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Dolma Baghche Palace, and drove to the War Office, where he was proclaimed Sultan, and a salute of IoI guns announced the momentous news to the fickle population of the capital, which cheers the new monarch whenever he appears in public quite as enthusiastically as it had cheered Abdul Hamid a few days earlier. Throughout the reign of Abdul Hamid, his brother Reshad lived as a State prisoner in the Dolma Baghche Palace, guarded by Praetorian troops, and jealously prevented from holding intercourse with the outside world. After thirty-three years of luxurious but depressing isolation, Prince Reshad now changes places with his elder brother, the former going from captivity to a throne, the latter from a throne to captivity. The new Sultan is an amiable man, beloved by his entourage, and he has already produced a favourable impression on such foreigners as have been received by him. Many are the difficulties and dangers that face Turkey's new monarch, and the ardent patriots among his subjects who are striving to bring about the regeneration of their country. The Young Turks have been tried and strengthened by adversity, and look with a brave confidence to the future of the Ottoman Empire. These men deserve to succeed, and they have many of the qualities that command success.

AALI Pasha, 28

Aassim Bey, 272

Abd-ul- 7o; accession in 1861 of, 28;
assumes despotic power, 29; deposed,
1876, 31 : death, 1876, 32

Abd-ul-Mejid, 27-28

Abdul Hamid, accession in 1876 of 33;
policy of, 38–48; despotism in 1878 of;
71; violates international law by open-
ing European mails, 1901, 82; efforts to
crush the Young Turk movement, 1908,
135-144; summons State Council to con-
sider Young Turk ultimatum, 223; re-
stores the Constitution, 224; forced by
the Committee of Union and Progress to
issue the Irade confirming the Constitu-
tion, 1998, 225; first Selamlik after the
Revolution, 267; opens Parliament, 308;
grants an amnesty to the counter-
revolutionaries, 335; /etoa to depose,

351
Ağı Houda, 224; dismissal from office,
274
Adrianople, troops concentrated by the
Committee at, 245
Ahmed Riza Bey, directs Committee of
Union and Progress in Paris, 83 ; visits
London, 1904, 84; President of the
Chamber, 272
Albania, dissatisfaction in, 1879, 72-75
Albanian brigands enter Salonica, 230
Albanian Committee, Niazi Bey sends a
manifesto to, 174
Albanian insurrections, 309
Albanian League, original objects of, 75;
holds Gussinje, 75
Ali Bey withholds Gussinje from Monte-
negro, 75
Ameer Ağ 67
Anatolia, agitation by Dr. Nazim Bey in,
125
Armenian agitation in Macedonia, 1890,78
Armenian cemetery in Stamboul visited by
Moslems, 229
Armenian Committee, attitude of the
Sultan towards, 21; in Paris joins Young
Turks, 1903, 87–89
Armenian massacres at Mersina, 338
Armenians abandon appeals to Europe,

89-90
Army, condition of Turkish, 55-58; con-
ditions and disaffections in ii.i.
W. Second and Third Army Corps join
oung Turks, 124-126
Arni Pasha, assassination of, 32
Arta, 272
Austria, policy in Macedonia, 1906, 96;
effects of annexation of Bosnia and
Herzegovina by, 25r
Austrian telegraphic agency in Constanti-
nople, 324
Austrian trade, boycott of 238-239
Awakenino Turkey, The, ormance
of a play at Pera entitled, 282

Bagdad railway concession, 2

#. r., 122 go

Balkan Committee, attitude of Sultan
towards, 21; German view of, 322

Bashi-Bazouks, 18

Berlin, Treaty of, cedes Gussinje to
Montenegro, 75

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Caesarea, Total Abstinence League estab-
lished in, 234
Census returns in Macedonia according to
religion and not nationality, rol
Cherchis invited to join Niazi Bey, 174;
joins Committee o Union and Progress,
181
Christianity, Turkish tolerance of, ro–12
Circassia, emigration to Turkey from, 23
Committee of Liberty, 112 -
Committee of Union and Progress, see
Ottoman
Constantinople, pariah dogs in, 9;. Young
Turk, newspaper propaganda in, 8o;
British aid to o: from, 80, 81;
rejoicings after the grant of the Con-
stitutionin, 229; changed conditions after
the Revolution, 233-236; election scenes
in, 3oo; disturbances by Greeks during
the election, 302-3o4; intrigues against
the Committee in, 321 ; corruption in,
323; Austrian and German telegraphic
agency in, 324; counter-revolution, 1909,
325; population of 326; panic in, 341;
invested by Parliamentary forces, 343
Constitution proclaimed in Monastir, 213,
219; granted by the Sultan, 224; pro-
claimed at Salonica, 224
Crawford, 291; reorganiser of customs,
257
Dedeaghatch, commercial port to be con-
structed at .289.
Deputy, qualifications of a, 298 -
Diary of a Young Turk, the, quotation
from, 127 -
Dibra, Albanian insurrections in, 309
Djavid Bey, 272
Dolma Baghche Palace, 352

