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[The following Prayer was composed and used by
Doctor Johnson previous to his receiving the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, on Sunday, December 5, 1784.]
ALMIGHTY and most merciful Father, I am now, as to human eyes it seems, about to commemorate, for the * last time, the death of thy Son Jesus Christ our Saviour and Redeemer. Grant, O Lord, that my whole hope and confidence may be in his merits and thy mercy; enforce and accept my imperfect repentance; make this commemoration available to the confirmation of my faith, the establishment of my hope, and the enlargement of my charity; and make the death of thy Son Jesus Christ effectual to my redemption. Have mercy upon me, and pardon the multitude of my offences. Bless
friends; have mercy upon all men. Support me, by thy Holy Spirit, in the days of weakness, and at the hour of death; and receive me, at my death, to everlasting happiness, for the sake of Jesus Christ. Amen.
* He died the 13th following.
The Roman Numerals refer to the Volume, and the
Figures to the Page.
ABERBROTHICK, account of the town of, viii. 216. Of the
ruins of the monastery there, 218. Aberdeen, account of, x. 221. Dr. Johnson meets with an old ac
quaintance, Sir Alexander Gordon, there, 221. Account of the King's College, 223. Account of the Marischal College, 224. Account of the Library, 224. The course of education there,
225. Account of the English chapel, viii. 226. Abilities, the reward of, to be accepted when offered, and not sought
for in another place, exemplified in the story of Gelaleddin of
Bassora, vii. 300. Abouzaid, the dying advice of Morad his father to him, vi. 289. Absence, a destroyer of friendship, vii. 89. Abyssinia, preface to the translation of Father Lobo's voyage to, ii.
265. Academical education, one of Milton's objections to it, ix. 88. Acastus, an instance of the commanding influence of curiosity, vi.
60. Achilles, his address to a Grecian prince supplicating life, improper
for a picture, vii. 180. Action (dramatick), the laws of it stated and remarked, vi. 97. Action (exercise), necessary to the health of the body, and the
vigour of the mind, v. 81. 87. The source of cheerfulness and
vivacity, 86. Action (in oratory), the want of, considered, vii. 361. Tends to
no good in any part of oratory, 362. Actions, every man the best relater of his own, vii. 259. The in
justice of judging of them by the event, iii. 219. Adam unparadised, a MS. supposed to be the embryo of Paradise
Lost, viii. 3. Adams, Parson, of Fielding, not Edward, but William Young, xi.
339. Addison, Joseph, supposed to have taken the plan of his Dialogues on Medals from Dryden's Essay on Dramatick Poetry, ix. 322.
His life, x. 73. Born at Milston, in Wiltshire, May 1, 1672, 73. The various schools at which he received instruction, 73. Cultivates an early friendship with Steele, 74. Lends 1001. to Steele, and reclaims it by an execution, 75. Entered at Oxford, 1687, 75. Account of his Latin poems, 76. Account of his English poems, 76. On being introduced by Congreve to Mr. Montague, becomes a courtier, 78. Obtains a pension of 3001. a year, that he might be enabled to travel, 78. Publishes bis travels, 79. Succeeds Mr. Locke as commissioner of appeals, as a reward for his poem The Battle of Blenheim, 81. Went to Hanover with lord Halifax, 81. Made under-secretary of state, 81. Writes the opera of Rosamond, 81. Assists Steele in writing the Tender Husband, 81. Goes to Ireland with lord Wharton as Secretary, 81. Made keeper of the records in Birmingham's Tower, 82. The opposite characters of him and Wharton, 82. His reason for resolving not to remit any fees to his friends, 82. Wrote in the Tatler, 83. Wrote in the Spectators, 83. His tragedy of Cato brought on the stage, and supported both by the Whigs and Tories, 89. 91. Cato warmly attacked by Dennis, 92. Other honours and enmities showed to Cato, 93. Cato translated both into Italian and Latin, 93. Writes in the Guardian, 94. His signature in the Spectator and Guardian, 95. Declared by Steele to have been the author of the Drummer, with the story on which that comedy is founded, 95. Wrote several political pamphlets, 96. Appointed secretary to the regency, 98. In 1715 publishes the Freeholder, 98. Marries the countess of Warwick, Aug. 2, 1716, 99. Secretary of state, 1717, but unfit for the place, and therefore resigns it, 100. Sir J. Hawkins's Defence of the Character he had given of Addison in his History of Musick against the author of the Biog. Brit. 104. Purposes writing a tragedy on the death of Socrates, 100. Engages in his Defence of the Christian Religion, 101. Had a design of writing an English dictionary, 101. His controversy with Steele on the Peerage Bill, 102. During his last illness sends for Gay, informs him that he had injured hiin, and promises, if he recovered, to recompense him, 105. Sends for the young earl of Warwick, that he might see how a Christian ought to die, 105. Died June 17, 1719, 106. His character, 106. The course of his familiar day, 109. His literary character, 112. Account of his works, 113. Extracts from Dennis's Observations on Cato, 119. Considered as a critick, 137. Commended as a teacher of wisdom, 140. Character of his prose works, 140. Example of his disinterested conduct in disposing of places, 141. A conversation with Pope on Tickell's translation of Homer, 233. Becomes a rival of Pope, xi. 95. Supposed to have been the translator of the Iliad, published under the name of Tickell, 99. His critical capacity remarked, v. 91. 140. 143. Observations on his tragedy of Cato,
xi. 99. Admiration, and ignorance, their mutual and reciprocal operation,
Adventurer, No. xxxiv. ii. 137. No. xli. 147. No, xlv. 150. lxix
1. 156. No. liii. 162. No. lviii, 168. No. Ixii. 175. No. No: 183. No. Ixxxiv. 190. No. Ixxxv. 197. No. xcii. 204. No. xcv. 213. No. xcix. 219. No. cii. 220. No. cyii. 223. No. cviii. 239. No. cxi. 245. No, cxv. 252. No. cxix. 259. No. cxx. 265. No. cxxvi. 271. No. cxxxi. 278. No. cxxxvii. 285.
