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I have only to recommend the bearer my kinsman, Capt. Markham, and to pray access in my affaires, yet not fully fixt, by the unkindness of my neighbour the Lord Baltimore, * and that it would please thee to accept a poor present of our growth, remembring that the ancients vallued offerings by the heart that made them, and finally to give me leave to ware the character of, my noble freind, thy very sensible and faithful fr'd and servi to my powr,
Wm. Penn. May I present my humble duty to the King ? For the Earl of Sunderland.
To his Majesty. Great and Gracious Prince, It is a barren soyle that yields noe returns to the dew that feeds it, and they are mean and ungratefull mindes that are oblivious of the favours they receive. I would fain excuse this freedom, if I were not bound to use it, for, being destitute of better ways, gratitude makes it necessary to me, and necessity is a sollicitor that takes no deniall. Lett the King then graciously please to accept my most humble thanks for his many Royall favours conferr'd upon me, more especially this of Pennsilvania. I only lament my selfe, that my own inability will not suffer me to express myselfe in a way suitable to the sense I have of the great obligations I lye under. But, because the altar was not ordain'd for the rich and great only, and that offerings are to be accepted by the heart that makes them, 1 perswade myselfe to hope that the King will please to receive my dutifull acknowledgements by the integrity that humbly sends them; and to beleive that among the numerous subjects, as well of his goodness as of his powr, there is none that with more truth, zeal, and affection, loves and honours him.
Give me leave next to say, so soon as I was arriv'd and made my settlement of this Province, I thought it my duty to waite upon the King, by some person of the Province, in condition of an agent extraordinary, which is the bearer my kinsman, Markham (formerly deputy in this Government); and tho this would not look wholy free of vanity (considering my late private capacity), yet I take it to be the duty of those persons whom the goodness of the Kings of England hath at any time cloathed with extraordinary powrs in these parts of the world, to show their deferrance to the Imperiall Majesty they are tributarys to, and their dependence upon it, by the mission and attendance of agents in their names at the Court.
I have only now, great Prince, to pray pardon and acceptance for a poor present, of country produce, and that it would graciously please the King to take me still into his favour, his young province into his protection, and God, the bountefull rewarder of good and gracious acts, retaliate them both with temperall and eternall glory. -I am, with reverence and truth, great and gracious Prince, thy most thankfull, humble, and obedient subject and servant in all I can.
WM. PENN. Philadelphia, 13 Aug. 83.
Mr. URBAN,—I herewith send you a few extracts from the MS. “Grand Cartulary of St. Bertin," and from the “ Historical Collections” of a Citizen of St. Omer ; which are not devoid of antiquarian interest.
C. S. Historical Passages from the Cartulary of St. Omer. Anno 1545. The plague, which had continued for a year, still committed its ravages in the different quarters of the city of St. Omer and the neighbourhood; it was therefore agreed with the Canons of St. Omer, to take down the body of St. Bertin, and of St. Omer, for the purpose of appeasing the wrath of Heaven, and to excite the people to a spirit of devotion.
* The proprietor of the adjacent province, so named after his title.
1545, Sept. 8. Died at the Abbey of Forest Moutier in Picardy, Charles Duke of Orleans, third son of Francis I. King of France. His death entirely overturned the treaty of peace, which had been settled on the 24th Sept. in the year preceding at Soissons, between England and France, and war was rekindled with greater violence than ever between the two Crowns. In England Parliament assembled on the 230 Nov. and suppressed all pious foundations, and granted to the King the goods of the Church, &c. There was nothing further to be done, says Sanderus, than to sell the air to the living, and the earth for the burial of the dead.
1546, 13 July. We formed a general procession with the Canons of St. Omer, with the principal persons of St. Omer and of St. Bertin, to excite the people to pray to Heaven, especially for the prosperity of the army of the Emperor Charles the Fifth, who is preparing to make war on the Princes of Germany, who are infected more and more with the heresies of Luther.