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Exarch, Bulgarian Exarch receives sanc-
tion of the Sultan, 1or ; excommunicated
by the Patriarch, 101

Eyoub Bey meets Niazi Bey at Ochrida,
173; ordered to march on Monastir, 204

Faik Bey, 272

Fehim #4. chief of secret police, 45;
assassination of (1908), 46; death, 248

Ferdinand, Prince of Bulgaria, receives
memorial from Bulgarian peasants in
Macedonia, 104

Ferid Pasha rebukes Hilmi Pasha, 222;
dismissed, 222 ; the last Grand Vizier
under the despotism, 251

Freemasonry in Salonica, 106, 112

Fuad Pasha, 28

Galata, coaling strike in, 237; occupied by
Parliament troops, 345

Geneva, Committee of Union and Progress
founded, 1891, 7

German views § the Revolution, 322;
telegraphic agency in Constantinople,
324

Germany, policy in Turkey of, 49

Goltz, Baron von der, 113, 258

Greece, policy in Macedonia, 1906, roo-

roz
Greek, Orthodox Church head of Mace-
donian Christians, ro1 ; bands in Mace-
donia, 1o 1 : Committee manifesto, 106;
intrigues against Committee of Union
and Progress, 196, 198; opinion con-
cerning the administration, 278; dis-
turbances in Constantinople during the
election, 392-3o4; election frauds, 3o4;
agitations in Macedonia, 306
Greek Committee, manifesto to, 199-201
Greeks. Turkish tolerance of, 19-12;
atrocities in Macedonia by, 19; discon-
tent of 241-242; riots in Smyrna of 242
Grey, Sir $o extends' British pro-
tection to Kiamil Pasha, 254
Gumuldjina, Mohammedan demonstration

at, 297 .
Gussinje withheld from Montenegro, 75

Hairoulla Effendi, Sheikh-ul-Islam, yetra
of deposing Abd-ul-Aziz, 31; exiled,
1876, 34
### , is 4 -
Haki Bey, attempted assassination of 138;
statement by, 296; leaves Vienna for
Salonica, 339
Halil Halid, 127; quotation from an article
by, zo
Hamidieh mosque,
Hassan Bey, work in Macedonia, 186
Hassan Riza Pasha, 272
Hatti-Sherif of Gulhane, 27
Hatti Houmaiourn Firman, 27
Hedjaz, Yildiz Guards ordered to, 265
Herzegovina, effects of Austrian annexa-
tion, 261
Hiszi Pasha, Vali of Monastir, text of
despatch to the Sultan, 193; proclaims
the Constitution at Monastir, 219
Hilmi Pasha threatened with death by
the Committee, 221 ; proclaims the Con-
stitution at Salonica, 224; appointed
Grand Vizier, 256
Hurriet, Origin of, 7o

Husni Pasha invests Constantinople, 343

Ismail Kemal Bey, leader of the Liberal
Union, 318; illegally elected President
of the Chamber, 335

Ismail Mahir Fo dispatched by the
Sultan to Salonica, 141; return to Con-
stantinople, 143; dismissal, 247; death,
141, 248

Istarova, Niazi Bey marches into, 190

Izzet Pasha advises the Sultan to resist
the Committee, 222; dismissal and flight,
247

