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don Packet, which had been allotted to Sulivan was no longer in the Admini. carry back the Sultan of Sooloo. ftration of the Company's affairs, and
After the departure of the transports Alexander Dairymple found very little for Batavia, Alexander Dalrymple re-countenance, in his successors, to the mained at Sooloo, in a small galley, plan which Mr. Sulivan had lo warmly without any other European, having espoused. sent the London Packet to Balanban- The advantages which would have gan, in expectation of the ship from attended an establishmentin the Eastern Madras, on the 8th of June 1764. Itlands, not only tothe East India Com.
Having seen the old Sultan peaceably pany but to this country, are fully re-ettablithed in the government, Alex. itated by Alexander Dalrymple, in a ander Dalrymple received, from him and pamphlet entitled A Plan for extendthe principal Oficers of the State, on ing the Commerce, &c. published in the 29th of June, a grant, for the Com- 1771, though printed in 1769. pany, of the Northern part of Borneo, Manila being captured by the Engfrom Keemannees, on the West fide, lith in 1762, Captain Kempenfelt to Towlan Abai on the North East. brought home the Admiral's dispatches Alexander Dalrymple then proceeded of that event. The Earl of Egmont, in the galley to Balambangan, where who then presided at the Admiralty, he planted many cocoa-nut and fruit was intent on prosecuting discoveries trees; and returned to Sooloo, having in the South Seas, and applied to Capcontinued till he despaired of any ship tain Kempenfelt for information on the * arriving from the coast ; for notwith- fubject : ihat gallant Officer, with the . tanding the aflurance given in his liberality fo diltinguishable in his cha
instructions when he embarked on the 'racter, inttead of recommending him· Neptune, no nip was sent although 'self to the attention of the First Lord of the Pitt arrived at Madras in January the Admiralty by the information he 1764 from England, with the Com- 'had received froin Alexander Dalrym. pany's favourable sentiments, dated the ple, without any referve or confiden. : 13th of May 1763, viz.
tial communication, but merely in conPar. 18. “ We now direct, if you verfation, told the Earl of Egmont, find a refidence at Sooloo is feasible, that all he knew on the subject he that Mr. Dalrymple be appointed our had learned from a Gentleman, who Resident there, if he chooses it. Al. was expected home, offering to in. though there may not be an immediate troduce him to his Lordship when he prospect of any considerable profits by arrived. The Earl of Egmont desired trade, yet, by a residence there, oppor him to do so ; and Captain Kempentunities may be had of exploring those felt called on Alexander Dalrymple, - parts, and Itriking out some advan. after his return to England, and intages very beneficial to the Company ; formed him of the Earl of Egmont's and from what we have observed of delire to see him, with an offer to in. Mr. Dalrymple's conduct in this affair, troduce him ; which Alexander Dal. we make no doubt of his acquitting rynıple declined, as Lord (then şir himself in the said itation fully to our George) Pigot and the Earl of Egmont satisfaction."
In October 1764, Alexander Dal- Alexander Dalrymple having agreed symple left Sooloo, in the London to accompany his friend, the Hon. Packet, for China, and arrived on the Thomas Howe, to the Downs, on board 22d of November.
the Nottinghain Indiaman, of which Alexander Dalrymple found at Can. fhip he had got the command after the ton, in a private letter from Madras, a lots of the Winchelsea in Bengal River. copy of the Company's favourable len- in the passage from Gravelend in a timents in his behalf; which operated boat, Lord Howe accompanied bis bro. as a Atrong incitement to return to ther and Alexayder Dalrymple. It · England, in hopes of having the inter. was observed, in convertation, what course with the Eastern Mands eitab. a loss and shame it was, that there Jished on a firm bafis; but, unfortu- should be no Hydrographical Office nately, when Alexander Dalrymple got established in this country. Mr. Howe home on the 19th of July 1765, Nr. ' alked Alexander Dalrymple if he would
• These very sensible instructions were rent from England immediately after Mr. Sulivan gained the afcendancy in the direction : he had not the least personal acquainte ·ance or connexion with Mr. D.
were at variance.
