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COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES.

SOME ANNALS OF A WESTERN

the scattering of pupils and the diminution COLLEGE.

of income. Accordingly, for the last four In the year 1854, Judge George Gale, of

years the half-paid teachers have been forced Trempealeau county, Wisconsin, having to a desperate struggle for the life of their projected a scheme of a very extensive lit- school. Meanwhile some of them were reerary institution, and having made a liberal ceiving invitations to easier and more profitdonation of land for that purpose, secured, able fields. The self-denial by which they with others, the charter of “Galesville Uni- refused them has won the affectionate admiversity.” Eight years later the act of incor- ration of the community for whose advantage poration was so amended as to give the An- the wearying battle was waged. Two things nual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal appear to have held the teachers to their Church in Northwest Wisconsin the right to task: the distinctive Christian aim which appoint eight of the fifteen members of the

has manifestly predominated in all their board of trustees. This Methodist control

efforts, and the consideration that the most of lasted for fifteen years; but in 1877, that is, the population within whose reach they were six years before this Presbyterian Board of

placing collegiate learning would be debarred Aid was established, the charter was again from it if their institution should perish. amended, the right to appoint the eight Very evidently was this true of the numerous trustees being transferred from the Method- youth of Norwegian blood, who, though very ist Episcopal conference to the “ Presbytery commonly limited in present means, were of Chippewa, which is in connection with giving the best promise of manly and Christhe General Assembly of the Presbyterian tian development. Church in the United States of America.” The readers of this magazine already know The change appears to have been made with

in what way this wearing struggle has been good feeling on all sides, there being hope ended : a notice of the critical need of help that the institution would gain by it, and that was felt at Galesville was put into one the whole community being bent chiefly of these pages, and the helper responded. upon the advantage the institution. The

The response came just in time. The trusPresbyterian trustees appear to have brought tees, badgered with bills that they could not the school into real usefulness. In the year pay, were actually holding, at the close of 1883, the year of the organization of this the last scholastic year, the meeting that was Board of Aid, it enrolled nearly 150 pupils. to decide whether their effort was not to be

But just then a great calamity betell it. abandoned, when the message came from the The building was burned. The trustees and Board of Aid giving them their first intimacommunity, however, thought of nothing but tion of succor at hand. to replace it. Thereupon began in a farm- But their help was for $4000; and their ing population, for the most part of very deficiency, upon a careful examination, was moderate means, a subscription which, by found to amount to $5000. It was agreed small amounts, was gradually built up to on all sides that, with the goal so nearly about $15,000. But this was a work of reached, the gap of the lacking $1000 must years. Before the close of 1884, indeed, the be closed. This was in May last. subscription had seemed to warrant the res- canvass of the region was at once begun. toration of their building. Yet it had not By and by word came to the secretary of the made full provision even for that; nor had Board that the needed subscription was comit provided at all for needed furniture, nor plete; and on a fixed day, about the beginfor the many debts inevitably resulting from ning of July, he visited Galesville, in order

A new in

to arrange for the transfer of the $4000 gift. and intelligent by thirty years' possession For the information of other intending do- of an institution of Christian learning whose nors, it is proper to say that a chief part of very difficulties have furnished an education that arrangement consisted in securing for in character as well as in knowledge. the Board a "good and valid " lien upon all The observation of things like these, and the college property for the amount of the of the signs of thorough work which the redonation which the Board had been trusted cent examination had left upon the black. to apply. The document carefully stipulates, boards in the bright and commodious lecindeed, that neither principal nor interest is ture-rooms, gave to the visitor the impression to be collected so long as the institution of a place for study which graduates would shall continue in organic connection with be glad to remember, and for which our our denomination. But a first mortgage

church will find an important page in the made to the Board in those terms guards the history of her work in Wisconsin. property from being frittered away by the As to the prospect of realizing a “Galespossible indiscretion of future trustees. ville University," neither the Board of Aid

