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played throughout Asia, the descend- rhyme. Undoubtedly: but this dispo ants of the first Arabian shepherds, sition to accuse every pation of robber became the cultivators of the gentle and plagiarism, is not the proper way to arts of peace. The Saracens discovered consider the subject. Verse is the and invented little, but they formed the simple and original manner of embody link whicb unites ancient and modern ing thoughts, because men are naturali letters. The Moors were the great de joclined to barmonious associations positaries of science.

language; and, by a continuance o “Literature emanated from Italy and the principle, rhyme will sooner or late, Spain, and passed into the other Euro. appear in their compositions. Ever pean states. The Saracenian schools rude nation is poetical, and turns il were attended by students from all parts verse into measure. As well might i of Christendom. The establishment of be contended, that the art of poetr the Saracens in the peninsula, was com- was trausferred from one couptry & pleted in the eighth century, and the another, as that rhyme was borrowed. elder Spanish romances are strongly The sources of the Muhammedal tinctured with Arabian ideas. When theology, morality and laws, are tw three ages afterwards, Provence was fold-the Koran, or written law, and the annexed to the throne of Raymond Sonoa, or traditionary law. Whethe Berenger, Count of Barcelona, and the the Koran was written in the time of Catalonians and Provençals became in. Muhammed seems doubtful, and the termixed; a direct and immediate im. conjecture of Mosheim, may not be pression of oriental sentiments and man- very far from the truth, that the true ners was made upon the christian world. Koran was an Arabic poem, which The Provençal 'poets are indebted for Muhammed recited to his follower some of their most beautiful images to without giving it to them in writing their acquaintance with Arabic litera. orderiug them only to commit ito ture. The notions of honor, the mys. their memory. Such were the laws of ticism of love, the harmonious blending the Druids in Gaul, and such also those of opioion and sentiment, the romantic of the Indians, which the Bramins ro grace of manners, and the character of ceive by oral tradition and get by ihe female sex, which the Troubadours heart. The lex scripta of the Moslems, describe, are in accordance with the has long been accessible to the general general strain of oriental poetry: and reader, by the transfusions wbich hare rhyme, one great characteristic of mo- becn made of it into the verpacılar dern verse, was derived by these barde idioms of Europe; and the liberal policy from the Arabic measure." p. 404, of our merchant kings has opened to 405.

us the Mischat and the Hedaya, two This last assertion requires a com- books of high authority in the East, og ment. If rhyme were not an original subjects of traditionary law. Like invention of the Provençal pocts, the Brahma, Confucius, and Zoroaster, the claims of the Franks and ihe Latios Arabian Prophet blended his religion, are at least equally strong with those of his morality, and his law; he legislated the Arabians. The Spaniards of the only for one people, and his permission twelfth century, called 'rhyming verses, of polygamy, and his probibition of a lei Francesca. The life of Sancta wine, sutficiently shew bis want of foreFides, written in the Catalan dialect of sight to the extensiveness of his relithe Spanish tongue, is in rbyme. Now gion's influence. The favorable chathis dialect is, with some exceptions, racteristic of this system, is its conthe Roman language current in Gaul, ceptions of the attributes of Godibefore and after its conquest by the Franks. This Rustica Romana, as it * Any one who reads the Koran will was called, vearly resembles the Pro- see, that the Moslems hold most exalted vençal dialect, and the basis of the ideas respecting the attributes of God, and Provençal was the Latin language. Its that those ideas are expressed in the words corruptions were words froin the Celtic of the Jewish and Christian scriptures, or Gaulish idiom, and afterwards from canonical and apoclıryphal. The Greek the Visigoth or Frankish. In a nole

Christians, however, of ihe twelfth century under the before quoted passage, our

contended, that in the judgment of the

Moslems, God was a material and spherical author seems to question the opinion being: the God of the Mussalmaos was expressed in the text, and says, that therefore anathematised. This strange cirother sources may be found for modern cumstance begat a controversy, and much?

1

is ita hatred of Paganism and Idolatry in jurisprudence is the best general one

every shape lotolerance is its great which has hitherto been made. We
and striking vice.

are not disposed to question the accu.
" That war is an ordinance of God, racy of his statements, but we object to
sd that success is a mark of Divine his mode of illustration; he is indeed
{xxar, are the patural principles of peo- more fond of comparisons than argu-
we wbose religion was founded by the ments, 'nor are bis illustrations always
waard-lordly pride, savageness, and bappily chosen. In writing on the
feracity, suust be the strong and pro- laws of the modern kingdoms of
mici features of the characters of Europe, it is necessary to refer to the
na who are influenced by a religion civil law; because in cases where the
which breathes war and persecution. feudal law spoke not, the public reason
The stamp of divinity and eteruity of the Romans was generally resorted
which Islamism fixes on every instituti to. Mr. Mills'illustrations are very
en bu preserved the principles of Asiatic entertaining, but are all too classical;
despolism, and the evils consequential he should have drawn from Oriental,
to such a state of society are sufficiently and not from Grecian, sources.
benerous and dreadfui to prevent, or We cannot agree with our author,
at least to check, the practice of mora- that the Moslem's religion has suffered
lity, however pure and beautiful such no diminution of followers. He bim-
morality may be." p. 368, 369. self admits, that Spain has been lost to