like fucb an office ? Alexander Dal. which his promotion was to depend, rymple replied, that if he did not go yet Alexander Dalrymple, den lible, back to India, he dould like it very from experience in his own outlet in much. Some time after, Lord Howe the Cuddalore, that a divided concalled on Alexander Dalrymple, who mand was incompatible with the pub. happened to be from home; but meet- lic service in such voyages, declined ing in the street, in a few days after, going out on that footing. As the Lord Howe informed Alexander Dal- perfons by whiuse infinuacions Alexrymple, that in consequence of what ander Dalrymple was set atide, on that had passed with his brother, he had occasion, are now dead, it would be urged Lord Egmont to establith such improper to enter into further detail an office, and had informed his Lord of the subject ; except to take notice fhip, that there was a very proper per- that Alexander Dalrymple withheld son in his eye, whom he would name, no information in his power to give. if such an establishment took effect. Subsequent to these tranfactions, Lord Hone faid, he had called on in June 1769, the Court of Directors Alexander Dalrymple to say that Lord were pleated to give Alexander Dal. Egmont had recently informed him his rymple 50o3l. for his part lervices; Majesty had been pleased to approve of equivalent to the emoluments of sethe office, and promised to allign sool. cretary at Madras, which he had relin. per annuin for that purpose. Alexan- quilhed, in 1759, to proceed on the der Dalrymple mentioning this to a
Ēaltern voyage. person in the Royal Navy, now dead, It would be to no purpose to recite he immediately went to Lord Egmont, the various proceedings concerning and got his Lordihip's promise in his Balambangan, a circumitantial account own behalf. However, the appoint- to that time was pubiished in 1768; ment did not chen take place.
fuffice it to lay, the Court of Directors Discoveries in the South Sea having appointed Alexander Dalrymple Chief been a favourite object of Alexander of Balambangan, and Commander of Dalrymple's researches, he communithe Britannia ; but some unhappy difCated his collection on that subject to ferences ariling with the Directors of the Secretary of State, Earl Shelbourne the Eatt India Company, Alexander (now Marquis Landown), who ex. Dalrymple was removed from the charge pressed a trong desire to einploy Alcx- of that intended fettlernent, and an. ander Dalrymple on thele discoveries, other perion, to say the least, very inat the same tiine expresing bis regret competent to that truit, appointed in that he was not acquainted with Alex. bis itead. ander Dalrymple when Captain Wallis In 1774, the Court of Directors be. was sent.
ing dillatisfied with that person's con. Afterwards, when the Royal Society duct, had it in contemplation to send a proposed to send persons to ublerve the Supervisor thither. Alexander Dale Tranfit of Venus, in 1769, Alexander rymple then made an offer of his fer. Dalrymple was thought of as a proper vices to redeem the expedition from person ; and the Admiralty approving destruction, and offered these iervices of his being employed for this service, without any prelent emolument, exas well as for prosecuting discoveries cept defraying his expences, on condiin that quarter, Alexander Dalrympletion that a small portion of the clear accompanied the Surveyor of the Navy profits of the eltablishment thould be to examine two vellels that granted to him and his heirs ; offerthouglit fit for the purpose. The one ing that this allotment fiould not ..e approved was accordingly, pur- take place till every expence had been chased; but the worthy Admiral reimburied which had accrued under Hawke, who then presided at the Act. his management, even on his exploring miralty, was wrought upon by infinua. voyage, and to engage that the expence tions that he would be exposed to a of the establishment thould not exceed parliamentary impeachment if he em- 10,000l. per annum. This offer was ployed any but a Navy Oficer ; and referred to the Committee of Correalthough offers were inade to Alex. fpondence to exanine and report ;. but ander Dalryinple that the initructions that report no where appears. Howfor the voyage Mould be entrusted to ever, this olfer was not accepted : and him, and the Officer commanding the not long after the settlement of Balamvetiel be positively ordered to follow bangan was cut off by fome Sooloo his opinion, on the compliance with free bouters, if cut off can be applied to the loss of a settlement without blood- Wombwell, the then Chairman, Alexshed.
ander Dalrymple accepted on the 8th, To this scandaluus neglect, to give that employment by letter read in it no worse a name ! our footing in the Court on the oth of April, on conEastern Inands was loft ; and although dition it should not invalidate his pretenBalambangan was established with a fons at Madras. profule and idle extravagance, and loft On the 27th of May 1780, the Court entirely by mismanagement ; yet from of Directors resolved that Messrs. Rur. these causes, although groundlessly, fell, Dalrymple, Stone, and Lathom, that important object will probably having come home in pursuance of never be again attempted ; though, the Resolution of the General Court, under good manageinent, the expence in 1777, to have their conduct inof establithing this, as a most profitable quired into, and no objection having settlement, would have cost less than been made in so long a time, nor apthe amount paid for port charges at Can- pearing against their conduct, should ton for a couple of years.
be again employed in the Company's Alexander Dalrymple, from the time Service. he returned to England in 1765, was The other Gentlemen were afteralmost conftantly engaged in collecting wards appointed to Chiefships, Alex, and arranging materials for a full ex- ander Dalrymple continuing in his position of the importance of the East. present employment, with the reserva. ern Illands and South Seas ; and was tion of his Madras pretensions. encouraged by the Court of Directors When the employment Alexander to publith various Charts, &c. It is Dalrymple now holds, was confirmed positively affirmed, that the Chart of the pa the 19th of July, he expressed by Northern part of the Bay of Bengal, letter, that he trusted, if he wilhed to published in 1772, was the occasion of return to Madras bereafter, that the saving the Hawke Indiaman from the Court would appoint him. This letter French in the war.
