Imagens da página

garment of the man. But hold,—the limits we have woman seems to have been made fair for the vers assigned ourselves will not admit a full discussion purpose of being the object of our expenditures, of this most voluminous subject; already the pile and as we set a gem of purest water in the coseof MS. at our side admonishes us, (as the face- liest casket, it appears only proper that she shoes tious imitator of Dr. Johnson has expressed it,) that be the recipient of the finest wardrobes that our “all things that have an end must be brought to a pockets can furnish. Paying the piper, however, conclusion,” and as we have something to say on generally gives one the privilege of directing the other matters, we mus dismiss the coat with a sin- music, and it is clear that in the changes of their gle remark. It is that subdued colors should al-fashions, we may fairly claim to have our own lastes ways be preferred, and only the best tailor should consulied. The right also aitaches of speaking be permitted to construct the garment.

out freely with regard to the whole system. A few more suggestions will suffice on the The- The great fault of womankind at the present day, ory of the Toilet. And these we think may be we think is, that of overdressing. There is a 100best given by farther quotations from Dr. Holmes: muchness in their attire, which offends the critical

eye. Now we might be justified in attacking this “Wear seemly gloves; not black nor yet too light, on economical grounds. But we scorn this advanAnd least of all the pair that once was white;

tage. We object to it only as violating the rules Let the dead party where you told your loves Bury in peace its dead bouquets and gloves;

of propriety. We do not like to see a lovely fursa Shave like the goat, if so your fancy bids,

concealed beneath a profusion of lawdry ornaments, But be a parent,- don't neglect your kids.

or burdened with an infinity of fineries. This er:

travagance is bad enough any where, but it is not Be shy of breastpins; plain, well-ironed white,

to be tolerated on the street. And yet it is al must With small pearl butions,-iwo of them in sight,- universal. With the return of the aulomnal glow Is always genuine, while your gems may pa3s ries of the shops, we shall expect to see large puoThough real diamonds, for ignoble glass.

bers of our charming friends, on their morning But spurn those paltry cis-Atlantic lies, That round his breast the shabby rustic ties ;

walks, so outrageously attired, that we may almost Breathe not the name, profaned to hallow things say of them, like the heroine of the Samson AgoThe indignant laundress blushes when she brings." nistes,

In our remarks on the interesting subject before

“But who is this, what thing of sea or land?

Female of sex it seems, us, the attentive reader cannot have failed to no

That so bedeck'd, ornate, and gay, tice that as yet we have said nothing of the gen- Comes this way sailing tler sex, without a large reference to whom any Like a stately ship treatise on the toilet must of necessity be quite in- of Tarsus, bound for the isles

of Javan or Gadire, complete. We beg leave therefore to address our. selves to them for a brief space, and we trust to be

With all her bravery on, and tackle trim,

Sails filled and streamers waving." received with the consideration due to a zealous apologist of their weaknesses and a devoted admi- Ladies, we beg of you, reform it altogether. rer of their charms. We place our band upon our There is another sad error of the sex, in arny. heart and proceed.

ing themselves with over-stiffness and precision. You will not deny, most respected and adorable We are far from designing to hint that a lady can of created beings, that your little heads are always ever bestow too much care opon her toilet. lafull of devices for decorating your little persons. deed, the female dandy usually exbibits less care Else why is it that so much assiduity is bestowed than any one else. But we have seen ladies dressupon your dresses, -why do you look with so much ed up in a manner, which indicated the most usinterest for the monthly visitation of that anony- comfortable feeling, as if they could not move withmous beauty of the fashion-plates, who flourishes out deranging the set of their garments. Such as in eternal youth and eternal pink ribbon? Why appearance is unbecoming and at present ide scusado you return from church on Sunday, so lule ble. The great superiority of the female costume benefitted by the Rev. Dr. Blowemup's sermon of of the present day, over any that has preceded the fifty-five minutes on the vanity of earthly distinc- is found in its ease and adaptation 10 the persos. tions, that you can only talk of Miss “ Timmin's No constraint is put upon the movements of the frightful visite,” or “that horrid new bonnet of wearer. No alarming head-dress is superimposed Miss Frump?” Nay, start not! We impute this to make her resemble the caryatides of sculpture not to you as a grievous fault. It is perhaps but a but the fullest comfort is afforded, al the same time prompting of your inward nature. That man, ngly that the natural beauties are set off to the best adas he is in his angular shape, without one of those vantage. Let woman recollect this, and be assocurves which we are taught to consider the ele- red that she never looks so well as when quite en ments of beauty, should seek the aid of externals, conscious of her own altractions. Lord Bacon may not be defensible on general principles. But tells us that the greatest beauty she can bosst, is

that which a painting fails to express. Undoubtedly it is to be discovered in the grace and freedom THE LADY ALICE:-A SONG. of her carriage, for it is not until this point bas been acquired, that the dear creature bursts upon BY W. C. RICHARDSON, OF ALABAMA. os in the plenitude of those charms, which bring

