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manner and under the regulations provided by law; such proof to be certified by the notary and attested by his signature and official seal.
That all acts and parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this act be, and same are hereby, repealed.
RESUMPTION OF SPECIE PAYMENT.
AN ACT to provide for the resumption of specie payments.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized and required, as rapidly as practicable, to cause to be coined at the mints of the United States, silver coins of the denominations of ten, twenty-five, and fifty cents, of standard value, and to issue them in redemption of an equal number and amount of fractional currency of similar denominations, or, at his discretion, he may issue such silver coins through the mints, the sub-treasuries, public depositaries, and post-offices of the United States; and, upon such issue, he is hereby authorized and required to redeem an equal amount of such fractional currency, until the whole amount of such fractional currency outstanding shalı be redeemed.
Sec. 2. That so much of section three thousand five hundred and twenty-four of the Revised Statutes of the United States as provides for a charge of one-fifth of one per centum for converting standard gold bullion into coin is hereby repealed, and hereafter no charge shall be made for that service.
Sec. 3. That section five thousand one hundred and seventy-seven of the Revised Statutes of the United States, limiting the aggregate amount of circulating-notes of national banking-associations, be, and is hereby repealed; and each existing banking-association may increase its circulating-notes in accordance with existing law without respect to said aggregate limit; and new banking-associations may be organized in accordance with existing law without respect to said aggregate limit; and the provisions of law for the withdrawal and redistribution of national-bank currency among the several States and Territories are hereby repealed. And whenever, or so often, as circulating-notes shall be issued to any such banking-association, so increasing its capital or circulating notes, or so newly organized as aforesaid, it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to redeem the legal-tender United States notes in excess only of three hundred million of dollars, to the amount of eighty per centum of the sum of nationalbank notes so issued to any such banking-association as aforesaid, and to continue such redemption as such circulating-notes are issued until there shall be outstanding the sum of three hundred million dollars of such legal-tender United States notes, and no more.
And on and after the first day of January, Anno Domini eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, the Secretary of the Treasury shall redeem, in coin, the United States legal-tender notes then outstanding on their presentation for redemption, at the office of the assistant treasurer of the United States in the city of New York, in sums of not less than fifty dollars. And to enable the Secretary of the Treasury to prepare and provide for the redemption in this act authorized or required, he is authorized to use any surplus revenues, from time to time, in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and to issue, sell, and dispose of, at not less than par, in coin, either of the descriptions of bonds of the United States described in the act of Congress approved July fourteenth, eighteen hundred and seventy, entitled, “An act to authorize the funding of the national debt,” with like qualities, privileges, and exemptions, to the extent necessary to carry this act into full effect, and to use the proceeds thereof for the purposes aforesaid. And all provisions of law inconsistent with the provisions of this act are hereby repealed.
Approved, January 14, 1875.
GENEVA AND SAN JUAN AWARDS.
THE GENEVA AWARD, SEPT. 14, 1872.
Decision and award made by the tribunal of arbitration consti
tuted by virtue of the first article of the treaty concluded at Washington, the 8th of May, 1871, between the United
States and Great Britain. The United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty having agreed, by article 1 of the treaty concluded and signed at Washington, the 8th of May, 1871, to refer all the claims, "generically known as the Alabama claims,” to a tribunal of arbitration, to be composed of five arbitrators, named; one by the President of the United States, one by Her Britannic Majesty, one by His Majesty the King of Italy, one by the President of the Swiss Confederation, one by His Majesty the Emperor of Brazil.--And the President of the United States, Her Britannic Majesty, His Majesty the King of Italy, the President of the Swiss Confederation, and His Majesty the Emperor of Brazil having respectively named their arbitrators, to-wit: The President of the United States, Charles Francis Adams, Esq.; Her Britannic Majesty, Sir Alexander James Edmund Cockburn, baronet, a member of Her Majesty's privy council, lord chief justice of England; His Majesty the King of Italy, His Excellency Count Frederick Sclopis, of Salerano, a knight of the Order of the Annunciata, minister of state, senator of the Kingdom of Italy; the President of the Swiss Confederation, M. James Stämpii; His Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, His Excellency Marcos Antonio d'Araujó, Viscount d' Itajubá, a grandee of the Empire of Brazil, member of the council of His Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, and his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary in France.--And the five arbitrators above named having assembled at Geneva (in Switzerland), in one of the chambers of the Hotel de Ville, on the 15th of December, 1871, in conformity with the terms of the second article of the Treaty of Washington, of the 8th of May of that year, and having proceeded to the inspection and verification of their respective powers, which were found duly authenticated, the tribunal of arbitration was declared duly organized.
The agents named by each of the high contracting parties, by virtue of the same article II, to-wit: For the United States of America, John C. Bancroft Davis, Esq.; and for Her Britannic Majesty, Charles Stuart Aubrey, Lord Tenterden, a peer of the United Kingdom, companion of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, assistant under secretary of state of foreign affairs, whose powers were found likewise duly authenticated,--then delivered to each of the arbitrators the printed case prepared by each of the two parties, accompanied by the documents, the official correspondence, and other evidence on which each relied, in conformity with the terms of the third article of the said treaty.
In virtue of the decision made by the tribunal at its first session, the counter case and additional documents, correspondence, and evidence referred to in article IV of the said treaty were delivered by the respective agents of the two parties to the secretary of the tribunal on the 15th of April, 1872, at the chamber of conference, at the Hotel de Ville of Geneva.
The tribunal, in accordance with the vote of adjournment passed at their second session, held on the 16th of December, 1871, reassembled at Geneva on the 15th of June, 1872, and the agent of each of the parties duly delivered to each of the arbitrators, and to the agent of the other party, the printed argument referred to in article V of the said treaty.
The tribunal having since fully taken into their consideration the treaty, and also the cases, counter cases, documents, evidence, and arguments, and likewise all other communications made to them by the two parties during the progress of their sittings, and having impartially and carefully examined the same, has arrived at the decision embodied in the present award.
Whereas, having regard to the sixth and seventh articles of the said treaty, the arbitrators are bound, under the terms of the said sixth article, “in deciding the matters submitted to them, to be governed by the three rules therein specified, and by such principles of international law, not inconsistent therewith, as the arbitrators shall determine to have been applicable to the case;"
And whereas the “due diligence" referred to in the first and third of the said rules ought to be exercised by neutral Governments in exact proportion to the risks to which either of the belligerents may be exposed, from a failure to fulfill the obligations of neutrality on their part;
And whereas the circumstances out of which the facts consti