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polis of Thebes ; it is supposed to be four | by Domenico Campagnola, a pupil of ! ihousand years old ; the skull presents a Titian, who, with Tintoretto, Paris Bor: remarkable prolongation beyond the oc done, and others of his clever disciples, capital cavity, which is much deeper than had the honour of making bim jealous; in the skulls previously seen. I am in- by his assiduous companion Gualtieri, debted for the following conjecture to
siefano dell'Arzere, a good fresco painter my ingenious friend Doctor Edwards, of of Padua in the sixteenth century, and the Institute, known by his important perhaps even by Titian, lo whom is atwork on the physiological characters of iribuled the portrait of Cardinal Zabathe various races of man as connected rella, among the illustrious Paduans. A with history: “This great prolongation full length fresco portrait of Petrarch, of of the hinder part of the head is not the same epoch, is more suitably placed found in the races of Europe, eastern in a library, as this great poet was cerAsia, or those of America in general, nor tainly one of the first and most intrepid even in the negro race, in wbich however readers known, and even died sitting in this part is more developed : the Carri- his library with his head bent over a book. bean race, nevertheless, exbibits it in a A small miniature of the Virgin, full high degree. This shape is the farthest of grace and elegance, is preserved in removed from the ordinary form, except this library: it was painted by the abbot that of some heads found in the Cordil- of Latran, Felice Ramelli, and is greatly lera mountains. It may then be regarded extolled by Della Vale, Vasari's como as of the lowest order. It would be very mentator. interesting to discover such heads in the A copy, without either frontispiece or tombs of Egypt ; such a fact would prove preface of the scarce Quadragesimale of that this shape indicates an epoch when ihe famous Fra Paolo, printed at Milan civilisation had but just commenced." in 1479, has furnished S. Federici, the
In the room of the medical section are under-librarian, with various readings three good paintings, the Marys at the which bad till then escaped the numerous sepulchre, by Darius Varolari; a well commentators of Dante. It is seen by preserved fresco; the Virgin and infant these sermons of Fra Paolo that the DiJesus ; the two laller by unknown au vina Commedia was quoted in the pulpit, thors of the sixteenth century.
and that its verses were at times piously The observatory, supplied with good | parodied lo amalgamale with the sermon. instruments, has obtained renown through The chapter library has only about Galileo's discoveries; it is erected on the four thousand volumes, but it contains lop of a high lower, wbich, in the days some tine old manuscripts and scarce or the brave and cruel tyran Eccelino, editions of the fifteenth century. The was a dreadful prison. A Lalin distich, most ancient manuscript is a Sacramenover the door, felicitously expresses this tarium of the eleventh
century, in good fact and its new scientific appropriation.' preservation, and the most ancient print
The University library contains seventy ed book is the Rationale, by Guillaume thousand volumes; and, as it is solelý Durand (Mayence, 1459). "The manudevoted to educational purposes, the scripts of Petrarch's library, who was a manuscripts have been sent to Saint canon of the chapler, were ihe beginning Mark. The library is placed in the very of this library, which was increased by spacious ancient håll of the Giants and the books or Sperone Speroni. In an Emperors; the walls are covered with adjoining room, six paintings, iwo of portraits of great Romans from Romulus them, a Madonna, and a Trinity, and lo Cæsar, who is immediately followed the other four certain incidents of the by Charlemagne. It is said that some of Life of St. Sebastian, are remarkable these bad figures were executed on T- specimens of ancient painting; they lian's designs, a part of the art in which were executed jo 1367 by the Venetian he did not excel. Above these extremely Nicaletto Semitecolo; the proportions of well preserved figures, are the principal the figures are elegant, the naked is well exploits of the personages, fine paintings executed; the style is dillerent from
Giotto's, and if the drawing be inferior, " MCCXLIII.
the colouring is equal to him. Quæ quondam inserpos turris ducebat ad umbras,
The Botanical garden of Padua, foundNunc Vevelum auspicils pandit ad astra viam.
ed by the Yenelian senate in 1545, is
treasing every year.
