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per conduct to be observed concern. Antiquarians are by no means apt ing komen :-“ Let us neither eat, to pay great attention to the fair-sex; por driok, nor inhabit, nor bave any 6. Their Venus must be old, and want å thing in common with them.


Foote. are benighted at a distance from home,

And among those who have set them. and are invited by any of our friends,

selves most warmly against that elegant let ts, if possible, lodge with a single

part of the creation, must be reckoned om. But at any rate, let us admit 20 woman into our company, but let

Aplony à Wood, whose diary affords

some instances of his dislike, so groman officiate only with man. If it

tesque that they claim attention. happens that there are only women in

Page 167. “ He” (Sir Thomas Claythe place, let us convene them toge

ton) " and his family, most of them ther, and, after having addressed to

womankind (wbich before were looked them an edifying discourse, let us request the oldest and most reserved to dal and abonination thereunto), being

upon, if resident in the college, a scangive us a Indging where there is no

no sooner settled," &c. &c.-" The woman, and after having bronight us

warden's garden must be altered, new a lamp and other necessaries, to leave

trees planted, &c. &c.---all which though u lo ourselves. *

unnecessary, yet the poor college must

pay for them, and all this to please a Another reclase mysogynist, J. Ray- woman!" lin, a mouk of Cluni, w o died in 1514, P. 168. “Frivolous expenses to pleaand who left behind him four voluines of sure bis proud lady." Sermons, expresses bimself thus, in his P. 173. “ Yet the warden, by the mothird discourse :—" Si quæritur quare tion of his lady, did put the college to angelus nulieribus et non viris arca- unnecessary charges, and very frivolous nom resurrectionis committit prædi- expenses. Among which were a very candurn. Potest dici hoc, duplici de large looking-glass for her to see her Causa facturo. Primo quia nulieres ugly face and body to the middle, and bocam habent linguam et vix sciunt perhaps lower." retinere seerela sed ea cito revelant, P. 252 “ Cold entertainment, cold Code cum quæreretur à quodam phi- receplion, cold clownish woman." losopho, quare linguam loquacem magis P. 257. “ Dr. Bathurst took his place habent quam virii-respondit, hoc, of vice-chancellor, a man of good parts, ideu esse quia homo, ex limo factus and able to do good things, but he has a st, mulier ex ossi, scilicet, ex costa wife that scoros that he should be in Adz-Si quis autein commoverit sac- print. A scuroful woman! Scorns that cun plenum limo non inde sonabit si he was Dean of Wells! No need of Tero saccum plenum ossibus tunc va- marrying such a woman, who is so fiam et grandem somum emittet.” conceited that she thinks herself fit

to govern a collcge or a university.". A third writer, who might have found P. 270.

Charles Lord Herbert, eldbetter employment for his muse, at

est son of Henry, Marquis of Worcester, tenupts also to sneer at the fair-sex, for

was matriculated as a member of Ch. Ch. their exercise of the most pleasant of all

Ætat 16 natus Lond. I set this down taleats, tbat of conversation.

here, because the father and ancestors

were all catholics; but because the mo. Quem bene prespiciens generi, nalura, lo- ther is a presbyterian, a Capel, she

(against her father's will, as it is said) Caril ut imberbis fæmina quæque foret! will have him bred a Protestant ; so Sinu um linguam compescere nescid, radi Ilesia possit fæmina nulla genis.

that by this change the catholics will

lose the considerablesi family in England, The task of translating these two sar

and the richest subjeet the King has.”+ castical pieces of Latin, is too unplea.

+ One cannot belp remarking here, that sant to be attempted. The editor will

the violent dislike which old Antony à Wood Dot be concerned in disseininating ill

had conceived to the idea of a lady's doing Datured reflections on a sex which may him into the absurdity of blaming the Mar.

any thing, whetber good or bad, has drawn justly expect to be honoured, and pot vilified, by any male being, except by ihat very critical period (1677), was, most

chioness of Worcester for an act which, at these sour récluses, who may plead certainly, a service of consequence to the goorance in excuse for their folly. religion and constitution of her country.

