in the East, arming and drilling companies, and threatening and in the West, the supremacy and government of danger to the whites, but no serious outbreak the white race—a white man's government-leaving occurred. One result of these excitements, to the States themselves to regulate their suffrage however, was the enactment of a law by the laws; and, also, that they will expunge the usurpa- Legislature “for the suppression of insurrections and the fraudulent governments created by the tion and rebellion.” This gave the Governor military power, under what are called the reconstruction laws, and thereby restore to the Union the authority to call out the militia for this purpose, Southern States, such as they were before the enact- and to seize and control railroads and telegraphs, ment of said laws-We hereby pledge ourselves to the as a part of the military establishment. support of the candidates of that party for President and Vice-President of the United States, to be nom
Several assassinations occurred during the inated at the coming convention in the city of New fall, prompted, as is supposed, by political moYork, the 4th day of July next.
tives, the most notable of which were those
of James Martin and B. F. Randolph, both SPAIN, a country in Europe. From Ja. members of the General Assembly.
uary, 1868, until September, the country wa At the presidential election in November, under the rule of Queen Isabella II.; in Sep 107,538 votes were cast, of which 62,301 weré tember a successful revolution overthrew the given in favor of the election of General Grant, throne of the Queen, and the country was eand 45,237 were for Seymour: Grant's ma- til the close of the year under a provisions jority, 17,064. There are four congressional government. Queen Isabella II. was born 0ctodistricts in the State, three of which sent ber 10, 1830; succeeded her father on SeptenRepublican, and one a Democratic Representa- ber 29, 1833; was declared of age by decree of tive to Washington.
the Cortes, November 8, 1843; was married Os The Legislature met in regular session on tober 10, 1846, to her first cousin, Francisco de the fourth Wednesday in November, and two Assis, Titular King of Spain, born May 13, 1829 weeks later adjourned into the month of Jan- son of the Infante Francisco, brother of King uary, 1869.
Ferdinand VII. Heir-apparent was Alfonso, The entire bonded debt of South Carolina Prince of Asturias, born November 28, 1857. amounts to $5,407,306.27, consisting of the The eldest daughter of the Queen, Infanta Issfollowing items:
bella, born December 20, 1851, married on May Three per cent. stock, payable at the
14, 1868, the Count of Girgenti, brother of the pleasure of the State
$38,836 60 ex-King Francis II. of Naples. The only sista Six per cent, fire loan, payable in 1870. 314,453 89 of the Queen, Infanta Louisa, was born JanSix per cent, stock new State-House
00 Six per cent. stock and bonds, funded debt 1,282,971 24 uary 30, 1832, and married October 10, 1846, Five per cent. bonds, fire loan..
"484,444 61 to Antoine,
Duke of Montpensier, youngest son Six per cent. bonds, Blue Ridge Railroad.. 1,000,000 00 of the late King Louis Philippe of France. The Six per cent. bonds, new State Capitol. 511,600 00
right of Queen Isabella to the throne has alMaking a grand total of...... .$5,407,306 27 ways been contested by the family of her Interest due on the entire debt July 1, 1868.... $355,204 32
father's brother, Don Carlos (born March 29, Interest due January 1, 1869....
159,214 88 1788; died at Trieste, March 10, 1855). Don Total interest.....
Carlos, on May 18, 1845, resigned his claims to
the throne in favor of his eldest son, Don CarThe regular report of the financial opera- los, Count of Montemolin, after whose death
, tions of the State covers the period from the January 13, 1861, the second son of Don Carlos
, 15th of May to the 15th of November. The Don Juan, born May 15, 1822, inherited the claim expenses of the Government during that time to the throne. Don Juan, after the revolution of were $409,688.76, while the receipts for the September, 1868, resigned his claims in favor of same time, including the funds on hand on May his eldest son, Don Carlos, Duke of Madrid, born 1st, amounted to $135,373.83. The estimated March 30, 1848 ; married February 4, 1867, to disbursements of the current year are put at Infanta Margareta, daughter of the late Duke $819,290.51, including interest on the public Charles III. of Parma. The act of renunciation debt to the amount of $330,692.38.
is dated Paris, October 3, 1868, and says: The reorganization of the public institutions "My only ambition being the happiness of the has made a good degree of progress during the Spaniards—that is to say, the internal pros. past year. The Lunatio Asylum has been in perity of my beloved country and her prestige successful operation, and on the 7th of Novem- abroad-I believe it to be my duty to abdicate, ber contained 204 inmates. There is a new and do hereby abdicate all my rights to the penitentiary at Columbia, having 500 cells for crown of Spain in favor of my son Don Carlos.” male convicts , and 48 for females
. On the The attempts made after the expulsion of Queen 15th of January, 1868, there were 187 prison- Isabella from Spain, to effect a fusion of the ers in the penitentiary, 158 of which were ne- two lines of Bourbons, failed, and both Isabella groes.
and Don Carlos, who assumed the name Carlos The State has property in railroads as fol- VII., up to the close of the year, maintained lows:
their rival claims. Shares in Northeastern Railroad Company $120,000 OO ishministry
was composed as follows: Presi
At the beginning of the year 1868 the SpanCompany.....
250,000 00 dent and Ýinister of War, Marshal Ramon Shares in Pendleton Railroad Company. 42,500 00 Shares in Greenville and Columbia Railroad
Maria Narvaez y Cámpos, Duke of Valencia Shares in Blue Ridge Railroad Company.; 1,310,000 00 zola (1867); Grace and Justice, Marquis de
433,960 00 (appointed July, 1866), Foreign Affairs, ArraShares in Columbia and Augusta Railroad Company......
42,200 00 Roncali (1867); Finances, Marquis de BarzaShares in Cheraw and Coalfields Railroad
nallana (1866), Interior, Bravo Murillo (1866); Company..
200,000 00 Shares in Laurens Railrond Company.. 60,000 00 Public Works, Commerce and Instruction, Shares in South Carolina Railroad Company 24,000 00 Orobio (1866) Navy, Belda (1867); Colonies
, Shares in Charleston and Savannah Rail. road Company.
Marfori (1867). On February 15, Severo Ca
270,000 00 Shares in Southwestern Railroad Bank..... 6,000 00 talina was appointed Minister of the Navy. In Shares in Keowee and Tuckaseegee Turnpike Company.
6,000 00 consequence of the death (March 23, 1868) of
the Prime Minister Marshal Narvaez, the whole Total....
$1,764,060 00 ministry tendered their resignation, and on the