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- 1818.) Dubois's Description of the Character, &c. of the People of India. 425 exists eren in the code of Bindoo super- in order to obtain a speedy terminastitions.

tion to the Pahrahdam, aud to induce “ Tbe Pabvahdam is a ceremony of the great multitude to go to their the most serious kind, since it deinands homes. no less than the sacrifice of a buman “ The chiefs, when satisfied, repair victim, ad its resuscitation afterwards. to the tent to conclude the ceremony,

" s soon as it is publicly known which is effected by restoring to life that any one bas given occasion for the pretended dead man, who lies the Pabvabdam, by any of the crimes stretched out before them. For this that have been mentioned, or by any purpose they chuse one of their puiddeep insult cast upon the sect, the vo- ber, and, making an incision in his taries crowd from all quarters to the thigh, they collect the blood which place wbere the colprit resides, and runs from it and sprinkle the body of bariag assembled to the number some- the sbam corpse, which being restored times of more than two thousand, each by the efficacy of this simple ceremony, bringing his sounding plate of brass, is delivered over alive io those who and bis sankba or great shell, they pro- assist at it, and who have no doubt ceed to the ceremony. The first step whatever of the reality of the resuris lo arrest the person who is the cause reclioo." of their assembling, and then they spread Respecting the various superstitions a tent at a small distance, wbich is which prevailed amongst these degraded immediately encompassed with several beings, Mr. Dubois has been copious ranks of partisans assembled for the and curious in his communicalions. eccasion.

With the exception of some imposing " The chiefs having selected from the dogmas, which are only known by a multitode a fit person wbu consents to few speculative sages, their religion become the victim for sacrifice, exbibit consists of the grossest polytheism, kir to the crowd of people collected exhibited in a series of institutions acfrom all parts to witness the sight. commodated to ignorance and imbeA small incision is then made on bis cility, depraved habits, and licentious belly, deep enough for the blood to manners. Compared with the creeds fox; upon which the pretended vic. and fables of the Hindoo divinities, the tim sbains a fainting fit, tumbles on mythology of Greece was chaste and the ground, and counterfeits death. sublime, and the worship of ScandiHe is the carried into the tent which is pávia rational and humane. It is not fitted to receive bim, and is there laid uncommon to find their most sacred Get as a corpse.

pagodas polluted by scenes of borrible * of the great concourse of people licentiousness, which are alone equalled gathered together, part watches' night by the dissolute orgies of Olaheite. and day robod the tent, wbich nobuoy In common with the ancient Egypis suffered to approach; while another tians, they offer adoration to birds, division surrounds the house of the io. snakes, and even vegetables : but their dividual who has given occasion for the idolatry is often more mischievous. Ceremony. Both parties raise continual M. Dubois obtained sufficient testicries and frightful bowlings, wbich be. mony, that in ancient and modern times ing mixed with the clauking sound of they have offered buman sacrifices. the brazen plates and the shrill squeak lo a curious analysis of the Athar. of the sankha, produce a confusion and vana Veda, M. Dubois informs us, that uproar, in the midst of wbich it is al. magical rites were sometimes consum. most impossible to exist. This over. mated by tbe immolation of a young whelming disorder continues without girl. interruption till the person who was " Jodeed, we may easily convince the cause of it pays the fine imposed ourselves that no nation cau bave less upoa bim, which generally exceeds bis repugnance to buman sacrifices than the

Hindus, if we examine the conduct which "In the mean time, the inhabitants tbey exbibit at the present time. In of the village and of the neighbourbood, many provinces, the natives still can Sading it impossible to live in the midst trace, and actually point out to the of the confusion and disorder occasioned curious traveller, the ground and situaby the fanatical crowd, come to terms tion where their Rajas sacrificed to will the chief, and pay at least a part of their idols the prisoners whom they had what has been required of the culprit, taken io war. The bject of the awful Europ. Mag. Vol. LXXIII. May, 1818.




ite was to render their divinities more have taken place, onder some petty placable, and to obtain their favourable native princes, who bave preserved a aid in battle. I have visited some of precarious independence up to the prethose abominable places, which are com- sent day. Neither would i like to risk monly in the mountains or other unfre. the falling into their hands, as an eneiny quenied parts; as if tbose awful beings or prisoner of war. What I have heard who delighted to see their altars moisi. of some of the pelly Mahratta princes, ened with human gore, and their save- confirmis my suspicions that human satuaries strewed with the carcasses, were crifices are not yet wholly renounced." themselves conscious of the enormity of The courts of justice are not much the crime, and therefore desired to veil more pure than the worship of their the horrid spectacle from the eyes of pagodas. The oppression exercised by men. In the secret places where these the Hindu princes and their vicegerents detestable sacrifices were performed of is universal. The Hindus have no real old, a little temple of inean appearance property. Their estates are always reis generally found, and sometimes but a sumable at the pleasure of their sove. simple niche, in which the idol is pre- reign, who is not only the

supreme lord, served, to obtain whose favour so hor. but sole proprietor. The sanctity of an rid a price is paid. The victim was oath is not respected—the Bralımans in immolated by decapitation, and the particular are addicted to perjury and head was left exposed for a time in the falsehood. Hence arises the frequent presence of the idol.

