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infantry, artillery, and cavalry. Great Congress, whether other provision, not stipart of this force is armed, and measures pulated by the Treaty, ought to be mado are taken to arm the whole. An improve- for these tribes, and for the advancement ment in the organization and discipline of of the liberal and humane policy of the the unilitia, is one of the great objects which United States towards all the tribes within claims the unremitted attention of Congress. our limits, and more particularly for their
" The regular force amounts nearly to improvement in the art of civilized life. the number required by law, and is sta. Among the advantages incident to these tioned along the Atlantic and inland froz. purchases, and to those which have pretiers.
ceded, the security which may thereby be “ Of the naval force, it has been neces. afforded to our inland frontiers, is pecosary to maintain strong squadrons in the liarly important. With a strong barrier, Mediterranean, and in the Gulf of Mexico. consisting of our own people, thus planted
" From several of the Indian tribes in- on the Lakes, the Mississippi, and the Mo. habiting the country bordering on Lake bile, with the protection to be derived from Erie, purchases have been made of lands, the regalar force, lodian hostilities, if on conditions very favourable to the United they do not altogether cease, will henceStates ; and, as it is presumed, not less 80 forth lose their terror. Fortifications in to the tribes themselves. By these pur- those quarters, to any extent, will not be chases, the lodian title, with moderate re- necessary, and the expense attending them servation, has been extinguished in the wbole may be saved. A people accustoined to of the land within the limits of the State of the itse of fire-arms only, as the Indian Ohio, and to a great part of that in the tribes are, will shun even moderate works, Michigan territory, and of the State of In- which are defended by cannon. Great fordiana. Froin the Cherokee tribe a tract tifications will, therefore, be requisite oply, has been purchased in the State of Georgia, in future along the coast, and at some points and an arrangement made, by which, in in the interior, connected with it. On these exchange for lands beyond the Mississippi, will the safety of our towns, and the coma great part, if not the whole of the land merce of our great rivers, froin the Bay of belonging to that tribe, eastward of that Fundy to the Mississippi, depend. On river, in the States of North Carolina, these, therefore, should the utmost attention, Georgia, and Tennessee, and in the Alabama skill, and labour, be bestowed. territory, will soon be acquired. By these “ A considerable and rapid augmenta. acquisitions, and others, that may reason- tion in the value of all the public lands, ably be expected soon to follow, we shall proceeding from these and other obvious be enabled to extend our settlements from causes, may henceforward be expected. The the inhabited parts of the State of Ohio, difficulties attending early emigrations along Lake Erie, into the Michigan terri- will be dissipated even in the most remote tory, and to connect our settlements by parts. Several new States have been ad. degrees, through the State of Indiana and mitted into our Union, the west and south, the Illinois to that of Missouri. A similar and territorial Goveroments, happily ore and equally advantageous effect will soon ganized, established over every other per
be produced to the South, through the whole tion in which there is" vacant land for sale. extent of the States and territory which In terminating Indian hostilities, as must
border on the waters emptying into the Mis- goon be done, in a formidable shape at least, sissippi and the Mobile. In this progress, the emigration, which has heretofore been which the rights of nature demand, and great, will probably increase; and the denothing can prevent, marking n growth rapid mand for land, and the augmentation in its and gigantic, it is our duty to make new valve, be in like proportion. The great efforts, for the preservation, inprovement, increase of our population throughout the and civilization of the native inhabitants. Union, will alone produce an important The hunter state can exist only in the vast ef'ct, and in no quarter will it be so seno uncullivated desert. It yields to the more sibly felt as in those in contemplation. The dense and compact form, the greater force public lands are a public stock, which ought of civilized population; and of right it to be disposed of to the best advantage for ought to yield, for the earth was given to the nation. The nation should therefore demaukind to support the greatesi number of rive the profit proceeding from the contiwhich it is capable, and no tribe or people noal rise in their value. Every encouragehare a right to withhold from the wants of ment shonld be given to the emigranti con. others more than is necessary for their own sistent with a fair competition betwren support and confort. It is gratifying 10 thein, but that competition should operate, know, that the reservations of land made in the first sale, to the advantage of the na. by the Treaties with the tribes on Lake Erie lion rather slian individuals. Great capitalwere made with a view to individual owner. isis will derive all the benefit incident 10 ship among them, and to the cultivation of their superior wealth, onder any mode of the soil by all, and that an annual stipend sale which may be adopted. But if, lookhas been pledged to supply their other ing forward in the rise in the value of the wants. It will merit the consideration of public lands, they should have the oppor
takty of amasing, at a low price, vast
rely, that if it appears to their satisfaction dies in their hands, the profit will accrue that the power is necessary, it will always ta them and not to the public. They would be granted. In this case I am happy to also bare the power, is that degree, to con- observe that experience has afforded the troul the emigration and settlement in such most ample proofs of its utility, and that saber as their opinion of their respective the benign spirit of conciliation and harinterests might dictate. I submit this sub- mony which dow manifests itself ibroughout ject to the consideration of Congress, that our Union, promises to such a recoinmeoda sech further provision may be made in the tion the most prompt and favourable result. sale of the public lands, with a view to the I think proper to suggest, also, in case this pablic interest, should any be deemed ex- measure is adopted, that it be recommended pedient, as in their judgment may be best to tbe States to include in the amendment adapted to the object.
