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opening of new fields, and in the general tions. This year there is no deficit, and the trend of the missionary work of the world? income is again the largest ever received. There The members of the Assembly's committee
is abundant cause for thanksgiving. were fully aware of all that has been said and written in regard to the avoidance of “ The students' movement for missions," indebtedness; but evidently not only the of which the venerable Dr. McCosh wrote committee but the General Assembly, which
so eloquently in a recent article in the New unanimously adopted its report, were under York Evangelist, was also referred to with the strong conviction that this work cannot solemn emphasis in the opening sermon at suffer any serious arrest without bringing the General Assembly by the Rev. Dr. Marinjury upon the cause of Christianity and quis. This grand impulse among the young great culpability upon the church. The
men of our colleges and seminaries is peronly note of sadness in Dr. Haydn's admir- haps all the more significant from the fact able report and speech was caused by the that it has been entirely spontaneous, so far painful reflection that in clearing the treas- as the missionary boards and societies were ury of its indebtedness a retrenchment of concerned. It has come from no suggestion nearly $25,000 had been made in the work of theirs. Not that they are wanting in symof the Board; that in this respect there had pathy with it or fail to appreciate its imbeen nothing more or less than a retreat in portance. It would, perhaps, be impossible, the face of the enemy, and that amid all the even if it were necessary, to trace its springs wonderful signs of progress which charac- with
definiteness. The movement is too terize our times.
extensive to have been the result merely of If we believed that a great and enlarged the meetings which were held last summer work abroad would detract from important at Mount Hermon. Something is due, interests at home, we should hesitate ; but doubtless, to the spirit en kindled by the we are sure that the reverse would be true. annual inter-seminary conventions; but in It would not only strengthen the Christian a far broader sense is it the result of a genmanhood of our people: it would enrich our eral wave of missionary spirit enkindled faith; it would multiply our churches over in Christian households and churches during the whole area of our country; it would vi- the last few years. Possibly it has in some talize our city mission work; it would fill degree been stimulated by reports which the coffers of every home charity; and it have reached us from the churches of Great would vindicate our theology more than a Britain, where a great missionary work thousand tomes of polemics. This is God's sprang up in the institutions of learning two method. When a tide wave sweeps a whole or three years ago.
The Simultaneous coast line, every little inlet is filled of course, Meetings " which have been held in the last and filled as it could never be by any mere two years in the Anglican churches of Great local pumping process. Our Lord disposed Britain have afforded still another indicaof this whole subject of proportions when he tion of a broad and sweeping impulse of said, Ye shall be witnesses for me both in missionary zeal that has come over the Jerusalem and in Judea and Samaria, and church in all Protestant lands. also unto the uttermost part of the earth. There can be no question that this moveThe whole world was his then, and his are ment lays a tremendous responsibility upon the generations of to-day.
missionary boards not merely--for they can
only act as they are empowered by the The Church Missionary Society has closed
the churches themselves its year free from debt. The Intelligencer and upon every member of the churches. says:
Dr. McCosh asks, “ Has any such offer of Last year a heavy deficit was hinted at; but living young men and women been presented before the meeting took place almost the whole in our age or in our country, in any age or deficit had been wiped out by special contribu- in any country, since the days of Pentecost ?
We doubt if any such array of volunteers at the places of public resort during the sumappeared even at Pentecost. The greater mer, meetings of this kind could be called, number of those who went forth preaching the effect would be stimulating. the gospel were driven by persecution, and were of the rank and file of the church. These are educated, or will have been edu
An impression seems to be abroad, possicated when their course of study shall be bly through misapprehension of a remark complete.