Fer objections can be raised against them, and that their progress in Rusthe moral code of Muhammed. All sia and Tartary has been checked by

imposers bare collected from other the Greek churches. Where are the Systems, some few wise maxims; and it proofs of his assertino, p. 414, tbat" in

3 sot too much to say, that as Chris- the middle and lower Asia, and also in
fanity had been esiablished in the East Africa, the professors of the Moslem's
for six centuries, much of its spirit creed have gradually increased.” His
may be fouod in Islamism. The rule own statements are against his opinion;
of reciprocal benevolence is stated in at least they prove, that with the ex-
the Koran nearly in the words of ception of Africa and India, the Mos-
Chat With a few exceptions, Islam- lems are indifferent about their reli-
ina is a wretched compilation of all gion, and want of zeal is not the way
the false religions of the East. The to gain proselytes. Jostances of the
tessual Paradise was borrowed from ferocity of the African Moor are with-
the Persian and Indian schools ; - the out number; but we know little of the
torders of the Hindoo abode of bliss success of their endeavours at conver.
aealsøst literally copied in the Koran; sion; even in India the Muhammedans
Mubamiged's notions on demonology and Hindus have very much amalga.
are all lakeo from Zoroaster; and in mated, and live in as social habits as
his consecration of Friday for the Sab- their

faith will permit.
bath, he followed the example of the “The disciples of Muhammed in
idolatrous Arabs, who sanctified that lodia, have not only become more lax
day by adoring on it the Goddess of in the performance of their religious

duties, than their brethren in the faith The theology and morality of the in Persia, Arabia, and Turkey, but Moslems, as deduced from the Koran, scem gradually to have adopted some are known to inost people. Mr. Mills' of the minor usages of the Hindus," tien of the subject is more extensive p. 423. thao that which is generally taken, for In Arabia, the champions of orthoit comprises both the written and the doxy could not repel' the heretical unwritten law. His survey of their Wahabees ; and the Bedoweens say, 'the

religion of Muhammed could never learning and charity were wasted. Peace have been intended for us. We have

mas restored; it was declared,' no water in the deserts, how then can that the God of the Christians, and of the Tarks, were the same; and the anathema

we make the prescribed ablutions? a the Deity of the Moslems was trans

We have no money, how then can we ferred (an anathema in the church, like a give almsi 'The fist of Ramadan is trust is equiry, is never lost for want of an

an useless command to persons who dject) from that awful being to the Pro- fast all the year round; and if God phet himself, his doctrine,' and his fol- be every where, why should we go to

Lore.

of bot

;

at length

Mecca to adore him?'

lonen.

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In Persia, Islamism is the national regular lessons already in use. The and nominal religion; but in that true author states, that the principal objee seat of despotism, the moral character of every one, should be to make hi of the people is formed inore from the pupils thoroughly comprehend out nature of the goverðment than from question, before they proceed to ano religion.

ther; for this purpose, they should each • The Persian citizens are but nomi- be provided with a music slate, upoi nal Muhammedans, and the wandering which, or the instrument, the teache tribes have even less virtue. The should first give and then require fron Kurds, for example, honestly confess, them, other examples than those se that they more nearly resemble Euro- down; for instance, though only on peans than Muhammedans; and on example is inserted of major and mino being questioned on the points of simi- thirds, the pupils should be required by larity they reply, We eat hogs' flesh, write or play major and minor third keep no fasts, and say no prayers.' to any given note; and proceed in th p. 429 note.

same manner with all the other ques In Turkey too, every thing denotes tions. a falling religion. Proselytism is but After being made thoroughly ac little thought of; and a freedom of quainted with the contents of this bookconversation, bordering on infidelity, the pupils may proceed to the study a iş mentioned by every traveller. The harmony, and the practice of playing number. of the Meccan pilgrims an• from figured bases. nually declipes, and the stern laws of the Prophet against intoxication are bent to the wishes of the people.