sought, a right of Congress to institute, * When we consider the vast extent of likewise, seminaries of learning, for the territory within the United States, the great all-important purpose of diffusing knowamount and value of its productions, the ledge among our fellow citizens ubroughCoscection of its parts, and other circum• out the United States. fakes, on which their prosperity and bap- • Our manufactories will require the pides depeod, we cannot fail to entertain continued attention of Congress, The caa tiga sense of the advantages to be derived pital employed in them is considerable, fross the facility which may be afforded in and the knowledge acquired io the machithe jötercourse between them, by means of nery and fabric of all the most useful magood roads and canals. Never did a country Dufactures is of great value. Their preaf sach vast extent offer equal inducements servation, which depends on due encourage. to improvements of this kind, nor ever were ment, is counected with the high interests consequences of such magnitude involved in of the nation. theo. As tbis subject was acted on by Con- “Although the progress of the public gress at the last session, and there may be buildings, bas been as favourable as circuma disposition to revive it at the present, I stances have permitted, it is to be regretted bare brought it into view, for the purpose that the capitol is not yet in a state to reof communicating my sentiments on a very ceive you. There is good cause to presume itoportant circumstance connected with it, that the two wings, the only parts as yet with that freedom and eandour which a commenced, will be prepared for that pure regard for the public ioterest, and a pro- pose at the next Session. The time seems pes respect for Congress, require. A dif. now to have arrived when this subject ference of opiniou bas existed, from the may be deemed worthy the attention of first formation of our Constitution to the Congress, on a scale adequate to national present time, among our most enlightened
purposes. The completion of the middle aad pirtsous citizens, respecting the right building will be necessary to the convenient ef Crogress to establish such a system of accommodation of Congress, of the Comimprovement, Taking into view the trust mittees, and various offices belonging to it. with wbich 1 an now bonoured, it would be 'It is evident that the other public buildings isproper, after what has passed, that this are altogether insuficient for the accommodiscession should be revived, with an an- dation of the several Executive Depart. certainty of my opinion respecting the right. ments, some of whom are much crowded, Disregardiog early impressions, I bave and even snbjected to the necessity of ob. besto sed on the subject all the deliberation taining it in private buildings, at some which its great importance, aod a just sense distance from the head of the Department, of my daty, required ; and the result is a and with inconvenience to the management settled conviction in my mind, that Congress of the poblic business. Most nations have do not possess the right. It is not contained taken an interest and a pride in the imin any of the specified powers granted to provement and ornament of their metropoCongress ; bor can I consider it incidental
and none were more conspicuous in to, or a necessary mean, viewed on the
that respect than the ancient Republice. most liberal scale, for carrying into effect The policy which dictated the establistoany of tbe powers which are specifically ment of a perinament residence for the Nagranted. Io communicating this result, i tional Governinent, and the spirit in which cannot resist the obligation which I feel to it was commenced, and has been prosesuggest to Congress the propriety of recome cuted, shew that such improvement was meading to the States the adoption of an thought worihy the allention of this nation. amendment to the Constitution, which shall Iis central position, between the northern give to Coogress the right in question. In and southern extremes of oor, Union, and cases of doubtful construction, especially its approach to the west, at the head of a of sech vital interest, it comports with the navigable river, which interlocks with the nature and origio of our institutions, and western waters, prove the wisdom of the il contribute much to preserve them, to Councils which established it. Nothing apply to our constituents for an explicit appears to be more reasonable and proper, graat of the power. We may coufidevily than that convenient accommodations should
“ J. Willis,
be provided, on a well-digested plan, for state of bodily health, but bis Majesty's
" H. Halford, that the public ground in the city, applied
" M. Baillie, to those objects, will be found amply suff
“ W. Heberden, cient. I submit this subject to the consideration of Congress, that such further
“ R. Willis.” provision may be made in it as to them may On Sunday, January 4, the remains of seem proper.
