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oconomising human food. The receipts not be passed over in silence, or rather and directions he drew up for the latter that should be mentioned with merited purpose were printed, and circulated applause, that Mr. Colquhoun, daring by his Majesty's Principal Secretary this alarming period, disinterestedlý po of State; and thus the knowledge of abandoned every pursuit of a private the system so successfully practised in nature ; and not only generously cotithe Metropolis, was diffused throughtributed in pecuniary aid to the utmost?: out the island. He tbus largely con- of his power, but devoted all the time be tributed to diminish the unvecessary could sp:re from his official duties, in waste and expenditure of food, at a obviating those evils which would arise time of scarcity; and thus, by in. froni multitudes collected together with. creasing the quantity of the means of out the means of adequate subsistence subsistence, tranquillised the feelings for themselves and their children. For and soothed the minds of those who these services respecting the Fish Estawere irritated by the want and the high blisluoent, the Society for bettering the price of sustenance.

Conditiou of the Poor voted hiin their . In the same year, the unruly and po- warm acknowledgments in the followpulous districts of Wapping, Shadwell, ing haudsonne manner : and St. George's, effectually felt also the force of Mr. Colquhoun's energetic

“ At a meeting of the Comunittec,

131 Dec. 1800, activity in their behalf. He was also well known here, as he had, pro tem

“ Lord Bishop of Durhain in the Chair,

“ Resolved unanimously, pore, acted as a Magistrate, in bringing

"On the motion of Sir John Cox to a systein the Marine Police scheme. By his exertions, a large pecuniary fuud

Hippesley, Bart. was raised, by which a large Soup-house , be given to Patrick Colquhoun, Esq.

“ That the thanks of the Committee was established, which, under very pres. ' for inc suggesiion of his plan for the sing circumstances, supplied a considerable quantity of cheap and nutritious supply of corned berrings to the mefood to a body of people who, from

tropoiis, and also for the arrangement their habits, would have caused trouble

with which the said plan has been carsome riots, but who were thus tranquil. which the most extended and beneficial

ried into execution ; a measure from Jized into quictism. From the pressure effects have already been, and are likely of the war, and the effects of an unpro. ductive harvest, the distresses becanie

to be, experienced by the industrious still more urgent in the subsequent year

labouring classes.”

Exiract from the Minutes, of 1800. There was no part of tbe mctropolis which did not call for and re

Robert Gillau, Clerk. ceive the benefit of Mr. Colquhoun's Anl in the subsequent year, as a com. unexampled exertions. The utmost pliment to him, as the resolution er: economical care was required in dis. presses it, for his unreinilled and suc. pensiog cheap substitutes for bread; cessful attention, he was voted a Mem. and he had the merit, at the close of ber of the Sociely, and of the General this year, of suggesting, and of ultimately Commiilee for life.

carrying into effect, a large supply of The result of these gigantic exertions, • berrings, and other cheap fish, for the in which vast numbers of the benevo

relief of the poor of the metropolis, levt inhabitants of the metropolis ineand of the districts in its vicinity. In ritoriously cooperated, both by pecul. these exertions he had the hearty co- niary and personal aid, was the relief operation of the Society for bettering and tranquillity of vast multitudes of the condition of the poor. This distri- the lower orders of the people, who, bution of fish was afterwards, through under the pressure of extreme and unithe immediate interference of Govern. versal distress, would have broken out ment, extended to many of the niore juto various destructive excesses. So distressed and populous districts of Eng. extensively beneficial had Mr. Colque Jand. Itaccords also with thestrictjustice houn's exertions proved, that als of Mr. Colquhoun's mind, that I should General Meeting of the Merchants, state the ackoowledgments which aredue Bankers, Traders, and other Tuhabitto the great services rendered to the ants of the Metropolis, convened at public at this tiine by Nicholas Van. the London Taverii

