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(long since you left us without saying any thing) and iu the rear (as one of a promising and improvseveral of these inferior hebdomadal societies, as the iug aspect), Punning club, the Witty club, and amongst the * Sir, your obliged and humble servant; rest, the Handsome club; as a burlesque upon which,
* ALEXANDER CARBUNÇLE." a certain merry species, that seem to have come into Oxford, March 12, 1710.
R. the world in masquerade, for some years last past have associated themselves together, and assumed the name of the Ugly club. This il-favoured fra- No. 18.1, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1710-11 ternity consists of a president and twelve fellows;
Equitis quoque jam migravit ab aure voluptas
Omnis ad incertos oculos, et garda vana. the choice of which is not confined by patent to any
HOR. 2 Ep. i. 187, particular foundation (as St. John's men would have
But now our nobles too are fops and vain, the world believe, and have therefore erected a se. Neglect the sense, but love the painted scene. Crnca. parate society within themselves), but liberty is left It is my design in this paper to deliver down to to elect from any school in Great Britain, provided posterity a faithful account of the Italian opera, and the candidates be within the rules of the club, as of the gradual progrees which it has made upon tbe set forth in a table, entitled, The Act of Deformity: English stage; for there is no question but our a clause or two of which I shall transmit to you. great grand-children will be curious to know the
"1. That no person whatsoever shall be admitted reason why their forefathers used to sit together like without a visible quearity in his aspect, or peculiar an audience of foreigners in their own country, and cast of countenance; which the president and to hear whole plays acted before them in a tongue officers for the time being arc to determine, and the which they did not understand. president to have the casting voice.
Arsinoe was the first opera that gave us a taste of "2. That a singular regard be had upon exami- Italian music. The great success this opera met nation, to the gibbosity of the gentlemen that offer with produced some attempts of forming pieces upon themselves as founder's kinsmen; or to the obliquity Italian plans, which should give a more natural and of their figure, in what sort soever.
reasonable entertainment than what can be met with "3. That if the quantity of any man's nose be in the elaborate trifles of that nation. This alarmed eminently miscalculated, whether as to length or the poetasters and fiddlers of the town, who were preadth, he shall have a just pretence to be elected. used to deal in a more ordinary kind of ware; and
“ Lastly, That if there shall be two or more com- therefore laid down an established rule, which is repetitors for the same vacancy, cæieris paribus, he that ceived as such to this
day, " That nothing is capable has the thickest skin to have the preference. of being well set to music, that is not ponsense."
“Every fresh inember, upon his first night, is to This maxim was no sooner received, but we im. entertain the company with a dish of cod-fish, and a mediately fell to translating the Italian operas; specch in praise of Æsop, whose portraiture they and as there was no great danger of hurting the have in fuil proportion, or rather disproportion, over sense of those extraordinary pieces, our authors the chimney; and their design is, as soon as their would often make words of their own which were funds are sufficient, to purchase the heads of Ther- entirely foreign to the meaning of the passages they sites, Duns Scotus, Scarron, Hudibras, and the old pretended to translate ; their chief care being to pentleman in Oldham, with all the celebrated ill make the numbers of the English verse to answer 'aces of antiquity, as furniture for the club-room. to those of the Italian, that both of them might go to
" As they have always been professed admirers the same tune. Thus the famous song in Camilla: of the other sex, so they unanimously declare that Barbara, si, t'intendo, &c. they will give all possible encouragement to such as Barbarous woman, yes, I know your meaning. will take the benefit of the statute, though none yet which expresses the resentments of an angry lover, have appeared to do it.