No. cxxxviii. 292. Adversaries, the advantage of contending with illustrious ones, xii.
194. Adversity, a season fitted to convey the most salutary and useful in
struction to the mind, vi. 58. The appointed instrument of pro
moting our virtue and happiness, 60. Advertisements, on pompous and remarkable, vii. 160. Advice, good, too often disregarded, v. 97. The causes of this as
signed, 98. Vanity often the apparent motive of giving it, 99.
When most offensive and ineffectual, vi. 90. Affability, the extensive influence of this amiable quality, vi. 2. Affectation, the vanity and folly of indulging it, iv. 131. 133. Wherein it properly differs from hypocrisy, 134. The great absurdity
of it exposed in the character of Gelasimus, vi. 228. Afflictions, proper methods of obtaining consolation under them, iv.
113. 332. Inseparable from human life, vi. 268. The benefits
of, 270. Africa, progress of the discoveries made on that coast by the Portu
guese, ii. 213. Age, the present an age of authors, iji. 252. Age, the complaints of, iii. 224. Agriculture, its extensive usefulness considered, vi. 28. Thoughts
on, both ancient and modern, ii. 384. Productions of, alone sufficient for the support of an industrious people, 385. In high consideration in Egypt, 385. The many ancient writers on that subject, 388. The enrichment of England, 389. A proper subject for honorary rewards, 391. Superior to trade and manufactures, 392. Danger to be apprehended from the neglect of, 397. An art which government ought to protect every proprietor of lands to practise, and every inquirer into nature to improve, 397. Account of, at Raasay, one of the Hebrides, 283. Bad state of, at Ostig, in Sky, ix. 305. The raising of the rents of estates in
Scotland considered, 326. Ajut, his history, vi. 267. 276. Åkenside, Dr. Mark, bis opinion of Dyer's Fleece, xi. 275. His
life, 335. Son of a butcher at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, born 1721. Designed for a dissenting minister, but turns his mind to phyeick, 335. Pleasures of Imagination published, 1744, 356. Studies at Leyden, and becomes M. D. 1744, 356. An enthusiastick friend to liberty, and a lover of contradiction, 357. Practises physick at Northampton and Hampstead, 358. Settles at London, 358. Allowed 3001. a year by Mr. Dyson, 358. By his writings obtains the name both of a wit and scholar, 359. Died 1770, 359. Cha
racter of his works, 359. Alabaster, Roxana, commended, ix. 87.
Alacrity, the cultivation of it the source of personal and social plea
sure, v. 18, 19. Albion, in lat. 3o, account of the friendly inhabitants found there by
Drake, xii. 137.
Aliger, his character, vi. 354.
314. His thoughtless extravagance, 316. The excellent advice
which the sage gave him, 318. Altilia, her coquetry described, vi. 246. Amazons, observations on the history of the, vii. 351. Old maids
in England most like Amazons, 352. Amazons, of the pen, iii. 254. Ambition, generally proportioned to capacity, xii. 17. A quality
natural to youth, iv. 97. The peculiar vanity of it in the lower stations of life, 420, 421. A destroyer of friendship, vii. 90.
Characterized, viii. 268. America, Taxation no Tyranny, or, An Answer to the Resolutions and
Address of the American Congress , x. 155. Motives urged by patriots against the taxation of, 157. Examination into our claim to the right of taxing it, and of their objections to be taxed, 162. The plea of want of representation examined, 172. Their claims of exemption from taxation from their charters examined, 179. Objection to taxation made by an old member, examined, 181. Proceedings of the congress of Philadelphia examined, 185. Pleas of the Bostonians exposed, 188. Their resolutions and address exposed, in a supposed address from the Cornish men, 194. Some of the arguments made use of against our taxing it examined, 199. First incited to rebellion from European intelligence, 202. Considerations on the Indians granting their lands to foreign nations, 211._Difficulty of ascertaining boundaries, 282. The power of the French there, 1756, 287. Colonies first settled there in the time of Elizabeth, 294. Continued in the reign of James I. 299. Colony first sent to Canada by the French, 301. The first discovery of Newfoundland by Cabot, and the settlement from thence to Georgia considered, 314. The encroachment of the French on our back settlements
examined, 315. Amicus, his reflections on the deplorable case of prostitutes, v.
231. Amoret, Lady Sophia Murray celebrated by Waller under that name,
ix. 233. Amusements, by what regulations they may be rendered useful, v.
113. Anacreon, Ode ix. translated, i. 159. Anatomy, cruelty in anatomical researches reprobated, vii. 66. Andrew's, St. account of the city of, viii. 111. The ruins of the
cathedral, 113. Account of the university, 114. Expense of