, by public adverBirtart, Esq. and other Members of the tiscment, December 23, 1800, to conSub-committee for conductiug the Fish sider of the most effectual means for Establishment. It is a matter that must continuing the relicf heretofore so be

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neficially afforded to the poor, on ac- this City-I have the pleasure to transcount of the present high price of bread, mit you herewith your diploma. and other necessaries of life, their una * I have the honour to be, &c. nimous Ibacks were ruled to Mr. Colqu

“ Jas. STintin, Provost.” boun for his able assistance, &c. aod “ To P. Colquhoun, Esq." were transmitted to bim by William Thus, if at any time the human heart Devayoes, Esq. M.P. their Chairman ; has throbbed with inward satisfaction aod in the same year, he received the for the good its owner bad done; if a doanimous thanks of bis own parish just and manly pride bas ever, at any of Westiniaster, for bis upwearied excr- iime, been felt for honorary rewards tions, once in January and again in justly bestowed ; if a conscious and April, on the motion of William Wilo laudable dignity ever clothed the hu. berforce, Esq. M. P. the Rev. Dr. Fines man character; Mr. Colquhoun has in the Chair.

had the high gratification to know, that But it would be almost endless to enu. at this period in the same year, and merate the grateful emotion which per. almost on the same day, when a turvaded all ranks of society in the metro. bulent spirit was ready io break out on polis towards bim, for those multifa- one side, and the cry of helpless beings rious and incessant occupations with for sustenance was iinploring society on which be filled all his time, in devising the other, meetings were held in the means and in procoring money for re- different parishes of London, to distri. lieving the indigence of the labouring bute, by meaus wbich his exertions had dasses at these distressing periods. mainly furnished, and upon plans which From the year 1794, down to the time Iris deliberative wisdom had suggested, of his life at which I am now writing, the comforts of clotbing and of wholeviz 1801, he received the warmest ex- some nourishment to the poor; while pressions of gratitude from the Parishes at the same time, with emotions of O SL. Peler and St. Michael, Cornhill; grateful seu sibility, they raised their

From the Committee of the Society voices with thanks to him, their bene.' far supplying the Poor during the Wine factor and their friend. — The fears ter 1797;

which distracted the minds of the naFrom the Board of Agriculture in tiou at this critical period, the storms 1795, through Sir John Sinclair ; which agitated the political almosphere,

From the Committee for the Relief the distrusts which threatened to rend of Labourers and others, who had been asunder the Governinent and the peo. compelled to pawn their Clothes, Tools, plc, spread over the minds of all a &c. in 1797, by Şir John Call, their prospective gloom In the midst of Chairmao ;

ihese fearful and adverse clouds, which From the Parish of Christ Church, checquered the prosperity of the counMiddlesex, in November 1800, and again try, Mr. Colquhoun sat calm, dignified, ia February 1801, for the many and and philosophical, watching the direcgreat obligations they were under to tion of the storm, and averting with bim, both in his magisterial and pri- masterly activity and judgment the vale cbaracter, they felt themselves force of its violence. In the confusion particularly called upon to express which sometimes prevails at popular their warmest gratitude for his most meetings, he was listened to with attenbenevolent and zealous perseverance tion, and heard with respect. and exertions jo behalf of the poor.

Tam pielale gravem ac merilis si forte virum In January of this year, the freedom

quem of the City of Edinburgh was voled to Consparere, silent, arrestisque auribus astant bim, " in testimony not only,” as it is Ille regit dictis animos el pectora mulcet. stated, " of their esteem for his great

VIRGIL- Æneid, 1. activily as a Magistrate, but for his late The Officers of the Hamlet of Mile polite communications for the relief of End New Town had already, on the the poor " It was transonitted to bim 220 Novensper 1800, expressed their in a letter, couched in 1be following acknowledgments to him for