Mr. Robert Palmer, of Drury-lane Theatre, “ In contemplating the happy situation was conveyed to the church yard of St. of the United States, our attention is drawn, Martin-in-the-Fields, where they were with peculiar interest, to the surviving offi- deposited in a vault under the church. sers and soldiers of our revolutionary army, His body was inclosed in aliaden coffin. who so eminently conuibuted, by their The outer case was, by his own desire, services, to lay iis foundation, Most of made of heart of English vak, dove-tailed, those very meritorious citizens have paid without a single nail in it, and was very the debt of nature, and gone to repose. It highly polished. - On the brea-l-plate, of is believed that among the survivors there brass lackered, but without a single ornaare some not provided for by existing laws, ment, was engraved, and picked out in who are reduced to jodigence, and even to black, the following simple inscription real distress. These men have a claim on
ROBERT PALMER, the gratitude of their country, and it will
Died December 25, 1817, do honour to their country to provide for
Aged 61 Years," thein. The lapse of a few years more, and The lid of the oaken collin was screwed the opportunity will be for ever lost: in- . down with eight uncommonly long screws, deed, so long, already has been the interval with gilt ornamental heads rising about that the number to be benefitted by any half an inch above the top. The handles provision which may be made, will noi be were of brass gilt, and a little ornamented. great,
The mourning coaches aitending con“ It appearing in a satisfactory inanner tained the following persous: that the revenue arising from imports and In the first two coaches were the rela. tonnage, and from the sale of the public tives and friends of the deceased - the prinlands, will be fully adequate to the support cipal mournersof the Civil Government, of the present Mr. Walter Lewer, Mr. S. Willat, Mr. Military and Naval Establishment, includ- Asperne, Mr. H. Lewer, Mr. Lambert, ing the apppal augmentation of the latter, Mr. Frowns, and Mr. 11. Lambert. to the extent provided for ; to the payment The first coach after the immediate of the interests on the public debt, and to mourners contained the extingnishment of it at the times autho- Mr. Kean, Mr. Powell, Mr. S. Pealey, rised, without the aid of the Internal and Mr. Hughes. Ta xes; I consider it my duty to recommend Second coachto Congress their repeal. To impose Taxes Mr. H. Johnston, Mr. Holland, Mr. when the public exigencies require them, Rae, and Mr. Harley. is an obligation of the most sacred charac- Third coachter, es;"ecially with a free people : the faith- Mr. Wallack, Mr. Barnard, Mr. Wewitful fulfilment of it is among the highest zer, and Mr. Maddocks. proofs of their viriue, and capacity for self- Fourth coachguvern pept. To dispense with Taxes, when Mr. T. P. Cooke. Mr. Geo. Smith, Mr. it nav be done with perfect safety, is equally Kent, and Mr. Keep. the duty of their Representatives. In this Fifth coachinstance, we have the satisfaction to know, Mr. Chatterley. Mr. Carr, Mr. Gattie, that they were imposed when the demand Mr. Fisier, Mr. West, and Mr. Ridge was imperious, and have been sustained
way. with exemplary filelity. I have to add, The whole of the funeral arrangements that however gratifying it may be to me, were bly conducted by Nir. Joseph Stutely, regarding the prosperous and happy cop- of Northumberland Street, Strand, dision of our couniry, to recornmend the A son was born to the Grand Seignior at repeal of these Taxes at this time, I shall Constantinople on the 211h October, and revertheless he attentive to events, and, named Solinan. should any future emergency occur, be not The Dry of Algiers has quelled a conTous prompt to suggest such measures and spiracy againsi his life, and executed a burdens as may then be requisite and proper. dozen of the ring leaders, Turkish solWashington, Dec. 2, 1817.
diers. JAMES MONROE." We lament to say that the intelligence TEE KING'S HEALTH,
from the West Indies rather tends to corWindsor Castle, Jan. 3. roborate the aillicting news via America, * His Majesty has passed the last month in our last. in a very tranquil manner, and in a good
Thongh late we mourn'd! and Britain's Gite dzniversary of the Birth-Day of O'er the lov'd Tomb, where youthful Virtue H. R. H. the Duke of Susser.