Here now, after a struggle of thirty- nor the trustees nor their liberal helper exthree years, this Wisconsin college had pect any such result. It is, therefore, very come to its first real breathing spell. desirable that in this case, as in so many Now it owns its property and furniture. others, the institution's excess of name may Mechanics, storekeepers and teachers are all be abated to the measure of actual and pospaid up; and the classes which last

year, sible performance. Thus relieved, the Chrisspite of debts and discouragements, rose from tian college at Galesville will not fail to a previous total of 42 to 71, are likely now, honor God and bless men, and so to offer under the attention and sympathy which so lasting recompense to its distant and gennotable a benefaction commands through all erous benefactor. the region, to grow more rapidly by far. At the instance of the Board of Aid, the

The region is exceedingly interesting. charter of the institution now requires that Those who have taken the charming sail two-thirds of its trustees, and not a mere along the upper Mississippi will remember majority, be appointed by the Presbytery that one of the highest of the conical grassy of La Crosse. bluffs which, with their crowns of woods and castellated rocks, diversify its banks, rises

WHY DOES NOT THE WEST BUILD over the town of Trempealeau. A few miles

ITS OWN SCHOOLS? farther porth the two lines of bluffs recede The West does build its own schools, and from each other, and make room between is sure to keep on building them till there them for the beautiful expanse of Lake shall be a plenty. Common schools and Pepin. The whole region is finely varied high schools and state universities—they are with hills and woods and fertile fields. The multiplying, away to the Pacific. The legiscollege stands inland from Trempealeau latures see to that, and the public funds about seven miles. You approach it across provide the means. But do those schools a grassy plateau of twenty or thirty acres, meet the needs of the church? A late numon the farther side of which a campus of ber of the Northwestern Presbyterian constately trees nearly hides the new building tained a reply from a "student of a denomiof yellow sandstone. The building is of national college” to an argument that had three stories, with lecture-rooms each side shortly before been made in Minnesota to this of central halls. It shows every sign of effect: that the students of the denominawell-planned, thorough work. Leaving the tional colleges should be sent to the Univerplateau, you cannot walk half a mile on any sity of Minnesota, and the money spent on road without getting a new aspect of the such colleges should be spent for preaching landscape; and every aspect is pleasing. the gospel. The student answered, in part,

The community has been made orderly as follows:

1887.]

COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES.

251

Recently two young men from Princeton lieves them. What then if Dr. Kendall and travelled to obtain as many as were willing to Dr. White should say of those same mission enlist in our grand cause of missions. At

communities, “They can, unaided, build Carleton they received 32, at Hamline 14, at

their denominational colleges, though they Macalester 10 (those three being denominational colleges), but at the State University 6.

cannot build their churches; and they can The number of students at each institution is

support their teachers from the start, though about as follows: Carleton 300, Hamline 175, they cannot support their preachers;" would Macalester 88, University 490 to 500. What a the statement be credible ? Those well-invast difference between Macalester's one to

formed men

are as far as possible from every nine students and the university's one to making such a mistake. The experienced every eighty-two!

almoners of the church's gifts for western No doubt something could be said to evangelization are the emphatic advocates modify that showing. Probably the univer- of her liberal giving to this long-neglected sity included among its students a larger but co-ordinate branch of the common work; proportion than either of the denominational for they know that the denomination's schools colleges did, of students committed from the cannot seize the right places at the right start to special scientific or professional study. time, except by the denomination's help. Even a Christian university could not be Having once gained the early foothold, they expected to show, out of its great aggregate, can be sure that the church at the West 80 large a proportion of students for the will develop them just as fast as her own ministry as has commonly been found in the strength develops. Christian colleges. But after all such con- What our denomination is doing by this siderations are liberally weighed, the fact is Board for Christian education in the new 80 manifest that it cannot be disputed, that places comes no nearer to what those places of students who are uncommitted to any will ultimately do for that cause than a profession the Christian institutions turn far sapling cedar taken over from Lebanon into more than the state institutions do to the Colorado comes to the tree that is to stand work that serves the church and her Mas- up, by and by, between the western soil and ter.