1547. In the night of the 28th and 29th of January died Henry the Eighth, King of England, in the fifty-seventh year of his age, and the thirty-eighth year of his reign. During the reign of this Prince, there was no other religion and no other laws in England, than such as were conformable to his will and pleasure. He added and he subtracted ; and, as if he had been infallible, he had only to make known his wishes to have them approved by the Parliament, to give them the force of law. There never was a more absolute Prince. Whoever opposed his wishes, was almost certain to lose his life ; and in the list of those whom he sacrificed, may be counted, two Queens, two Cardinals, three Archbishops, eighteen Bishops, thirteen Abbats, five hundred Pricsts, Monks, and Priors, fourteen Archdeacons, sixty Canons, more than fifty Doctors, twelve Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls, with their sons, twenty-nine Barons and Knights, three hundred and thirty-five Nobles of lesser degree, one hundred and twenty-four Citizens, one hundred and ten ladies of quality (de con. dition). All these persons, with the exception of the two Queens, were put to death for having disapproved of the schism and misgovernment (desordres) of Henry VIII.
1549. The solemn entry of the Count d'Artois, Philip of Austria, Prince of Spain, son of Charles V. into the city of St. Omer, took place on the 31st day of July.
1553. The siege, assault, and destruction of Terouane. Fifty thousand cannon balls were fired. The Emperor Charles the Fifth destroyed the city after the seige.
Deleti Morini. 1554, 11 June. On the day of St. Barnabas we formed a private procession with the image of our Lady to St. Margaret's, both to obtain rain, and a good peace.
1559. The Parliament of England conferred upon Elizabeth the ridiculous title of Governor Supreme, as well in Spirituals as in Temporals.
Historical Collections by Jean Hendricg, Citizen of St. Omer, from 1594 to 1605.
MS. in the Library at St. Omer.
Frenchmen sleep with their eyes open, like hares ! !
by the Catholic King of Spain towards the year 1592, who was then only Prince of Spain.
At present there are above one hundred and sixty English children of good families, which are sent here secretly by their parents who are faithful Catholics, that they may receive a good education, and learn Latin under the discipline of Father Giles Scondoncq, a learned and excellent Jesuit, who, assisted by several English fathers, has filled the house so completely, that there has been added to it the house which belonged to the old dowager Countess of Roeux, so that it is a pleasure now to go and see it, with the chapel, which he afterwards built, which is very handsome ; &c. &c.
The English children, after they have finished their education here, and after having learned rhetorick, are sent into Spain to finish their studies, and, according to their capacities, they are admitted to the ecclesiastical orders; others are placed in different situations; so, being established, they may bring forth good fruits amongst their countrymen, who are bigoted Huguenots.
1614. On Saturday the 23rd day of August, the great English Earl * who has lived here some years, and who took refuge in our city to enjoy with greater freedom the exercise of the Catholic religion, was obliged to return to England, as he is not permitted to receive his revenues here as he had hitherto done by the King's permission ; but he made a solemn vow before his departure, that he would rather die than change his religion. Before he left the city he caused public notice to be given, that if any person had any claim upon him, he would satisfy his demand before his departure. Early in the morning on the day on which he left the city, he attended Mass and Confession at the “Cordeliers,' where he was much beloved, and where he attended so frequently, that a seat had been prepared on purpose for him : which was well known to the King of England; for it was said that he had spies even in his suite, who watched all his actions so closely, that he durst only go very rarely to visit the Jesuit fathers, as they were held in the greatest aversion by the King.
LEASE OF THE MANOR OF HAMPTON COURT TO CARDINAL WOLSEY.
MR. URBAN,—The Rev. Daniel Lysons, in his account of those parishes of the county of Middlesex which are not included in his “ Environs of London," after stating that the manor of Hampton, in Middlesex, had been given early in the thirteenth century to the Knights Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem, t by the Lady Gray, relict of Sir Robert Gray, adds, “ Cardinal Wolsey, who, in the early part of King Henry the Eighth's reign, became lessee under the Prior of that Convent, surrendered the lease to the King in 1526.”
The copy of the lease to Wolsey, from the Cottonian Manuscript, Claudius E. vi. fol. 137, (which appears to have been unknown to Mr. Lysons) is here transmitted for insertion in your Magazine ; it is dated January 11, 1514, and is followed by a list of the furniture left in the ancient manor house upon the estate when Wolsey took possession.
