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The men of science upon whom Pope Gregory relied, not only restored the seasons to their place, but provided against recurrence of the difficulty. The excess being a day in 130 years, it has been ordained that in three centuries out of four, the last year shall be a common year. Thus 1600 was a leap-year, but 1700, 1800, and 1900 are common years, this brings the matter very nearly right; the only variation remaining amounting to a day in 3000 years, which need not give us much concern, and may safely be left to those who shall live in the year 4835. But, oh! how long before such a date as this shall every one of us be in eternity. We are hastening on with more than railway speed towards the grave. And what will be our condition after death ?

“Shall we our everlasting days,

With fiends or angels spend?" It is not for us to know the times and seasons which God hath put in his own power; yet long ere such a correction of the calendar may be required, the angel of God, as described in the book of Revelation, may by Him that liveth for ever, that time shall be no more." The purposes of God concerning this world may be accomplished, the archangel's trumpet may sound, and the dead, great and small, come forth both from sea and land, to stand at the judgment seat of Christ. O then, let us spend our fleeting years in sceking and maintaining a preparation for the kingdom of heaven.

" There day without night,

We may feast with delight,

And eternity seem as a day." New Year's day is generally esteemed a season of rejoicing, and many customs have prevailed to hail it into being. The manner in which the Jews celebrate their festival of "Rosh-Hashana," may teach us how we ought to offer up our prayers for the speedy approaches of the latter-day glory. The day is ushered in by the sounding of the shopher or cornet (every kind of horn being allowed, excepting that of a cow). The horn is blown all day, from sunrise to sunset, at intervals. Its design is (1) To proclaim the king and his day


of judgment. 1 Kings i. 39; Joel ii. 1. “On the feast of the New Year, all human beings pass like lambs before God's throne in order to be judged;" so says the Mishna. (2) To commemorate the giving of the law. Exod. xix. 16. (3) To express thanksgiving and praise. Ps. cl. 3. (4) To denote the freedom from error and transgression which is to follow the universal aknowledgment of the kingdom of God. So the Jews understand Lev. xxv. 9, 10, to refer to spiritual blessings. (5) It denotes the restoration of Israel. Is. xxvii. 13.

In the morning the Jewish people go to the synagogue clothed in white, as an emblem of purification. They use many prayers for a happy year, and for pardon of sins, with thanksgiving for past favours. The prayers which it is the duty of every Israelite to recite on this festival, enumerate such verses of the Sacred Scriptures as relate to the supreme reign of the Deity, to his Omniscience and Providence, and to the trumpet which is to proclaim the liberation, and express the grateful joy of mankind. A principal part of the commemorative service of the day is to commemorate the covenant made with Abraham on Mount Moriah; and by an appeal to that covenant to implore mercy for a sinful race. At home they serve up at the table, honey with leavened bread, sweet fruits, various herbs, and every thing that may serve to presage a fertile year. They eat small fishes and pomegranates, praying that their merits and good works may be multiplied as fishes in the waters, and as the seeds in the pomegranates. They salute each other on meeting with, “ Be thou written in a good year, ;” and spend the day in devotion and hearing sermons.

Among the collects used by the Jews on the festival of Rosh-Hashana, or New Year's Day, are the following“And now, O Lord our God, deign to extend the fear of thee to all thy works, and dread of thee to all thy creatures; that all that is made may fear thee, and all that is created may bow unto thee, and become one body to obey thy will in singleness of heart. For well we know, O Lord our God, that all dominon is before thee, majesty is in thy power, might is in thy right hand, and thy name is to be feared by all that thou hast created." Our God! God of our

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fathers! Reign over the universe in thy glory. Exalt thyself over all the earth in thy splendour; and shine forth in the excellence of thy supreme majesty over all that dwelleth on thy terrestrial globe; that all which thou hast created may know that thou hast created it; and that every being may understand that thou hast formed it; and all that lives and breathes may exclaim, • The Lord God of Israel is king, and his supreme power ruleth through the universe.'” “Our God! God of our fathers ! sound the great trumpet of our liberation; raise the standard to collect us that are exiled; assemble us that are scattered among the nations; and gather us from the bounds of the earth. Bring us to Zion in triumph, and to Jerusalem, the temple of thy holiness, in everlasting joy; that we may there present to thee the offerings of our duty, as we are commanded in thy law through Moses thy servant."