practice of having recourse to ordeals " I have been conducled to see seve. of guilt, most of which are not less ral of those sad charnel dens, in various inbuman thau absurd. districts. One of them is pot far from M. Dubois bas not communicated Seringapatam, on the hill near which much that is new respecting the poetry the fort of Mysore is built. On the of the Hindus. The Hindu Tales be top of that mountain, the pagoda may has selected are curious specimens of still be observed, where the Rajas were their humorous powers, and strikingly accustomed to sacrifice their prisoners display the manners and customs of this of war, or state delinquents.

ambiguous people, who cannot be classed "li " Sometimes they were satisfied with witb civilized or barbarous nations; who mutilating their victims, by cutting off cling to ignorance like the savage, with. their hands, nose, and ears; which they out eniulating his courage or his fide offered up, fresh and bloody, at the lity ; and without the least tincture of shrine of the idol, or bung them up, reliuennent, submit to live in babits of exposed on the gate of the temple. voluptuous indulgence.

But I have also conversed with several old men, who have entered familiarly into the object and circum

The Annual Obituary and Biography, stances of these sacrifices, and spoke

for 1518. of them lo me as eveo!s of their own This volume, like its predecessor, days, and as publiciy known.

offers many valuable and interesting "It appears, indeed, that this prac. memorials of lapsed talents and de lice of sacrificing prisoners taken in parted greatness. We have read with war, amongst the pagan princes, was peculiar interest the memoirs of Sir not in opposition to our notions of Herbert Croft, distinguished as the the law of nations, being reciprocal, intiinate friend of Young, and the and acknowledged as the legitimate learned coadjutor of Johnson. The reprisals of one sovereign upon another. life of David Williams, the eccentric, The people look on, without horror, or but benevolent, founder of the literary even surprise. They still speak of it, fund, is also replete with incident and without emotion, as a thing just and entertainment:' born a Methodlist, he regular, and as being filly appropriate commenced his public career as a Minis; to the state of war.

ter of the Gospel, but first attracted “ Of late, the intercourse of the Hin

notice by his original system of educa. dus, with the Europeans and Musalmans, tion; and it is remarkable, that in some and the just horror which these invaders of his novellies he anticipated the priu. have expressed of such atrocious crimes, ciples, and almost exemplified the prac. have nearly effected their total aboli- tice of Belland Lancaster: aller this he tion: nearly, I say, because I cannot acquired notoriety as the author of a auswer with confidence for what may new religious creed, which engaged no

disciples-many of his schemes were rochial schools, which at an almost no. Etiopian: the most beneficial labour minal expeose ofter all the advantages of his life was the establishment of the of a liberal education. Here his juveLilerary Fund, which finally afforded pile talents attracted notice, and he an asylum to his declining age.

was afterwards transferred to a superior Passez oser the statesineu and sena- establishment; he was removed to the tors

, amongst whom we find the bril. grammar-school of Perth; and, finally, liat Corian—the regrelled Ponsonby in his sixteenth year, entered the uni.

-ibe venerated Horner-the accom:versity of St. Andrew's, wbere it was ploded Harry Erskive-we turn to the his fortune to be associated with the memoirs of Dr. Thomson, who, during celebrated Thomas Erskine, tbe ingefifty years, pursued the laborious pro- nious Moncrief, the sagacious Fergu. fess.on of an author, and whose daring son, and the scientific Playfair. Here enterprize and resolute perseverance he obtained the patronage of Lord Kinmigbi bave furnished some curious voul, who received bim into his own bials to Mr. D’Israeli, in his portraiture family in the capacity of librarian. At of the literary character.

the persuasion of this nobleman he stu. * This is one of the most extra- died theology, was declared a member ordinary men of letters of the pre- of the kirk, and, finally, assumed the ko age. His name, with an excep- clerical functions at Monivaird, near tion to poetry, is connected with al- the valley of Strathero. But ibis situa. most every species of composition, and tion was uncongenial to his taste, as he it would be impossible to write the his- appears to have imbibed little of pres. tory of the literature of the reign of byterian strictness and asperity. George III. without assigning bim a “ The presbytery of Auchterarder, to place, if not very elevated, at least which the parish of Monivaird belonged, someshat conspicuous among the au- was remarkable for religious gloom and thors of tbat periud.