requiring no 'prefent resolution, as Alexander Dalrymple took every his former acceptance was conditional occasion to keep up his claim on the to that effect, and his present acMadras Establish nent; but after Lord ceptance explanatory of the fame con. Pigot was, in 1775, appointed Gover. dition till tublisting, it was ordered to nor of Fort St. George, Alexander lie on the table. Dalrymple was advised, by the then In 1784, when the India Bill was Chairman and Deputy-Chairman, to brougit into Parliament, there was a make a specific application, before the clauie precluding the Company from arrangement of the Madras Council fending perfons back to India, who had was made, his former letters being been a certain time in England; Alexconfidered as too general.
ander Dalrymple reprefented the in. On the 3d of March 1775, Alexander justice this was to him, who had Dalrymple accordingly applied to be accepted his employment, on restored to his standing, on the Mastras dition, that it should not injure his eitablishment; which application the pretensions at Madras; a clause was Company were pleased to comply with, thereupon in serted, precluding that and he was appointed in his rank as measure, unless with the concurrence a Member of Council, and was nomi- of three fourths of the Directors, and nated to be one of the Committee of three fourths of the Proprietors; he Circuit.
was itill not satisfied, because it put In the proceedings of the Council bim on the same footing as a Delin. at Madras, no man, however violent quent ; when he itated this to tre in his animotity or opposition, ever then Chairman and Deputy, the Deimputed to Alexander Dalrymple any puty, asked, if, when he considered the want of integrity, or zeal, for what he good nature General-Courts had al. thought was for the Company's in- ways shown on those occasions, Alex. tereit, and he had the satisfaction to ander Dalrymple could entertain any find that the Court of Directors gave doubt of being restored ? in case he him diftinguished marks of their ap- thould hereafter with to go abroad.probation.
His reply was, that if the General On the rst of April 1779, when the Court acted under an engagement of Company were pleased to accept of his julice, he could have no doubt ; but, Teşvices in the employment he at pre- il ever he did go abroad, it must be in lent holds, by advice of Sir Geo ge a high Itation; the friends of those,
whose interests were affected, might him a pension for life ; to the kindness therefore give their votes against him, of Sir Stephen Ludington, then Chairand those votes collectively be more man, and to Mr. Nathaniel Smith, than one-fourth of the Proprietors, Alexander Dalrymple has always exwho would attend on a private business, pretled his particular obligations on regarding an individual only.
that occasion. This pension is 5ool. It having been intimated, that the per annum, much less than what Minister would give his consent to an the Company have granted to military individual exception, in bis behalf, if men, viz. the Court of Directors would make the To General Sloper £1500 perannum, application,
Dalling 1003 Alexander Dalrymple on the 27th of
Ling July 1784, addrelled the Court of
Nelson 1000 Directors, deliring an application The President and Council of Fort might be made to Parliament for an St. George's instructions to Alexander exception.
Dalrymple, 7th June, 1762, before The Court resolved not to make the recited, recommending to him a full conapplication, as the claute of exception frience in the Company's generous conhad fufficiently provided for any lideration of bis zeal, as the furest way claim he might have : although this to obtain their favour. Alexander is the oftenlible reason for refusal, it Dalrymple might by this, have been is said, the true reason was, because taught to expect fomething more than a such an application would be tantamount bare equivalent to the emolument of to an appointment by Azl of Parliament ; Secretary, which comfortable office but the resolution, as it stands, recog: he relinquished to go on a voyage nizes his claim. To make this claim exposed to great hazard and fatigue ; of public notoriety, he petitioned the and although he received 50eol. Houle of Commons, the House of in 1769, he refused to receive it Peers, and the Sovereign; taking on the first warrant, which expresied every precaution to establish and avow " in full of all demands and expecta. the claim
tions," and received it on another, As Alexander Dalrymple was in a expresiing, “in full tor poft services," very useful employment at home, he yet it cannot be thought what Alexthought there was an option left with ander Dalrymple has received can merit him, he preferred that employment to the appellation of generous consideration an inferior station abroad, and never of his real. withed to superlede any man who From 1769, when he received soonl. was his senior in the Company's Ser- as equivalent to whit he would have vice; 10 long as Mr. Rullel remained received as Secretary, to 1779, when he in India, he had therefore no motive was appointed to his present employfor vivifying his claim ; but after Mr. ment, being ten years; the advantage, Russel's return to England, when he supposing he never had been in a learnt that there was an intention of more lucrative station, would amount re-establishing the Government in a to
£ 5000 Civil servant, Alexander Dalrymple In that period he received less than 1000 made his application to the Court of Directors, for that appointment, as the so that in truth he received f-4000 oldest servant of the Company; they less from the Company than if he had were not pleased to grant him that remained in the office of Secretary ; honourable and lucrative station ; but and has been at the expence of a having been assured that the reason for voyage to India ; not to mention the his not being appointed, was not from expences that attenderl his appointment defect in, or objection to him; he as Chief of B:lambangan, for which thought he was well justified in desiring he never received any consideration. the Company's bounty might be ex. Alexander Dalrymple's opinion havtended to an old and faithful Civil ing been asked on divers public occafervant, in like manner as it had been fions, he truits that the several persons bestowed on military men, whose ex- who have, at those times, filled the conpectations had been disappointed by fidential stations in the Direction, will their arrangements.