“ The worthy president, who is their most devoted was translated into that English lamentation : champion, has lately shown me two copies of verses, and it was pleasant enough to see the most refined
Frail are a lover's hopes, &c. composed by a gentleman of his society;
the first, a congratulatory ode, inscribed to Mrs. Touchwood, persons of the British nation dying away and lanupon the loss of her two fore teeth; the other, a guishing to notes that were filled with a spirit of panegyric upon Mrs. Andiron's left shoulder. Mrs. rage and indignation. It happened also very freVizard (he says), since the small pox, has grown to- quently, where the sense was rightly translated, the lerably ugly, and a top toast in the club; but I ne-necessary transposition of words, which were drawn ver heard him so lavish of his fine things, as upon out of the phrase of one tongue into that of another, old Nell Trott, who continually officiates at their made the music appear very absurd in one tongue table; her he even adores and extols as the very that was very natural in the other. I remember an counterpart of Mother Shipton; in short, Nell (says Italian verse that ran thus, word for word: he) is one of the extraordinary works of nature;
And turn'd my rage into pity. but as for complexion, shape, and features, so valued which the English for rhyme-sake translated, by others, they are all mere outside and symmetry,
And into pity turned my rage. which is his aversion. Give me leave to add, that By this meaus the soft notes that were adapted the president is a facetious pleasant gentleman, and to pity in the Italian, fell upon the word rage never more so, than when he has got (as he calls in the English; and the angry sounds that were them) his dear mummers about him; and he often turned to rage in the original, were made to express protests it does him good to meet a fellow with a pity in the translation. It oftentimes happened right genuine grimace in his air (which is 80 agree- likewise, that the finest notes in the air fell apon ble in the generality of the French pation); and, the most insignificant words in the sentence. I have as an instance of his sincerity in this particular, he known the word "and" pursued through the whole pave me a sight of a list in his pocket book of all gamut, have been entertained with many a melothis class, who for these five years have fallen under dious “the," and have heard the most beautiful bis observation, with himself at the head of them, I graces, qua vers, and divisions bestowed upon " then,"
• for," and "from ;" to the eternal honour of our problematical manner, to be considered by those who English particles.
are masters in the art.-C. The Dext step to our refinement was the introducing of Italian actors into our opera; who sang their parts in their own language, at the same time
No. 19.) THURSDAY, MARCH 22, 1710-11.
Di bene fecerunt, inopis me quodque pusilli that our countrymen performed theirs in our native
Finxerunt animi, raro et perpauca loquentis. tongue. The king or hero of the play generally
Hor. 1 Sat. iv. 17. spoke in Italian, and his slaves answered him in
Thank Heaven, that made me of an humble mind; English. The lover frequently made his court, and To action little, less to words inclined ! gained the heart of his princess, in a language which
OBSERVING one person behold another, who was she did not understand. One would have thought it an utter stranger to him, with a cast of his eye, which very difficult to have carried on dialogues after this methought expressed an emotion of heart very differmanner, without an interpreter between the persons ent from what could be raised by an object so agreethat conversed together; but this was the state of the able as the gentleman he looked at, I began to conEnglish stage for about three years.
sider, not without some secret sorrow, the condition At length the audience grew tired of understand- of an envious man. Some have fancied that envy ing half the opera; and therefore, to ease themselves has a certain magical force in it, and that the eyes of entirely of the fatigue of thinking, have so ordered the envious have, by their fascination, blasted the it at present, that the whole opera is performed in enjoyments of the happy. Sir Francis Bacon says, an unknown tongue. We no longer understand the some have been so curious as to remark the times language of our own stage; insomuch that I have and seasons when the stroke of an envious eye is often been afraid, when I have seen our Italian per- most effectually pernicious, and have observed that it formers chattering in the vehemence of action, that has been when the person envied has been in any they have been calling us names, and abusing us circunstance of glory and triumph. At such a time aanng themselves ; but I hope, since we put such the mind of the prosperous man goes, as it were, an entire confidence in them, they will not talk abroad, among things without him, and is more ex. against us before our faces, though they may do it posed to the malignity. But I shall not dwell upon with the same safety as if it were behind our backs. speculations so abstracted as this, or repeat the many In the mean time, I cannot forbear thinking how na-excellent things which one might collect out of authors turally an historian who writes two or three hundred upon this miserable affection; but keeping the comyears hence, and does not know the taste of his wise mon road of life, consider the envious man with reforefathers, will make the following reflections: “In lation to these three heads, his pains, his reliefs, and the beginning of the eighteenth century, the Italian his happiness. tongue was so well understood in England, that operas The envious man is in pain upon all occasions were acted on the public stage in that language.” which ought to give him pleasure. The relish of his
One scarce knows how to be serious in the confu. life is inverted, and the objects which administer tation of an absurdity that shews itself at first sight. the highest satisfaction to those who are exempt from Le does not want any great measure of sense to see this passion, give the quickest pangs to persons who the ridicule of this monstrous practice; but what are subject to it. All the perfections of their fellow, makes it the more astonishing, it is not the taste of creatures are odious. Youth, beauty, valour, and the rabble, but of persons of the greatest politeness, wisdom, are provocations of their displeasure. What which bas established it.