B. M. “ This Indenture made between Sir Thomas Docwra, priour of the hospitall of Seynt John Jerusalem, in England, and his bredern knights of the same hospitall upon that oone partie, and the moost reverend fader in god Thomas Wulcy Archebisshop of Yorke and primate of England upon that other partie, Witnessith that the said priour and his bredern with theire hole assent and auctorite of their Chapitur, have graunted and letten to fferme to the said Archebusshop, their manor of Hampton courte, in the countie of Midd. with all landes and tenementes, medowes, lesnes, and pastures, rentes, and services, vewe of ffranciplegis, perquesites of courts, ffisshing and ffisshing weres, and
“Le gros Conte Anglois, q. who was he?" + The Gate of the Hospital at Clerkenwell, is given as a vignette in the title of this Magazine, being the residence of Cave, the first publisher ; and an engraving of the Hospital, by Hollar, will be found in Dugdale's Monasticon, vol. ü. ED.
with the waren of conys, and with all manner proufites and commodites and other thinges what so ever they be in any manner of wise to the forseid manor belonging or apperteignyng. To have and to holde the foreseid manor with the appurtenaunces to the foreseid most Reverend ffader in god Thomas Wulcy Archbisshop of Yorke, and to his assignes, ffro the ffest of the Nativite of Saint John Baptist last past before the date herof unto thend and terme of lxxxxix yeres than next folowing, and fully to be ended, yielding and paying therfor yerely to the seid priour and his successours in the tresoury of there hous of seynt Johns of Clarkenwell beside London, fifty poundes sterling at the ffestes of the purification of our Lady and of Seynt Barnabe thappostle, by even por. cions. And also payeing and supporting all manner of charges ordinary and extraordinary due and goying oute of the seid manor, with the appurtenances during the seid terme. And the seid Archebusshop and his assignes yerely during the said terme, shal have allowaunce of the seid priour and his successours in the paymentes of the rent and ferme of fifty poundes aforeseid iiijk. xiij®. iiija. sterling, at the ffestes aforeseid, by even porcions, towards and for the exhibition of a preste for to mynister divine service within the Chapell of the seid manor. And the seid priour and his brethern for them' and their successours graunten the seid Archebusshop and his assignes yerely during the seid terme shalhave and take at their libertie foure loades of woode and tymber able for pyles for the reparacion and sustentacion of the were called Hampton were, the same woodes and tymber to be felled and conveyed at the costes of the seid Archebusshop and of his assignes in and fro Seynt Johns woode in the seid countie of Midd. Also it is agreed that the seid Archebusshop and his assignes at their libertie at all tymes during the seid terme shall take downe, alter, transpose, chaunge, make, and new byeld at theire propre costes any howses, walles, mootes, diches, warkis, or other thinges within or aboute the seid manour of hamptoncourte, with the appurtenaunces, without empechement of wast and without any payne or punysshment to be or ensue to the seid Archebusshop and his assignes during the seid terme. And the seid Archebusshop and his assignes shall bere all manner of reparacions of the seid manour with the appurtenaunces during the seid terme, and in thend of the seid terme all the same shall leve to the seid priour and bredern and to theire successours sufficiently repared. Ffurthermore the seid Archebusshop and his assignes shall leve the seid priour and his successours m'. couple of conys in the waren of the said manour, or elles for every couple that shall want iiija. And moreover the seid priour and his bredren graunten that the seid Archebusshop and his assignes shalhave and occupie during the seid terme all suche parcells as be conteyned upon the bak of this endenture, and in thend of the same terme all the same shall leve and delyver to the seid priour and his suc. cessours, or the value of the same. And if it happen the seid yerely fferme or rent of L". during the seid terme of lxxxxix yeres, to be behynde and not payed in part or in the hole after eny terme of payment beforspecified which it ought to be paid by the space of two hole yeres, that then it shalbe lawful to the seid priour and his successours to re-enter into the same manour and othre the premisses dimised, and theym to have ayen as in their first and pristinat estate, this endenture or any thing therin conteigned notwithstandyng. And the seid priour and his bredren promitte and graunte for theym and theire successours, and theym bynde by thies presentes to the seid Archebisshop, that when so ever the seid Archebisshop or