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Poite. Possession of the latter place would also lay open to us the trade to Nubia, Sennaar, and countries southward and westward of that place, which would flourish and increase by intercourse with great Britain.
We are happy to learn, that Captain Ashley Maude, of the ship Favourite, in 1816, surveyed the coasts, and took possession of six islands in the entrance of the Gulf of Persia, which completely command that gulf, and consequently the trade of it. It is also said, that Lord Valentia has for several years past been employed by our government in surveying the coasts of Africa from Melinda to Abyssinia, which must be of the greatest advantage to the future navigation of that coast. We learn also, with satisfaction, that the British have taken possession of the island of Sacotora, near Cape Guardafui, which completely commands the entrance to the Red Sea, and enables us to control the trade of the fertile kingdom of Aden in Arabia, and assist its friendly sovereign, surrounded with unprincipled enemies; and in doing which, we may at no distant day, without much trouble and expense, open up a road, safe and easy, to the centre of Arabia, hitherto almost a blank to Europe. "In short, we anticipate, and that soon, a flourishing commerce, and extended knowledge and civilization in these still interesting and once famous countries.
On the west coasts of Africa, but particularly from Sierra Leone, along the Gold Coast, through the Bights of Benin and Biafra, and southward to the Congo, a wide field for commercial enterprise remains to be opened up. From Benin and its adjoining countries, we are convinced that an opening (and that soon) into the interior of Africa will disclose itself, which will astonish the world, and accelerate a trade of the first magnitude and importance. Britain may secure it. We have already alluded to this subject, and may take an early opportunity to go at greater length into it. The reports at present in circulation (if happily confirmed, as we fondly anticipate) that the discovery ships have penetrated through Baffin's Bay, and gained Copper Mine River in the prosecution of their voyage, for discovering a north west passage into the Pacific Ocean, augur well for ultimate success, and may give a new turn and impulse to the affairs of commerce. If they have reached thus far in safety, and even should they make no farther, still their voyage may become of the utmost importance to this country, for it may disclose a way by which, communicating with the northern extremities of America by sea, we may secure to our country the fur trade, or a great portion of it, at present threatened to be wrested from us by the exertions of our southern neighbours in the United States.
The attention of this country is called forth to our invaluable settlement at the Cape of Good Hope. It is impossible to calculate the advantages which the trade of Great Britain will derive from the increase and prosperity of this colony. It lays all the Eastern World open to us, and makes it dependent on us. We cannot do too much for its prosperity. New Holland continues to advance in prosperity, and most important discoveries, in the interior of that vast country, have lately taken place, and are at present pursued with industry and skill. We allude particularly to the discovery of a great river beyond the Blue Mountains, which, even in the latitude of 32° South, and at a distance of 2000 miles from the nearest part of the sea coast, where it can possibly disembogue, is found 700 to 800 feet broad; and running North, it is of a depth sufficient to bear a line-of-battle ship. It is impossible yet to calculate what advantages this river may afford to New Holland, to trade and commerce, when its junction with the ocean is ascertained, which, indeed, cannot be long a secret. Every year, the prosperity and trade of this colony must continue to increase ; and from the outcasts of British society, a race of men be produced which will do honour to the English name ; perpetuate this name and our language to the remotest period of time ; and fill with knowledge, and all the arts of civilized life, a mighty country, which had long been a blank amongst the countries of the world.
With these remarks, we proceed to give the Tables of the principal imports into Great Britain ; and also the exports and consumpt of colonial produce for the year 1819, which cannot fail to be interesting to our readers. Sugar Imported, 1819.
cases, bags, &c. Into London,
166,316 14,105 124,837 Liverpool,
38,805 5,816 40,22 Bristol,
23,543 2,448 - Clyde and Leith,
24,534 1,178 4,603 Lancaster and Whitehaven,
(a) Total, 256,574 24,229 169,661 (a) of this quantity, 223 tierces and 4,412 cases were imported from the Brazils and South America ; 1329 casks and 158,395 bags were from the East Indies; the remainder was the produce of our West India Colonies, viz. : From Jamaica,
111,700 casks. other Islands,
124,400 Demerara, &c.
Cwts. B. Plantation.
The exports of Sugar from Great Britain, in 1819, were 19,892 tons, equal to 24,867 hhds. of 15 cwt. each, being a decrease of 4,133 tons from the preceding year. Of the quantity exported, 5,195 casks were from the West India Warehouses, London. Sugar paid Duties on 1819.
429,213 26,644 Glasgow,
250,426 - Leith,
6,655 - At Bristol, &c. say (a)
3,192,364 94,253 (a) From Bristol, &c. we have no returns ; but we may judge of it in proportion to the imports and consumpt in other places. Cotton imported 1819.
Exported in 1819. bags & bales,
bags & bales. Liverpool, 366,633
22,543 London, 138,520
44,859 Clyde, 43,567
Bags 69,199 of 250 lbs.
44,310 bags, &c.
161,869 Brazils and Portugal,
130,600 East Indies,
185,847 Demerara, &c.