" emia terms, from the Provost :

nent services and seasonable relief af. **R, Edinburo', 22d Feb. 1800. forded them in their distressed circum“I have the honour to acquaiot you, stances ;” but the wretched condition that, on the fifteenth of January last, of this district was so deep and awful, the Magistrates and Common Cooncil and multiplied in all the appalling unanimously voted you the freedom of shapes of poverty and disease, that it

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required no ordinary means to com- would be of great use in producing unibat these frightful obstacles;-even- formity at all the other offices. tual success, however, crowned Mr. When the war was renewed in 1803, Colquhoun's efforts, and which are so Mr. Colquhoun, who, in addition to well depicted in their acknowledgments other gratuitous services, had executed to him at this momentous crisis, and the duties of Chairman at the Court are expressed with such energy of of Lieutenavcy for the County of Midlanguage, that they are given entire, as dlesex, and who has also presided at transmitted to him by the Rev. Joun most of the numerous subdivision meet. COTTINGHAM, Chairman.

ings in Westminster for nearly twenty * Hamlet, Mile End New Town, years, having had the meetings fixed March 2d, 1801.

on those days when it was not his turn “ The Trustees and Managers of the of duty at the Public Office, devoted Affairs of the Poor, belonging to his vacant time to this service.

This theHamlet of Mile Eod New Town. service was highly important and labo“ Highly sensible of the great benefits rious, not only from the pressure of conferred on the said Hamlet, unparal- the case under the critical situation Jeled for its unrivalled poverty, with pe- of the country, but from the act then culiar pleasure embraco this moment to passed, for raising by ballot an army express their most respectful gratitude, of 40,000 men ; it became, therefore, for the very seasonable succour which, necessary to make great exertions, through your benign exertions, has been which subjected him to much gratuiobtained, whereby ihree thousand indus- tous labour and fatigue, by which bis trious indigent persons bave been re- health was malerially impaired: yet peatedly relieved; who, for want of that consideration did not deter bim food and clothing, in all probability from a regular attendance down to the would have perished in their affliction. present period. Nothing connected Recollecting the scenes of distress to with solacing the misfortunes of the which they have been witnesses, and the poor, whether in their circumstances timely assistance they were euabled to or their situation, seems to havcescaped administer, they are at a loss for words the beneficent attention of this praise to express the grateful sentiments they worthy Magistrale; for I find that, in feel ; under a lively sense of which, it this year, he received the thanks of the shall be their earuest and fervent prayer, Committee of the Society for improving that a life so truly devoted lo the cause the Condition of the lófant Chimney. of suffering bumanity, may long be sweepers, transmitted to him in a handspared to enjoy the pleasure of doing some manner frem ibeir Chairman, good; and that the blessing of the poor, John Julius Angerstein. Esq. the fatherless,and of those who were ready For the space of more than I wenty-five to perish, may come upon you, and every years, Mr. Colquhoun presided at the brauch of your worihy and respectable fa- Petly Sessions, for enforcing the pay. mily, in all its richest and fullest extent." meni of the Parochial Rates. During

In this year, also, Mr. Colquhoun, the first four years, he acted for the with a view to establish a correct sys: large parishes of St Luke's, Middlesex, tem for conducting ihe business of the aud si. Leonard's, Shoreditch. and oc. Police Office in Queen-suare, and for casionally for the parish of Hackney: the purpose of clearly defining ihe spe- and for the last twenty years, for the cific duties of the sagistraies, Clerks, united parishes of St Margaret's and and Constables, composed a Constitu- St. John's, Westminster : always fixing tion for the Office, in which are in

upon such days for this very extended serled all the distinct dalies required employment, as did not interfere with to be performed by the different lunc. his duties as a Magistrate at the Public tionaries. It contains full instructions, Offices. During ihe same long period, explaining at great length the functions he regularly attended the Special Meetto be performed, with the form of a ings en pointed for Licensing Public very solemn oath, to be taken by each Houses in his district. constable, with respect to bribery and Mr. Colquhoun, as I have already corruption : also a table of the fees of bad occasion to mention, and it caucot office, authorized by law, with every be too often enforced, on account of its other regulation necessary for the good great utilily when adopted, was always government of the Establishment. The anxious, vot only lo counteractesisting details go to a considerable length, and, crimes, but to eradicate their very orie if sauctioncd by the Secretary of State, gin, so as lo prerent their commission,