Janina, work of Committee of Union and

emal Bey, 154
emiyet-Mohamedieh, 327
Jerusalem, rejoicings after the proclama-
tion of the Constitution in, 236
Jews, Turkish tolerance of, 1o-12; Turk-
ish Jews support Young Turks, 91; in
Salonica, Io9
Kemal Bey an exile in Paris, 7o
Kermanle Metre, 151
Kiamil Pasha summoned to the Palace,
222; appointed Grand Vizier, Aug. 6
1908, 252; career of 253-256; attempted
assassination, 254; under British pro-
tection at Sm 254; resignation, 255;
insulted by Greeks during the election,
os; reasons for the resignation of, 314;
iii. Union urges the Sultan to ap-
point Kiamil Pasha Grand Vizier, §
Kizil-Irmak, proposal to make navigable,
289
Labcha, Niazi Bey enters, 171; Niaz
Bey's second entry into, 203
Laurent, organiser of finance and tax
collecting, 25
Law, Turkish £ction law, 296
Liberal Union, policy of 83, 317, 318;
press campaign of, 318; plots against
the Government, 1909, 328; prompts the
demands of the counter-revolutionaries,
33; urges the Sultan to appoint Kiamil
asha Grand Vizier, 335
Liberalism, persecution by Abdul Hamid
in 1878 of,7o; first growth in Turkey of 71
Literature, 62; its o in Turkey,
14; smuggled into Turkey by young
Turks, 68; smuggled into Turkey, 82
London, Turkish exiles in, 7o

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Mehmed Pasha returns to Salonica from
exile in Bagdad, 232
Mersina, commercial port to be constructed
at, 289; Armenian massacres at, 338
Mesopotamia, irrigation works to be con-
structed in, 289
Midhat Pasha, 28; first ministry of, 3o;
constitution of, 34; imprisonment and
death (1884), 35; first proclamation of
constitution (1877), 36; first constitution
floo 1878,36–37; esteem in Albania
, 75, 76
Mohammed V, accession of 351 ; pro-
claimed Sultan, 352
medanism, Io; its conformity with
liberalism, es; Young Turk policy with
regard to, 66
Monastir, Shemshi Pasha dat,
183; government taken over by Com-
mittee of Union and Progress, 216;
proclamation of the Constitution at, 21
Monopolies, Young Turk programme wi
regard to, 292
Montenegro, Albanian relations with, 75
Mukhtar Pasha commanding First Army
Corps, 329; efforts to suppress the
counter-resolution, 333
Munir Pasha sent to Athens, 196
Murad V, accession in 1876, 32
Mussulman Turks, settlement in Europe

of 5
Mustapha Effendi assassinated, 188
National Assembly meets at St. Stefano,

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141
Nazim Pasha, appointed Assistant Minister
for War, 336
Niazi Bey, 27; openly revolts, July 3,
1908, 137; born in Resna, 147; military
career, 148, 151 ; forms a band, 149;
convenes a secret meeting at Resna,
une 28, 1908, 154; text of address at
esna advocating open revolt, 154;
manifesto prior to revolt sent to the
$of the Imperial Palace,
to Hilmi Pasha, and to the Vali of
Monastir by, 158; leaves Resna by
strategy, 169 ; address to sedais, 161 ;
marches into Labcha, 171; , reaches
Ochrida, 173; manifesto to Albanian
Committee, 174; invites Cherchis to co-
operate, 174; methods employed in pre-
i. a general insurrection, 174–178;
manifesto to the Bulgarians, 179; enters
Velijon, 182; work in West Albania, 187;
marches into Ochrida, 188; joined by
Ziya Bey, 189; marches into Istarova,
190; leaves Istarova, 202; second entry
into Labcha, 203; summoned to Ochrida,
203 ; ordered to march on Monastir,
394 ; raises 2coo men to march on
Monastir, 205 ; captures Osman Pasha,
211 ; dissolution of sedais, 213; leaves
Monastir for Salonica, 339; leads the
Resna battalion at Constantinople, 346

Ochrida, Niazi Bey enters, 173; Bulgarians
in, join Committee of Union and Pro-
gress, 181; Niazi summoned to, 203