a wretched and apostate state is this : to be offended If the Italians have a genius for music above the with excellence, and to hate a man because we ap. English, the English have a genius for other per- prove him! The condition of the envious man is formances of a much higher nature, and capable of the most emphatically miserable; he is not only ingiving the mind a much nobler entertainment capable of rejoicing in another's merit or success, Would one think it was possible (at a time when an but lives in a world wherein all mankind are in a author lived that was able to write the Phædra and plot against his quiet, by studying their own happiHippolitus,) for a people to be so stupidly fond of ness and advantage. Will Prosper is an honest the Italian opera, as scarce to give a third day's tale-bearer ; he makes it his business to join in conhearing to that admirable tragedy? Music is cer- versation with envious men. He points to such a tainly a very agreeable entertainment: but if it would handsome young fellow, and whispers that he is setake the entire possession of our ears, if it would cretly married to a great fortune. When they doubt, make us incapable of hearing sense, if it would ex- he adds circumstances to prove it; and never fails clude arts that have a much greater tendency to the to aggravate their distress by assuring them, that, to refinement of human nature; I must confess I would his knowledge, he has an uncle will leave him some allow it no better quarter than Plato has done, who thousands. Will has many arts of this kind to torbanishes it out of his commonwealth.
ture this sort of temper, and delights in it. When At present our notions of music are so very un- he finds them change colour, and say faintly they certain, that we do not know what it is we like; only, wish such a piece of news is true, he has the malice in general, we are transported with any thing that to speak some good or other of every man of their is not English: so it be of a foreign growth, let it acquaintance. be Italian, French, or High Dutch, it is the same The reliefs of the envious man, are those little thing. In short, our English music is quite rooted blemishes and imperfections that discover themselves out, and nothing yet planted in its stead.
in an illustrious character. It is matter of great When a royal palace is burnt to the ground, every consolation to an envious person, when a man of man is at liberty to present his plan for a new one; known honour does a thing unworthy of himself, or and though it be but indifferently put together, it when any action which was well executed, upon may furnish several hints that may be of use to a better information appears so altered in its circumgond architect. I shall take the same liberty, in a stances, that the fame of it is divided among many, following paper, of giving my opinion upon the sub. instead of being attributed to one. This is a secret ject of music; which I shall lay dowa only in a satisfaction to these malignants; for the person: whom they could not but admire, they fancy is nearer command of herself as befits beauty and innocence, their own condition as soon as his merit is shared and yet with so much spirit as sufficientiy espresses among others. I remember some years ago, there her indignation. The whole transaction is performcame out an excellent poem without the name of the ed with the eyes; and the crime is no less than em. author, The little wits, who were incapable of ploying them in such a manner, as to divert the eyes writing it, began to pull in pieces the supposed writer of others from the best use they can make of them, When that would not do, they took great pains to even looking up to heaven. suppress the opinion that it was his. That again
“SIR, failed. The next refuge was, to say it was overlooked
“There never was (I believe) an acceptable man by one man, and many pages wholly written by an- but had some awkward imitators. Even since the other. An honest fellow, who sat amongst a cluster Spectator appeared, have I remarked a kind of mer of them in debate on this subject, cried out, “ Gen. whom I choose to call Starers; that without any retlemen, if you are sure none of you yourselves had gard to time, place, or modesty, disturb a large a hand in it, you are but where you were, whoever company with their impertinent eyes. Spectators writ it.” But the most usual succour to the envious, make up a proper assembly for a puppet-show or : in cases of nameless merit in this kind, is to keep bear-garden; but devout supplicants and attentive the property, if possible, unfixed, and by that means hearers are the audience one ought to expect in to hinder the reputation of it from falling upon any churches. I am, Sir, member of a small pious conparticular person. You see an envious man clear gregation near one of the north gates of this city; up his countenance, if, in the relation of any man's much the greater part of us indeed are females, and great happiness in one point, you mention his unused to behave ourselves in a regular attentive maneasiness in another. When he hears such a one is ner, till very lately one whole aisle has been disvery rich, he turns pale, but recovers when you add turbed by one of these monstrous starers; he is the that he has many children. In a word, the only sure head taller than any one in the church; but for the way to an envious man's favour is not to deserve it. greater advantage of exposing himself, stands upon
But if we consider the envious man in delight, it a hassock, and commands the whole congregation, is like reading of the seat of a giant in romance; to the great annoyance of the devoutest part of the the magnificence of his house consists in the many auditory: for what with blushing, confusion, and limbs of men whom he has slain. If any who pro- vexation, we can neither mind the prayers vor ser; mised themselves success in any uncommon under
mon. Your animadversion upon this insolence would taking miscarry in the attempt, or he that aimed at be a great favour to, what would have been useful and laudable, meets
Sir, your most humble servant, S. C." with contempt and derision, the envious man, under the colour of hating vain-glory, can smile with an think there cannot be a greater aggravation of an of
I have frequently seen this sort of fellows, and do inward wantonness of heart at the ill effect it may fence than that it is committed where the criminal is have upon an honest ambition for the future.
