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in church and state, there should be
SWEDEN. found so gross an inconsistency and de- Professor Hansteen, of Christiana, has reliction of principle as is indicated in published the following observations on the wide circulation of such a publica- magnetism :- First, that the magnetic tion as the John Bull Sunday newspaper, intensity of the earth is subject to a the libellous and disgraceful character diurnal variation; that it decreases from of which has been recently decided by the first hours of morning till about ten a court of law, in perfect accordance or eleven o'clock, when it arrives at its mi. with the feelings of every well disposed nimum; from which time it increases till mind.
four in the afternoon, and, in the latter At the late trial of the new coinage months, till six or seven in the evening. at his Majesty's Mint, no less than It afterwards decreases during the 14,852 sovereigns were found deposited night, and about three in the morning in the Pix, being the representatives reaches its minimnm; whence it again (namely, one piece for every 15 lbs. returps as before.--Second, that wben. weight of gold coined) of 10,473,249 ever the moon passes the equator the sovereigos stamped between May 1818 magnetic intensity is considerably and June 1821; the largest coinage upon weaker in the two or three following record in this, or perhaps any other, days. Third, that the magnetic inten. country. The jury decided, after a care. sity is still more reduced during the ful assay, that the coinage is precisely appearance of an aurora borealis ;-and of the standard value, namely, 22 parts Fourth, that it has a very considerable gold and two alloy. A piece of gold annual variation, being stronger in from an ingot of melted sovereigns, de. the winter months than in the summer prived of its alloy by fire and acids, be- months. ing placed in the balance with a piece
SOUTH AMERICA. of the standard of 1688, similarly treat. The following bas been given as a cored, kept the beam even to the division rect estimate of the population of the of a hair. The silver coinage was found new States in South America. to be nearly three millions sterling. Buenos Ayres, exclusive of · The new church erected for the po- the ancivilized natives, 2,000,000 pulous parish of St. Pancras is founded Republic of Colombia, in. on the model of the apcient temple of cluding Venezuela, New Erectheus at Athens. The portico is Grenada, and the adjacent formed by eight Ionic pillars. There small provinces,
2,528,000 are three entrances under the portico: Chili,
1,200,000 the centre one an exact representation Peru,
1,079,122 of the entrance to the Greek temple. The Mexican Empire, includThe ornaments are executed in terra cotta, ing Mexico and Guatimala, 0,800,000 The steeple is also from an Athenian model--the Temple of the Winds. Its
Total 16,607,122 elevation from the ground is 165 feet, Buenos Ayres, formally declared its It is of an octagonal form, and consists independence in 1816 ;-Venezuela, in of two stories, each supported by eight Jaly 1811;-Columbia, including Vene. pillars. The whole is surmounted by a zuela, in Dec. 1819;-Chili, in 1818;
The interior of the church is Peru, in July 1821 ;—and the Mexican extremely neat and elegant. Above the Empire was acknowledged independent communion table, and detached from by Don Juan O'Donaju, the coinmander the wall, are six splendid verd antique of the monarchical forces, in Aug. 1821. Scagliola columns, with bases and ca. SOUTH-SEA ISLANDS. pitals of white statuary marble; copied Captain Manby is preparing a work, from the temple of Minerva. The gal, which, it is stated, will prove, that leries are supported by pillars taken the innumerable islands in the Pacific from the casts of the Elgin marbles. The Ocean are all peopled from the same pulpit and reading desk are made from stock; and that the same hieroglyphical the wood of the well-known Fairlop characters are known from one extreme oak. The expense is mentioned at about of that sea to the other. Whilst Capt. 70,0001. The sittings will accommodate Manby was at Otaheite, the King and 2500 persons. Several other churches, Queen of the island invested bim with though on a more economical plan, are the bighest honours they could bestow; building in the vicinity of the metro, the insignia being tattooed on him, and polis.
relating a remarkable adventure. On
his visiting the Sandwich Islands, near- which greatly amused the King, and all ly three thousand miles distant, every his family, who made the Captain many hieroglyphical character tattooed on valuable presents, and shewed him the him was decyphered most accurately most marked attention whilst be remain. by an old priest, wbo related every cir. ed on the islaud. At the other islands cumstance with wonderful exactness, the same translation was always given,
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LONDON SOCIETY FOR PRO. Mr. M.Caul has been steadily proseMOTING CHRISTIANITY AMONG cuting his work among the Jewish in. THE JEWS.
habitants of Warsaw, who are very na.