fanatical austerity. Ifa minister would " William Thomson, a native of be popular here, it was necessary for Scotland, was born in the year 1746, him to be rigidly severe in his manners, just after the battle of Culloden, which as well as rigorously adherent to all the concluded the civil war occasioned by horrors of puritanical orthodoxy. Thomthe landing of the Young Chevalier, as son was neither the one nor the other. he was theo terioed, much in the same He associated more with the lairds, who manner that the ever-memorable battle are generally free and jovial, than with of Waterloo bas terminated the long, the ministers and elders; he amused portentous, and sanguinary strife on

himself with hunting and fishing : pay;' the Continent. The place of his birth he had even the ungodliness to play on Fas a cottage in the parish of Forteviot, the violin. Todeed, in the presbytery, ia Strathero. This obscure spot is si- he acquired the character of a bon vivant frated six miles from Perth, a place and pleasant companion, rather than abich had largely participated in the that of a godly minister. His sermoos then recent disturbances,' and about cost him little trouble. By meditating a thirty from Edinburgh."

few minutes on the Sunday morning, he "Matthew Thomson, the father, like was able to deliver a discourse replete the generality of his countrymen, was with sense and eloquence.” an industrimus and ingenious man, who Notwithstanding his unclerical pro. endeavoured to obtain support for binn- pensities, be engaged the partiality of self and family by the junction of two bis parishioners, and was equally beor three distinct professions ; for in the loved by his Highland and" Lowland first place he united the trade of a car. neighbours. But be was not always penter to that of a builder; wbile be able to resist or baffle the malice of his occasionally appeared in the character rancorous adversaries ; and relinquishof a busbandma, having rented a small ing both his charge and his profession, farm from a neighbouring publeinan, made a bold transition from the valley whose name will be mentioned here. of Strathern to the metropolis of Bria after with no uncommon degree of tain. At this period, he had no other praise. By means of these various avo. pecuniary fund than an annual pension cations, he contrived to briog up a of 501. from bis patron, Lord Kinpoul family of thirteen children."

- but on his arrival in London, be beHappily for young Thomson, he was came an author by profession, and with born in the vicinity of one of those pa. such diligence and success, that, after


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two or three years, hé ceased to claim Aides-de-camp. In this capacity be Lord Kindoul's benefaction.

accordingly resided in the splendid tuanOf Dr. Thomson's multifarious pro. sion of his patron: and as he was uoductions a loog catalogue is produced ; luckily accustomed to keep bad bours, and they certainly justify the following the noble Earl determined to expose remarks of his biographer, with which the impropriety of such conduct in we dismiss the subject.

the gentlest, but most effectual, way “We are from this moment to consi- possible. Accordingly one evening be der Dr. Thomson as a regular London sent all the servants to bed, and sat author, not indeed like the literary men up himself until four or five in the of Germany, who annually prepare their morning, when this, who happened to works for the express purpose of being be tbe junior officer on his staff, resold at the fair of Frankfort; but one turned in high spirits from a ball. He always ready and willing to treat for a was not permitted to knock long, for 4to. 8vo. or 12mo, volume, no matter his illustrious commander obeyed the ou what suhjret, with any eminent or first summods with the utmost prompti. adventurous booksellers of the day. tude, and going down with a couple of He was also not uofrequently employed candles, ceremoniously lighted the astoeither to revise or review the works of nished subaltero to his bed-chamber!" living authors; so that be was not inaptly termed by a celebrated lady, whose embrio vovels he was supposed to frame,

The Seraph: A Collection of Sacred train, and render productive,

Music, suitable lo public or private

a professional critic.” lo sbort, he opened a

Devotion : consisting of the most kind of literary Bazaar, io which ware

celebrated Psalm and Hymn Tunes, of all sorts and sizes for the library

with Selections from the Works of might be obtained in a finished state."

Handel, Haydn, Mozart, and Pleyel, 'The memoirs of the amiable traveller

and favourile English and Italian Irwin are peculiarly pleasing: but our

Composers, adapted to Words from Jimnits do not allow us to offer extracts

Millon, Young, Walls, Addison, &c. from that article ; and we close our

&c. &c. To which are added many, strictures with the following little anec

Original Pieces. Composed, and the dote from a life which exhibits the

Whole arranged for Four Voices, strongest possible contrast to that of wilh an Accompaniment for the PianoDr. Thomson, in which brilliant talents

forte, Organ, and Violoncello, by Joha were surrendered to indolence and neg

Whitaker. Ject, and wit, taste, and learning, pro- When genius directs its attention to duced no better fruils than expectation, so laudable a purpose as the encourage: disappointment, regret, and oblivion. ment of moral and religious feelings, it