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The learned Selden had left no good lence; I say, would every man care: examples to antiquarians in the point of fully examine into these matters, and gallantry.

regulate himself according to the result “ It is a reason,” says he,“ of his serious resections, we should no that will have a wife, should be at the bebold (which to their sbame bei charge of her trinkets, and pay all the spoken we do) such a multitude o scores she sets on him. He that will miserable objects spending their day keep a monkey, it is fit he sbould pay in a continued course of penury an for ihe glasses he breaks."

want, and begging that bread, wbic) The ladies can, if they please, reta. business) call their own : pily it is

they inight (by putting their hands liate severely on those who treat them that no law can be found out to sup not with that respect which they merit.

press their numbers, which in this king A gentleman who had married a second down is past credit or belief; or, if suc wite, indulged himself io recurring too

a law is extant, that it cannot be pro often, io conversation, to the beauty perly applied. and virtues of his first consort. He had,

Youth well spent makes old ag however, barely discernment enough to comfortable,"is an iodisputable maxim discover that the subject was not an to be idle is the sanie thing as lo bei agreeable one to his present lady; mischief, for the devil always fiuds grea • Excuse me, madam," said be, "I

est opporluvities to allure an yoocci cannot help expressing my regret for the pied mind into his soares, and whe dear deceased."- Úpod my honour," he can find one suitable to his purpose said the lady, “ I can most heartily he seldom fails of instructing hilo attirm, that I am as sincere a mourner

some action, which, by degrees, ma for her as you can be."

ruin his body in this world, his sot in the next, and his welfare and hap

piness to all eternity. The ant, thoug For The EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.

a small and insignificant insect lo oi AN ESSAY ON HUMAN LIFE. eyes, has been laid down, from the ea

liest account of time, as an excelles W 'like'teanand sinister accidents TENEVER we rightly consider pattern for the imitation of mankiot

4. Go to the ant, thou slaggard, cons that surround us in the short course of der her ways, and be wisc,” were th our transitory life, we cannot possibly words of Solomon to the sluggard be too industrious in striving to avoid and indeed, if we follow the wise saying them. The man that, by a virtuous and we shall never want for an example i diligent application to the station in regulate our lives by: these little pri whicb Providence has placed him, en. vident creatures, with uncommon can, deavours to discharge himself faithfully and diligence, and by an instinct pect therein, and in the prime of life to lay liar to then selves, labour in the sun up somerving that may sitisfy the' wer in filling their little store house craving demands of old age, will not and granaries with food to supply tber fail, by the assistance and blessing of in the winter, which they know wi the Almighty, to reap the fruits of his come, and deprive them of all othe honest labour : yet we may err even means of procuringit: if, therefore, thes in this point ; for he who (not being irrational creatures, by their example contented with a moderate return for reproach us in our want, what can w the pains and labour he has taken) have to plead (when we come to rende endeavours to grasp at things above up an account of all our deeds befor his sphere and nierit, will have the mor. the throne of the Almighty Maker o tification, in the end, to see himself all things) for not employing the tim not only baulked in his desires, but lent us to the best advantage possible also deprived of that happiness which, However despicable a laborious life from an honest and fair kind of deal. nay appear, set it must be allowed ing, he inight have reasonably expected. by all men of sense and penetration, Would every man, ly a mature delibera. that there can be no delight in sociely tion, consider within himself what in. without it. Exercise is healthful to the estimable blessings may arise from a body, recrealive to the mind, by reprudent frugality and industry ; aod, laxing it from tvil and care, and conon the contrary, how many inexpres- ducive of great happiness to the heart: sible wiscries are produced by indo, whereas idle css is ibe bane of the une

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derstanding, and the source of all mise- extremely careful not to load too much ries and misfortunes.

on their tender minds, for that perThere are, at this present time, a plexes them, especially as the imaginaparticular set of people in the world, tion is taken up at this time of life who, not deserving the appellation of with various objects, which strike it rational beings, live in a manner quite each in their turo. It is likewise very diferent to the common rule, by squao necessary for the tutor to study the dering away, in a profuse and lavish various dispositions of those he inteethod, at the hoary season of their structs ; by wbich means be is capable yans, what they have made shift, by of judging bow to suit his precepts to the sweat of their brows, to amass work more upon their minds; for, during their youth; as if age had such

“ Children, like teoder osiers, take the charios in it

, as to provide for itself bow, ly a miraculous and immediaté man. And as they first are fashioned, so they ber. This predominant folly reduces grow.” then, in the end, to a vain and in. Since according to the instructions efectual remorse for their past actions; given, so will they regulate their future whilst others, in their youth, instead of lives. While the parent and master are minding their affairs at home, fiod no tbus busied in justructing them, those pleasure but when they are pursuing so instructed inust not strive to oblite

their unseasonable recreations abroad. rate the wholesome precepts communiPo Bat let them be reminded, that they cated unto them by their well wishers,

take the wrong course to attain their but endeavour, by a diligent attention, endezvours, and, in a short time, will and earvest application, to lay up in the kad themselves obliged to take up with volume of their memory all their sage the culpable and detestable occupation admonitions: they will find themselves of begging or stealing, and from thence amply repaid in the pleasures that arise experience the just panishments due to from a perseverance therein : and let ragabonds and thieves. If we would not any one say to bimself—"I am yet taste the comforts and pleasures of life too young to regard these things." Let when we are old, let us, in the time of them remember, by such delays they are youth, strive so to mavage our affairs, insensibly pushed on, from height to that we may, without reflections on our height, till they arrive at the extreme pest conduct, eojoy the fruits of our verge of ruin and dissipation. Let us

all, therefore, lay up in our youth proIs there are various duties incum- vision both for our temporal and eterbent on us in our youth, which teod to Dal welfare; so shall we meet with a otr muadane welfare and happiness, calm composure, and rest assured of a so there are still others more impor joyful eternity.