the Ricoorali received women, a custom and Dacier; in the last century, the ressed surgery there; he was the last son sition would be nothing strange, and the lière. 1918 Doctor Smilli's Introd. Discourse to the troue tons of the Linn. soc., p. 8); he probably estranded its foundation with that of a
ainal profer orsbip at the university, wbich took place precisely in the year 1533. See also Book XI.,
so illi. on tbe date of tbe foundation of the botua lor.ded in 1779 by tbe junction of tbe Rico
skie certain Memoirs or notices, the collection of
probably the oldest in Europe. It still | yearly meeting of the Academy of Padua occupies the same spot; and an old in 1826. I observed in the immediate Eastero planetree with a knotted trunk vicinity of its members several amiable and short but still verdant boughs, has ladies, some of whom in other times stood there ever since its creation. I might have joined the academy of the could not contemplate it without a sort Ricovrati, and some young people. A of veneration; I fancied there was some very well written report, perhaps rather thing learned in this contemporary of so
too long, was made by the secretary remany illastrious professors, whose stone specting the labours of the academicians, statues were only a few paces distant, who do not seem idle;' in short, except wbom it had received under its shade, the competition, the prizes for virtue and and it seemed to me a kind of patriarch works beneficial to morals, it was almost among the scientific trees of botanical the Institute. gardens. The garden of Padua, without baving the splendour of our fashionable greenbouses, is sufficient for the pur
CHAPTER IJI. poses of instruction; I was informed in 1827 that it contained from five to six
Cathedral.-Charles Guy Patin.-Sperone Speroni. bousand species, and the number is in
Manuscripts. – Baptistry. — D'bancarville.
Santo.- Dogs.- Chandelier. - Cesarotti.- TreaThe warmth of sury.-Messone. - Cloister.-Scuola. - Statue of Italy begins ai Padua to show itself in a per perceptible way: the magnolias hate no occasion for shelter por
pats The different churches of Padua are daring winter; they seem to flourish as its first and most interesting monuments. Kell there as ihose I bave since seen in The Duomo, finished last century, is of ide open air in the English garden of indifferent architecture. The primitive Caserie, and many were as high as great plan was sent by Michael Angelo; but
during the two centuries occupied in The pursuit of the sciences, letters, and the building, it must have been strangely Padua. lis celebrated old academy of chitects. On the right of the entrance
stands the tomb of Charles Patin, a often inclined 10 imitate : under Louis of having dispersed a scandalous paper, LIV. Charpentier supported the admis- and being obliged to fly on account of sion of mesdames Scudéry, Deshoulières, his bad notions, went to Padua and prode meesdames Necker, d'Épinay, and whose correspondence is such a gay, die Genlis; in our
Charles maintained the honour make them very worthy and agreeable talents. Sperone Speroni is also in
terred in this church; he was a great I bad the bonour of attending the orator, philosopher, and poet in bis day, Doctor Smith is mistaken in making it begin
Caldani, Ludovico Brera, Fanzago, Gallini, and Monlesanto; those of Marco Carburi on Chemistry; a Memoir on the Metaphysics of equations by Pietro Cossall, on the Vibrations of the drum by Jordano Riccati; tbe Memoirs of Simon Siralico on The course of rivers, on the diffraction of light; one by Assemani on Arab colos; by Cesarotti on
academical duties; by Ippollio Pindemooie, ou The Academy of Sciences, Letters, and arts of English gardens, and by Geronimo Polcastro, on
extempore poetry. The volumes of the Memoirs Tatu academy and an Academy of agriculture, pub.