merous. In a letter, dated last October, The Fourteenth Report of the Lon. he writes ;-". The Jewish Nation apé don Society for promoting Christianity pears to me to be ready to receive any amoug the Jews, states, that to the impression, either good or bad, that exertions of the Society's friends in this may be presented. They appear to and the sister island, it is indebted, up. feel, that there is a void in their hearts, der the Divine blessing, for an income which can be filled up only by vital reli. of 10,6931. 8s. 4d. during the last year ; gion ; and they also seem very sensible being an increase of 8201. 6s. lld. on of their want of instruction. For this that of the year preceding. Of the in- reason, in my conversations, I always come thus intrusted to the Society, part press them very much with their igno. has been expended on the schools, in tance of their own religion; and to this which there are at present thirty-eight cause I attribute the eagerness with boys and forty-four girls; and the Com- which they demand cards and books. I mittee have reason to hope, that the bave found very many persons inclined blessing of God accompavies the in- to Christianity, but afraid to declare struction of the Jewish children con themselves openly. Some persons have fided to the care of the Society. Pub. applied to me, stating, that they would lications of various kinds, for the dif. wish to receive iostruction, and to be fusion of Scripture knowledge among baptized." the Jews, have been circulated in consi. “ Since Monday se'enight, I have dis. derable numbers during the last year, tributed 868 tracts; and, since last Sa
The opening of a seminary for the turday, about 400 Jews, men, women, instruction of missionaries to the Jews and children, have called on me for was noticed in the last Report. Eight books. Many of these were teachers, students have been received into it since and solicited tracts for the use of their its commencement; all of them, except schools; and if I had been willing to pne, Gentiles.
Two of these are at give Testaments to all that asked for present engaged on the continent, in them, I could have disposed of my ihe service of the Society, and it is in, whole stock. I have been cautious in tended that two others should proceed giving them away: I am endeavouring thither shortly. Four more young men to sell them." who have been brought up under the Mr. M'Caul has visited other parts of pious Mr. Jaenicke, of Berlin, have Poland, in company with Mr. Becker, offered themselves as candidates, and an agent of the Society. The first place will shortly be admitted. Of the im they visited was Posen, in Prassian portance of such a preparatory institu. Poland; where having, without diffi. tion, every year brings fresh evidence. culty, obtained the sanction of the Prus.
In reference to the Society's pros. siau Government, accompanied with the pects of usefulness in Holland, Mr. expression of a “ wish for the good sucThelwall writes ;-"My hopes of some. cess of their undertaking," they began to thing being eventually done in this distribute books, which were demanded country, of great importance to the with such eagerness, that it was necessary Jewish cause, are gaioing strength to have a guard before the bonse to keep daily." An institution has been formed the peace.-Some other pleasing occur. at Amsterdam, under the joint manage- rences attended this visit of the Missionment of Jews and Christians, for the aries to Poland. “ We were gratified," purpose of cducating the children of writes Mr. M'Caul, “ by a visit from a the pourer part of thic Jewish population, Roman Catholic Priest. He evidently took great interest in every thing con. Protestant Germany. To this country cerning the extension of the kingdom of the most glorious and sacred harvest Christ, especially in the accounts which appears to be reserved, which ever has we were able to give him of the desires offered itself to pious activity. Let us of the Jews to possess Testaments. In then clear ourselves from the blame, nay return, he communicated to us the pleas. from the crime, of having these millions ing intelligence that he superintends living among us, or near our gates, with. three schools, where 400 children attend, ont having ever made any well regulatmany of whom are the children of Jews. ed attempt to lead them to that cross He himself instructs them in religivis upon which their fathers sacrificed the and the Bible, the Old and New Testa. Messiah. This field is our own; it only ment, without note or comment, is his requires labourers. According to our text-book."
best informatiou of its state, we have “ The spirit of inquiry has seized no doubt but the soil will readily receive some of the young men who study with the seed of the Divine word. The news the Rabbi. They assemble in the house we receive from Poland is quite deci. of a certain teacher, at night, to read sive in that respect: the Jews there the New Testament, and to examine the seem to be convinced, that some improofs advanced for the truth of Chris- portant change in their condition is tianity. We have distributed 413 tracts, preparing, and to be ready to offer their wbich we bronght from Warsaw, and hands for co-operation.” about 130 cards, and have lent New The London Society have been enaTestamento successively to more than bled to occupy another missionary stafifty persons. We have, in addition, dis- tion, with encouraging prospects of use. tributed 120 tracts and six Testaments. fulness, at Dresden. By the next post, we hope to send you From Frankfort they continue to rea fall account of the formation of a ceive the most satisfactory assurances of Posen Society for promoting Christia- progress among the Jews in that part of nity amongst the Jews."
Germany. Mr. Marc, the Society's MisThe importance of these exertions sionary, mentions the formation, in a will be apparent, wben it is added, that place with which he corresponded, of in a districi comprehending Russian and à Society for promoting Christianity Austrian Poland, and a part of Turkey, among the Jews, supported by many there are at least three millions of Jews, persons of respectability in the neighamong whom there is an unusual spirit bourhood, the admission into the Chrisof inquiry opon the subject of Christi- tian church of some individuals, and anity, and a readiness to receive the the preparation for baptism of others, New Testameut which surpasses expec- whose scriptural attainments and detation.