T. HILL. tant, which, if happily executed, may reward us in the next world with a Bever-fading crown of immortality and On Modern REFINEMENT in MannERS. glory. I sbail, therefore, turn the thread of any discourse to this interestiug affair,

To the Editor of the European Magazine, and endeavour to point out the most

SIR, eflectoal methods whereby we arrive at

AVING introduced myself to your this valuable blessing: and because our fotore conduct in life will be according your approbation, by the insertion of to the principles instilled into us (be- iny last communication, and also the fore we have any natural sense of ba. good wishes of some of your readers, ten or happiness), either good or bad, I friends and ET CETERA, I shall not detaia shall

, as preparative to my subject, give you long from the subject on which a les cautions to those entrusted with this essay is to treat. But as it is in the educating of youth, and then go on variably the practice, both in the with my essay. "Pareuts and masters church and in the law, to preface a

should be particálarly observant in sohject before coming immediately to i forming the youthful mind to princi. it, I may be excused for following two

ples of morality and virtue, and setting such illustrious authorities. I bave no before them such examples, as may not doubt, Sir, that some of your readers fail to draw there on to a diligent are quite of a different opinion to Er attention, by blending pleasure with CETERA with regard to my last Essay, knowledge ; and bere they should be They bave set me duwu as a querulous, Lus op. Mag Vol. LXXIlI. April 1818.




antiquated discontented, fools who my, younger days-society was care, having seen the world fifty years ago, fully chosen-coiapany was selected thinks it was then at the summit of scrupulously, and it was impossible to perfection, and that it is now only dete. obtain a place at Lady —'s, or the riorating in language and manners; Countess of Ms without their and who being shut out from fashion, being well assured of the general morality able intercourse through super-annua of the visitor. A female, theo, who had tion, can only vent his venom by at- deviated from the paths of virtue, or tacking those who are gay and lively. broken her plighted vows, was scorned They bave pictured to themselves a and frowned upon; and from the hou short thin-faced old man, with wrinkles she sinned bade adieu to her former worn by age, like furrows in a ploughed associates. (I am glad 'tis so even dum field, with body bending beneath the in the middle classes of society, al weight of years, hopping to the Stock though sometimes I think the sternues Exchange, or the Rotunda in the morn- and severity of our matrons appears to ing, with a gold-headed bamboo for a waver.) But how is it now!-why w supporter, appropriately caparisoned have rubbed off a few of our antiquater in a three-cornered hat, and close wig ideas in this respect, and instead of the neatly powdered; a coat of the cut of offenders being obliged to sbun publi the lasi century, with satin breeches, city, and veil their guilt in retirement and silver knee-buckles studded with as soon as the dilatory proceedings o fine paste to rsemble diamonds: or the law are settled, ibe damages an they bave fancied me to be some re- nounced, and the learned judge at Doc tired doctor, who having killed enough tors' Commons has signed the needfu patients to obtain a competency, passes documents, the offenders re-appearhis time between making comments on cnter into the same society as before the company who tolerate his presence, without the least stain upon their repu and loitering in the reading-room of tation-all is expiated the damage one of our public institutions, where were paid, and of course all was re he is stupid enough to prefer the dull, paid, and neither the injured party no dry, abstruse, and old fashioned vo. the well-being of society are at all ag lumes of Sbakspeare and Spenser, to grieved by their return. There is, how the brilliant and splendid effusions of ever, one useful lesson this Jean our modern school of poetry. I do to our young females in bigb life; the not wish to disturb the pleasure such perceive that virtue is a mere game may feel in the imaginary being they and that it is of a certain value-tha have formed, but shall continue my if lost, it is easily regained on the pay observations on the prevailing absur. ment of its value, and the origina dities of the present day, should they name is recovered without any difli be deemed by you, Sir, worthy of a place culty. What a refinement is this, ami in your truly excellent Miscellany how truly modera!