Having thoroughly considered the nature of this protected by the sacredness of the place which he passion, I have made it my study how to avoid the violates. Many reflections of this sort might be very envy that may accrue to me from these my specula- justly made upon this kind of behaviour, but a tions; and if I am not mistaken in myself, I think I starer is not usually a person to be convinced by the have a genius to escape it. Upon hearing in a
reason of the thing; and a fellow that is capable of coffee-house one of my papers commended, I imme- showing an impudent front before a whole congregadiately apprehended the envy that would spring from tion, and can bear being a public spectacle, is not that applause; and therefore gave a description of so easily rebuked as to amend by adinonitions. If, my face the next day; being resolved, as I grow in therefore, my correspondent does not inform me, that
reputation for wit, to resign my pretensions to within seven days after this date the barbarian does beauty. This, I hope, may give some case to those at least stand upon his own legs only, without unhappy gentlemen who do me the honour to tor- an eminence, my friend Will Prosper* has promised ment themselves upon the account of this my paper. him in defence of the ladies. I have given him di
to take a hassock opposite to him, and stare against As their case is very deplorable, and deserves compassion, I shall sometimes be dull in pity to them, rections, according to the most exact rules of optics, and will, from time to time, administer consolations to place himself in such a manner, that he shall meet to them by farther discoveries of my person. In the his eyes wherever he throws them. I have hopes, meanwhile, if any one says the Spectator has wit, that when Will confronts him, and all the ladies, in it may be some relief to them to think that he does whose behalf he engages him, cast kind looks and Rot show it in company. And if any one praises his wishes of success at their champion, he will have morality, they may comfort themselves by consider- some shame, and feel a little of the pain he has so ing that his face is none of the longest.-R.
often put others to, of being out of countenance.
It has, indeed, been time out of mind generally
remarked, and as often lamented, that this family of No. 20.) FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 1710-11.
Starers have infested public assemblies. I know
no other way to obviate so great an evil, except in Thou dog in forehead.POPE, Hom.
the case of tixing their eyes upon women, some inale AMONG the other hardy undertaking, which I friend will take the part of such as are under the have proposed to myself
, that of the correction of im- oppression of impudence, and encounter the eyes of pudence is what I have very much at heart. This the Starers wherever they meet them. While we in a particular thanner is my province as Spectator; suffer our women to be thus impudently attacked, for it is generally an offence committed by the eyes, they have no defence, but in the end to cast yielding and that against such as the offenders would perhaps glances at the Starers. In this case a man who has never have an opportunity of injuring any other no sense of shame, has the same advantage over his way. The following letter is a complaint of a young lady, who sets forth a trespass of this kind, with that
See Spect. No. 19.W. Prosper, an honest tale-bearer, &c.
mistress, as he who has no regard for his own life reckon bishops, deans, and archdeacons. Ainong bas over his adversary. While the generality of the second are doctors of divinity, prebendaries, the world are fettered by rules, and move by proper and all that wear scarfs. The rest are comprehended and just methods, be who has no respect to any of under the subalterns. As for the first class, our then carries away the reward due to that propriety constitution preserves it from any redundancy of of behaviour, with no other merit, but that of hav- incumbents, notwithstanding competitors are numang neglected it.
