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We have no other than this kind of even alluring, by the frequency and demonstration (except froin Scripture) familiarity of temptation. The death that murder is a crime, yet we believe of the unfortunate By* is a reflec. it is: we have the same general inpate tion, not upon the laws, wbich have allent that there will be an Hereafter, been framed with wildom to meet the and may with equal justice admit the "cale, but upon that spirit of gain which evidence of the impression.

leaves itself no room for:any thing but, In addition to iuch strong natural useless pity, and no power to save. It evidences of an Hereafter, may be pre- is to be lamented, that commerce cansented to the thinking man the union not be protected by other means than of minds, and the endearments of af. punishinent that does not measure fection, of friendship, charity, and the degrees of the offence ; rather love, relationships which death appears let the interests of trade fuffer a litar to have no power to divide, and the tie, than min, the image of bis Crea-i. mind no power absolutely to forget. tor, the victim of an instantaneous

But another world appears to be yet crime, urged, perhaps, by imperious more indispensable to our reason, when want, be dragged to an ignonrinious : we see thoughout Nature, and even in death at the theatre of execution, with: the events of Providence, the admirable the midnight plunderer and afailin. tendency that exists to rellore the equi. Such a view of human infirmity de. librium of things diíturbed by the in- mands from every one of us a share of justice or errors of mankind, and which infinite compassion to his neighbour; would be incomplete without it. It and it calls upon Legillators rather to is reasonable to think, that there will find means of preventing crimes, than yet come a time to amend the unfair. to punith them. Punishment, when, ness of man's conclutions, to better for one breach againit society, it Muts measure rewards and punishments, and out amendment with the life of the to set to rights the errors of human culprit, is false and injudicious; nór judgment.

can we very well reconcile to humanity How weak and imperfect are the a set of frail beings, depriving another. opinions we form! how infinitely, per- of existence for any crime less than haps, does the man whom we call good murder. fail thort of that title ! and how fre- And who is it that we can call good in: quently is the one we denominate bad, a world like this? We can only say, in the eyes of that Judge who knows the man who has an honest desire to do hearts, better than the other! Secret right-the man of just intentions; for, faults, known only to himself and his if we inlitt upon that rigid contittency Creator, inigbe deform the character which scarcely errs, we must disown of the first; and bright and noble sen- many valuable men in society; and the timents of virtue, defaced alone by an want of mercy to others would be self. unhappy chain of events and circum- condemnation. Itances, be acknowledged by the 0.11 - The bad man is him whole heart is niicient as claims of mercy and for- in sensible to the offices of humanity; giveness :

whole views are a system of design and 6. No mother's care

encroachment against his neighbour ; Shielded my infant innocence with

wlio envies, bates, and would destroy ; prayer' ;

who can give pain with pleasure; and No faiber's guardian hand my youth tion, or opportunity, fecure from any

who has the art to rob by usury, exacmaintain 'd, Callid forth my virtues, or from vice interruption of the law. This man it Test ain'd."

i who presents strong testimony of:

the neceility of another world; for in Perhaps nothing in this fragile world this be lives and dies disowning a God serves more to in use hardihin and anıl a future state, because he would. injustice upon min, than what are gladly escape from the just sentence of called the Laws of Trade and Com- his own conscience, even into annihila.. merce, which by their nature create' tion. crimes that would never elle have After all, the best of us would emexifted, and punish with rigour devia. ploy our leisure moments to some ad-tions from rectitud., made easy, and vantage, were we now and then to . An unfortunate Officer, lately executed at Dublin for forgery.


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recollect, that we have but a little time unfit for a better, of which we may to live and to do well ; that death at reasonably indulge a contemplation. least is certain ; that the things which Gerradius was one of the old school, occasion our uneatinets will shortly a man with a mind above the common cease ; that the oppressor cannot op: rate, who combine no ideas for themprels us long; and that death will selves, but take them ready made from difarm advertity of all its power. the stock of prejudices which the world