1. us willing captives to her feet. We yield to the irresistible négligé and coincide with Herrick :

Of all the lassies high or low,

In hall or cot or palace, "A sweet disorder in the dress,

The blithest lass of all I know [A happy hind of carelessness ;]

Is lovely lady Alice ! A lawn about the shoulders thrown

Her rudest lone is zephyr's own, Into a fine distraction;

She warl;les like a linnet, An erring lace, which here and there

Her girdle, like Armida's zone,
Enthrals the crimson stomacher;

Halh a thousand sweets within it!
A cuff neglecisul, and thereby
Ribands that flow confusedly :

Do more bewitch me, than when art
Is too precise in every part."

Now you may call for a glass of wine,

Or nectar brewed in Heaven ; But the greatest impropriety of female apparel, But Alice, that sweet mouth of thine, which is not perhaps so much a fault in the wear.

To my warm lips be given ! ers, as a defect in the mode itself,-is that it

Now you may call for a dulcimer,

recog. nizes no difference of age. There are, in con

And wake its sostest measure;

But Alice, warble lo my ear, templation of fashion, no old women at all, for all

I ask no other pleasure. are robed in the same colors and the same styles. Is it not a mockery to see those, whose shadows

III. are lengthening in the evening of life, bedecked in

Now you may call for a sunny sky, the finery of sweet sixteen, to see nature giving

With not a cloud upon it ; place to art in their appearance, to see the roses But give me the light of her blue eye, which have left their cheeks paraded in their bon

As it gleams beneath her bonnet ! nets, and the tresses that are glossy no longer, re- And you may gather lilies, sir, placed by the preparations of the perruquier ? Can

From Delhi to Gibraltar, the foot of time be stayed by frippery and decora

If I may gather those white hands

Beside the blessed altar! tion? And yet do we not see every day ladies of uncertain ages exhibiting these painful contrasts, these

IV. absolute contradictions in external semblance ? There is no greater error in the world than is

For oh! of lassies high or low,

In hall or cot or palace, committed by those who associate ugliness with The blithest lass of all I know age, and though the dictionaries may conjoin them,

Is lovely lady Alice. we maintain that not unfrequently good looks come

Her rudest tone is zephyr's own, with advancing years,—we mean the good looks of

She warbles like a linnet, a benignant and intellectual countenance. There

Her girdle, like Armida's zone

Hath a thousand sweets within it! is a great moral beauty in the appearance of one, whose garb denotes that she has yielded a willing submission to the fixed decrees of our being, who having seen the joyous delights of youth and passed the honorable period of mature age, is content to throw aside the ornaments which once she wore, THE THREE DAYS OF JULY. and, instead of masquerading in laces and velvets, to be seen in the simple and unostentatious appa- A very excellent and agreeable work has just beer issued rel that befits her years. To the eye of affection, from the Boston press, under the title of the “Rise and the gray bairs upon her brow are far more becom- Fall of Louis Philippe.” The author, Benjamin Perley ing than any artificialities that could be procured, Poore,'Esq., has long been favorably known to the public as and the pallor of her cheek more attractive than the European correspondent of the Boston Atlas, and during the sunniest glow of early loveliness. It is when several years' residence in Paris, spent in collecting from the we look upon such a character as this, that we re public archives materials for the Massachusetts Historical alize the truth of the touching lines of the poet, Society, has had unusual facilities for becoming intimate.

ly acquainted with the people and the Government. We “Les Amours sont tonjours enfants

are indebted to him for sheets of his work, in advance of Et les Graces sont de tout age,"

ita publication, from which we print the following graphic and feel in their full force the veneration and re- sketch of the Revolution of 1830, which placed Louis Egagard which old age ought always to inspire.

lité upon the throne, The spirited portraitures of the


prominent characters of the period, with which the sketch t'aidera,” (aid thyself, and Heaven will aid ibee.) opens, are indeed drawn with a masterly hand.