do him the justice to say, that he always The Court of Directors thereupon gave that opinion zeiloully for the with (Alexander Dalrymple has been Company's intereft. allured) only two negatives, granted (To be concluded in our next.)
SOME PARTICULARS RELATIVE TO THE LATE REV. DR. HUNTER. DR. HUNTER was first one of the Mi. render it into English. Before under
nisters of Leith, in Scotland ; but taking this great work, Dr. Hunter his popular talents soon pointed him paid a vilt to the ingenious Author in out as a desirable Pastor to the Presby- his native mountains. In him he found terian Congregation at London Wail. a congenial mind ; and the fimplicity He accepted an offer which they made of Lavater's manners, joined to his him, and since that time he has con. warm sensibility, was a new motive to tinued for the space of thirty-one his translator to undertake the extenyears to preside over this charge with fion of his fame. The very superh edi. undiminished popularity. In the capi. tion of Lavater's Work in English, tal be found an opportunity of dir. which in consequence appeared, is one playing other talents ; and a number of the finest books printed, and sells at of literary productions which he offered forty guineas a copy. The applause to the Public were all received with with which this,' and, indeed, all Dr. favour. His principal original work is Hunter's works, have been received, his “Sacred Biography," a series of is a fufficient testimony of his literary discourses on the lives of the Patriarcbs. abilities. This has been an uncommonly popular But if he was admired as a scholar, work, and lias passed through several he was still more beloved and esteemed editions. It displays many marks of as a man. An unbounded fow of be. genius; beautiful pallages and striking nevolence was his marking characteris. images constantly arreit the attention tic; and any one who has ever seen of the reader ; and that easy flow of him read a copy of affecting verles, ityle which diftinguishes all his works would from the tears which ran over is here found in its greatest perfection. his cheeks be enabled to judge of his A volume of “ Sermons” has also added taite and sensibility. But his benevoconsiderably to his reputation. As a lence was not confined to speculation, translator, he perhaps equals any author or mere sentiment. In every fociety who has yet appeared. His tranflation or proposal for benevolent purposes, of St. Pierre's "Studies of Nature" has he was ready to take the lead; and bis been universally read. The tone of fen talents and address were well qualified timent in that Author's works was so to ensure the success of the undertakcorrespondient to his own feelings, that ing, and render the plan beneficial to he executed the trandation as a plea- the utmost. His distressed countrymen, sure, rather than a talk; and St. Pierre who have so often experienced his chahimself very politely acknowledged his ritable assistance, will long lament their obligations to his translator. Sonnini's benefactor, the Secretary of the Scots Travels is another work which he pub. Corporation. As a social companion, lished in an Englih dress ; and several Dr. Hunter shone unrivalled. No other French writers owe their reputa. greater inducement could be offered tion in this country to his pen. But to a company, than that he was to be of perhaps the moit fplendid work of this the party. A flow of good hunour, nature which he executed, is the Phy- and a fuccefsion of well timed anecfiognomy of “ Lavater." The curious dotes, delighted every one ; and when and ingenious speculations of that Phi. among
a company of his literary lofopher, soon after their publication, friends, of those among, whom he excited universal attention on the Con- could give a loose to his How of soul, tinent of Europe. The elegant and en. his brilliant flashes of wit, and apt thufiattic style in which they are writ. clasical quotations, rendered his conten made a correspondent impresion verfation a pleasure of the bighest ore on his readers : every one became a der. His people, his friends, his ac. physiognomist ; and scarcely would a quaintances, every one who even once family even hire a servant without first had the pleasure of his company, lafinding proofs of his honesty in the li- ment a man whose like they never exneaments described by Lavater. The pect to find again. expence of the plates which accompa- He died of an inflammation of the ny this fuperb work was very great ; lungs, at Bristol, on the 27th of Octo. and it was only a translator of the first ber, in the fixtyfourth year of his reputation that could be employed to age.