It is astonishing how seldom the is constantly delivering gratis to every thought of a departure from present passer-by. Gerradius thought for him. Schemes and occupations appears to oc- felf; but his strong faculties of good cupy the attention of men ; pleasure or sense were employed for the heneñt of business engage them wholly; and if it all mankind; with him folly stood no were not for the effect of religion, dimi- chance, and ignorant impudence made nished as it is, the impression would sel- no way ; the only reconiiendation to dom arrive until the chill hand of death Gerradius was merit, and from him it. brought it in its most terrific shape. In was always sure to have the tribute it every eager porsuit of life, let us re- delerved. Gerradius was never afraid member the beautiful lines of Horace, to fay, “ This is good ; this is true ;" « Tu secanda marmora

however strong the current might run Locas sub ipfum funus : et sepulchri

again it his opinion, which stood like an

infulared rock in the midtt of the ocean, Immemor (truis domos."

against which the billows of power or “ You provide the noblest materials prejudice might beat for ever in vain. for the building, when a pickaxe and a Gerradius was eccentric in his manners, fpade are only necessary; and build but was more extraordinary by uniting a houles of five hundred' by a hundred benevolence of heart with a itrength of feet, forgetting that of six by two."

judgment always clear and correct. True advantage and safety in our Gerradius is no more! and, in the concerns, and a proper fenle of our wretched poverty of worth and talents situation here, feldom arrive until we in these days, has left but few behind reach that time of life when we cease who possess such qualities of the head to care for the opinions of the world : and heart; and those few, wherever it then no longer entraps us with its they are, are mourners. It is not refashions or allurements; and then we lations alone who feel the loss of fuch a first begin to judge rightly of the value man; it is the humanity, genius, and of temporal blestings, and to use them talent of the country that weep over with a discretion that will preserve us his alhes, and cry out in accents of from danger and disappointment in true concern,“ We have lost a friend !" this fate, and render us not altogether




HAVE made some efforts, of late to boil for various purposes, or to be

years, towards improving and ex- ground into flour, which may be mixed tending the common methods of pre. with wheaten flour, for many falutary serving stores on board ship; and the and profitable uses. I have a hand-mill relult of a few of them I take the liberty on purpose to grind thele potatoe slices, of fending to you, for the use of your and likewise to grind biscuits. I have publication, if thought worthy of no- always been careful in selecting a dry iice.

mealy potatoe for this use, particularly Finding the potatoe the most useful that species diftinguished by the name of all vegetables, I have had recourse of champions. I always order the peel to every possible means of preserving of the potatoes to be scraped off, and it. I have found this root moft effec- the eyes clearly taken out (in the same tually preserved by Dicing and gently manner as every judicious cook, prebaking it : after this process it will pares this root for the table), prior to keep iweet for years. And in this state their being liced. and dried or bakeda it is very fervíccable to eat as bread, and this will remove that ftrong favour


and smell of the potatoe which would Another species of preservation I otherwise prevail in the four. Due lave likewise practised, to good effect, care should, in this case, likewise be on wheat flour, by carrying it to lea taken in the selection of dry and tea- in the itate of biscuits rather than in soned casks for the reception of this that of four, and reducing them to food, especially if intended to be kept four again by means of my hand mill, for a long voyage ; and to insure a cer. as occalion might require. These birtainty of continuance of dryness, I cuits, consisting only of fine meal, have generally packed this preparation stowed in casks, in the same manner as in what is almost the drielt thing in the above preparation of potatoes, with nature, the buks of oats, or what is a considerable quantity of the dry calied meal-feeds, which may be pro- hulks of oats at each end of each caik. cured in abundance in any of the I am your humble fervant, northerh parts of this country,

A West INDIA CAPTAIN. wherever oatmeal is made.



ON SOAP ASHES AS A MANURE. SOAP-AShE.s are, in some measure, as alhes is properly blunted by a sufficient

the refuse of bleach fields: they mixture of dung and earth; for, if principally, however, consist of lime, this circumstance is not attended to, which is employed by the soap makers and dry weather follows the lowing, to deprive the alkaline salts of their there will be a considerable injury to fixed air, and by that means increase the feed. their action upon the oil and tallow, There ashes, when beat small, may The addition of lime to soap alhes is, be made into a very rich compost with therefore, unnecessary; they are ge- oil and earth, and used as a top dressing nerally made into composts with earth for young crops. In whatever hape and well fermented dung, in the pro- they are used, they will be found in portion of two loads of dung to one of destroy llugs and vermin of every do earth; the ashes are then added, in the scription. This quality will render quantity of one load to ten of this them highly valuable upon lands where mixture, taking care to turn and in the early wheat is injured by the worn. corporate the whole completely. The If they are either applied as a topquantity necessary for Itrong clays or dreling, and harrowed in along with deep loams is about ten care loads of the feed, or used upon the young this compost to an acre.