dropped by one of our missionaries at the Of course, it is scarcely probable that these Assembly, that the retrenchment of $23,000 1500 young men will all find themselves in reported by this Board to the General Ascircumstances to apply for appointment; but sembly was accomplished largely through
curtailment of the salaries of the missionwith whatever abatement in numbers, the fact cannot be ignored without great and
aries. This is a mistake. The Board of culpable delinquency on the part of the Foreign Missions has not cut down the mis
sionaries' salaries to meet its deficit. The church, that here is literally an army of men, a regiment and a half we may say,
retrenchment, doubtless, did affect the salawho are at least contemplating the great
ries of some missionaries through their volwork of foreign missions. They stand over
untary sacrifices for the sake of the work; against the multitudes of those to whom God
and this was the import of the remark has given wealth, with something of the
made in the Assembly. When the Board nature of a challenge. They cannot be sent
found it impossible to carry on all the work with the mites of the poor, although these,
that was in hand in the respective fields, and it is to be hoped, will more and more in
so notified the several missions, some of the crease. Clearly the wealth of the church
brethren, instead of closing schools and dismust be drawn upon in this great enlarge
missing native workers, appealed to their ment of the work. Those who are at loss personal friends and drew upon their own for profitable investments, those who tell us
private income to meet the crisis, but withsometimes with a mixture of pride and pathos
out the slightest constraint on the part of that it is “harder to take care of a fortune
the Board. In this way they nobly rethan it is to acquire it,” may well ask if
sponded to the general effort to meet the this summons of Providence is not made to
exigencies of the Board, just as multitudes them.
of brethren did at home, some of them from Two zealous young men have visited the
very slender incomes. colleges and seminaries book in hand for volunteers: who will now visit the banks Put it with emphasis that we must train and warehouses of the Christian church and the young of the household and of the Sabtake corresponding pledges for missionary bath-school in the love and the support of support?
missions. Very largely the opinion holds In view of the considerations named above that whatever the church may do for the it is not strange that the laymen of the late support of this cause, it is quite a different General Assembly set apart two of their thing with the Sunday-schools. They may meetings to the consideration of foreign mis- take up any fancy object that shall please sions. On two different mornings when they the children. The simple logic of all this met for conference and prayer, it was agreed is that to-day is important, but to-morrow is that the great question which should occupy of little account; that while we are placing their thoughts and their petitions should be our men upon the front in ever-increasing that of sending the gospel to the heathen. numbers, and are laying foundations and Would that elders' meetings might be held assuming vast responsibilities in the presall over the church with this very purpose
ence of the heathen world, it is not of the in view! We make this as a practical and a slightest consequence whether we are prepracticable suggestion. If in our cities, or paring to maintain our position there. One thing is certain : our children will scarcely in papal countries. The Board itself, in feel interest enough to remain in the Pres- presenting its annual report, had been soniebyterian Church unless they become inter- what in doubt as to the policy which should ested in the work of the Presbyterian be pursued in regard to this subject, owing Church.
to the meagreness of the responses made to
a similar recommendation of the Assembly Dr. Mitchell's article on “ Teaching the last year. It would be well, perhaps, if some Indians English,” which will be found in
such arrangement could be made as that the Monthly Concert department, will well
which we understand is being carried out by repay perusal. It puts the question of An
the Presbyterian churches of Scotland and glicising the adult savage of America in its
Ireland. The representatives of the different true light. The article is the outcome of a
evangelical churches of papal Europe are recent visit to the Omaha mission, but it welcomed to those churches, and the moneys is corroborative of the impressions which
raised upon their appeals all pass through have been made by frequent visits to our the mission treasury upon the principle of Indian missions within the last three years. giving a certain per cent. to the church More than once the Rev. John P. William
whose representative has made the appeal, son, of the Dakota mission, has urged the
while the remainder is divided among all fact that whatever is done for the adult In
the continental churches included in the dian populations of this country in spiritual plan. As matters stand, there is a degree instruction must be in their own tongue, and of awkwardness in reiterating recommendathat this will continue to be a demand for
tions which are disregarded; and besides, the perhaps two generations.
agents of European churches are embarWe are in favor of the general provisions rassed by what seems a closing of the door of the Dawes bill, which contemplates the
against them. allotment of land in severalty to such Indian tribes as are prepared to receive it; but we
Two or three
years ago the statement was are impressed with the fact that in the pres
circulated by the secular press that missions ent drift of sentiment and the present eager
in Fiji were a pretty bad failure. People ness to civilize the Indian by enactment,
who had any knowledge of the subject, to press upon him the English language, however, knew better than this, for they and forbid in schools and elsewhere the use
had read not only the missionary magazines of his own tongue,-we are venturing upon
of the Wesleyans, but also Miss Gordon a fatal extreme. Side by side with the effort Cuming's spicy book, “At Home in Fiji.” to teach the younger Indians the English In addition to that, also, they were familiar language, and to impart to them useful
with the general and solid fact that a once knowledge through that medium, there
cannibal king, having been converted and should be an earnest effort made to reach having become satisfied that a Christian the adult Indian populations in their own
government would be better than anything tongue. The most urgent missionary work
that he could give to the people, had passed for the Indians is that which shall make
over his sceptre gladly to Queen Victoria. known to this adult class the saving truths
There lie before us some statistics which are of the gospel while it is called to-day, ere
decidedly refreshing, from which it appears their night cometh in which, with whatever
that of the total 128,414 inhabitants of the civilizing appliances for others, they will be Fiji Islands, 111,743 are Fijians; and that beyond our help.
of these, 100,154, or considerably more
than nine-tenths, are attendants at public The Assembly, at the suggestion of its worship. As to cannibalism, it has so enStanding Committee on Foreign Missions, tirely passed away that the children know again recommended a special contribution less of the horrors of that system than the from the churches for the work of the Board missionaries can tell them. Said missionary
Rey. A. J. Webb, in speaking of Fiji, at a visits to the South Sea Islands has recorded meeting held in Melbourne in November as a general fact the far greater success of last :
Protestant missions in those islands, as comI may say that, where fifty years ago there pared with those of the Roman Catholic was not a single Christian, to-day there is not
Church? It is supposed to be a sort of one avowed heathen. There may be heathen; stinging thrust at Protestant missions to but if so, they do not stand up and declare the constantly hold up in a cheap and irresponfact.
sible way the wonderful self-denial and unThe statistics of the Wesleyan Missionary paralleled success of Roman Catholic misSociety in Fiji are as follows:
sions. This can be done by men who know Native ministers,
nothing of the modern work, and who never Catechists,
44 happened to read any of the historic failures Local preachers,
1,877 of Roman Catholic missions in India, in Class leaders,
3,192 Congo, in Japan and in China, to say nothChurch members,
27,421 ing of the early Catholic missions in North On probation,
1,019 Places of worship,
General Lew Wallace, late minister to
1,255 As to schools and Sabbath-schools
, all the Turkey, lately made a speech in Brockton,
Massachusetts, in which he gave testimony, children of Fiji are in schools. In a place from personal knowledge of missionaries and which fifty years ago was studded with missionary work in Turkey, that is comfortheathen temples there is not to-day a single ing to the church at home, and very creditheathen temple.
able to our foreign missionaries. We can
fully indorse the statement from actual obThe Church Missionary Intelligencer puts servation on the ground. General Wallace some pointed questions to Dr. Lenz, one of says: those irresponsible travellers who assume to I have often been asked, What of the misknow so much about missions and who with
sionaries of the East? Are they true? and do easy assurance pronounce them failures. they serve their Master? And I have always The first question is, “What missions has
been a swift witness to say—and I say it now, Dr. Lenz seen in Africa ?” The only ones
solemnly and emphatically—that if anywhere which he could have visited were the Bap
on the face of the earth there exists a band of
devout Christian men and women, it is these. tist missions on the Congo and the various
I personally know many men and women, and missions of the London society and the
the names of Dr. and Mrs. Riggs, the names of Scotch societies on Lakes Tanganyika and
Woods, Bliss, Pettibone, Herrick, Dwight and Nyassa. All these are young, just begin- others, spring up in my memory most vividly. ning, and of course few fruits appear. Sec- Their work is of that kind which will in the ond, “As to the statistics which missionaries future be productive of the greatest good. send home being misleading, has Dr. Lenz They live and die in the work. One I know
has been in the work fifty years. They are ever seen a missionary report in his life ?" Is it the kind of reading that he is partic- and sustained by us.
God's people, and hey should be remembered ularly interested in ? “As to the success of the Jesuits (and Dr. Lenz, like others of his kind, declares them to be successful), did he The London Times states that the Chinese meet any of this class in Africa ?” and how government has ceded the Chusan Islands could he know anything of the subject ? to Germany. These islands are an exten
In addition to the above questions, we sive and rocky group lying off the mouth of would like to propose one, namely this: the Ningpo river. In a military point of Has Dr. Lenz read the narratives of Baron view they are of great importance; otherwise Hübner, himself a Catholic, who in his they seem of little value.
POPLAR CREEK, Montana Territory: On the Missouri river, 70 miles above Fort Buford; station occupied, 1880; Miss Jennie B. Dickson, Miss Charlotte C. McCreight. Outstation, 1; native teach
SUBJECTS FOR MONTHLY CONCERTS. JANUARY.-General summary in connection with week of prayer. FEBRUABY.–China. MARCH.—Mexico and Central America. APRIL.-India. MAY. Siamn and Laos. JCNE.-Africa. July.—Indians, Chinese and Japanese in America. AUGUST.-Papal Europe. SEPTEMBER.-- Japan and Korea. OCTOBER.-Persia. NOVEMBER.- South America, DECEMBER.-Syria.