which numbered Garnier Pages, Odilon Barret, (Ed. Mess. Manuel Foy, and other popular orators, who exer

cised a great influence upon the people. They

had, amidst the smoke of battle-fields and the exiBeranger mingled together liberty and the plea- gencies of war, lost sight of oratory as of most sures of the table-crushed the Grand Almoner other severe studies of poetic leisure, and nos while he praised the charms of Liselle, and launch- dwelt with raptore on free voices speaking freely. ed his thunder against the Jesuits, while he sang Speech, like the sword, is a formidable weapon to the youthful graces of Jeanneton. Combining when wielded by those who have courage, and the talents of Anacreon and Tyrtæus, he wore a march boldly on to the assault. double crown-of thorny laurels and of thornless One solitary priest was among this formidable roses—and in proportion as his grisettes were of opposition, for Charles X. was too much of a devoeasy access, was his political aim difficult to di- tee not to enlist the church on his side. But this vine. All ages found something to admire in his exception, to use the words of Janin, was one who varied stanzas—the young girl as well as the old Thought like Bossuet, and wrote like Jean Jacques soldier, the peasant as well as the revolutionist, Rousseau—one of those spirits which are nataraldrank eagerly from the cup of love and liberty ly rebellious because they are never duly appreciawhich he presented. His songs resounded from red. A democrat after the manner of an old aposthe English channel to the Pyrenees, entering into tle, this organ between the gospel and the charall memories, and, by the force of noble and daring ter—this constitutional Luther—this energetic orathought, fixing upon all hearts a profound contempt tor, whose denunciation crushed all upon whom it for Charles X.

fell—to sum up in one word, this Father de la Guizot, Thiers, Mignet, Michelet, and a host of Mennais was one of the most powerful opponents of other writers, re-echoed the same sentiment in the Charles X. Calling to him all the griefs, all the University and the daily press, wielding against the humiliations, all the miseries, and all the opinions imprudent monarch the mighty influence of letters, of disordered humanity, he filled their wasted and which in France predominates over all others. weary souls with popular vengeance. Having found They attacked every thing that bore the name of it impossible to make himself comprehended as an legitimate royally, and likened the reigning branch expounder of his own creed, he applied that creed of the Bourbons to the English house of Stuart. to politics in a democratic sense, and became the Across the channel a monarch had been dethroned most powerful politician of the age. The Pope without politically convulsing society, and they fulminated his thunder against him, and he sent the boldly inquired if France could not do likewise ? bolts back with doubled force against Charles X., In olden times, when the great mass of the French Defender of the Holy Church. had little honor 10 win, or property to lose, history There was yet another branch of this hydrahad little influence, but now that a division of for- headed opposition--the women, who have ever ertunes had placed almost every office within the ercised in France a greater influence, both in polireach of the bourgeoiserie, they looked to it as a tics and literature, than they have in any other land practical lesson for examples. The historians be- since the days of Egyptian greatness. An Eng. came popular oracles with them, as they gained an lish writer says, that, alıhough escluded from the influence over the Bonapartists and Republicans, throne and sceptre by the Salic law, they have freby depicting their triumphs in gorgeous colors. As quently ruled by a power stronger than all law; to the power of the newspaper press, so univer- and amidst a people vain, frivolous, chivalrie, gal. sally exercised in the present century, it is only lant, and fond of pleasure, the women have taken necessary to say that its influence in France is up their place in life by the side of the men. More quadruple what it is in the United States. Direct- adroit in their conduct, quicker in their perceptions, ed through such channels, the attacks of the “ horn- than the less subtle sex, they have ruled absolutely mes de lettres” shook the very foundations of the in those times when adroitness of conduct and throne, and the result fully realized the fine pas quickness of perception have been the qualities sage which Bulwer puts into the mouth of his sa- most essential to pre-eminence. And the heroism gacious hero, Cardinal Richelieu :

of Joan d'Arc, the courage of Charlotte Corday,

the barbarities committed by the fish women in the The Pen is mightier than the sword.

first revolution, show that they are not wanting Behold the arcb enchanter's wand! Itself nothing !

when enterprise and daring are demanded. Who But catching sorcery from the master-band To paralyze the Cæsars, and to strike

ihat has read French history forgets the powerful The loud earth breathless !"