We may properly unite in many of these petitions; but let us most earnestly pray that God's ancient people, the Jews, may speedily be brought to believe in Jesus as the true Messiah; that both Jew and Gentile may unite together in ascribing to him honour, and glory, and praise, for ever. In the meantime, let us employ every means in our power to do good to all men, and then every new year shall more speedily advance the millennial glory of the Saviour of men.

S. X. AN AUTHENTIC AMERICAN NARRATIVE. “ TRAVELLING lately through the western part of Virginia, I was much interested in hearing an aged and highly respectable clergyman give the following account of a Jew, with whom he had recently become acquainted.

** He was preaching to a large and interesting audience, when his attention was arrested by seeing a man enter the house, the lineaments of whose countenance had every appearance of a Jew. The stranger was well-dressed his countenance was noble, although its expression seemed to indicate that his heart had lately been the habitation of deep sorrow. He took his seat, and was absorbed in attention to the sermon. After the service was over, the clergyman was too much interested in the stranger, to




refrain from speaking to him. Fixing his eye steadily upon him, he said, “Sir, am I not correct in supposing that I am addressing one of the children of Abraham ? * " You are,” was the reply. “But how is it that I meet a Jew in a Christian assembly?” The substance of his narrative was as follows:-He was a very respectable man, of superior education and handsome fortune; who, with his books, his riches, and an only child, a daughter in her seventeenth year, had found a beautiful retreat on the fertile banks of the Ohio. He had buried the companion of his bosom before he left Europe, and he knew little pleasure except in the society of his beloved child. She was indeed worthy of a parent's love. Her person was beautiful; but her cultivated mind and amiable disposition threw around her a charm superior to any of the tinselled ornaments of the body. No pains had been spared in her education; she could read and speak with fluency several different languages; and her proficiency in other departments of literature was proportionate, while the ease and gracefulness of her manners captivated all who beheld her. No wonder, then, that a tender father, whose head was now sprinkled with grey hairs, should place his whole affections on this only child of his love; especially as he knew of no source of happiness beyond this world. Being himself a strict Jew, he educated her in the strictest principles of his religion, and he thought he had presented that religion with an ornament.

" It was but a little while ago that this beloved daaghter was taken ill; the rose faded from her cheek; her

eye lost its fire-her strength decayed; and it soon became apparent that an incurable and fatal disease was preying upon her constitution. The father hung over the bed of his child with a heart fraught with the keenest anguish. He often attempted to converse with her, but could not speak, except by the language of tears. He spared no trouble or expense in procuring medical assistance; but no human skill could avert or arrest the arrow of death.

“He had retired into a small grove not far from his house, when he was sent for by his dying daughter. He




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immediately obeyed this summons, and with a heavy heart entered the door of her chamber of death. The parting hour was at hand, when he was to take a last farewell of his endeared child; and his religious views gave him but a feeble hope of meeting her hereafter. She clasped the hand of her parent in her own, now cold with the approach of death, and summoning all the energy which her expiring strength would admit of, she thus addressed him :—“My father, do you love me!” “My child, you know that I love you-that you are now more dear to me than all the world beside!” But, father, do you love me?” “Oh, why my child, will you give me pain so exquisite ? Have I then never given you any proofs of my love?” “But, my dearest father, do you love me?" The afflicted father was unable to make any reply, and the daughter continued; “I know, my dear father, you have ever loved me; you have been the kindest of parents, and I tenderly love you—will you grant me one request ? Oh, my father, it is the dying request of your daughter; will you grant it ?” My dearest child, ask what you will—though it take every cent of my property, I will grant it.” My dear father, I beg you never again speak against Jesus of Nazareth!” The father was dumb with astonishment. "I know," continued the dying girl, “ I know but little about this Jesus, for I was never taught; but I know that he is a Saviour—for he has manifested himself to me since I have been sick, even for the salvation of my soul. I believe that he will save me, although I never before loved him. I feel that I am going to him, that I shall ever be with him. And now, my father, do not deny me;-I beg that you will never again speak against this Jesus of Nazareth! I entreat you to obtain a Testament which tells of him; and I pray that you may know him; and when I am no more, that you may bestow on him the love that was formerly mine!”.

The exertion overcame the weakness of her enfeebled frame. She stopped, and her father's heart was too full even for tears. He left the room in great horror of mind, and before he could compose himself, the spirit of his

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