« AnteriorContinuar »
to go on in "the greatness of his way" for a few more years, the sepulchre of the kings of France would have unfolded its brazen gates to receive him, and he would have ended such a life as would have harmonized with its course. But after all, a more majestic sepulchre is his. St. Helena is his tomb. The immense rocks of that distant isle form his monument, and to after ages it will tell the tale, Napoleon lies here. In Bennett's and Tyerman's voyages, his burial place is prettily drawn. " Of course, I visited Longwood, and Napoleon's grave. The latter is in the depth of a narrow, winding, green valley. He
"Who left a name at which the world grew pale,
To point a moral, or adorn a tale,' lies under a flat, uninscribed stone, level with the grass, surrounded by plain iron railing. The spot itself is overshadowed with weeping willows, which bear the marks of many a petty theft by visitors. The beautiful horse-shoe geranium blooms in profusion all round the enclosure ; and the flowers of this fragrant plant are not less tempting, you may be sure, to curious fingers, in spite of the tall veteran corporal who keeps watch over these treasures, having strict orders, as he says, to prevent spoliation. A spring of pure water close by the rails, bubbles up in a little well, and, escaping over the edge, runs and sparkles along the valley, at the foot of the almost perpendicular hill.”
The inscription on Shakspeare quoted above, reminds us how sadly the tombs of great men have been rified. Hyrcanus opened the sepulchre of David, and took out of it 3000 talents. The remains of Milton were exposed to the light of day, in the church of Cripplegate, a few years back. By the command of George the fourth, when Regent, a coffin, supposed to be that of Charles the first, in the cemetery at Windsor, was opened. Charles indeed was there, the head severed from the body, and the countenance corresponding with his portraits. Such cases are perhaps excusable, as the results of an overruling curiosity, which is not always inconsistent with reverence.
OBSERVATIONS ON THE NATURAL HISTORY
There is no great art in applying leeches to the body; but a person who is accustomed to it, will always do it better than one who is not. In the most experienced hands, however, they will sometimes refuse to fasten themselves, either from not being hungry at the time, or from the surface of the skin, or the blood, on their making the attempt, being unpleasant to their taste. The wound they make out of water is more sensible than what they make in water; but in the latter case, particularly when the water is somewhat warm, the blood flows more freely. When it is necessary they should cease from sucking before they they have fully gorged themselves, a small quantity of salt, tobacco, or snuff, will cause them to drop off in convulsions, and they soon afterwards die. On the contrary, when it is considered necessary that they should draw from the wound more blood than their stomach will contain, it is sometimes customary to cut off the posterior extremity of their body, out of which the surplus of blood will flow as through a tube.
For some years it has at different times been asserted, that by means of leeches it is possible to foretell the various changes of weather, both of heat and cold, of rain and fair. The means of doiny this have been variously laid down. A French clergyman, who attended to this subject for many years, has asserted, that a leech kept in a decanter filled with water in a window, will continue at the bottom, without any motion, if the following day is about to be serene and pleasant. If rain is about to fall, before or after noon, he says, that the little animal will ascend the side of the glass, to the surface of the water, and there continue till very nearly the time, when the fine weather returns; and, previously to the commencement of high winds, that it will swim about in the water with great rapidity, and will not cease from this motion till the wind begins to blow. At the approach of a storm, he informs us, that it will continue entirely out of the water even for several of the preceding days, appearing all the time agitated and restless. The same person, in conclusion, asserts, that during frosty weather, the leech will continue almost motionless, and, as much contracted as possible, at the bottom of the decanter; and that always during snow and rain, it will fix itself near the mouth of the decanter; and there remain in a state of perfect tranquility.
There can be no doubt, but that the variations which take place in the atmosphere, have considerable influence upon these animals ; but this influence is by no means such as always to produce the same effects upon them. An easy and satisfactory proof may at any time be bad, by putting four or five leeches into different decanters. It will be found that their motions are very uncertain, and that even sometimes each will afford a different indication. No dependance, therefore, can be placed in them; and these living barometers can deserve to be considered as little better than playthings for children.
It may not be improper, at the conclusion of this article, to describe the specific difference which exists between the medicinal leech and the horse-leech, since, from the circumstance of their inhabiting the same waters, and being nearly of the same size, they are frequently confounded by ignorant people.
The medicinal leech is of a blackish brown colour, marked along its upper part with several lines of yellow dots, extending from one end of the body to the other. The under part of the body is usually somewhat lighter, and marked with yellowish spots. The principal characteristic, however, consists in the dotted lines.
The horse-leech is nearly of an uniform black colour, except on the under part, which is of a cinerous green, and usually marked with black spots.
IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL.
Tue body may by age become
It dwells, and never, never, dies !
A. G. P.
REMARKS ON MUSIC.
The maxim, that whatever deserves to be done, deserves to be done well, applies to every conceivable purpose. To offer praise to God is a duty, from which none are exempt: unless the person can be found who has nothing for which to be thankful. But like every other christian duty, it should be performed with reverence and devotion. Carelessness, whether in prayer or praise, is censurable; nor will the sacrifice, in either case, be acceptable to that Almighty Being, who passes by the exterior form of his worshippers, and receives or despises their homage, as it arises, or does not arise, from the heart.
The assertion, that but few persons of eminence in the church have espoused the cause of music, cannot be sup. ported; inasmuch as many of the most "learned and pious men that ever adorned christianity were passionately fond of it, and assiduously cultivated it. “For myself,” says Richard Baxter, “I confess that harmony and melody are the pleasure and elevation of my soul. I have made a psalm of praise in the holy assembly the chief delightful exercise of my religion and my life; and have helped to bear down all the objections which I have heard against church music. Let those that savour not melody, leave others to their different appetites, and be content to be so far strangers to their delight.”
“Touching musical harmony," says the venerable Hooker, "such is the force thereof, and so pleasing effects it hath, in that very part of man which is most divine, that some have been thereby induced to think that the soul itself, by nature, is, or hath in it, harmony; a thing which delighteth all ages, and beseemeth all states: a thing as seasonable in grief as in joy; as decent, being added unto actions of greatest weight and solemnity, as being used when men most sequester themselves from action. The reason hereof