his assignes at any oone tyme within the terme of this present leas shall come to the seid priour and his bredren, or to their successoures, and demaunde to have a newe graunte and leese of the saide manour of hamptoncourt with thappurtenances to theym to be graunted under their commen seale of the seid hospitall for the terme of other Ixxxxix yeres next ensuying this present terme, that then the seid priour and his bredren nowe being or their successours than for tyme beyng for that oone tyme shall graunte and make a newe leesse of the seid manor of hamptoncourt with the appurtenances to the seid Archebisshop and to his assignes under the common seale of the seid hospitall for the terme of othre lxxxxix yeres after the forme, tenour, and effecte of the seid covenauntes and agrementes conteyned in this present endenture, the substaunce therof in no wise
chaunged nor mynyshed. And at the delyverie of the same new endenture this endenture to be cancelled if it shall then rest and be in the keping of the seid Archebisshop or his assignes. And if the seid endenture fortune to be lost and be not in the keping of the seid Archebisshop or his assignes, nor in the kepyng of any person to their uses, then the seid Archebisshop or his assignes, before the seid newe graunte or lease to be made, shall surrendre and so promytte by thies presentes to surrendre all suche title and interest as they or any of theym have, or may have, by reason of this formar lease at all tymes after suche surrendre and newe lesse made utterly to be voide and of no effecte. In witnesse wherof to the oone part of thies presente endenturs towardes the seid Archebusshop remaynyng, the seid priour and his bredren have put their comon seale. And to that othre part of the same endenturs towards the seid priour and his bredren remaynyng the seid Archebusshop hath put his seale. Yeven in our Chapitur holden in oure house of seynt Johns of Clarkenwell beside London, the xjh day of Januarie in the yere of our lord god a thousand fyve hundreth and fourtene, the sixt yere of the reigne of our soveraigne lord king Henry the eight.
“ In the Chapel, First, a chalesse of silver, a pix of copur for the sacrament, ij alter clothes, a corporaxe, ij candlestikes of laton, a massebooke, a porteux, a pewterbotil for wyne, a crewet of pewter, a crosse of tynne, a paxbrede of tree, an alter clothe of whyte and blue lyke unto armyn, an ymage of our lord of tree, an ymage of our lady of tree, an ymage of saint John, an ymage of saint Nicholas, an ymage of the crosse paynted on a borde, ij alterclothes, ij pewes with a chest of wynscott, an holy waterstok of laton with a stryngel of laton, ij bells in the towre, oon of them broken. Of bedstcddis in all xx", ii towrned chyars.- In the parlour, a table of Estriche bourde with ij tristells.In the haule, ij tables dormant, and oon long table with ij tristells, a close cupbourde, iiij fourmes, iiij barres of yron about the harthe.- In the kechen, pot of bras cont v galons, a cadron sett in the fournace cont xx galons, a spyt of yron, ij awndyrons, a trevet, ij morters of marbil, a cawdron of jij galons di. a stomer of laton, a flesshehoke, a frying pan, ij pailes, a barre of iron in the kechen to hange on pottes, a grete salting troughe, a steping fatte, an heire of the kyln of xxiij yerdes, ij grete bynnes in the kechyn, a bynne in the buttry, a knedyng troghe.- In the stable, a pichfork, a dongfork. A presse in the towrechambre, a great coffar in oon of the towre chambres ; a parclosse in the towre, a parclose in the parloure.”
ORDERS OF THE ROYAL HOUSEHOLD, TEMP. HEN. VIII. Mr. URBAN,—The following extracts from a manuscript in the King's Library, Paris, (no. 9986,) present a curious picture of the domestic arrange, ments of the Court of Henry the Eighth. Their date is a few years earlier than the very curious “ Ordinances made at Eltham in the 17th Henry VIII." included in the volume of Ordinances for the Royal Household, published by the Society of Antiquaries in 1790.
Orders in the King of England's House.
Festum natalis Domini Anno xiii. Reg. Hen. Oct. Hereafter ensuetb the names of the Kings cup-bearers, kervers and servers, ye his Grace his pleasure is shall doe him service, bee it in his privie chamber, or when hæ sitteth out in his dynynge Chamber, or els where at such times as the gentlemen huishers shall commande them to do service, ye is to say, by the huishers of the privie chamber, and when the King sitteth out of his dypinge chamber, such of the sayd cyp-bearers, kervers and servers to do service as ye Lord Chamberlaine or Vice Chamberlaine shall commande, the gentlemen huishers to appoint of these numbers followinge and none other.
Cupbearers, Francis Brian, Sir Ric. Jerningham, Sir Ric. Weston.