Allowing that a great and requisite I am really grieved, Sir, to see ladie refinement has taken place in our man- of unsullied fame mix with such wani ners, yet the degree of it has, in some derers as these ; and instead of bearing instances, been carried to excess. Our the indignant remark that such a ladj manners are generally the results of our has disgraced herself and sex, and wodmorals; and if the one be depreciated, dering at her being iovited to the party, the other will be proportionably tri- you hear the whispers behind the fag, fling and vicious; our refinement in of "that's Lady , whose busband manoers is so extensive a range for obtained so many thousand pounds observation, that I scarce kuow where damages for the faux-pas between her to begio ; however, there are two or and the Colonel ;” and then, Sir, 10 three important topics which strike my see the sagacious stare of a noviciate mind, and on which I shall found my in these maiters, and the involuntary remarks. Our ancestors wisely judged, blush which mantles on the check of that our morals and manners were kept a female just entering into life, at ob most pure by avoding every ting that serving the vague and loose ideas of might teod to contaminate them: they feminine excellence and purity such contended, that vicelost half its odious. language inplies is truly interesting; ness by being broughi into the light, it shows whai ought to be done, and and being suifered io remain exposed what course should be pursued with

On this principle we acted in regard to such characters.


to view

However, I bave detained you too collar, and smelling of odoriferous scen's long, bere, Sir, and a friend at my life a perfumer's shop, rises about mid. elbow suggests that I am in error, and day, then scarcely recovered from the forget the motive which actuates those morning's debauch, and after a dejeuré who encourage these characters. He sauuters into Bond-street, till be mrets tels me, that their desigo is to evince with some brother idler who joius bim their abborrence of the crime by con- in bis lounge-they enter the Subscripe soling and supporting the criminal; tion Room, and, to show their impor. that if they retired from publicity they tauce, lose their money to some sharper would be forgotten; but now, by being who is ready to take advantage of their allosed to retain their places in so- folly. Instead of the open and friendly ciety, they serve as beacons to warn salute on the meeting of a friend which otbers; and that the assiduous atten- I used to receive, I now notice that boos paid to them, are only intended profanity and slang which occurs at to convince them of their unworthiness erery word; formerly, obscurity and to receive them. For an explanation lewdness hid themselves, and disgust like tuis I am obliged, and on account was manifested if any one attempted to of such motives, of course cancel all introduce tbem publicly, but now, my preceding animadversions, confess- thanks to our French neighbours, from ing my previous dullness and stupidity whoin we have imported no small share that prevented my seeing clearly the of modern refinement, there is no diffi. tendency and object aimed at; but you culty experienced in bauding round the will remember, that an old man in suff-box, on whose exterior is pourspectacles, can scarcely be expected to trayed something innocent and pleasing, see so clear as a young man without but whose interior, when developei, them.

displays the grossest indelicacy. In ny The manners of a people are the first younger days, Sir, a man would have things we enquire after, and we do so been ashamed to have been caught with ea account of their importance, for such a thing in his possession, but now, they are the only criterion by which O tempore! U mores! there is an anxiety we can accurately judge. Refinement to observe it, and the first question on in manners oaturally begios with the the introduction of the snuff box is, Eost refined part of the community, “ Is that all ?” and then he who is priand we nust look to them, and take vileged, is favored with a view of the then for our examples. Let us then interior. Surely for the introduction set what refinement has been acquired, of a refinement like this, we ought to and look at a fashionable gentleman of feel no common degree of gratitude ! the present day. Formerly, a Univer. The manner in which our beauxs used sity education, (and that of a stricter to pass their hours was comparatively description than the present day) fitted innocent; but now, alas! how fallen ; them for the world; it is true, that a man of fashion must not only be fully Bow the same course of study is partly initiated into all the arcana of Taiterattended to, but it is all lost by the salls, and versed in all the chicanery of subsequent introduction into society. the Subscription Rooms, but he must As soon as a young man now enters have an adequate knowledge of the on life, instead of being taught to con. Slang Dictionary, be an adept in sider the station he is to occupy as of quoting its authority, and have an eximportance, and therefore to set a high tensive acquaintauce with, and be able value on his character, he commences to discourse upon, the merits of Crib. bis career, he becomes what is called and Belcher, with their pugilistic coman accomplished young man, and enters peers; so that in fact, the gentry on his new pursuits with all the viva- of the present day, are most highly city and ardor of a recruit. At first, deserving of the gratitude of the lower the novelty of his situation astounds classes, since it is evideot, the condes. and perplexes him; but contact with cension they evince in taking a part in others soon rubs off all scruples, and their rural, polite, uod humane imus he joins with them in all their opera. ments, can only arise from the laudable tiuas. Now let us mark the refine- aod praiseworthy desire to attach them ment of their manoers. Drest in all to theinselves; and as to tbe old ideas the foppery of fashion, with a coat of of letting themselves down by such the neutral kiod, between a coalce and conduct it is impossible; they natua surtout, a fine worked French sbirt rally anticipaie, by a scripture pervera

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