Family Annals; or the Sisters. B. “ All the kiogdoms of the world

Mary Hnys. 12mo. pp. 183. 58. shall become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ.” Such was the lofty To Miss Edgeworth, whose nam strain of the holy men of old. May ought never to he pronounced witbou " thy kingdom come,' is the daily gratitude and respect, the public is in orison of every follower of Jesus. In debted for a revolution in works o the councils of the Lord, the total imagination. Delineations of real cha downfall of Islamism may be reserved racters and manners, pictures of thi for some distant day; but the signs of age and times in which we live (ti the times point to Constantinople as which future historians and philoso the scene of some approaching tremen. phers would be glad to refer) goot dous change. From Russia, or speak- sense, sound principle, and unaffecter ing to Moslem readers from Tartary, feeling, have in these lighter produe the torrent of horror and devastation tions of literature, been substituted for again shall flow; and if by the hene. the wonders of ancient romance, før ficent and politic interposition of the the intricate incidents, inflated descrip European potentates Greece shall once tions, and still wore inflated sentiment more flourish the seat of liberty, reli. of the modern novel. Amusement and gion, and letters, the repentant nations instruction are thus happily and inse of the South will mark and owo the just parably blended ; and from their conjudgments of God, and rise from their nexioa, more widely and generally dif. long slumbers in grateful acknowledg- fused. meats of his mercy.

The author, it appears, has been

induced to resume a pen long throwa The Piano Torle Primer: containing than that of co-operating, in some

aside, by no other view or solicitude the Rudiments of Music, calculated degree, with the admirable writer beeither for Privale Tuition, or Teach

forementioned, and others of her ing in Classes. By J. F. Burrowrs.

own sex who have entitled themselves 12mo. pp. 554.

to a portion of the same grateful res: Tuis Book is not intended to inter- pect. Though only one talent should fere with ihe mode of instruction which have been citrusted, we are taught by any master has already adopted, but to the purest of moralists, that one canbe used either in private tuition or not, with impunity, be folded in a napleaching in classes, m addition to the kiu, or suffered to rust disused.

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The French Scholars' First Book ; com. The reading lessons in the third part, prising & copious Vocabulary, a Col- bave been arranged with particular atlection of Familiar Phrases, Reading tention. Endeavours appear to baye Lexons, and a concise Vien of French been used to adapt them to the capacity Grammer. By Ph. Le Brelon, A.M. and taste of children, for whose use Mesler of the Academy in Poland- they are chiefly intended. They are free. 12mo. pp. 92.

also designed to exercise the learner in

translating, and with this view, the This little work is comprehended assistance at the bottom of the page is under four divisions. The first part gradually abridged, as the student is contains a vocabulary of the words in expected to acquire a koowledge of the most common use, and the second words of most common recurrence. part a collection of familiur phrases.

THEATRICAL JOURNAL.

DRURY-LANE. TO

VPE audience of this Theatre were supposing her crime completed, dies

oo Wednesday evening, March 25th, soon after of despair. Diana Vernoo, presented with a novelty which has been with the help of Dougal (Wallack,) a loog in preparation-a romantic drama trusty Highlauder, far surpassing in in three acts, called Rob Roy; or The jotellect his namesake in the novel, and Gregarach. It is from the pen of Mr. the best character in the piece, is'carSoane, the ingenious author of The Falls ried by the seer into a cave, and resef Clyde, and some other popular pieces. tored to life. Rob Roy whose advenThe following are the leading incidents, tures do pot blend sufficiently with which, it will be seen, owe little to the those of bis mistress, is impeached by sory from which the title is derived :- Sir Rasbleigh, taken prisoner, suffered

Diana Veroon (Miss Smithson) be- to escape, kills his betrayer, is pur. trothed to, but hating Sir Rashleigh sued, surrounded, and on the point of Dubaldistone (Mr. Rae), and secretly in being shot, when General Vernon aplove with Rob Roy (Mr. H. Joboston), pears with his pardon, procured by the chief of the clan Gregarach, is urged threat of resigning his commission ; by her father, General Vernon (Ben. Diana appears, rushes to the arms of googh), on account of a large fortune, ber husband, and the curtain drops. which will be lost to both if the union This drama, on the whole, has condoes not take place, to a precipitate siderable merit, but it is not without fulfillment of ber contract. The mar- material faults. The most obvious of riage ceremony is interrupted by Rob the latter consists in annexing characRoy and his followers, who takes the ters to particular names, wholly differplace of Sir Rashleigh, and intimidating ing from the previous associations we the priest by bis threats, becomes him- had formed of them: a character like self the husband of Diana Veruon. Diava Vernon or Rob Roy resembles Helen Macgregor (Mrs. Glover), the an acquaintance: once alter the feamother of Rob Roy, considering her tures of which they are composed, asclan degraded by this alliance with sign new attributes or different modes , Southern blood, is indignant at the of conduct, the identity is destroyed, marriage, and forms a design to carry and our sense of propriety violated. off and destroy the bride by poi", 1. We may tolerate General Vernon share The seer Morvyn (Holland), to whom ing a fate like that of Captain Thorn she applies for the drog which is to ton, ensnared and captured by the Higheffect her fatal porpose, deceives her landers; and even a Helen Mcgregor, hy a plan similar to inat which is prac- as the mother of Rob Roy, and the lised in Romeo and Juliet. The sup- murderer of his wife; but not a deli. pored prison is adıninistered, with every cate, bigb minded creature, similar to addition of atrocious cruelty and malig. Diana Vernon, voluntarily sharing from Bart invective, by Helen herself, who, aug coaceivable motive the fortuues of Europ. Hag. Vol. LXXIIL. april 1818.