sleeps, Tuesday, Jan, 27th, being the Andiver. kay of the Birth of the Duke of Sursex, a
(Sweet Rose of Promise! whose existence
flew pand dinner was given at Freemasons'
E'en in the bod of hope-while hope was ali by the Fraternity, of which his Royal Hierres is the revered Grand Masier.
new), The ga'lery was crowded with Ladies ; as
Let resignation dry the tears we shed--
Grief, uprestrained, does but insult the iw merely an assembly of Masons, not
dead : a Misogs' Lodge, and that the day was deverd to the expression of their gratitude Turn, then, and leave the mournful cypress
wreathe, a cartachment to the Illustrious Prince for De barınday and splendour which Masonry
And let our hearts their grateful tribute
breathe. bas acquired under his able and kind direc.
Hail! to the day that gave a Sussex birth, In The Right Hon. Sir Jnbn Doyle, G.1. B, and Provincial Grand Master of
Hail! viride, goodness, hail! to print ely de les inibe Channel, was requested by
worth. te Board of Stewards to take the Chair;
Lo! in thy train the Holy Handmaids seer, 20d won ao previous occasion was the high Faita, Hope, and Charity, with look
serene. teoriviality of a numerous party sustained with more spirit than by this distinguished Justice and TEMPERANCE shall with thee Erother. The happy address and eloquence
abide, vid sbieh he ashered in the several toasts,
And meek-eyed Prace be ever at thy «ide. Produced borsts of acclamation, and every
Illustrious Sesser! here no venallyre Last was followed by an appropriate glee, Shall mock the theme thy greatness should perforaed by a number of the most eminent
inspire ; walicle, who are all Members of the Fra.
Science aad Friendship shall their homage irrsity. This department of the day's
pay, plazere was under the superintendance of
And grateful pour the tributary lay. Sir George Smart, wbose taste in the selec
Thy name shall oft to Heaven in prayer tion of the pieces was highly approved.
ascend-To Wr. Attwood, the company were also
The poor man's hope thy fav’rite coun. eliged for an exquisite glee, composed by
try's friend. bir, the harmony of wbich was delightful,
Thine be the incense of the Widow's praise aed admirably performed by Mr. Hawes,
Thine be the blessing lisping Orphavs raise. Mr.Clark, Mr. Terrail, Mr. Evans, &c.&c.
On! sweeter far such tribute to the great, *24 perforiped a second time by the uni
Than all the pomp and pageantry of state: veral desire of the company. The words
This must forsake them at the dreary Tomb, were as follow:
Thuse like the flowers of Paradise shall
bloom : Round some fais tree th' ambitious wood- A sacred halo round the Royal browbine grows,
A richer crown than monarchs can bestow. And breathes her sweets on the supporting The various Charities that grace our land boughs;
Are fed aud nurtured by thy fostering hand. so sweet the song, th' ambitious song should Bound by no party zeal, thy liberal soul be,
Would sacred kpowledge spread from pole 0! pardoo mine, that hopes support from
to pule ;thee ;
Would teach each feeble voice that book to Thee, Suiser, born o'er senates to preside, Tacir digpily to raise, their councils guide, Which forms the Christian, and improves Deep to discere, and widely to survey,
the man. Aed kiogdoms* fates, without ambition
The shivering Infant, and the Child of weigh;
shame, Of distant virtues nice extremes to blend, Alike shall bless and venerate thy name. The Crown's asserter, and the People's The victim sad, who, duom'a no 300 tu see, friend;
Suill lifts his sightless orbs in Heav'n for Nor dost thou scord, amid sublimer views,
thee; To listen to the labours of the Muse ; And loosened tongues in faultering sounds Tuy umiles protect ber, while thy talents
How much they owe to thy benignant care. Add 'tis but ball ihy glory to inspire: All-all unite to hail AUGUSTUS' birth, Peceive, lor'd Prince, ber tribuiary lay, And spread his merits o'er the spacie a Toat swells to celebrate thay Natal Day.
earth, On his Royal Highness's health being But let me look around there shall find, draok, with the enthusiasm wbich bis vir- A nearer bond of union in each mind. toes and veryices are ever sure to excite, If dear bis worth, to Magony doubly dear; the following copy of verses, written by a I know each Brother's heart will pledge ine Lady, were recited by Dr. Hemming.
here Europ. Jag. l'ol LXXIII. Jan. 1818.