De Maintenon, the winning Pompadour, the in

triguing De Longueville, the ingenious Scuderi, Many of these master.minds were members of the epicurean Ninon, the agreeable Sévigné, the a revolutionary society called " Aide-toi et le ciel much loved De Lorme, the heroic Roland, the in

[ocr errors]

telligent De Staël-in short, there is not a page I prepared to resist it—the editors displayed a spirit but has to speak of some female reputation-nor is worthy of their position as sentinels on the watchthere a path to farne which female footsteps have tower of freedom. Their protest was bold, repnot trod! Madame Adelaide of Orleans is well resenting the disobedience of the unlawful ordonknown to have played an active part in the (as yet nances as sacred, and asserting that " when a legal undefined) efforts of her brother to seize the throne. reign had ended, that of force commenced.” By It is certain that she prevailed upon Talleyrand to sunset, proof slips of the next morning's papers, join the discontented faction, that she promised of- containing this protest, were profusely distributed, fice and honors to the wives of prominent men in and produced an electric effect upon the Parisians. the case of her brother's success, and that her mor- The liberal Deputies were called together in the ganic husband, Baron Athalin, was the organ of evening, and urged to issue a similar protest, but communication between the clubs and the Palais they hesitated. The students of the Quartier Royal.

Latin were making cartridges, for Count de la With all these powerful auxiliaries, Louis Phil Borde had said that morning to a deputation which ippe selt conscious of success in the inevitable they had sent to the editor's ineeting, urging a restruggle. His plans were so well matured that he course to arms : • Gentlemen, you are right-our was able to stand aloof, and not only to deceive the country no longer claims from us emply words; king, but Lafayette and the Republicans. Instead unanimous action, vigorous and powerful, can alone of seizing the crown, he intended to accept it when save her liberties." And from the low wine shops offered to him by those whom he saw would not be around the Palais Royal there issued bands of disposed to submit to the despotic rule he projected. men, carrying a bundle of the protesis, who scatThe pnblication of the ordinances lit the train tered themselves among the dancing-gardens in which he had so carefully laid, and the subsequent the suburbs, paying for liberal polations in which explosion proved his ability in undermining the dy. to drink the downfall of Charles X.-telling the pasty which had granted him so many favors, and workmen that they were all to be dismissed the which he had sworn to uphold.

next day—and shouting“ Vive le Charte.“Live the Charter," echoed from thousands of lips, they

knew not exactly why, but with its overthrow the It was on Monday morning, the 26th of July 1830, intriguing agents of Louis Philippe conningly that the " Moniteur,” Charles X.'s official journal, wove in, the occupation of Paris by the allies, the published the obnoxious ordonnances, the effect of disgrace of the cherished tricolor, and the banishwhich was to entirely abrogate the charter. By ment of Napoleon. To possess a charter, accordeleven o'clock they were generally known, and ing to Prince Polignac, who knew the Parisians groups were assembled from time to time in the well, is for the populace the full enjoyment of Palais Royal, discussing their object and effect, “ three things—work to do, cheap bread, and few but there were no signs of popular commotion; taxes to pay." business went on as usual, and there was a full al- On Tuesday morning very few of the shops were tendance in the evening at the theatres and dan-open, and the garden of the Palais Royal was cing gardens.

filled with the populace, listening to inflammatory The editors of newspapers, who thus found their harangues from the revolutionary agitators, who pers bridled, met in the morning at the elder Mr. strove to impress upon their audiences that a charDupin's, to know if the law would not justify them ter was all that was necessary to alleviate their in publishing without a license; but they found him condition. By noon large bodies of the lower awed, and unwilling to take any decisive measures. classes were parading the streets, uttering impreThey determined nevertheless to hold a meeting, cations upon the obnoxious Ministers, and shoutprotest against the ordonnances, and issue their ing “ Vive le Charte." papers the next morning without obtaining licen- Unluckily for Charles X. he intrusted the comses. At the Institute of France Mr. Arago de- mand of Paris to Marmont, Duke of Rayusa, who livered an eulogy on Fresnel, into which he intro- had betrayed Napoleon, and permitted the allied duced some spirited allusions to the glaring usur-army to enter Paris. With only 12,000 men under pation which had been attempted on the liberties the orders of this detested commander, the gov

ernment now resolved lo enforce its edicts, and a Count de la Borde presided at a meeting of the Commissaire of Police supported by a company of editors held at the office of the “ National" in the gendarmes was sent to seize the presses of the afiernoon, when, after an animated discussion, the Temps," one of the refractory journals. The publication of a protest, and a resistance to the house thus menaced was situated in the Rue Richordonnances, was decided upon. Believing that elieu, one of the most frequented thoroughtares of Charles X. would have a temporary triumph—for Paris, and the presses which it was intended to it was impossible to imagine that a government seize were in the buildings at the further end of a which deliberately invited insurrection was not large court. The approach of the commissaire

of the country,

being announced, Mr. Baude had the doors of the group of people, who refused to disperse when printing-house locked, and the gates opening on summoned by a magistrate, and a man was killed. the street thrown wide open. The workmen, the" "To arms! live the charter !" shouted the mob; contributors, and all the persons employed on the barricades were thrown up, arms and ammunition paper in any capacity, drew up in two files ; Mr. were distributed by unknown hands, and the hosBaude stationed himself in the space between tilities commenced, upon the issae of which dethem, bareheaded; and in that order all remained pended a sovereignty. The fifth regiment of inwaiting the event in deep silence. The passers fantry refused to fire upon the people, and sereral by were struck with curiosity and stopped; some other regiments fallered, while ihe insurgents disof them bowed respectfully; the gendarmes were played indomitable courage. Day was just decliuneasy.