the western sky. That most moderate statement shows that the church at the West, like the church at the East, requires the denominational college; DENOMINATIONAL, BUT NOT SECfor, as to undenominational Christian col

TARIAN. leges, experience proves that, like unde- These lines are written in a western town, nominational churches, they are apt to prove in which is one of our church's new colleges. organized temptaions to that type of Chris. They are prompted by an interview just had tian character that leans toward manage

with one of the heartiest friends of our instiment and sharp practice. The question, tution—a Methodist Episcopal minister of then, must take this form : Why does not leading influence in his denomination. No the West build her own denominational col. one questions his loyalty or serviceableness leges ? And that is exactly parallel to the toward the Methodist Episcopal Church. If question, Why does not the West build her there were a Methodist Episcopal college a own denominational churches? The answer, hundred miles from ours, and there were a in both cases, is, She does, so far as her de- Methodist youth half way between the two, nominational strength serves ; but at the no doubt the minister would urge him to beginning she needs help. When the Board prefer his own college to ours. But for this of Church Erection says, “We must help town and region this gentleman finds prothe mission churches to put up their church vided a Christian college that is under Presbuildings," and the Board of Home Missions byterian control. He knows that there are says, “ We must help the mission churches many youth who will not go to any Christo support their ministers,” every one be- tian college unless they go to this. He knows, besi les, that the Christian matters involving a burden of interest very difficult emphasized by our professors are those which

to manage.

In one case, at least—that of belong to Methodists as much as to Presby. Sumner Academy, Washington Territory terians;

and so he counts it his Christian both of these evils occur. There is an un. duty to uphold our college. He does just finished building, and debt enough to what a Presbyterian ought to do toward a threaten the sinking of all the money that Methodist college under an exchange of cir- has gone into it. Advices have just been cumstances.

received that, unless friends in the East It is a great mistake to consider that a come to the rescue, the loss of the property, denominational college, rightly conducted, worth now about $8000, with a conditional is a sectarian fort, with guns set against all promise of $2000 toward permanent endowsects but one. On the contrary, while hon- ment, is inevitable. In another class of cases estly flying its denominational colors, it is the existing buildings are complete and free pledged to exalt Christ and not to proselyte; from debt, but the possible work of the inand so it becomes to all the large-minded stitution is not half done for lack of rooms Christians of its community a centre of for students. Christian sympathy and cooperation, a fort 1. Every one of these cases is under the against nothing but the common enemy. oversight of a Board whose disposition to be May the land have just enough of such col- careful is already complete, and which is leges—not too many, not too few.

every month learning more and more about the best methods of carefulness.

2. This Board will not suffer any money THE NEEDED “ PROPERTY FUND." that is committed to its discretion, or that is

The opening of our church's Centennial given under its advice, to be applied outside year indicates for the general treasury of this of these two conditions: The institution reBoard (the treasury which supports our ceiving it must have had already the strenuteachers) a further increase of receipts. No ous help of its own community ; and it must former year has brought us as much by the have a prospect of permanence and special same date. But over and above this mod- usefulness. That is, it must represent : erate gain of our general treasury, this year hopeful work, in which liberal home investought to bring to our Board a generous ment has been made. In every such caso “property fund.” There is great need of it; the power of new money is cumulative; for and there is great encouragement to give it. it stands on the shoulders of other money.