Osman Effendi joins Niazi Bey, 161

Osman Pasha sent to Monastir, 188; taken
prisoner by Niazi Bey, 211

Ottoman Committee of Union and Pro-
gress founded in Geneva, 1891,77; head;
quarters established in Paris, 86; initial
operations in Macedonia, 1906, 95-106;
o in i:; 106, 111-115;
decide on open revolt, June 1908, 153 ;
amalgamation with Committee of fiberty,
112 ; branch committees in Macedonia,
113; methods of propaganda in Turkey,
115-124; method of affiliation of new
members, 116–119; constitution of 12o;
organisation of, 120-122; undermines
civil administration, 128; meetings in
Salonica, May 1908, 130; manifesto to
European Cabinets, 130-133; operations
to combat Commissions of Inquiry in
Salonica, 137–142; position in Macedonia
in Jul o: 145; organisation against
Shemshi Pasha at Monastir, 17o: co-
o with Niazi Bey, 17o; hold
the Bishop of Wodena hostage, 199:
manifesto to Greek Committee, 199-
201; plan to proclaim Constitution at
Monastir, 204; letter to Osman Pasha,
213; take over government of Mo-
nastir, 216; telegram to Sultan, 216:
ultimatum to Sultan, 220; force the
Sultan to issue the Irade confirming
the Constitution, 225; measures to ser
cure the Constitution, 243-249; pacifi-
cation of Macedonia by, 249; reorganise
and disperse the Palace troops, 265,266;
headquarters in Stamboul, 270; prepara-
tions for General Election, 273 ; con
in Salonica, 276; Secret Central Com-
mittee re-elected, 276; headquarters
abolished, 276; propaganda to secure a
Mussulman majority in Parliament, 281,3
general programme of , reforms. with
regard to — the army 287, - religious
tolerance and education 286, - the de-
velopment of mineral and agricultural
resources 288,-internal communication
289, - irrigation 289, - engineering
: — taxation 290, - monopolies 292;
political programme for first Parlia-
ment, 292-293.; European criticisms,
319–311, reasons for the continued
existence of 276, 312; numerical strength
of, 313; friction with Kiamil Pasha,
314; exclusive character of, 319; refuse
to acknow edge the new Government,
April 1909, 34o

Ottomans, &mission of, immediately after
the revolution of July 1908, 227-229;
fraternisation of, 229

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Rachid Pasha, assassination of 32
Rahmi Bey, 272
Redjeb, 8
Rejet Pasha, 141
Reshad Effendi, accession, 351
Reshid Pasha, edict of, 27
Resna, revolt of Niazi Bey at, § secret
meeting convened by Niazi Bey, June
28, 1968, 157; Niazi, Bey starts open
revolt at, 160; Bulgarians in Resna join
the Committee of Union and Progress,
182
Reval, meeting of King Edward VII and
Czar precipitates the Young Turk
movement, 134
Rushdi Pasha, 28, 30; exiled, 1876, 34
Russia incites Bulgaria to rebel, 17; re-
sults of war with, 19; policy in Mace-
donia, 1906, 96; arrangement with
England to reform Turkey, 129
Russian intrigues in Macedonia, 151

Sabah-ed-din, Prince, joins Young Turks
in Paris, 83

Sadik Pasha, 141; assassinated by Young
Turks, 138

Said Pasha, 251-252; summoned to the
Palace, 222; appointed Grand Vizier,
223; President osecret session of the
National Assembly at St.Stephano, 345

St. Stephano, Constitutional army at, 341;
National Assembly at, 345

soloed Din Bey, work in Macedonia,
186

Salonica, 107; Committee of Union and
Progress established at, 1of ; Free-
masonry in, 108-109; Constitution pro-
claimed at, 224; rejoicings after the
proclamation of the Constitution in,
230-233; Congress of Committee of

nion and Progress held in, 276;

Chasseurs, 331 ; receipt of news of
counter-revolution, 339; Constitutional
army leaves, jo

Sami Pasha quells the panic in Stamboul,
263

Samsoun, commercial port to be con-
structed at, 289

Sandansky enters Salonica, 230 ; enters
Salonica to support the Young Turks,
339-34o

so dissatisfaction in, 73

Selamlik, 267

Senate, 277

Seraskeriat, 269

Servia, policy in Macedonia, 1906, roo-roz

Servians, atrocities in Macedonia by, 19

Sheikh-ul-Islam, 12; sanctions the Young
Turk movement, 67

Shemshi Pasha shot at Monastir, 138;
instructed to capture Niazi Bey, 165;
report to the Sultan of, 168; assassinated
at Monastir, 183

Shura-i-Ummet, offices destroyed in the
counter-revolution, 334

Sirrett Bey, 51

Smyrna, election riots by Greeks in, 242;
British Consul protects Kiamil Pashaat,

25
soul, panic in, 263; headquarters of
the Committee in, 270; Moslems visit the
Armenian cemetery at, 299; occupied by
Parliamentary troops, 345
Sublime Porte, 29

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