of Ibe Academy of Sciences, Letters, and Arts, bave hib, from 1788 10 4823, forms seven quarto ro
not bilberto appeared at any determined interval ;
but after 1830 a volume was to appear every two anes , and contains many excellent papers : such
years. te the Medico-chirurgical memoirs of Leopoldo
amiral garden at Pisa
the friend of Ronsard and master of rabosco; the large Cavalcade of a pope, Tasso, and was honoured with a statue attributed to Domenico Brusasorci; at bis death; his masterpiece, however, Group of Angels, by Liberi, and a very the tragedy of Cauace, once so applauded remarkable old portrait of Petrarch. and admired, is barely readable now. The gilt silver vase of the sacristy, used The inscription on Speroni's tomb was in the ceremony of confirmation, is cocomposed by himself; it is remarkable vered with figures in rather profane allifor a certain mixture of complacency, tudes; it has been explained by Lanzi, self-love, and vanily, pretty characte as also the Greek inscription, from wbich ristic of his kind of glory and the man- it appears to be one of the vases in which ners of the age. He speaks therein very artists' colours were prepared and kept. plainly of his three daughters and the This sacristy possesses two antique magenerations they gave bim, although I be- nuscripts very well preserved; one is a Jieve he was never married. The mo. book of the Gospels of 1170, the other nument was erected by one of them, of the Epistles of 1259. The Missal on Giulia Sperona, who is buried near him. vellum paper, printed at Venice, in 1491,
There is an elegant monument, of the with rich miniatures, is also a very fine beginning of the sixteenth century, which book. was erected by the Venetian senale in The little church under the choir has honour of Pietro Barrochi, bishop of the tomb of St. Daniel, remarkable for Padua. It is in such good laste that it its beautiful bronze basso-relievos by seems by Tullius Lombardo.
Titian Aspelti. The bust of Petrarch, as canon of the
The baptistry, a structure of the twelfth cathedral, placed opposite one of the side century, near but not joining the cathe doors, is very fine, though not by Ca-dral, is much more curious and characnova, as some have pretended, but by his teristic. It was built by Fina Buzzapupil Rinaldo Rinaldi of Padua.
carina, wife of Francesco Carrara the The sacristy of the canons presents some elder,' and contains some admirable fine and curious paintings; a ball figure paintings by Giotto's pupils
, worthy of of the Saviour with Aaron and Mel- himself, and skilfully retouched ; they rechizedech beside him; the Four protec- present various subjects out of the old tors of Padua, and Cherubim, in two and New Testaments, with some histotriangles, by the clever
Domenico Cam- rical portraits, such as that of the pious pagnola ; a very fine Virgin with
the founder praying to the Virgin, several infant Jesus on her knees, an excellent of the Carrara family and of Petrarch. copy of Titian by Padovanino, if it be Near the door is an excellent bronze not original; St. Jerome and st. Fran- basso-relievo of the Beheading of John cis, by Palma; the
Journey into Egypt, the Baptist, by Guido Lizzaro, a clever the Adoration of the Magi, by Fran-founder of the begivping of the sixteenth cesco Bassano, so perfect as to have been century. The old diptych of the altar, thought worthy of his father; the Christ of the fourteenth century, representing carrying his cross, by Padovanino; a several incidents of the saint's life, is a Virgin, charming, by Sassoferrato, the beautiful and curious monument of its painter of the little Madonnas (madon- kind. nine); a St. Anthony, lifelike, by Fo The episcopal palace, near the Duomo, Sperone Speroni
Vivette anni LXXXIIX, mese I, giorni XIII. Mori
padre di una figliola, che li rimase di tre che nel MD di XII d' aprile
n'hebbe, et per lei avo di assai nepoli; ma avo. nel MDLXXXVIII di Il di Giugno.
proavo, et attavo'a descendenti delle altre due, totul
nobili, et bene stanti lemine et maschi, nelle lor Vivendo si fece l’iofrascritto epitafio :
patrie honorate. A Messere Sperone Speroni delli Alvarotti, filosofo The following inscription, formerly on tbe paveet cavalier padovano, il quale, amando con ogni ment of tbe church, is now on the base of the mooura, che dopo se del suo nome fusse memoria, che nument : almen Delli onimi de' victoi, se non plù oltre, cortesemente per alcun tempo si conservasse, in vul
Al gran Sperone Speroni
suo padre gar nostro idioma con vario stile sino all'estremo parlò, et scrisse non vulgarmente sue proprie cose,
Giulia Sperona de Conti
et era letto ed udito.