One of the most fertile sources to which For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE, the iacrease of crime is to be attributed, is the igunrance of that class of the An Essay on the Goon Effect of

AMBITION. lower orders of the people with whom crimes originate, and by whom they A Mentive, by which we arrive to the

MBITION is are multiplied. By ignorance is not meast the want of the embellishments greatest perfection in whatever art or of literature or of Gne writing, but of an faculty we profess ; it influences the early inculcation of those principles mind io use the most approved methods, upor shich is founded the regulation and assiduous practices, to excel others of the passions by reason, by habits of the same fraternity: I say, it makes of virtuous employment, and of general each individual to exert bis utmost abi. good conduct. Mr. Colquhoun,tberefore, lity to be distioguished above that nuin contemplating the sources calculated merous race who, living and dying in to produce a corruption of morals obscurity, have their memories buried among the lower orders of society, with them, and are remembered no justly considered the almost total want more. Though it is certain vivacity of education among the children of is the gift of nature, yet I know not the labouring classes, as tending to why any tolerable capacity, prompted lead to a greater multiplication of by a compeleot share of resolution and crimes than even tbeo existed. With assiduity, to pursue the art which he anxious care, he promoted and carried designs to attain to, may not arrive to into effect, in 1803, the establishment of the greatest (known) perfection. a school in Orchard-street, Westminster, Every mortal, I say, is fervid to obfor tbe education of from three to four tain a shining characteristie: one stu. hundred male and female children, be- dies to be eminent for his affluent trening the first school founded on the prin- sure, another for his noble pedigree, ciples of the Established Church. It rich attire, &c. ; whilst there are the has since been annexed to the National rude, flagitious, and uncultivated. School, under extended patronage; and Those are only to be distinguished in a new bmlding has been crecied for this this life (and that, perhaps, not to their purpose in the Broad Sanctuary, West. honour); for as soon as death has inade in oster, capable of accommodating one a conquest of them, their names are thousand children, who are educated forgotten, and their memories perish. according to the Rev. Dr. Bell's system. Being told of any gentleman of opulent

The subordinate branches as well as fortune residing in a seat of the greatest the higher funclions of his more imme- decoration and taste; we naturally ask, diate and important duties, as a Magis- for what is he worthy of distinction ? Is trale, also occupied his attention. he charitable to the poor, benevolent to Finding that cuostables in general are . those even of inferior degrees, good.' iguoraat of the correct duties of their humoured to all men ? &c. If these Station, as peace-officers, as well as perfections of soul be completed with of what they ought to feel they are bis transient estate, so that he may called upon to perform, by the rank be the instrument of doing good therethey hold, he published, in 1803, a by, he is the man that merits applause, fulier exposition of their duties, as it and his memory ought to be precious. applies to modern practice, in a work But if the man is possessed of the greatestitled, " A Trealise on the Func. est affluence, and the secds of virtue timos and Duties of a Constable; con- not inculcated in his breast, though he taining Details and Observations in-. be descended of the most noble extracteresting to the Public, as they relate to tion, his name is buried with him in . the Corruption of Morals, and the Pro- perpetual oblivion. tective of the peaceful Subject against Some there are, who, with respect Penal and Criminal Offences."

to art, have carried their ambition too This work, being divested of all tech- far, or rather in an improper path, and Bical phraseology. so as to render it easily thereby exposed their weakness and inunderstoud, not only by all Officers of ability too soon : from whence results Justice and Copstabiles, but by all his a character, which many reiterated good Majesty's subjects, has proved accepl. performances cannot restore to its prisable to the public, it is now out of tine siate: I mean, those authors, who prial, although a large impression was are ambitious to bear that exalted name, published.