"Mr. Thomas Sheridan was educated is natural for every well-disposed mind under the inunediate ipspection, for he to wish it all the success it is peculiarly resided in the family, of the celebrated entitled to; but when the merits of its Dr. Parr; and it is not a little re- endeavours are enhanced by the supemarkable, that this sole surviving mem. rior medium through wbich they are ber of the Grecian (riumvirate (Mr. conveyed, and they become doubly vaPorson, Dr. Burney, and Dr. Parr) luable, as well on account of the rich. should have been the instructor of his ness of the matter as the pious turn of father nearly half a century before, thinking they are calculated to give rise while under-master at to, we think it a duty incumbent on us Young Sheridan next repaired to Cam- to render it as public as we are able, bridge, where he was entered a gentle and consequently feel great pleasure in man-commoner. Notwithstanding these adding our feeble testimony to its meinitiatory studies, and the example of rits, recommending it to our readers the elder Mr. Sheridan, who had distin- as a work possessing great claims to guished bimself both by his writings their notice as a rare combination of and his eloquence, young Sheridan's taste, science, and ability. destination proved to be the arıny, by Indeed, when tbe talents of its conhis own particular choice. He accord ductor are considered, we need not be jogly obtained a cominission; and Lord surprised at the union in one who has Moira, a friend of the family, happen- already so amply contributed to the jog to be then Commander-in-Chief gratification of the public ia another in Scotland, appointed bim one of his department-and the execution of the

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work before us affords an additional ing, when the mind should more immeproof of bis pre-eminence in a science diately be devoted to the service of the which sot only beightens the festive Creator; thus identifying the performmoments of mankind, but is capable of ance of a duty with a most agreeable raising their souls to the contemplation science, and opeving to the view of the of pobler sabjects.

pious a rich selection from the stores The extent of its use with regard to of the immorlal Handel, and many public worsbip cannot be rightly esti- other eminent professors—forming as Dated; but we conceive that it complete a collection of sacred music as vould tend, witb peculiar felicity, to was ever offered to the public notice. grace the recreations of a Sunday even



DRURY-LANE. APRIL24, Marlowe's tragedy of the scope for displayima Perhaps there is no

of this even- act taken altogether, in any of nu ing. This we conceive to be a fairer des- merous parts he has already performed, cription of the performance than ap- which exhibit a more favourable and peared in the printed bills, where it was continued specimen of his wonderful called “ a play founded on Marlowe's powers. But the succeeding ones are tragedy." In fact, the variatious from by no means equal to the promise of the original plot, if any, are too inconsi- the first, and the catastrophe is so derable to be goticed, and even the text forced and artificial, that we doubt: is permilled to stand without much in- whether there is another performer on terference. There may, perhaps, be an the stage wbo could have saved it from odd sentence bere and there, belonging a laugh. Not only did he succeed in to the modern author, but they are doing so, but in communicatiog to it Deilber numerous

nor conspicuous a bigh degree of tragic solemnity. It egough to establish a partnership in would require more time than we can that prodection, with respect to which devote to it at present, to enumerate be can claim litle more than the credit the different instances in which be maof baring recommeuded it. The tra. nifested the perfection of his art, but

ed itself is pretty generally known; to mention only a few, we would select bat we doubt however, whether, with his deportment before the Senate, ail its merits, it has struck many of its where commanded to surrender half his readers in the present day, as a drama wealth, bis directions lo bis daughter much adapted to our stage. Barabas where bis treasure lay concealed, his the chief character, is powerfully con- soliloquy, descriptive of the prosperity ceived. The events in which he is of his tribe, his joy op receiving the concerned are various, the motives by money bags, and t-st spirit of insawhich he is actuated are terrific, but tiable revenge which he kept constantly whether from the recollection of Shakes. before the audience, from the rising peare's Skylock, or from a distaste to until the falling of the curtain. He the simplicity of our antient writers, sung a song in the disguise of a har. F, as we would rather bope, from a per, which produced a very powerful disinclination to recognize witbin the effect, and was rapturously encored. limits of probability the multitude of Our readers will readily suppose that: atrocities ascribed to the Jew, he does this vocal undertaking was more rebot make that impression upon the markable for its taste than its comabole which was to be expected from pass; and if the piece should become to great a game. We are now alluding popular, it will owe that popularity to Dierely to the Play, for if ever there was Mr. Kean. His is the only character an instance when the acting was likely worth mentioning, and the applause, to overbear all obstacles in ibe produc- which was veheinent in the first act, tion itsell, it was that of Mr. Kean as became more moderate as the play Barub. Infortunately for the gene- advanced, until at the end it broke out ral impression of ihe Tragedy, the first with all its former vehemence. We act was that ia wbich be bad most had nearly forgotton to mention Ilhas


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