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dience to the divine institutions *
and that the Almighty did not exhibit such so frequently as was either necessary, or fit to answer this end, cannot be concluded from the silence of those
short accounts we have in facred history, as was observed before.
Besides, Adam himself continued nine hundred and thirty years, an eye-witness of the power and providence of God; and could not but reflect on those remarkable instances of both, exerted at the beginning of his own life-t; and must have acquainted the rest of mankind with all those truths relating to the Deity, that were implied in the creation of man, and his first situation in the world I; as well as his present state of punishment, and prospect of a future redemption; which were exhibited together, and doubtless explained to him, upon his fall. He was all that while, a living monument both of the justice, and mercy of God; of his extreme hatred, and abhorrence of fin; as well as his great
love, Και γαρ εικό- εν αρχή το κοσμο επι πλειον βεβοηθη, την ανθρωπων φυσιη, έως προκοπης γενομενης εις συνεσιν, και τας λοιπας αρέλας, και την ευρεση των τεχνων, δυνηθωσι και καθ' εαυτες ζην, και χρηζοντες, αει επιροπευοίων και οικονομείων αύλες μελα σαραδοξο επιφανειας των υπηelzuiwy TW T 9 iu Beanpati. Orig.cont. Cell. p. 216. Ed. Cant.
+ See Allix's Reflections, B. I, c. 8, &c.
| How he was able always to convince the world that he was the firit man, from a peculiarity in the formation of his body. See Cumberland De leg. patr. p. 409, 410. Adamus, ejusque uxor Eva secundum naturam non potuerunt habere umbilicos in medio ventrum suorum, uti habent omnes homines qui nascuntur e mulieribus propter vafa umbilicalia quæ umbilico inferuntur, et e Placenta uterina nutrimentum afferunt infantibus, in utero matrum fuarum generatis, indeque prodeuntibus. Nec credibile eft Deum creaviffe in protoplastis umbilicos qui iis essent prorsus inutiles, et eos redderet obnoxios periculofo morbo qui omphalocele dicitur a medicis, ib.
love, and long-suffering towards the finner. He was very sensible how fin entered into the world, and could not but apprise his children of its author; and at the same time inform them, of the unity of God, and his dominion over the evil one ; and assure them of his being the supreme governor, and judge of all. For so much, I think, might easily be gathered from that tranfaction in paradise, in what sense soever we understand it; not to mention that the garden of Eden, the great
scene of this transgression, might perhaps still be visible *. This would produce a tolerable idea of the Divine Being, and afford sufficient motives to obey him. And accordingly we find the effects of it, in the righteous family of Seth, who began to call upon the name of the Lord ti or, as that text is better rendered in the margin, to call themselves by the name of the Lord I. They foon distinguished themselves from the posterity of Cain; and for their extraordinary piety, were entitled the people, or Sons of God. Of them, sometime after, sprang a person so very eminent for goodness and devotion, as to be exempted from Adam's sentence, and the common lot of his fons : who after he had walked with God three hundred years, or held converse with Angels || ; and prophesed to his brethren, and forewarned:
Allix, Reflect. p. 62. suppofes it to continue till the deluge. + Gen. iv, 26.
I See Sbuckford, Vol. I. p. 42, &c. Van Dale's Orig. & Progr. Idol. c. 2. Stilling fleet, Iren, c. 3. p. 73. 410. Or this man Enos, was called by the name of Jehovah. V. Dawson on Gen. iv, v. p. 37, &c.
Cleric. in Gen. v. 22. Comp. Dawson, ib. p. 55.
them of the approaching judgment *, was translated that be should not see death t. This very remarkable event, must have made the world about him, sensible of the good providence of God, inspecting and rewarding his faithful servants; and one would think, it should have induced them to look up to a better state than the present; where righteous Enoch was already entered, and whither all such might expect in due time to arrive. To Adam himself, if he was then alive (as the Samaritan account makes him to be above forty years after) it must have been a lively and affecting instance of what he might have enjoyed, had he kept his innocence; as well as an earnest of the promised victory over the evil one, who robbed him of it; and a strong ground of confidence that he, and the rest of his posterity, should not be left entirely in their present state; but some time or other, be restored to the favour of their Maker, and behold his presence in bliss and immortality I.