wheat in the spring, as soon as the If the dung has been well fermented worm appears, the evil will be comand properly reduced, perhaps the most pletely, prevented : perhaps mixing it profitable way of using this article will weil with the soil at feed-time will be be as a top-drelling, harrowed in with found preferable, as it will have a the grain; care, however, should be chance of killing the vermin in the taken, when it is employed in this embryo. way, that the caultic quality of the

CLERICAL ANECDOTE, The following curious anecdote is given on the authority of a record in the Con

ditorial Court of Cork. (The Bishop's picture in his Captain's uniform (tbe left hand wanting a finger), his name, and date of appointment, are also till to

be seen in the Bithop's palace at Cork.] DOCTOR WILLIAM Lyons, who was The honest Captain, who understood

preferred to the bishoprick of the Queen literally, foon after hearing Cork, Cloyne, and Ross, towards the of a vacancy in the fee of Cork, immelatter end of Queen Elizabeth's reign, diately set out for Court, and claimed was originally a Captain of a ship, who the Royal promise. The Queen, aitohad distinguished himself fo gallantly nithed at the request, for a lime rein several actions with the Spaniards, monstrated against the impropriety of that on being introduced to the Queen, it, and what the could never think of the told him he should have the firfis as an office suitable for biin. It was, vacancy that offered.

however, in vain ; he laid, the Royal


word was passed, and he relied on it. cafion he thought it his duty to pay
Her Majesty then said, the would take the last honours to his Royal Mistrs,
a few days to conlider of it; when and accordingly mounted the pul it in
examining into his character, and find. Christ Church, in the city of Cork;
ing him a lover, moral man, as well as when, after giving a good discourse on
an intrepid Commander, the sent for the uncertainty of life, and the great
Lyons, and gave him the Bishoprick ; and amiable qualities of the Queen, he
faying, at the same time, “ the hoped concluded in the following warm, but
he would take as good care of the whimsical manner :-
Church as he had done of the State." “Let those who feel this lors deplore

Lyons accordingly set out for his with me on this melancholy occation; · bihoprick, which he enjoyed for above but if there be any that hear me who twenty years, with great reputation to secretly wished for this event (as per. himself; but never attempted to preach .haps there may be), they have now got but once, and that was on the death their wish, and the Devil do them good of the Queen. On that melancholy oc- with it."

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L. 221-224.
Δαίμων, 'Ενόρχος, Φηγαλεύς, Φαυστήριος,
Λέοντα θονης, ήχος έμπλεξας λύγους,
Σχησει, το μη πρόβιζον αιωσαι τάχυν
Κείροντ' οδόντι, και λαφυγίαις γνάθους.
Deus, Saltator, Fagutalis, Flammiger,
Leonem ab epulis, plantain implicans viminibus,
Cohibebit, ne radicitùs perdat fpicam

Tondente dente, & voracibus maxillis.'
'HE Greeks failed to Mysia. The root up. The ferocity of both beats

reception, which they experienced equally inclines them and their strength from Telephus, king of that country, equally enables them πιόνζον αϊς σαι. is here foretold. He New many of Ecous is here used in an extended the Greeks, and threatened to de iroy senfe ; which includes, together with the whole army. But the interposiPut the interpofi. the ear, the stalk that supports it.

. tion of Bacchus, whom they had con- But Lycophron has incurred the difciliated by sacrifices, reprefled the pleasure of his commentators in anfury of Telephus, and defeated his other inftance. The lion, fay they, intentions. Bacchus, says Caffandra, is represented as feeding upon cor; thall entangle the lion's lieps in vine- which is pot the food of lions. No. branches ; and thus disable him from thing is here said about the lion's rooting up the corn. The language feeding, or his food. Bacchus, Caf. of Lycophron is here, as on other fardra foretelis, shall restrain the lion occasions, metaphorical. The com- Telephus from his treat,

