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to the saving of the soul of one of the most zealous of the Apostles. It is also said that, the roaring lion, the king of the forest, trembles at the crowing of a cock; so shall the devil, the roaring lion of hell, tremble at the preaching of the gospel, even by one of not very prepossessing appearance.
There are many others in the world I would have you reverence and esteem, besides those just mentioned. Every good and just man ought to be the object of your affection and re. gard. Not everyone who makes a vain show with riches
dress, although you are commanded to give unto Cesar the things that are Cesar's, and unto God the things that are God's; and to give honour to whom honour is due. This injunction, by no means, binds you to a mean subjection to those ignorant pretenders who make an ostantatious display of religious fanaticism, or costly dress; but respect your superiors, inferiors, and equals, as becometh your station, not upon account of their riches or outward appearance but upon account of their wisdom, usefulness, piety, and modesty.-Modesty is a becoming virtue, never to be met with umong
the ignortant nor prophane, and seldom valued according to its deserts by unthinking people.
In all your actions, behave with christian fortitude, spirited and manly, but not insolently, haughty, nor proud; and speak evil of no man. Despise the whinging and flattering caresses of the hateful sycophant ; for he who stoops to such meanness has a design upon your person or fortune. Honesty is the best policy. Be not swayed in your judgment by the glittering display of gaudy attire, the pomp of riches, nor by the profusion and multitude of words, for often a smooth tongue betrays, and a fair outside covering hides a base and a black heart.— The vanity of riches is often but for a moment. You will recollect the showy Butterfly, the queen of summer,you so much admired, which, only a few months ago was dressed in all the luxury of nature, the wanton array and beauty of June, proudly skipping from flower to flower, on July's light fantastic toe; is now a worm, crawling upon its belly, feeding on the dust of the earth, and humbly king the meanest corner of your dwelling to defend it from the fury of a pitiless winter. Humihty in dress is becoming all ranks; but that person who lavishly dresses out in all the foppish fooleries
of fashion, cer
tainly betrays a very great want of understanding, and may be justly compared to the cinnamon tree,--the bark is worth more than the body. Many have been rocked in the cradle of fortune-nursed at the breast of prosperity, and lien in the lap of plenty, who, before their deaths would have been glad to have filled their bellies with the husks that the swine did eat.-The smiles of fortune are fickle, and the pleasures of life transitory. Many have been enrobed the one day in purple and fine linen, and the next day in rags. Jane Shore, concubine to Edward IV. of England, once had as much power and wealth as any in the kingdom, the king excepted, but at last died picking a bone on a dung-hill.-Xerxes crowned his steersman in the morning, and beheaded him in the evening of the same day.--Andronicas, the Greek emperor, crowned his admiral in the morning, and then took off his head in the afternoon.-Hamon feasted with the king one day, and was himself made a feast for the crows the next. The great
Nebuchadnezzar, while he walked on the ramparts of his palace, viewing his hanging gardens, and splendid city, proudly vaunted in his might; and, in the pride of his heart, exultingly exclaimed,
"Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for my metropolis, and hy the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty:"was immediately struck with lycanthrophy,banished from the society of men, made a companion to the beasts of the field, did eat grass as the ox, and shared with them the rigours of the burning sun, and the frigid frost, in their greatest severity. And the rich man in the gospel fared sumptuously every day while in life ; had all the luxuries of the East at his table; his servants ran at his command; his bed was strewed with the fragrant spices of Arabia ; and he spurned the poor from his gates, yet was necessitated to beg a drop of water to cool his burning tongue while in the regions of the condemned, from the very person he despised while in his prosperity.
Be not then wedded to the world; place not your confidence in the favours of men, nor your happiness in that which is liable to take wings and fly away as a morning cloud. But fix your mind upon imperishable things above, so as you may have treasure in heaven, where neither moth nor rust can corrupt, nor thieves break through and steal. Worldly riches are but
for the moment, and seldom corfer happiness on their
possessor: for, as an emperor once said to a person who gazed on his purple robe and golden crown, “ did you but know what cares are under it, you fould not take it
from the ground to have it." It is not what men enjoy, but the principle from whence it comes, that makes men happy.
If e'er I've mourn'd my humble, lowly state,
If e'er I've bow'd my knec at fortune's shrine,
The fervent prayer, humanity, was thine.
Unmov'd, to whom the heart-felt glows unknown;
Nor make the injur'd wretch's cause his own.
The thrilling bliss of cheering wan despair !
That calls the grateful tribute of a tear.
The glare of pride and pomp, be, granduer, thine !
And sooth the oppressed orphan's woe, be MINE.
