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• DR. FRANKLIN. from the western parts of Kent. It has a market on Friday, though not much frequented. The church is a large structure, with a lofty steepleon the top of which hung, till within these few years, a beacon. It was a sort of iron kettle, containing about a gallon, with a ring or hoop of the game metal near the upper part of it, to hold still more coals, resin, &c. suspended at the end of a piece of timber about eight feet; it made a singular appearance, but aided the mariner in his perilous navigation.
There is a noted saying, that Tenterden steeple was the cause of the Goodwin Sands. It arose from the circumstance that the owner of the rectory of Tenterden, engaged in building the steeple, neglected the repair of a wall on the sea-coast, so that the ocean breaking in covered the land with a light sand-now called the Goodwin Sands-on which many a vessel has been consigned to destruction.
At Tenterden there are several Dissenters, particularly, a respectable society belonging to the Presbyterian persuasion.
Dr. Benjamin Franklin, the American philosopher, used to visit his venerable friend the late Mr. Viney, at Tenterden, during his stay in this country. To his discoveries in electricity, we are in debted for a mode of preserving our habitations amidst the rage of contending elements
With a spark that he caught from the skies,
He display'd an unparalleld wonder !
That bis rod could protect us from THUNDER !: .
443 Dr. Franklin had a happy mode of illustrating almost every truth, and few had a better knowledge of mankind. The following anecdote is told of him--the circumstance happened a few years previous to his death:a young person, in company with Dr. Franklin, mentioned his surprise that the possession of great riches should ever be attended with anxiety and solicitude, and instanced a merchant, who, he said, though in possession of unbounded wealth, yet was as busy, and more anxious than the most assiduous clerk in his counting-house. The Doctor took an apple from a fruit-basket, and presented it to a child who could just totter about the room. The child could scarcely grasp it in his hand. He then gave it another, which occupied the other hand. Then choosing a third, remarkable for its size and beauty, he presented that also. The child, after many ineffectual attempts to hold the three, dropped the last on the carpet, and burst into tears.” 6 See there," said the philosopher, " there is a little man with more riches than he can enjoy!”
- His Life, written by himself is entertaining; and his maxims; also, entitled Poor Richard, constitute a fund of economical instruction to the rising generation. He died at Philadelphia, April 17, 1790. His style, formed on that best of models, Addison, is marked by an impressive brevity. A large quarto volume has recently appeared, entitled “ The Private Correspondence of Benjamin Franklin, LL.D. F.R.S. &c. Minister Plenipo
CRANBROOK. tentiary from the United States of America, at the Court of France, and for the Treaty of Peace and Independence with Great Britain, &c. comprising a Series of Letters on Miscellaneous, Literary, and Political Subjects, written between the Years 1753 and 1790, published by his Grandson, William Temple Franklin.” Of this interesting work, take the following impressive specimen.
Mr. STRAHAN, Philadelphia, July 5, 1775.
You are a Member of Parliament, and one of that majority which has doomed my country to destruction. You have begun to burn our towns and murder our people. Look upon your hands --they are stained with the blood of your relations! You and I were once friends; you are now my enemy, and I am yours. . . . .
, Travelling onward eight miles, we arrive at the town of CRANBROOK, situated in the centre of the Weald of Kent. It is in the road leading from Maidstone, by Stylebridge, into Sussex. It consists chiefly of one long street—and many of the houses having trees before them, this rural decoration produces, on the mind of the stranger, -a pleasing impression. The church, near the centre of the town, is large and handsome, consisting of three aisles and three chancels. The east window is full of stained glass--and the figures are embellished with drapery. In this church is a
445 curiosity—a large dipping-place is to be seen, in which persons, agreeable to the primitive mode, were immersed on the profession of Christianity.
The Common Prayer-book enjoins immersion, provided the subject can bear itbut this injunction is neglected. The church-yard contains the grave of Mr. Robert Noyes, a singular character, though little known to the world. He was a dissenting minister of talents, but, by imprudences, reduced himself to poverty. He published a poem, entitled Distress, possessing merit-besides pieces in prose of considerable ingenuity. The Distress closes with these affecting lines
Once more, ye sublunary scenes, farewell,
At Cranbrook there are three dissenting places of worship,—one for the Independents--another for the Calvinists--and a third for the General Baptists, who are numerous in this part of the country. The house of this latter denomination has been rebuilt, with considerable neatness. Indeed, a more. pleasing place of worship is not to be found in the county of Kent. I opened it in conjunction with my worthy brother-in-law, the Rev. S. Kingford, on the 23d of May, 1808; the place was crowded, and the seryices were marked by an appropriate
CRANBROOK. solemnity.* To friends in this place I feel indebted for their kind hospitality.
Cranbrook is noted for having been the spot, where the clothing business was originally concentrated. Here the Flemings settled in the reign of Edward the Third. To this manufacture the ancestors of many families owe their elevation. Mr. Halsted says they were usually called, from their dress, the grey coats of Kent, and were so large a body, that at county elections, whoever had their interest, was almost certain of being elected. Such, however, is the instability to which all human things are exposed, that this manufac ture has removed itself almost entirely to distant parts of Britain.
Nor must we forget to mention, that there is an endowed grammar-school here, founded by Queen Elizabeth, when she came down to visit the cloth manufactory; and that, having laid the first stone, she walked down to Cow's Hall, more than a mile from town— the way thither being covered with broad cloth. The resident at Cow's Hall was a
* The morning sermon, which I preached, was from Galat, ir. 4, When the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, and was by particular request published. This, however, would not have been here mentioned, had not this discourse been made by Providence instrumental for the conversion of a Jew. See an Address delivered at Worship-street, Oct. 2, 1808, on the baptism, by immersion, of Mr. Isaac Littleter, one of the Israelitisha nation, on his profession of Christianity, to which is prefixed an Account of his Conversion, by J. Evans. Second edition, corrected, with an account of a Roman Coin struck on the taking of Jerusalem, and of the Triumphal Arch of Titus, at Rome.