ning, when a man appeared on the Quai de l'Ecole, The commissaire arrived. Obliged to pass be carrying in his hand that tricolor flag which had tween the two files of men, who stood mute and not been seen for fifteen years. No cry was utimpassive on either hand, he became agitated, iered, no movement took place among the crowd turned pale, and going up to Mr. Baude, he poljiely drawn up along the river walls. Amazed, silent, stated to him the object of his mission. “It is and, as if immersed in their recollections, they by virtue of the ordonnances, Monsieur," said Mr. continued gazing, long after it passed, on that Baude, firmly, “ that you are come lo demolish our standard, the unexpected sight of which evoked presses. Well, then, it is in the name of the law such glorious phantoms. Some aged men oncorthat I call on you to forbear.” The commissaire ered their heads, others shed tears ; every face sent for a locksmith: he came, and the doors of had turned pale. the printing-house were about to be forced open. Lafayette bad that morning read the ordonnances Mr. Baude stopped the man, and producing a copy at La Grange, and, taking post-horses, was at Paris of the Code, he read to him the article relating to in the evening to offer to the insurgents tbe ose of the punishment of robbery accompanied with house. his name and person. He found that the liberal breaking. The locksmith uncovered his head to Deputies had been in session all day, but had done show his respect for the law; but being again or nothing, though the rattling of musket volleys had dered by the commissaire to proceed, he seemed been heard throughout the afternoon, and some about to obey, when Mr. Baude said to him with young men, who had come to cheer Mr. Perier, ironical coolness, “ Oh go on! it is only a matter were charged upon by a squad of hussars, and of the galleys.” At the same time appealing from wounded by the sabres under the windows of the the commissaire to the Assize Courts, he drew out council-room. Louis Blanc, from whom, as an his pocket-book to enter the names of the wit-eye-witness of the scene, we quote largely, gives nesses present. The pocket-book passed from a vivid description of the aspect of Paris that night

. hand to hand, and every one inscribed his name. All along the Boulevards, on the Place Louis IV., Every particular in this scene was striking and the Place Vendome, and that of the Bastille, were singular,—Mr. Baude's stature, his sturdy counte. Swiss or lancers, or gendarmes, or cuirassiers of nance, his keen eyes overbung with thick bushy the guards, or foot soldiers; patrols crossing in erbrows, the law for which he demanded respect, ery direction ; in the Rues de l'Echelle and des the stubborn determination of the spectators, the Pyramides attempts at barricades; and all around protection of the absent Judges invoked with the Palais Royal a swarm of men assembled from in a few paces of a detachment of gendarmerie, all quarters to batten on revolt; musket shots as the crowd that every moment grew denser oul- yet few and desultory; at the foot of the columns side, and gave andible expression 10 its indigna- of the Exchange a guardhouse blazing, and shedtion. The terrified locksmith threw up the job, ding an ominous flood of light over the square ; and was loudly cheered. Another was sent for; under the peristyle of the Theatre of Novelties lay he endeavored to execute the orders given him; a corpse, after having been carried about with cries but suddenly found that his tools were gone. It of “Vengeance !" darkness gathering thicker and was necessary to have recourse to the smith em- thicker over the city from the destruction of the ployed to rivet the irons on the convicts. These lamps ; men running np and down the Rue Richeproceedings, which took up several hours, and were lieu bare-armed, with torches in their hands. witnessed by great numbers of persons, derived a On Wednesday, the 28th, all the disposable forreal historical importance from the circumstances. ces in the neighborhood of Paris were marched inBy affording the people an example of disobedience to the capital, and the strongest positions were accombined with attachment to the laws, two cra- cupied by artillery--on the other hand, the whole vings of its nature were gratified, -viz., the love population of Paris appeared 10 have risen as one of manifesting its independence, and the necessity man, every shop was shut, every artisan was in of feeling itself governed.*

arms, carrying weapons of the most heterogeneous In the afternoon a body of troops fired upon a description, obtained partly from the Musée d'Ar* Louis Blanc's History of Ten Years.

tillerie, parıly from the various armorers' shops,

« AnteriorContinuar »