berless. Upou a strict calculation, it is found that I take an impudent fellow to be a sort of outlaw there has been a great exceeding of late years in in good breeding, and therefore what is said of him the second division, several brevets having been no nation or person can be concerned for. For this granted for the converting subalterns into scarf-ofTeason one may be free upon him. I have put my ticers; insomuch, that within my memory the price sek to great pains in considering this prevailing of lutestring is raised above two-pence in a yard. quality, which we call impudence, and have taken As for the subalterns, they are not to be numbered. notice that it exerts itself in a different manner, ac- Should our clergy once enter into the corrupt praccording to the different soils wherein such subjects tice of the laity, by the splitting of their freeholds, of these dominions as are masters of it were born. they would be able to carry most of the elections in Lupudence in an Englishman is sullen and inso- England. leat; in a Scotchman it is untractable and rapa. The body of the law is no less encumbered with cious; is an Irishman absurd and fawning: as the superfluous members, that are like Virgil's army, course of the world now runs, the impudent En- which he tells us was so crowded, many of them had glishman behaves like a surly landlord, the Scot not room to use their weapons. This prodigions solike an ill-received guest, and the Irishman like a ciety of men may be divided into the litigious and stranger, who knows he is not welcome. There is peaceable. Under the first are comprehended all seldorn any thing entertaining either in the impu- those who are carried down in coach-fulls to Westdence of a South or North Briton; but that of an minster-ball, every morning in term time. Martial's Irishman is always comic. A true and genuine im- description of this species of lawyers is full of humour: prudence is ever the effect of ignorance without the
Iras et verba locant. least sense of it. The best and most successful starers now in this town are of that nation; they
“Men that hire out their words and anger;" that bare usually the advantage of the stature mentioned are more or less passionate according as they are in the above letter of my correspondent, and gene- paid for it, and allow their client a quantity of wrath rally take their stands in the eye of women of for- proportionable to the fee which they receive from tune : insomuch that I have known one of them, him. I must, however, observe to the reader, that three months after
he came from the plough, with a above three parts of those whom I reckon among tolerable good ait, lead out a woman from a play, the litigious are such as are only quarrelsome in which one of our own breed, after four years at Ox? their hearts
, and have no opportunity of showing ford, and two at the Temple, would have been afraid their passion at the bar. Nevertheless, as they do w look at.
not know what strifes may arise, they appear at the I cannot tell how to account for it, but these people hall every day, that they may show themselves in kare usually the preference to our own fools, in the readiness
to enter the lists, whenever there shall be opinion of the sillier part of womankind. Perhaps occasion for them. it is that an English coxcomb is seldom so obse. The peaceable lawyers are, in the first place, many quious as an Irish one; and when the design of of the benchers of the several inns of court, who pleasing is visible, an absurdity in the way towards seem to be the dignitaries of the law, and are enit is easily forgiven.
dowed with those qualifications of mind that accomBut those who are downright impudent, and go plish a man rather for a ruler than a pleader. These on without reflection that they are such, are more men live peaceably in their habitations, eating once to be tolerated, than a set of fellows among us who a day, and dancing once a year,* for the honour of process impudence with an air of humour, and think their respective societies. to rarry off the most inexcusable of all faults in the Another numberless branch of peaceable lawyers, Forld, with no other apology than saying in a gay are those young men who, being placed at the inns tone, “I put an impudent face upon the inatter." of court in order to study the laws of their country, No: oo man shall be allowed the advantages of im- frequent the playbouse more than Westminster-hall
, podence, who is conscious that he is such. If he and are seen in all public assemblies except in a knows he is impudent, he may as well be otherwise ; court of justice. I shall say nothing of those silent and it shall be expected that he blush, when he sees and busy multitudes that are employed within doors be makes another do it. For nothing can atone for in the drawing up of writings and conveyances; nor the want of modesty: without which beauty is un- of those greater numbers that palliate their want of graceful, and wit detestable.-R.
business with a pretence to such chamber practice.
If, in the third place, we look into the profession
of physic, we shall find a most formidable body of No 21.) SATURDAY, MARCH 24, 1710-11. The sight of them is enough to make a man -Locus est et pluribus umbris.--Hor. 1 Ep. v. 28.
serious, for we may lay it down as a maxim, that There's room enough, and each may bring his friend.
when a nation abounds in physicians it grows thin
CREECH. of people. Sir Williain Temple is very much puzI an sometimes very much troubled, when I re- zled to find out a reason why the Northern Hive, as Bect upon the three great professions of divinity, he calls it, does not send out such prodigious swarms, law, and physic; how they are each of them over and overrun the world with Goths and Vandals, as it berdened with practitioners, and filled with multi- aid formerly; but had that excellent author observed tudes of ingenious gentlemen that starve one another. that there were no students in physic among the We may divide the clergy, into generals, fieldficers, and subalterns. