Imagens da página


A solitary blessing few can find;

Our joys with those we love are intertwined;

And he whose wakeful tenderness removes

Th' obstructing thorn which wounds the friend he loves,

Smooths not another's rugged path alone,

But scatters roses to adorn his own.

Few can find a solitary blessing; our joys are intertwined with those whom we love; and he whose wakeful tenderness removes the thorn which wounds his friend, not only smooths the rugged path of another, but scatters roses to adorn his own.

1. Heaven gives us friends to bless the present scene; Resumes them, to prepare us for the next.

All evils natural are moral goods;
All discipline indulgence on the whole.

2. Never man was truly blest,
But it composed and gave him such a cast,
As folly might mistake for want of joy.

3. Riches are oft by guilt and baseness earned.
But for one end, one much neglected use,
Are riches worth our care (for nature's wants
Are few, and without opulence supplied);
This noble end is, to produce the soul;

To show the virtues in their fairest light,
And make humanity the minister
Of bounteous Providence.

4. But yonder comes the powerful king of day,
Rejoicing in the east. The lessening cloud,
The kindling azure, and the mountain's brow
Illumed with fluid gold, his near approach
Betoken glad. Lo! now, apparent all,
Aslant the dew-bright earth, and coloured air,
He looks in boundless majesty abroad;

And sheds the shining day, that burnished plays

On rocks, and hills, and towers, and wandering streams
High gleaming from afar.

5. No radiant pearl which crested fortune wears,
No gem, that twinkling hangs from beauty's ears,
Nor the bright stars, which night's blue arch adorn,
Nor rising suns, that gild the vernal morn,

Shine with such lustre, as the tear that breaks,
For others' woe, down Virtue's manly cheeks.

6. Fear not when I depart; nor therefore mourn
I shall be nowhere, or to nothing turn;

That soul which gave me life was seen by none,
Yet by the actions it designed was known;
And though its flight no mortal eye shall see,
Yet know, for ever it the same shall be;
That soul, which can immortal glory give
To her own virtues, must for ever live.

7. But most by numbers judge a poet's song;

And smooth or rough, with them is right or wrong;
In the bright muse, though thousand charms conspire,
Her voice is all these tuneful fools admire;
Who haunt Parnassus but to please the ear,
Not mend their minds; as some to church repair,
Not for the doctrine, but the music there.

8. 'Tis hard to say, if greater want of skill
Appear in writing, or in judging ill;

But, of the two, less dangerous is the offence
To tire our patience, than mislead our sense;
Some few in that, but numbers err in this;
Ten censure wrong, for one who writes amiss.
A fool might once himself alone expose;
Now one in verse makes many more in prose.
'Tis with our judgments as our watches, none
Go just alike, yet each believes his own.

9. Of chance or change, 0 let not man complain,
Else shall he never, never cease to wail;

For, from the imperial dome, to where the swain
Rears the lone cottage in the silent dale,
All feel the assault of fortune's fickle gale;
Art, empire, earth itself, to change are doomed;
Earthquakes have raised to heaven the humble vale,
And gulphs the mountain's mighty mass entombed,
And where the Atlantic rolls wide continents have bloomed.

But sure to foreign climes we need not range,
Nor search the ancient records of our race,
To learn the dire effects of time and change,
Which in ourselves, alas! we daily trace.
Yet at the darkened eye, the withered face,
Or hoary hair, I never will repine:
But spare, 0 Time, whate'er of mental grace,
Of candour, love, or sympathy divine,
Whate'er of fancy's ray or friendship's flame is mine.

Section V.—Expression Of Ideas.

The same idea may be expressed in a variety of forms. We may vary the expression by using cognate words—that is, words from the same root, but of a different part of speech; and by using synonymous words and phrases. Ideas are also suggested by the principle of association. The name of an object suggests the attributes, or qualities and actions, which distinguish that object. By this method, original sentences may be written.

1. Cognate Words. Exercise 33. Vary the expression in the following sentences by changing the parts of speech:


1. Wisdom is better than riches. To be wise is better than to be rich. The wise are better than the rich.

2. Be humble in your whole behaviour. Always behave yourself humbly. Behave yourself with humility on all occasions.

1. Piety and virtue will make our whole life happy.

2. Modesty is one of the chief ornaments of youth.

3. The eager and presumptuous are continually disappointed.

4. Friendly sympathy heightens every joy.

5. Praise is pleasing to the mind of man.

6. To deceive the innocent is utterly disgraceful.

7. A family where the great Father of the universe is duly reverenced, where parents are honoured and obeyed, and where brothers and sisters dwell together in affection and harmony, is surely a most delightful and interesting spectacle.

8. The man who distributes his fortune with generosity and prudence, is amply repaid by the gratitude of those whom he obliges.

9. Men are too often ingenious in making themselves miserable, by aggravating to their own fancy the evils which they endure. They .compare themselves with none but those whom they imagine to be more happy, and complain that upon them alone has fallen the whole load of human sorrows. Would they look with a more impartial eye on the world, they would see themselves surrounded with sufferers, and find that they are only drinking out of that mixed cup which Providence has prepared for all.

2. Equivalent Words And Phrases. Exercise 34. Vary the expression in the following sentences by using equivalent words and phrases:


Wrath kindles wrath. Anger inflames anger. Strife begets strife. One angry passion excites another.

1. The avaricious man has no friend.

2. It is not easy to love those whom we do not esteem.

3. Few have courage to correct their friends.

4. Passion swells by gratification.

5. The great source of pleasure is variety.

6. Knowledge is to be gained only by study.

7. Listen to the affectionate counsels of your parents; treasure up their precepts; respect their riper judgment; and enjoy, with gratitude and delight, the advantages resulting from their society.

8. Come, let us go forth into the fields; let us see how the flowers spring; let us listen to the warbling of the birds, and sport ourselves upon the new grass. The winter is over and gone; the buds come out upon the trees, and the green leaves sprout. The young animals of every kind are sporting about; they feel themselves happy; they are glad to be alive; they thank Him that has made them live. They can thank Him in their hearts, but we can thank Him with our tongues. The birds can warble, and the young lambs can bleat; but we can open our lips in His praise: we can speak of all His goodness. Therefore we will thank Him for ourselves, and we will thank Him for those that cannot speak.

9. Sir Isaac Newton possessed a remarkably mild and even temper. This great man, on a particular occasion, was called out of his study to an adjoining apartment. A little dog, named Diamond, the constant but incurious attendant of his master's researches, happened to be left among the papers, and threw down a lighted candle, which consumed the almost finished labours of some years. Sir Isaac soon returned, and had the mortification to behold his irre

« AnteriorContinuar »