votedness of character afforded great From Poland, the Committee pass to hopes of their future usefulness among Berlin, whence they receive gratifying their conutrymen ; with the baptism of assurances of the progress which the an entire Jewish family, consisting of Jewish cause is making in that quarter. ten members, and highly respected in
A Society for promoting Christianity their neighbourhood. among the Jews has been established at Pleasing intelligence has been com. Berlin, under the express sanction of municated respecting the state of the his Prussian Majesty. The following Jews in Deumark, In Holstein and short extract from the address of the Deninark, several measures had been Berlin Society, will shew the views by adopted, tending to their moral and civil which the authors of this important improvement. Some new arrangements, measure are actuated,
affecting the state of religion amongst " Pious Christians in Germany have them, which had been introduced by to their grief seen themselves almost the Government, had not only not been excluded from the work of couverting opposed by tlie Jews, but had met with the heathen, to whom seafaring nations their cordial concurrence. only have an immediate access. May In the sonth of Europe also, some they be of good cheer, in turning their favourable circumstances are stated to eyes to the millions of the ancient peo- bave occurred. Even from Africa, a ple of God who live among them, or in Tunese Jew writes to a friend ;-" I retheir immediate vicinity! There is no ceived lately, dear brother, Hebrew conation provided with so effective means pies of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, who now to begin the work of conversion as is to be praised. I confess to you, my
CHRIST. OBSERV. No, 246.
dear friend, what I liave communicated maining prejadices had prevented them, already to others, during a considerable as a body, from doing so. time, that I am wholly persuaded that Jesus Christ is the Messialı. The Go. EAST LOTHIAN ITINERATING spel is a grand book, whose precepts
LIBRARIES, are excellent, and restiug ou the prin- The object of this institution is to ciples of common sense. I rejoice, that furnish the towns and villages of East the Gospel is now in the bands of many Lothian with libraries of useful books; Jews : it was never before seen in the chiefly such as are calculated to promote sacred tongue. Many Jews are of the the knowledge and influence of religion. same opinion with me respecting the In order to keep up a constant supply, Messiah ; and I am of the opinion, that the books are arranged in divisions of a great discord will soon arise between fifty volumes each, which are removed thiese Jews and the Pharisean Jews.” from station 10 station every second
At Madras, a Corresponding Commit. year. A second period has arrived for tee has bcen formed, in connection with removing the different divisions; and this Society, of which the venerable the the following is the result of the expeArchdeacon of Madras is President; riment. and the Company's three chaplains, with In the year 1817, libraries, of 50 vosome other gentlemen of the first re- lumes each, were stationed at four vil. spectability, in the civil and military lages. The issues of books at these departments, are members. This Come stations were, first year, 1461 ; second mittee began their operations by circu. year, 733. In 1819, new divisions of the lating an address; in which their more libraries were sent to the same places; immediate object is stated to be the since whicle time the issu eshave been, formation of schools at Cochin, for the first year, 1313 ; second year, 928. instruction of the Jewish children at Other libraries have subseqnently been that place and in its vicinity. Researches established, making in all thirteen, coninto the literature of the Jews, and taining 650 volumes. inqniries after a large body of that The managers of the North Berwick nation, generally known by the name of Evangelical Library, finding that of late Beni-Israel, and supposed by many to years there had been very few applica. be descendants of the Ten Tribes, will tions for books by the subscribers, reform a snbsequent part of the labours of solved to imitate the plan of the Itine. the Committee. But they propose im- rating Libraries, and accordingly sent off mediately to engage in the dissemina. two divisions of books to villages in tion of the holy Scriptures, and of tracts, that neighbourhood, where they were amongst the learned Jews in all parts of immediately brought into active circu. Asia, to whom they will have access by Jation. Much benefit is slated to have means of the constant communication arisen from the managers of these ivsti. maintained between Cochin and the Red tutions agreeing to unite their libraries, Sea, the Persian Gulph, and the mouths so as to afford larger supplies than either of the Iudus. The importance of this can afford separately. part of their designs may be estimated from the consideration that the Jewish EDINBURGH DEAF AND DUMB population in Persia, China, India, and
INSTITUTION. Tartary, is calculaied to exceed 300,000. The Directors of the Edinburgh InThe Corresponding Committee strongly stitution for the Education of Deaf and urge on this Society the expediency of Dumb remark, in their last Report, that sending out an English clergyman, well " there is something utterly forlorn in versed in Hebrew, as Missionary 10 an inmortal miud pelit up in a inaterial Cochin ; and in the mean time they tenement, the defects of which exclude have stationed Mr. Sargon there, as it from the ordinary ways of communiteacher of the Jewish children, upwards cation with its fellows." A case só me. of seventy of whom were under his in. lancholy pleads irresistibly for help at structions at the date of the last dis almost any price, if that belp can in any patches. He found a great readiness way be given.” In reference to their on the part of the White Jews, to com- plaus for accomplishing this benevolent mit their children to his care; but purpose, they add : " Each revolving though a great desire had been express. year exhibits additional proofs of its ed by many individuals of the Black practicability and complete success; Jews to follow their example, their re- and mapy a mind, which was a few