XX

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a robber and an outlaw: and still less succeeded by a new Interlude, of the can we imagine Rob Roy, the bold burlesque or bombastic species, called free-booter, the chief instrument in a Amoroso, King of Little Britain. The daring rebellion, wasting his time, and author of this dramatic trifle, which ia ruining his purposes, in the pursuit of the style bears some resemblance to a love iotrigue. To distort characters Bombastes Furioso, has shewn much thus, is in some measure to pervert ingenuity in its composition; and has the truth of bistory: a few steps far carefully avoided in his mock reprether, and we might have Julius Cæsar sentation of royalty, every thing that represented as a coward, and Cicero as. could be interpreted into offence; it is an idiot. The piece is much too long, written in rbyme, and is interspersed and some incidents of minor impor-, too tbiekly with songs: a serious song, tance occupy by far too much space ; from its nature, scarcely admits of burbut, on the other hand, there is great lesque; and, unless the words are disroom for recommendation. Many of tinctly heard, produces no effect. We the situations are uncommonly striking decidedly object too, to any burlesques and dramatic, and the dialogne, espe- on Shakspeare. If the author will omit cially in the serious part, is nervous these entirely, which were the worst and appropriate. The characters of executed parts of his Interlude, and Dougal, mentioned before, and that of curtail the number of his songs, the Sir Řashleigh, are drawn with much piece will prove, we think, one of the force and discrimination ; , and even most successful of its kind. Harley, Diana Vernon, had she appeared with a who played Amoroso, was irresistiby different name, would have possessed ludicrous. The characters general strong claims to our favor.

were well dressed, in the style of the The conclusion of the piece was not mock heroic drama, and were performunattended with marks of disapproba. ed with much spirit. The first scene tion, but the applause greatly predomi- is the best. The new interlude was nated.

announced for repetition with universal APRIL 8. This evening we were approbation from one of the fullest bigbly gratified to witness the return audiences of the season. of that excellent and popular actress APRIL 23. This evening the comic Miss Kelly, to the boards of this theatre, opera of The Lady of the Manor was after her long absence. She was re- revived. The plot is simple, the chaceived with the greatest enthusiasm by racters possess some liveliness, and the the audience. The character selected language is unaffected, but in neither for the occasion was that of Lucy respect does the drama often rise above Lockit, ber just delineation of wbich is mediocrity. The music is sometimes too well known and admitted to require very pleasing, and Miss Byrne, Miss any comment. It is certainly one of the Kelly, and Mr. T. Cooke, exert themmost finished and forcible exhibitions in selves with success in the vocal part. its kind that ever was represented on the We need scarcely observe, that Miss stage; she looked extremely well, and Kelly was of still greater service in the performed with as much spirit as we delineation of character, in which sho remember to have observed in any of acquitted berself with tbat spirit and her former undertakings.

judgment which ocver desert her. We April 21. This evening the histori. cannot, bowever, pronounce any san- ' cal play of Deaf and Dumb was revived guine expectations of the ultimate sucat this theatre, when the part of Julia cess of this opera as an acting-piece, was performed by Mrs. Bartley with judging from the reception of this considerable pathos. The Play was

evening.

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PERFORMANCES.

1818.

1818.
Mar. 26. Rob Roy-Devil to Pay.

97. Ditto-Review.
18. Ditto-What Next?
30. Ditto-Honest Thieves.

31. Ditto-Follies of a Day.
April !. Beggars' Opera-Sleeping Draught.

2. Double Gallant-Ditto.
3. Confederacy-Ditro.
1. Heir at Law-Dinto.
6. Rob Roy Ditto.

7. Busy Body-Sleeping Draught.
8. Beggars' Opera - Diito.
9. Confederaci-Diito.
10. Pollies of a Day-Palls of Clyde Sleeping

Draughi.
11. Ways and Means Ditto-Ditto.
13. Richard the Third-Ditto.
14. Macbeth-Ditto.
1). "The Rivals-Diuto,
16. Iron Chest-Ditto.

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