of Reggio, which recalls the sweetness thing imposing. Over the principal door appearing to St. Margaret, by Da- by Mantegna, as he himself informs us mioi, is topcbing. A good painting represents the young Napoleone, cardinal Stela no's Dephew, killed by falling off | this temple has been for some years past tick. A gold paline, on which is an engraving of Christ in the midst of the which have well fulfilled their charge berio Belli, a very clever artist of Vicenza | The two present guardians of the Santo, Apostles, is an exquisite work by Va- against all but the despoilers of 1797. church near the Duomo, is the tomb of his devotions one night after the doors Hancarville, the author of the Recherprogress of the arts of Greece, and also made the least movement, and kept him man of great parts and systematical erurespecting the Hamilton vases, a French- thus in custody till the morning.
chion, who died at Padua on the 9th Oc- richest in the world, by the architects 1
is interesting with respect to art: the tober 1805, and not at Rome in 1799 or Fery elegant frescos of the old chapel are 1800, as stated in several historical dicbi Jacopo Montagnana, an excellent tionaries. The epoch of his birth is proPaduan artist, supposed to have been a bably given with equal inaccuracy. The pupil of Giovanni Bellini; his allar-piece parish register of deaths, of the 10th Ocin three compartments is admirable. iober 1805, imports that the baron d'HanThe prelate's apartments evince the libe- carville died on the previous day, of a Tality of bis tasle : his library is rich; rever, at one o'clock in the morning, there are many paintings by the great after an illness of two months, and having masters of various epochs. Over the received all the sacraments, at the age library door is a portrait of Petrarch of about (circu) eighty-six years; his praying to the Virgin, reckoned the most birth must consequently have occurred authentic likeness of this great poet ; for in 1719, instead of 1729 as the dictionaif the various portraits of Dante resem
ries assert. There are some persons of ble cach other, his are all diferent. Padua, intimate friends of d'Hancarville, This portrait was painted on the wall of who affirm that so far back did his methe poet's house at Padua, which was mory extend that he must have allained Delled down in 1581 when the cathedral ibat advanced age. Cicognara has given *** enlarged; the Cav. Giambattista fragments of his unpublished dissertaSelvatico, professor of canon law at the tions on Raphael's paiutings at the end taiversity, had it cut out of the wall and of chapter 11., book vII. of his History of carried to bis house, to insure its pre- Sculpture. The titles of several others sertation; in 1816 it was put up in the of these same unpublished dissertations archbishop's palace by the marquis are enumerated in the notes of the ItaPietro Selvatico, under the advice or his lian translation already mentioned of Friend Giovanni de Lazara. This por- Quatremère de Quincy's History of the wait has been engraved and is prefixed life and works of Raphael, by Francesco
Marsand's edition of the Rime, which Longhena. I cannot here pass over unhela ve already mentioned several times
. noticed a charming portrait
of d'Hancarinfant Jesus by the hand, and two on a throne, holding the ville by Signora Albrizzi in her Ritratti.
Saint Anthony, il Santo, as from his angels, by Gregorio Schiavone, a good popularity this ihaumaturgus has been
pilor Squarcione, has been praised surnamed for six centuries, is the chief lague of 1631, & masterpiece of Luca architecture, by Niccolo Pisano, has someand pathetic than the description of the Jesus, the two fine and celebrated figures anber of be Promessi Sposi. The Christ of St. Bernardin and St. Anthony, painted
in an inscription.
The guardianship of the interior of Dalmatian dogs, of ihe shepherd species,
some years ago, surprised a domestic of the saint Nicholas, a small parochial the Sografi family who had remained at
were closed; they look up their positions chos respecting the origin, spirit, and
one on each side, ready to seize him if he
In the sixteenth century.
The chapel of the saint, one of the
· Andreas Maplegoa optumo farente numine persecil. MCCCCLII. XI Kal. sextil.