This treat mentators complain of a confusion of confited in the deftrudion of the Gre. * metaphors. To root up, they have cian army. The lion is not repre

told us, is properly the act of a boar, fented as entering into the field of and not of' a fion. It is in truth the

corn in search of food, but only with a act of both ; but by a different process. view to devastation. Ocirn, epulæ, is The boar points his ravages immedi. here used, not in its literal, but in a fi. ately at the root; and, turning up the gurative sense. The utter extinction of soil with his (nout, destroys whatso- the Greeks, sò yo cu aïswoor, was ever the soil produces. The lion the intended treat of Telephus. The crushes the stems with his teeth, and Grecian army is in another place com. tears the roots up with them. His pared to a field of corn. To this devaftations begin with the ftems, image sáxt refers. Lycophron is

, that stand above the grourd ; not with partial to this allusion. He found it the roots, that lie beneath it Srill in Homer, and it has been imitated by the certain effect of his fury is to other Greek poets.




TO THE EDITOR OF THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, n a small but elegant Work of picture which is unequalled, and would

Criticism, intituled “ A Letter to give new force and Ipirit to the glowing the Rev. Mr. T. Warton on his late pencil of Recibens. I think the words, Edition of Milton's Juvenile Poems,"

V. 67,-"Every Shepherd tells bis tale," published in 1785, and ascribed by are well explained, as in this interyou *; very juilly I believe, to the pretation (wbich I own is new to me) late Rev. Samuel Darley, is the fol the time is precisely marked. The lowing patlige:

description of the day is carried on

with the fame spirit, and the evening “ Towred Cities please us then." closes with a display of rural amuseMILTON: Allegro. ments and rural fuperftition. We are

then carried to town amidit the busy “ Then, that is, at night!"

hum of men. We are not to expect WARTON

here the firme entertainment we met “. An odd time, surely, for TowRed with in the country. There is, howCities to please, when they cannot be ever, a day-piece and a night-piece; seen. It is not Milton's wont to churow and the evening is pafled in a manner about his epithes thus at random. I most agreeable to a man of taste and remember, indeed, a pity of young relection, with Jonson and Shakespeal, students from the University, who or in hearing lott Lydian airs, married 1kaited down the river to Ely, and, to immortal verle." P.7. arriving there late, would view the cathedral by candle and lantern. But Now, Sir, with the mot un feigned the fact is rather fingular; and it may respect for the author of these strictbe said in their excule, that they were ures, whose learning I reverence, and educated - juncoli ad littor.? Ceami, whole talte I admire, I fall endeavour, Then ferves only, I apprehend, to in the fi: It place, to show, that War. fhift the scene from the country to the ton's construction is admillible; and, town. The description of the inorning thould I be successful in this attempt, is inimitable; and Milton mu't have I shall proceed with considerable con. been a very early riser, as well as an fidence to maintain in the next, that, if excelent poet, to mark its progreisive admillible, it is by far the moit pobeauties so diftinétiy and minutely as etical. “ The inquiry," we may say, he has done. The lark ítartling the with perhaps ftill more propriety than dull night with bis fong-the dappled Mr. Gibbon ti “cannot be devoid of dawn-the cock with lively din fcat. entertainment, whilit Milton is our

of darkness, and constant theme : whatever may be the Irutting out before his dames-the fortune of the chale, we are fure it poet stealing forih to take his walk by will lead us through pleasant prospects hedge-row elms or hillocks green, to and a fine country." meet the sun (as Gray exprelles it) at The only objection expressly alleged his Eastern Gate-robed in flames of against Mr. Warton's construction, is amber, the clouds dight in a thousand the epithet “ towred:” but there may colours, (torgive bis liveries)-the be thought an indirect reference to plowman, the milkmaid, the mower, two others-the description of the the shepherd, all with their proper at. “ busy hum of Men"-and the allusion tributes the eye catching new plea- to tilts and tournaments :--and all fures as the fun advances the dire three may be considered as equally un. covery of the lawns, fallows, nibbling favourable to the interpretation for Hocks, clouds resting on the breasts of which we are contending. Let us the mountains, meadows, rivers, tow- exuine, therefore, each of these ob. ers and battlements bosomed bigh in jections in its order. tufted trees-form, in the whole, a The epithet “ towred" is manifestly

• European Magazine, Vol. XXV, p. 327(April 1794).

+ Critical Observations on the 6th B. of the Æneid. VOL, XLII. Dec. 1802,


tering the


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