Lift high the goblet-raise the sparkling and entertainment of the Ladies. After the bowl,
Chair was quitted in the Hall, the Roya Whilst cheerful sentiment exalts the soul. Duke, with several of the distinguished Hail great descendant of a royal line ! characters, retired to the room set apart for May years of health and happiness be thine. the Ladies, and partook of tea and coffee May every blessing here be freely given, with them. Music was then resumed there. And closing life be but the verge of Heaven. by the same professional Gentlemen wbc Then may the world's Great Architect look had gratified the company in the Hall down,
Some most delightful glees were sang, with And grant thee, Sussex-an Immortal which the Duke and every one presen Crown.
appeared much gratified. Mr. Evans sung In a room adjoining the gallery, a sup- the song, “ Tarry awhile with me, my ply of English and foreign fruits, a variety love,” in wbich he eminently excels. of excellent ices, with confectionary and The Royal Duke's Birth-day was cele. various wines, were provided for the re- brated in a large room in the same house, freshment of the Ladies; at which several by the Regiment of Royal North Britons, of the Stewards attended with their wands ai which the Highland Pipers attended, and of office, and their splendid Masovic orders played during the entertainment in their and decorations, to wait upon the Ladies. Highland uniforms.
After this excellent tea and coffee were A numerous band of wind instruments served up. The Glewards deserve the high. attended in the Hall, and played frequently est praise for their attentions to the comfort during the evening.
BIRTHS. EC. 27. In Upper Harley-street, the Jan. 5. In Portland-place, the Lady of
William Curtis, Esq. of a daughter.
11. In Jeffery’s-square, the Lady of . In New-street, Spring Gardens, the Lady Koch, Esq. of a son. of J. H. Tremayne, Esq. M. P. of a son. 12. The Lady of G. H. Freeling, Esq. of
the General Post Office, of a son.
AY 17. At Madras, George William When the bridegroom had signed an obliga.
Saunders, Esq. of the Civil Service, tion, which compels him to protect the bride to Miss Marshall, niece to Colonel Marshall, during his life, and her father and brother Secretary to the Hon. Governor.
had bound themselves to protect her after his Dec. 23. At Yarmoutlı, the Rev. Tho- deally, the happy couple next repaired to the mas Sayers, A. M. of Pembroke Hall, Can- middle of the room, under a ricli canopy, bridge, to Maria, daugliter of the late Tbo. borne by four near relations, where, amidst mas Burton, Esq. of Bracondale Hill, Nor- the chavnting of the prayers, the bride and wich.
bridegroom were each presented with a glass 30. The Rev. Richard Turner, Minister
After this, however, the former of Great Yarmouthi, to Miss Parish of the broke her glass under her feet, in remem. same place.
brance of the destruction of Jerusalem. An Jan. 1, 1818. At Lyme, by the Rev. Mich. excellent dinner was then served up, and Bubbs, Benjamin Cleave, Esq. of Coombs, dancing continued till one o'clock. near Crediton, m Devonshire, to Miss Cor- 16. Pierre Felix Viennot, Chevalier of nish, of Hay, near Lyme, in Dorsetsbure. the Legion of Honour, to Sylvia, daughter of
James Hugo Greeuwell, Esq. of Bentinck. the late Roberi Shaw, Esq. of Dublin. street, St. Mary-le-bone, to Bridget, eldest 17. At Si. Janies's Church, Major Keane, daughter of Mr. Lloyd, of Harley-street, and 71h Hussars, 1o Aune, third daughter, and grand daughter of the late John Salmon, Esq. also Jolin Grove, M.D. of Salisbury, to Jean of Holcombe, Somersetshire.
Helen, fourth daughter of Sir Wm. Fraser, . 5. Mr. Jacob Valentine, jun. son of the Bart. Bedford-square. fanied Hebrew Bard, 10 Miss Levy, of Ratlı- 21. At Chrisi Church, Spitalfields, by the bone-place, at Mieeks's Great Rooms, Brew- Rev. Samuel Hemining, D. D. the Rev. John er-street, Golden-square. Amongst the com- Hemining, of Kimbolion, A. M. F. W. S. to pany were, Sir George Cockburn and bis ne- Mary, cungliter of the late John Symonds, of phew, Ludy G. Gordon, and Lady Franklin, Kiiderinister, Esq.