and not having patience or assiduity to (To be concluded in our nexl.) make theinscives qualified to dispense

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with truth, elegance, and perspicuity, therefore, do not hesilate a moment in on what they write, render then selves enriching our “ Repositorywith the and their performances despicable to following letter written by Dr. Yeats, the ingenious, and are both buried in to the Right Hon. Sir John Newport eternal'obscurity, 'or held in contempt the 1st May, 1818. to succeeding ages. There are many, also, who strive to le illuminated by To The Right Honourable Sir John New. borrowed rays; but those Moon gen

port, Bart. M.P. tlemen being discovered by their sto. Sir, len particles, render themselves ridi. I have read with much satisfaction in culous in the highest degree, and when the Newspapers, that Commiltees have the copied parts are extracted from their been appointed by the House of Com. own insipid works, it leaves a total ions for the purpose of inquiring into eclipse. But to return: I remember to the state of ihe Contagious Fever in have heard of a very eminent mathe. this country and in Ireland. Jo conseinatician, who affirmed he owed all the quence of the communication which I perfections he altained in the most diffi- have had the honour to hold with you, cult branch of science to a reproof of his and as you have the praise worthy merit master, when learning the rudiments of of being the mover of this inquiry for aritbmetic; who told him, “ he was Ireland, I feel much pleasure in addresspot born for an artist.”. This he in- ing a few lines to you on the suirject, wardly resented to the highest degree; as it relates to that country, although and that short sentence so in fuenced the observations will be found applica. his affronted soul, tbat, in a very short ble to the general question. Il niny be time, he was deservedly esteemed the right for me to premise, that during the best scholar in the school, and at length time I had the honour of accompany, had scarce a superior anywhere. Avi ing his Grace the Duke of Bedford, as mated with ambition, joined with the Physician, duriog his Grace's Lieuten. influence of their country's welfare, nec antcy in Ireland, in 1806, I went several Britons range the limits of the globe, times, by his Grace's desire, over all where even their name carries terror, the II ospitals and Dispensaries in Duband their weapons destruction, to all lin, which afforded me an opportunity their antagonists.

of becoming professionally acquainted Thus we see the great efficacy ambi- wiil the meiropolis of the Sister Island. tion bas in all arts whatever, and that with respect to the contagious disease, no possible thing can withstand it, when such as is usually denomioated low, joined with resolution and assiduity. vervous, or typhus fever, there are variLet us then apply it to what may be ous causes, chiefly originating with the eternally interesting, and be so animated ufortunate poor, lo wbich it is attri. with the thought of everlasting felicity, butable. as to make it our most important busi. From the improvement which mediness to mitigate the just anger of that cal science has received within these Omnipotent Being, whose conspicuous few years, these causes are very well wisdom made and supported all things. ascertained, and are easily obviated

T. HILL. when means can be procured for that

purpose; and further, should the causes, by not having been removed, hare pro

ceeded to produce their effect in the THE REPOSITORY.

full formation of typhus fever, such is No. XLVIII.

now the greatly increased knowledge A SELECT COLLECTION OF FUGITIVE PIECES.

and improved method in the treatment

of fever, that it will generally, with no “ The mind of man not being capable of

great difficulty, be subdued, provided having many ideas under view at once, it was necessary to have a Repository tó pains be taken to give und 10 pursue the lay up those ideas."'-Locke.

Flecessary directions, and provided full

and ample means he possessed for car. CONTAGIOUS FEVER.

rying them into effect. The contagious (PON a subject so vitally interesting fever bas much diminished in London,

to too much pains cannot be taken in the public last year, to the zeal and disseminating the opinions of compe- judgment of the professional gentlemen, tent and experieuced professors-we, and of the Managing Committee of that

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