I have now, my dear Charles, pointed out to you a few of those vices and follies that ensnare the inexperienced youth; * also what characters I wish you to shun. I shall now add a
few thoughts on religion.- Religion is Love: it is the true worship of God, and that which gives us a just knowlege of ourselves, what we are by nature, and how to flee from the wrath to come, and through the merits of a crucified Saviour, its ways are pleasant, and its paths peace. Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father (says James 1. 28,) is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world. Avd Lord Bacon says, that the first principle of right reason is religion; in respect to which it was the wisest way to live strictly and severely. For if the opinion of another world be not true, yet the pleasantest life in this world is piety, virtue, and honesty: If it be, then none is so miserable as the vicious, carnal, and prophane per. sons, who live a dishonourable and unworthy life in this world,
and like to fall into a most sad and deplorable state in the next. You are then to begin in the morning of your days to be religious, to be pious, and to worship God in spirit and in truth, Abijah, when a child, even in the midst of the wicked house of Jerobuam, did that which was right in the sight of the Lord; and Timothy was early acquainted with the scriptures. Many put the time of their religion far off, as they do that of an evil day: but, my
do not trust to this; for, as Seneca says, though death be before the old man's face, yet he may be as near the young man's back.-Many graves in the churchyard can bear testimony of this. Felix began to tremble at the preaching of Paul, but we never after hear of his becoming a convert. Martha was cumbered about many things: so will you once you get entangled in the concerns of the world, and bent with the infirmities of age. In the spring or morning of your days you have few sins to repent of; in the evening, you have many, and less capable. In the morning, your parts are lively, senses fresh, memory strong, nature vigourous, and free from that oppressive care which attends age or the evening of life. The fig-tree was cursed for not bearing fruit; and so will every one that is barren and cumbereth the ground. let slip the time of your youth, the flower of your days, death, may seize you, and so be deprived of the opportunity of repenting when old. It is also said that, when men grow virtuous in their old age, they only make a sacrifice to God of the devil's leavings. As life is but a hand-breadth or a span, and as you. cannot even boast of tomorrow, and having such a long jours ney as eternity before you, it becomes you to be up and early on the road. Your views of death and eternity while we are in health, are far from those we have when stretched upon a bed of death. But the Christian can welcome death in any shape. he is like an armed man, he has put on the whole armour of God to the saving of his soul. How different were the dying moments of the pious Addison, who calied for his step: son, lord Warwick, and pressing him by the hand, softly said “ See in what peace a Christian can die!" While a late noble man, in the agony of despair, shrieked out, “ A week's life! Thirty Thousand Pounds for a week's life!” But that night God required his soul of him. It is a dreadful thing, (if uns preared,) to fall into the hands of the living God.
Cardinal Wolsey, the most absolute and wealthị minister of štatė this kingdom ever had, so that in his time he seemed to govern Europe as well as England, when he came to the period of his life, left the world with this close reflection upon himself, Had I been as diligent to serve my God, as I was to please my king, he would not have left me now in my grey háirs.
From thésé instances, it may then be seen that, our joys here are but of short duration, that we have no permanent city hèrè nor place of abode : that man is born to trouble as the sparks fly upward, And as the hoary-headed Partriarch said to Pharoah, after looking back to the days of his childhood and youth, “ Few and evil had been the days of his pilgrimage. Solomản álso says, after he had tried a thousand various ex: periments, like the Alchymist in pursuit he Philosopher's stone, he found that all his researches into nature and art, kie wisdom and happiness, were but vanity and vexation of spirit.
The world is like Joseph's coat, it has many colours, it is che: · quered with pain and sorrow, joy and woe. And, althouh wė,
for a time, are permitted to drink of the crystal fountain of for: a tüne, to cool our thirst for happiness, still we are told by our
Saviour, John iv. 13 & 14, Whosoever drinketh of this water
Will thirst again, but whosoever drinketh of the waterof life shall i never thirst, but be in him a well of water springing up into e
vér lasting life. In religion, then, you can only find the balm of
comfort; it dispels the gloomy prospects of death and eternity : · brightens our hope of a future and a better life-a city whose ľ builder and maker is God. It stands on a rock whose foundaition originated with the first dawning of day, when the sons of Hi the morning sang together and shouted for joy; when creation
sprung from the chaos of nothing: and it will continue till the stars set in silence, forget to go their accustomed round, and
the Sun of Righteousness hath put all enemies under his feet. ? Religion not only consoles you in affliction, commands you to
refrain from evil, to keep yourself unspotted from the world; * but to do good—not a hearer but a doer of the word—by visit
ing the widows and the fatherless in their affliction. We are but stewards here, and if we be entrusted with more than our neighbours of the good things of this life, it is our duty to give to those less favoured, not to keep them laid up in a napkin, or