THE INDIANS AND THE CHINESE IN
AMERICA. After this I beheld, and, 1o, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands; and cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb (Rev. 7:9, 10).
WOLF Point, Montana Territory: On the Missouri river, 20 miles from Poplar Creek; station occupied, 1883; missionaries, Rev. George W. Wood, Jr., and his wife.
PINE RIDGE, Dakota Territory: Occupied, 1886; Rev. G. C. Sterling and his wife, one native helper.
OMAHA MISSION. BLACKBIRD HILLS, Nebraska: On the Missouri river, about 70 miles above Omaha City; mission begun, 1846 ; Rev. William Hamilton and his wife ; Decatur, Nebraska; Rev. John T. Copley and his wife; Mrs. Margaret C. Wade, Mrs. Margaret C. Fetter, Miss Mary L. Barnes and Miss Eva M. Woodin, Omaha Agency, Nebraska.
WINNEBAGO MISSION. On their reservation, adjoining that of the Omahas; mission resumed, 1881; Rev. Samuel N. D. Martin and his wife. Post-office, Winnebago, Nebraska.
IOWA AND SAC MISSION. On reserved lands, near Highland, in Kansas and Nebraska; mission begun, 1835; missionaries,
SAC AND FOX MISSION, Mission begun, 1883; Miss Anna Skea and Miss Martha A. Shepard. Post-office, Tama City, Iowa.
THE NEZ PERCE MISSION. LAPWAI, IDAHO TER.: Work begun, 1838. Rev. George L. Deffenbaugh and Miss Kate McBeth.
KAMIAH: Occupied, 1885. Miss Sue McBeth temporarily at Mount Idaho.
Outstations : Deep Creek, Wash. Ter.; work begun, 1880; supplied from Nez Perce Reserve. Wellpinit, Wash. Ter.; work begun, 1882; supplied from Nez Perce Reserve. Umutilla, Oregon; work begun, 1882.
Native Ministers: Kamiah, Rev. Messrs. Robert Williams and James Hayes; Lapwai, Rev. Silas Whitman; Umatilla, Rev. Archie Lawyer; Deep Creek and Wellpinit, Rev. Messrs. William Wheeler and Peter Lindsley; North Fork, Rev. James Hines; General Evangelist, Rev. Enoch Pond.
MISSIONS AMONG THE INDIANS.
SENECA MISSION. UPPER CATTARAUGU8: Cattaraugus Reservation, Festern New York; mission begun, 1811; transferred to the Board, 1870; Rev. Morton F. Trippe and his wife ; Miss Olivia P. Ball, and six native assistants. SUBSTATIONS : on Tonawanda and Tuscarora Re. serves, western New York.
ALLEGANY: Allegany Reservation, western New York; Cornplanter Reservation, Pennsylvania; Rev. William Hall.
LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA MISSION. ODANAH: On Bad River Reservation, in the northwestern part of Wisconsin, the reservation fronting on Lake Superior; transferred to the Board, 1870; missionary work resumed, 1871; Rev. Henry Blatchford.
LAC COUR D'OREILLES : On the reservation of the same name; station begun, 1883; Rev. Samuel G. Wright. Outstations : At Round Lake, 8 miles from Lac Cour d'Oreilles, and Puhquauhwong, 17 miles from the station, Misses Susie and Cornelia H. Dougherty.
THE DAKOTA MISSION. YANKTON AGENCY, Dakota Territory: On the Vissouri river, 60 miles above Yankton ; station occupied, 1869; Rev. John P. Williamson and his wife ; Miss Nancy Hunter, teacher; Rev. Henry T. Selwyn. Outstations, 3; native helpers, 2.
FLANDREAU, Dakota Territory: On Big Sioux river, 40 iniles above Sioux Falls; station occupied,
Rev. John Eastman.
It will be noticed that the missions among the Creeks and Seminoles in the Indian Territory do not appear in the above list. The reason is this : After a careful examination of the whole question, involving a visit to the field by one of the secretaries, personal interviews with the missionaries, and much painstaking inquiry and consideration on the part