Jude 14. He foretells likewise the particular manner in which that judgment was to be inficted, and by way of sign or confirmation (a frequent method on such occafions. Comp. It. viii, &c.] im-poses on his son the name of Methufelah, importing that when the perfon so called was dead, there should come an Inundation of Waters. And so exactly did that event correspond with his name, that in the very year he died, the earth was overwhelmed by the deluge. Owen, B. L. S. 6. Bochart Phal. L. 2.
+ Heb. xi. 5. comp. Ecclus xliv. 14. and Arnald upon Wisdom, iv. 10.
• There is no doubt but his contemporaries had some visible or sensible demonstration of this fact. and as the fate of Abel was an argument to their reason, fo the translation of Enoch was a proof to their senses (as it were) of another state of life.' Peters Crit. Diff on Job, p. 274.
I See Bull's Discourses, Vol. I. p. 343. Vol. II. p.595, &c. Dr. Worthington argues farther, that this translation of Enoch was more
At the same time lived Lamech, who was contemporary both with Adam and Noab, and probably well acquainted with the counsels of God; and foretelling that that part of the curse which related to the barrenness of the earth, would in a great measure be taken off; as it was in his fon's days *. At length, when the whole world became full of unbounded lust, and impurity t; of rapine and violence : when those giants in wickedness ||, had filled the earth with tyranny, injustice, and oppression ; and the whole race of men were grown entirely carnal , and abandoned, and every imagination of their hearts was only evil continually **: God, whose spirit had been hitherto striving with them, was at length obliged, even in mercy to themselves, as well as their posterity, to cut them off; after having raised up another prophet +t, to give them frequent
over an intimation to mankind, that, if they overcame the depravity of their nature as he did, they should be delivered from the ill consequences of it as he was; the chiefest of which was death, temporal and eternal, both which he avoided :' and this ingenious author fupposes him to be a type of many others being able to do the very fame. Ejay, p. 72, &c.
* Gen. v. 29. See Sherlock's Use and Intent, p. 89, &c. and Ogilby on the Deluge. Comp. Dawson in loc. p. 57. + Gen. vi. 2. I ver. 11. Il ver. 4:
s ver. 3. Seeing that really be is (nothing but] flesh, or wholly given up to the works of it.
tt 1 Pet. iii. 19. Heb. xi. 7. Noah the eighth, a preacher of righseoufness; (2 Pet. ii. 5.) or, as some more justly render it, the eighth preacher. (see Jenkin, Vol. I. p. 46. and Pool in loc. n. 4.) For he was neither the eighth person in descent from Adam, nor does his being one of the eight persons in the ark, seem to be a construction either very natural or pertinent. Add Pearson on the Creed, Part II. p. 115. 2d Edit. Cimberland de Leg. Patr. p. 419.
warning of their fate; and allowed them a hundred and twenty years for repentance *.
Thus did God make ample provision for the instruction, and improvement of the world, for the first fixteen hundred years ; namely, by frequent appearances, as we have seen ; by the spirit of prophecy, which is by some fupposed to have been hereditary in the heads of families in those times t; and by uninterrupted tradition ; there being but two generations from Adam to Noab; so that we cannot well imagine that the knowledge and true worship of God, during that time, could be entirely lost in any part of the world I.
But we are to remember, that the world was still but in its state of childhood; which it most aptly resembled, in those extraordinary aids, and occasional supports afforded it; in the repeated
Gen. iv. 3. This dispenfation (of the Deluge) as all the rest, had relation to the morals of mankind; and the evident design of it was to lessen the quantity of vice and prophaneness, and to preserve and advance religion and virtue in the earth; the great end for which the earth, and man in it were created. This end it was well adapted to obtain in the then present state of things, and in all future generations. In the present state of things it prevented a total corruption. For if the whole tainted part had not been cut off, a single family would soon have been drawn in, or destroyed : and then the whole globe must have been ruined, and the schemes and purposes of God from the beginning of the world had been defeated. by reserving a select family for the continuation of the human species, the system of the divine counsels was preserved entire, and the most proper method was devised for the establishment of religion and virtue in the new world; as the family of Noah enjoyed much greater advantages for this end than the family of Adamt at the beginning of things. Taylor, Scheme of Script. Divin. c. 18. Com. Owen's Intent and Propriety of Script. Miracles, fect. 2.
+ Jurieu Crit. Hift. Vol. I. p. 34.
1 That Tradition was the chief way of conveying religion in those early ages, fee Leland's Advantage, &c. of the Christian Revelation. Vol. I. c. I.