The NEED is this : Under the care of this While the effect of withholding is destrucBoard there are thirty-five institutions, tion, it allows the waste of the good money whose joint property aggregates over a mill- that has done its best, but gets no help. ion dollars. Of that large amount, by far Now, apart from all canvassers, with the greater part has come out of the commu- whom, if we could, we would at once disnities that have required the institutions. pense, we ask for direct contributions to a Of course, then, no little local industry and college property fund, to be applied where self-denial has been called forth in the col- the Board, in consultation with the donors, lecting and giving of money for this cause. shall think best. We are painfully hamYet all this giving still leaves the respective pered this moment, and great interests are properties not only incomplete, but, in many endangered by our lack of such a fund. We instances, utterly inadequate to their present could deal out a hundred thousand dollars ends. In some cases a little more money to the same good purpose that was served by spent upon plastering and joiner-work would the four thousand dollars of which we have turn the shell of a building into a competent spoken at length on a former page. Will edifice. In other cases the edifice has been not others, “whom God has entrusted with made available, but at the penalty of a debt money," write to us for our facts ?

PUBLICATION.

CHILDREN AT THE FRONT. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOARD, It is with profound gratitude that the an- As has already been stated in this period. nouncement is made that the debt of the ical, the Board, under the direction of the Board has been almost entirely removed. last General Assembly, has been reorganized. This result is largely due, under God, to the It now consists of three departments, namely, children of twelve hundred and sixty-six of Sabbath-school and Missionary Work, Edour Sabbath-schools that on Children's Day itorial and Business. Of these departments, contributed the noble sum of more than the first alone appeals to the church for con$15,400. The following letter has been sent tributions; the Editorial and Business de to every school that united in the contribu- partments are both supported by the latter, tion:

which is also a large contributor to that of

July 30, 1887. Sabbath-school and Missionary Work.
TO THE PASTOR, SUPERINTENDENT, OFFICERS,
TEACHERS AND SCHOLARS OF THIS SAB-

SABBATH-SCHOOL AND MIS BATH-SCHOOL.

SIONARY WORK. DEAR FRIENDS :—We congratulate you on the excellent arrangements and delightful ex

The object of this department is not merely

to establish Sabbath-schools and to supply ercises of Children's Day, June, 1887. We desire also to thank you for your part in the

them with lesson helps and libraries, but to noble contribution made on that day to the institute a system of lay evangelization Sabbath-school and Missionary Work of this throughout all the spiritually destitute disBoard. Your gift helped to swell the entire tricts of our own land. It is designed that, collections of our Presbyterian Sabbath-schools

so far as practicable, every family in such on Children's Day to the great sum of over

districts should be visited by an approved $15,400. We cannot tell you how much this

missionary, whose duty it shall be to carry money has already done for the cause of Christ. Our Sabbath-school and Missionary treasury

to them the gospel, to pray with them, to was far behind. We could do nothing to en

leave in

every

home some pages large the work until the debt was paid. The

and spiritually-enlivening publications of great enterprise of Sabbath-school missions the Board, and also a copy of the Word of was paralyzed. What could we do? We God wherever needed. It needs but to state prayed to God. He answered our prayers by the objects contemplated to convince every putting it into your hearts and hands to give thoughtful mind of the importance of the us this magnificent sum of money. The Sab

work. bath-schools have well-nigh lifted us out of debt. They have placed us in a position to do

But in order to carry on this work successgreat things for the perishing millions of boys fully, money is needed for the salaries of the and girls in our land outside of all Sabbath- missionaries, for the gratuitous distribution schools. In the name of these neglected youth, of tracts and books and Bibles to individin the name of our great Board, and in the uals, and for the supply of lesson helps and name of our Saviour, we thank you heartily and

libraries to needy Sabbath-schools. To pay sincerely. May he richly reward you for your

off the debt that rested on the Board at the work of faith and labor of love. May our Lord

close of the last fiscal year, and to prosecute Jesus Christ bless you, every one.

the work as it should be carried on, will reYours in his work, E. R. CRAVEN,

quire at least the $100,000 recommended to Secretary.

the churches by the last Assembly. JAMES A. WORDEN,

But not only is the Board called upon to Superintendent of S. S. and Missionary Work. give aid to needy schools in our own land,

of the pure

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