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was constructed acccording to the strictest rules of art; and was adorned with a portico, columns, and statues, It consisted of a single story, the front of which was provided with a door and fourteen windows; the frames of the latter, as well as the panes, being all formed of ice. The sides of the doors and of the windows were painted in imitation of green marble. On each side of the door was a dolphin, from the mouths of which, by means of naptha, volumes of flame were emitted in the evening. Next to them were two mortars, equal to eighty-pounders, from which many bombs were thrown, a quarter of a pound of powder being used for each charge. On each side of the mortars stood three cannons, equal to threepounders, mounted upon carriages, and with wheels, which were often used. In the presence of a number of persons attached to the court, a bullet was driven through a board two inches thick, at the distance of sixty paces, by one of these cannons, a quarter of a pound of powder being also used for a charge. The interior of the edifice had no ceiling, and consisted of a lobby and two large apartments, one on each side, which were well furnished, and painted in the most elegant manner, though formed merely of ice. Tables, chairs, statues, looking-glasses, candlesticks, watches, and other ornaments, besides teadishes, tumblers, wine-glasses, and even plates with provisions in one apartment, also formed of ice, and painted of their natural colours ; while in the other were to be seen a state bed, with curtains, bed, pillows, and bed-clothes, two pair of slippers, and two nightcaps of the same cold material. Behind the cannon, the mortars, and the dolphins, stretched a low balustrade. On each side of the building was a small entrance. Here were pots with flowers and orange trees, partly formed of ice, and partly natural, on which birds sat. Beyond these were erected two icy pyramids. On the right of one of them stood an elephant, which was hollow, and so contrived as to throw out burning naptha; while a person within it, by means of a tube, imitated the natural cries of the animal. On the left of the other pyramid, was seen the never failing concomitant of all princely dwellings in Russia, a banya, or bath, apparently formed of balks, which is said to have been sometimes heated, and even to have been appropriated to use.

The appearance of the ice palace, it is said, was remarkably splendid when lighted up in the evening with numerous candles. Amusing transparencies were usually suspended in the windows to increase the effect; and the emission of flames by the dolphins and the elephant, all tended to excite greater surprise, while the people beheld the crystalline mass.

Thus, there wanted not, to carry on the parallel between this palace and the magical edifice which Milton describes,

" Many a row
Of starry lamps and blazing cressets, fed
With naptha and asphaltus, yielding light
As from a sky. The basty multitude
Admiring enter'd; and the work some prais'd,
And some the architect."

Crowds of visitors were continually seen around this fantastic and unique construction, which remained entire from the beginning of January almost to the middle of March, the glassy fabric then began to melt, and was soon afterwards broken into pieces, and the ruins were conveyed to the imperial ice-cellar. On the folly displayed in the construction of this costly emblem of mundanc glory, the reader may make his own comment.

REMARKABLE ATTACHMENT OF A DOG. A FEW days before the overthrow of the dreadful Robespierre, a revolutionary tribunal in the north of France had condemned to death a Mr. R., an ancient magistrate and most amiable man, on a pretended conspiracy. He had at that time a spaniel about twelve years old, which had been brought up by him, and had scarcely ever quitted his side. This faithful dog was with him when he was first seized, but was refused admittance into the prison. Every day, however, the dog returned to the door of the prison,


which was still shut against him. Such ceaseless fidelity at last won the heart of the keeper, and the dog was allowed to enter : his joy at the sight of his master was unbounded, and it became difficult to separate them; but the jailor fearing for himself, carried the dog out of prison, and he returned to his place of retreat. For some weeks his visit was repeated, and admission as regularly granted. When the day of receiving sentence arrived, the dog forced his way into the hall, and couched himself between the legs of the unhappy man, whom he was about to lose for ever. the fatal hour of execution, this faithful animal alone, dared, even under the eye of the tyrant, to own a dying friend; and when the body was interred, he spread himself upon the grave; on that cold pillow he passed the two first days, but a neighbour of his deceased master's, who had sheltered him during the imprisonment, caressed him, and by kindness induced him to eat; three months passed away, during which the mourner went every morning to the house of his protector, merely to receive his food, and then returned to the grave. Means were at length essayed to wean him; he was first tied, and then chained; but what manacle is there that can ultimately triumph over nature ? He escaped from his bonds and returned to the sepulchre, which he never again quitted. It was in vain that all kind measures were used once more to bring him back; he could not even be induced to eat ; each day he became more meagre and more languishing, till at length his attached and generous heart gave way, his whole frame became convulsed, and he breathed out his last gasp upon the grave of his lamented master.


The Bible originally was not divided into chapters and verses. It was divided into chapters in the 13th century, and into verses in the 16th century; and was so divided, to make it easy to refer to any particular part.

The Bible was translated into the Saxon language by Bede, in the 8th century. The first known English version of the Bible is supposed to have been produced in the year 1290. Of this, only three manuscript copies are known to be preserved ; and they are in libraries belonging to the University of Oxford.

Wickliffe translated the Bible from the Latin into English, about the year 1380.

The first printed English version of the New Testament, was a new translation from the Greek, made by William Tyndale and others. It was printed in Holland in 1526.

The entire Bible was translated into English, and printed in 1535, by Miles Coverdale; this was the first complete Bible printed in the English language. In 1536, it was ordered, by the king, that a copy of the Bible, in Latin and in English, should be provided and placed in every parish church, for the use of every one to read.

The authorised version, that now in use, was made by order of King James the first. Forty-seven learned men were engaged in the work. They were divided into six companies; each of which had a portion of the Bible to translate from the original languages. This version was first printed in 1611. Before the art of printing was discovered, copies of the Scriptures were made in writing; and they were very costly. Some of the copies were very beautifully written and ornamented.

In the year 1429, the sum of 21. 16s. 8d. was given for a copy of the New Testament. This sum is computed to be equal to forty pounds at the present day. Now a copy of the whole of the Bible may be obtained for tenpence.

The following statement is from an anonymous writer of the last century.

The Old Testament contains 39 books; 929 chapters ; 23,214 verses; 592,439 words; 2,728,800 letters. The New Testament contains 27 books; 260 chapters; 7,959 verses ; 181,253 words; and 838,380 letters.

The middle chapter, and the least in the Bible, is Psalm 117.

The middle verse, is the eighth of the 118th Psalm.
The middle line, is the 2nd Chronicles, 4th chapter, 16th


The word “ and” occurs 35,543 times in the Old Testament, and 10,684 times in the New Testament,

The book of Esther does not contain either the word God, or Lord.

The 21st verse of the 7th chapter of Ezra contains all the letters in the alphabet, except the letter j.

The 19th chapter of the 2nd Kings and the 37th chapter of Isaiah are alike.

GEMS OF THOUGHT. What is joy ? The honey of existence; really beneficial and agreeable when partaken of in moderation, but highly injurious when used to excess.

What is contentment? The philosophy of life, and the principal ingredient of the cup of happiness : a commodity that is undervalued, in consequence of the very low price it can be obtained for.


How happy are the joyous hours

Of innocence and youth,
When not a wand'ring foot hath stray'd

From rectitude and truth.
Youth has its sweet and blooming hopes,

It is a joyous thing;
'Tis like the budding of a flower;

"Tis like a pleasant spring.
Brothers and sisters, love them all,

“ Whatever be amiss,
Be reconcil'd before you sleep,

And seal it with a kiss."


• The word, Benjamin, is a Hebrew word, which, in English, signifies, “ The son of my right hand.”

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