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career, and the matters of fact will declare. The debates concerning domestic affairs had been so warmly. agitated, that American affairs which had been recommended in his Majesty's speech, had hitherto been overlooked. It was not now to be expected, confi. dering the temper of the ministry with regard to af. fairs at home, that the colonists who were insisting upOn' the same privileges, would find much favour.

Upon the 5th of March, the minister, however, thought proper to bring in a bill for a repeal of so


It was not corruptly fubfervient to violably to preserve them accordhis defigns : We complain now, ing to the oath made to GOD and that the fitting of this parliament your subjects at your coronation ; is not interrupted, because it is We your Majesty's remonstrants corruptedly subfervient to the de- assure ourselves, that your Majesty figns of your Majesty's ministers, will resture the constitutional goHad the parliament under James vernment and quiet of your peothe second, been as submislive to ple, by diffolving this parliament, his commands, as the parliament and removing those evil minilters is at this day to the dictates of a for ever from your councils. minister, inítead of clamours for its meeting, the nation would have His Majesiy's Answer, delivered the rung, as now, with outcries for its

14th of March, 1776. dissolution.

I shall always be ready to receive The forms of the constitution, the requests, and to listen to the like those of religion, were not e- complaints of my subjects ; but it stablished for the form's sakė, but gives me great concern., to find that for the substanced we call; an any of them, should have been fo GOD. and men to witness, that as far misled as to offer me an address we do not owe oli liberty to those and remonftrance, the contents of nice and subtle distinctions, which which I cannot but consider as dif: places and pensions, and lucrative respectful to me, injurious to my employments have invented, so parliament, and irreconcileable to neither will we be deprived of it the principles of the constitution. by them ; but as it was gained by I have ever made the law of the the itera virtne of our ancestors, by land the rule of my conduct, ethe virtue of their descendants it steeming it my chiet' glory to reign shall be preserved.

over a free people. With this view, Since, therefore, the misdeeds of I have always been careful, as well your Majesty's ministers, in viola• to execute faithfully the trust repos : ting the freedom of election, and fed in me, as to avoid even the ape. depraving the noble constitution of pearance of invading any of thote parliarnents are notorious, as well powers which the constitution has as subversive of the fundamental placed in other hands. It is only laws and liberties of this realm; by perfevering in such conduct, and since your Majesty, both in that I can either discharge my own honour and justice, is obliged in duty, or fecure to my subjects the


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much of the late act passed in the seventh of the present reign, as related, to the imposing of a duty upon paper, painters colours, and glass; the tax upon tea which was laid on by the same act, being still to be continued. The reasons given for this repeal were, that the act had been the occasion of dangerous combinations on the other side of the Atlantic, and had created discontents at home among the merchants tra. ding to those parts, which made the repealing of the act a matter of serious consideration. This said little for the wisdom of the legislature, in passing a law, which in its own nature could not but give general discontent and commotion among the subjects. It would appear that the minister did not intend to purfue the principles of consistency when he repealed only part of that act, and condemned the whole of it, as inconsistent with true wisdom, and the character of the Britilh legislature. The colonists had as great an



free enjoyment of those rights which and family, or more ready to sacrimy family were called to defend, fice their lives and fortunes in the and, while I act upon these prin- maintenance of the true honour and ciples, I thall have a right to ex- dignity of your crown. peit, and I am confident I shall We do, therefore, with the greatcontinue to receive, the steady and eft humility and submillion, most affectionate support of my people. earnestly fupplicate your Majesty,

that you will not dismiss us from BECKFORDS's Speech. 'your presence, without expresling 71f Gracious Sovereign,

a more favourable opinion of your Will your ajesty be pleased so faithful citizens, and without some far to condescend as to permit the prospect, at least of recrefs, Mayor of your loyal city of Lon- . Perimit me, Sire, farther to obcon, to declare in your royal pre- ferve, that whoever has already fence, on behalf of his fellow citi dared, or thall hereafter endeavour, 2013, how much the bare appre by false infinuations and suga Hension of your Majesty's difplea- gestions, to alienate your Majesty's fure would at all times affect their affections from your loyal subjects winds. The declaration of that ia general, and from the city of difpleasure, has alreadly filled thein London in parti. ular, and to ujeliwiih inexprctible anxiety, and draw your confidence in, and rewith the deepest affiction. Permit gard for your people, is an enemy me, Sire, to assure your Majesty, to your Majesty's person and fami. tvat your Majesty has not in all ly, a violator of the public peace, your joininions any subjects more and a betrayer of our happy cous faithful, trore dutiful, or more af- fitution, as it was erat::hed at fc&ionate to your Majesty's perfon the glorious revolution.

objection to the authority that had laid a duty on teas, as that which laid a duty upon paper and glass. They considered the authority, imposing fuch duties upon. them without their consent, as illegal and oppressive, and were not willing to admit a claim of the English legislature, that denied them the common rights of other subjects. They inferred, if this claim was ad. mitted or complied with, that a parliament which lay at such a distance from them, where in a great mea. sure ignorant of their strength, and whose interest it was to ease themselves by oppressing of them, would never come to an end in their réquisuions, as long as they could find any thing to tax in the colonies. They therefore considered the partial repeal of the act as no favour, while the parliament insified upon their taxing them when they pleased. Thofe in the oppofition reasoned much upon the fame principles; but also added that it would be a real injury to Great Britain, and prevent the colonists from buying our manufac. tures, which would bring on distress at home, as well as on the other side the Atlantic. They gave instances how much the exports to America had fallen short in the space of two years; that in 1768 they had exa, ceeded 1769 no less than the prodigious sum of .. 744,000l. they amounting in the former to 2,378,000). and in the latter to 1,634,000. This was a convincing proof of the operation of those new laws that had given rise to the disturbances in the colonies.

The ministry seemed to think light of all this, and endeavoured to account for this difference upon a plan of their own, which they could not but fee was fala. cious and absurd. They said the difference was accounted for, by suppofing that the non-importation which ensued was foreseen by the importers, and that they had laid in a double quantity of goods. This


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