16,539 West Indies,
7,670 Other parts,
Total, 548,720 Decreased in imports, 106,076 bags, &c. ; increased in consnmpt, 13,500 bags, &c. ; Stock on hand in 1819, 349,300 bags and bales, being an increase of 144,500 bags, &c
hhds. & tierces. bars. & bags. At London,
25,010 74,082 Liverpool,
7,058 42,278 Bristol,
208 Lancaster, &c.
11 - Clyde and Leith,
3,297 9,619 Total, 20,100 tons, or 36,025 126,188 Paid Duties 1819.
Exported 1819. At London, 49,680 cwts. Liverpool.
4,500 tons. - Liverpool,
2,153 - Leith, 1,065
Total, 69,898 The stock of Coffee on hand, January 1st, is about 6000 tons. Last year it was 10,000 tons. The supply would thus appear inadequate to the demand ; but we must bear in mind, that the export decreased considerably last year, arising, perhaps, from the introduction of Coffoe into the Continent through other channels than Great Britain. Cocoa imported.
Exported. bls. & bags. At London, 303 6317
10,772 cwts. - Liverpool,
294 - Clyde, &c.
235 Total, 386 10,659 The internal consumpt of Cocoa is increased 900 cwts, and the export is nearly doubled.
hhds. & tierces.
Rum imported in 1819.
Paid Duties in 1819. puns. hhds. At London,
37,793 942 13,568 casks, say Liverpool,
8,807 412 3,836 Bristol,
79 - Lancaster, &c. 1,505
Suppose 3000 casks, – Clyde and Leith, 5,405
403,687 330,000 148,159
2,183,732 Exported. From London,
21,901 puns. Liverpool, 2,900 Glasgow, about 2,550
26,151 puns. of 110 galls. each, or 2,876,610 galls. We have no returns from Bristol, &c. The consumpt of Rum in Glasgow is greatly decreased ; that in London is considerably augmented ; and in Liverpool is perhaps nearly the same, could we learn the different kind of casks. Molasses imported in 1819.
Exported in 1819.
1168 1877 & 59 bars. - Bristol,
188 - Lancaster, &c. 59 - Clyde and Leith, 387
Total, 3,252 2340 & 59 bars. The import is greatly increased, and the export, in proportion to the quantity, greatly so also. Tobacco imported.
Exported. Paid Dut. & for Irel. hhds.
610 and 185 bales,
724,273 - at Leith. 19,505
11,291,768 lbs. The imports have decreased very considerably, while the export is nearly trebled; and consequently, the stock on hand very much reduced.
Grain imported 1819.
90,144 131,319 114,004 335,467
6,163 267,322 132,699 406,184 Barley,
31,572 149,600 122,101 303,273
26,906 159,273 22,207 208,386 Pease,
6,447 11,021 14,956 32,424 Malt,
723,879 411,659 1,305,239 Flour, Foreign, 43,175 barrs. 6,082 barrs. 3,088 barrs. 52,245,
DYE WOODS, &c.
6,450$ tons. Elephants' Teeth,
whether he had the liberality to sneer principles by which Toryism was for in private at the honest prejudices of ever overthrown, and who of all men his people, to which he outwardly pro- upon earth, had the most powerful fessed a politic regard-or, whether he motives for abjuring it, was suspected could return from performing his so- of a fantastic bias in favour of this lemn mockery before the altars of his longextinguished political superstition. country's religion, to revel in free and The choice of a minister, who was reconvivial blasphemies with his compa- commended to him by ties which it nions at the royal feast of reason. There can never be generous or noble to forhave been monarchs to the taste of the get, was the single point upon which class of philosophers to whom we allude this miserable charge was made to turn. -but happily not in England. It is the But, besides that the calumnies by highest praise of George III. that he which Lord Bute was overwhelmed, was truly a British Monarch in his whole have since been exposed, so as to force feelings, principles, and habits—and the conviction, if not the contrition of while it may be justly affirmed of him, those who tried to blacken his methat, by example as well as by policy, mory, the whole course of the late he was the great patron of all that is Monarch's political career was a conmost generous, solid, and characteris- clusive comment upon the malignant tic of his people, his memory can lose slanders which sought to cloud the nothing by the reproaches of those dawn of his administration. The name whose applause it would be infamy to of Wilkes has perished-or is remendeserve. They may sneer at the tame- bered only for scorn and shame; but ness of character superinduced by the the memory of his royal master, whom regular practice of the domestic vir- he dared, in a paroxysm of insolent tues--at the mediocrity of understand- folly, to rate as an antagonist and a ing indicated to their depraved natures rival, stretches its mighty shadow over by the solemn submission of spirit to a scene of political magnificence, upon the duties of religion-they may smile which the intrepid demagogue, even in at the manly and vigorous rusticity the heightof his popularity, would have which it was the pride of the Monarch been but an imperceptible atom. We to restore by his example, and which rejoice in this for Wilkes, even conwas most valued in England's best and sidered as a minion of party, was not brightest days; but in all these traits of the true English breed, but preof the character of the departed Mo- sented an aspect of unblushing licennarch, every genuine Englishman re- tiousness and profanity, which nothing cognises something which distinguish- but the more matured profligacy of our ed his Sovereign from a mere gaudy own days could have surpassed. The abstraction of regal power—which im- American war formed the test at once parted its peculiar quality to his sway of the Monarch’s principles and of his and proclaimed him to be truly a spirit. The universal voice of luis British King.
