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1. 30. by inch of candle. By auction; the time for bidding limited by an inch of candle.

1. 31. dedecorum pretiosus, &c. Horace, Odes, Lib. iii. 6. 32.
1. 32. Prince of Peace. See ante, p. 174, and the note.
1. 34. pesos duros. Dollars.

P. 322, 1. 24. death of Philip the Fourth. Burke works out this hint in the First Letter, p. 56.

P. 323, 1. 6. Ad confligendum, &c. Lucretius, III. 845.

P. 325, 1. 9. this holy season. Cp. p. 264. From the two passages it may be concluded that the work was begun late in December 1795.

P. 326, 1. 27. transatlantic Morocco. Burke alludes to the political rights which according to French principles were granted to the free blacks and men of colour in the French West Indies, and to the stimulus which this would give to communities originally founded on piracy, and always addicted to it.

P. 329, 1. 7. Here ends that part of the critique upon Auckland's Letter which Burke corrected for the press. The following pages, down to p. 333, 1. 18, were made up by Bishop King from loose uncorrected papers.

1. 22. bought by so much blood. Burke has in mind his favourite lines from Addison's Cato:

Remember, O my friends, the laws, the rights,
The generous plan of power deliver'd down
From age to age, by your renown'd forefathers-
So dearly bought, the price of so much blood
O let it never perish in your hands,

But piously transmit it to your children.' P. 332, 1. 24. They never will love, &c. Dr. Johnson ‘loved a good hater.' • For in base mind nor friendship dwells, nor enmity.'

Spenser, Faery Queen, Book iv, canto iv, st. II. P. 333, 1. 6. best accounts I have, &c. Burke alludes to the strict retirement in which he was living, since the death of

1. 7. 'some to undo,' &c. The line is from Denham's Cooper's Hill.'

1. 18. Here the original terminates. The remaining portion of this letter does not belong to Burke's confutation of Lord Auckland. It was added by Bishop King from a separate copy, already put into type, but never finished or published. The Bishop says that it formed part of the Third Letter of Burke's original scheme (see p. 96), and was laid aside in consequence of the rupture of the negotiations.

P. 334, 1. 9. tremblingly alive. The expression is Pope's. Essay on Man, i. 197

1. 16. vanished at the crowing,' &c. Shakespeare, Hamlet.

1. 18. us poor Tory geese. The allusion is to the story of the Capitol of Rome saved from the Gauls by the cackling of geese, Livy, Lib. v. c. 47.

1. 33. Hic auratis, &c. Virgil, Aen. viii. 655.

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P. 335. This bitter tirade, which applies to most of Burke's former political associates, cannot be read without pain. It must be remembered that he did not publish it.

P. 340, I. 15. jewel of their souls, &c. Othello, Act iii. sc. 5.

P. 342, 1. 3. awful and imposing. The allusion is clearly to Windsor Castle, as seen on the approach from the uplands of Buckinghamshire, where Burke was living in retirement.

P. 343, 1. 5. for a few days, &c. This indicates that the fragment was written while Malmesbury's negotiations were yet going on, and a favourable conclusion was anticipated. P. 344, 1. 30. coaches of Duchesses, Countesses, and Lady Marys:

•Monsieur much complains at Paris
Of wrongs from Dutchesses, and Lady Marys.'

Pope, Dunciad, Book ii. P. 346, 1. 19. Is it for this that our youth of both sexes are to form themselves by travel? Wordsworth illustrates the warning:

• Not in my single self alone I found,
But in the minds of all ingenuous youth,
Change and subversion from that hour. No shock
Given to my moral nature had I known
Down to that very moment.'

The Prelude, Book x.
Much of this book may be read to show the working of the French Revolu-
tion on the minds of many of the young men of England.
P. 350, 1. 23. Tenth wave. Silius Italicus, xiv. 121.

“Non aliter Boreas Rhodopes a vertice praeceps
Cum sese immisit decimoque volumine pontum

Expulit in terras.' So Taylor, “Mercy of the Divine Judgments : ' "If Pharaoh will not be cured by one plague he shall have ten, and if ten will not do it, the great and tenth wave which is far bigger than all the rest.' Young, The Brothers, Act iv. :

* This, Fate, is thy tenth wave, and quite o'erwhelms me.' P. 352, l. 22. Mr. Hume's Euthanasia, &c. In his early Essay "On the British Government,' Hume argues from a fallacy already confuted by Burke (see p. 4) that the ‘English constitution' must end either in a republic or an absolute monarchy. The latter he thought the easiest and most natural.

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