Jacopo Sansovino and Giovanni Maria, dilista, a pilgrim to the Holy Land in 1458, Falconetto, is ornamenied with pleasing who also wrote his Itinerary, now a arabesques by Matteo Allio and Gero- scarce book. The Beheading of John nimo Pironi, and with exquisite basso- the Baptist, in his chapel, by Piazzella, a relievos by Campagna, Tullius and Ac- bold imitator of Guercino, extolled for tonio Lombardo, and Sansovino. Among the effect of light and shade, is horrible the last is a very fine one of a republican 10 behold, as also the Flaying of St. subject, which seems rather strangely Bartholomew, at the next chapel, by placed on the tomb and among the divers Pilioni, one of the octogenarian painters incidents of Saint Anthony's life : it is of the Venetian school. At the Orsato Mutius Scævola baughtily burning his cbapel is Liberi's St. Francis receiving hand for having missed Porsenna.: A the stigmata, the very expressive head different and less noble subject, but still of which is said to have been done in one beller executed, is the miracle of the night. The antique chapel of the Mayoung girl who fell into a slough and was donna Mora is curious: the marble firesuscitated by Saint Anthony, a basso, gure is a Greek work, but its beauties relievo by Sansovino. The stucco orna- cannot be perceived on account of the ments of the ceiling are extremely ele- enormous vestments in which it is mulgant, by the clever artist, Titian Minio, ned. Some other paintings and sculpof Padua, who was also the author of the tures of Saint Anibony are worthy of Redeemer and the twelve A postles; the remark : the Descent from the Cross, by majestic altar, the doors, the sour angels Luca of Reggio, is naiural and of good holding the chandeliers, and the superb colouring. The Redeemer, a fresco of statues of St. Bonaventure, St. Louis, Mantegna's school, under a glass, is in and St. Anthony, are by Titian As-pretty good condition. Another fresco petti, who must not be confounded with of the Virgin and the infant Jesus, ibe preceding artist. One of the three larger than nature, with St. Jerome and lamps of massive gold melled down St. John Baptist, a work of the beginin 1797 10 pay the war assessment, was a ning of the fifteenth century, recalls present from the Grand Turk to Saint Gioito's manner. The Virgin on a peAnthony.
destal, and below Sts. Peter, Paul, BerIn ibe chapel of the Holy Sacrament, nardin, and Anthony, is a fine compos.the basso-relievos and the four angels tion by Antonio Boselli, an able Bergasculptured by Donatello are valuable mese painter of the sixteenth century. works. A Crucifi.rion, of extraordinary The Crucifix surrounded by prophets, beauty and in perfect keeping, is by Da- and Sts. Sebastian, Gregory, Bonamini. The frescos of the chapel of Saint venture and Ursula, by dontagnana, is Felix, by Jacopo Avanzi and Aldigbieri, elegant and true. A saint in marble, great painters of the fourteenth century, over the holy-water vase, is by Pyrgobut almost unknown, and five antique teles. The Burial of Christ, on a door stalues of the altar, are very remarkable. of the chapel of Relics, by Donatello, a The Martyrdorn of St. Agatha, by famous basso-relievo of clay gilt, which Tiepolo, in one of the chapels, has been was woriby of being cast in bronze, not. praised by Algarotti for its fine spirited withstanding its beauties, is somewhat expression, alihough the drawing be not exaggerated. irreproacbable. The St. Louis giving The choir and the high-altar are an alms, in another chapel, by Rolari, is assemblage of chess-d'æuvre of the greaiharmonious and pleasing. l observed in est masters. The great bronze chandelier, the chapel of Saint Prosdocimus, the se- by Andrea Riccio, the Venetian Lysippulture of the Capodilista family, a noble pus, is the most beautiful in the world. and pleasing chivalrous motto in French, it cost the artist ten years' labour; and Léal Desir. This ancient Paduan fa- every part will bear a comparison with mily derives lustre from Gabriele Capo- the antique chandeliers, but ibe ensemble
" This act of Mutius Scævola seems to have suited pbysician Glovadni Jacopo Tenni. quoled in tbe ap. the taste of Italian artists of the sixteenth century: pendix to the Life and Pontificale of Leo r., by it may be seen on the triumphal arcb erected at Roscoe, chap. vi. See post, another painting on Rome on occasion of the coronation of Leo X.; li is the same subject at Saint Laurence of Cremona, near the pope's arms and a sacrifice offered by book 11., chap. xliv. shepherds. See tbe Chronicle of the Florentine See posl, book 5., cap. wil.