people resented, in the first instance, It would require a volume to give the audacious pretensions, and the faceven a sketch of the great public events tious machinations of the revolted coupon which the name of George III. lonies; and the late King, when he will be imperishably superscribed by frowned upon the infant seditions of history. The general cast of his dis- his transatlantic subjects, appeared but position and character, with regard to as the index of the mind and soul of political matters, may easily be ga- England. The chance of war declarthered, however, even from the most ed indeed in favour of rebellion ; but vague and hasty glance at the great the most renowned of our modern transactions of his reign. In its com- statesmen—the man of the people mencement he was injuriously brand- the illustrious advocate of popular ed by the virulence of faction as a rights; but the proud spirit also which Tory, in the stern and obsolete sense spurned from it popular license with of that foolish name. While the spe- disdain, was the foremost to declare, cies was no longer extant, but had that the sovereignty of England over passed away with the barbarism and her rebel colonies ought never to be stupidity in which alone it could have abandoned ; and that, in the globreathed, that man who had just as- rious struggle, it was her duty cended the mightiest throne in Chris- to nail the colours to the mast. It tendom in the vigour of the very is well enough to say now, that it
was not a limb but an excrescence that for the future, the universal basis of was lopped off, and that it was folly to human reasoning and policy,-was the attempt to retain it and from what the French Revolution. world has seen of the spirit and ten- In the great crisis, produced by this dencies of American patriotism, it may event, his late Majesty was still worthy be concluded that England has suffere of himself and of his people. As a ed little by being dissevered from the British Sovereign, reposing upon the mighty mass of occidental pollution. deep and stable foundations of a conBut such were not the sentiments na- stitution, adapted at once to the digtural to the injured Monarch—for they nity and the imperfections of our were not the sentiments of what was common nature, and turning to scorn great and high-spirited among his peo- all the illusions of theory, by the visiple. He vindicated the dignity of his ble presence of various and unquestioncrown by pushing, to the farthested good, he could not look with verge, that coercion which aimed at favour upon a system over which em. upholding the integrity of its domi- piricism presided, and in which the nions-he deserved success, although dawning of frenzy was coeval almost he could not command it; and while with the first movements of reform. the difficulties of a savage and remote As a Christian, he could not behold warfare baffled all rational calculation with indifference the march of the when rebellion raised its triumphant most daring impiety, nor, as a mighty crest over the disasters of legitimate prince, could he listen with equanipower-when fortune had decided con- mity to the crash of neighbouring trary to every anticipation of reason, thrones, or view with composure the and' had established a new order of subversion of empire. But, above all, things, which it was scarcely worth as the beloved chief of a generous and while to lament, and vain to resist, noble people, deeply participating their the sagacity as well as the magnani. genius, and attached to their proud mity of the Sovereign were conspicu- habitudes of thought and of action, he ously displayed in that memorable re- could not but contemplate with hormark to the first of his American ror the advance of an appalling spi. subjects, whom he saw in the novel rit, which declared war against all dignity of the ambassador of an inde- that had been consecrated by their vependent state,—that he, the King of neration for ages; which singled them England, had been the last man in his out for experiment and for ven. dominions to recognise the independ- geance,--and which threatened to tear ence of America, and would also be up by the roots whatever was most the last to violate it. The man who hallowed to their remembrance. The could speak thus, aye, and who could popular Monarch of England, in the act up to the dignity of his royal pledge, highest and most generous sense of was worthy to rule over a people, to that term, could not take part in this whose legitimate pride the revolt of foul conspiracy, or refrain from aniAmerica could not but be offensive, but mating, by his own resolute defiance, to whose lofty political system the in- the staggering resolution of his subdependence of nations must, when jects. And for this great work, it once established, appear for ever sacred. was the good fortune of the late King
The great and prominent event which to find a minister equal to the underdistinguished his Majesty's reign,- taking, which fate had summoned which, although it occurred in a fo- him to perform,-a gigantic spirit, fitreign country, deeply coloured and ted to bear and to repel the terrors of affected the entire course of our do- mightiest revolutions. It was the mestic policy,—which shook the ci- glory of the King that he could sevilized world with its volcanic agita- lect, appreciate, and contide in this tions, and rolled its burning lava over great Minister. William Pitt's was the entire surface of Christendom,- indeed a majestic mind,-nursed and which, although originating in the cherished to its palmy state of special profligacy and peculiar mis- moral and intellectual grandeur in fortunes of one great nation, has in- the rich mould of English freedom. sinuated itself into the very being and There was, in all things, a fine symhistory of all, and is destined to forin pathy betwixt him and his royal masVol. VI.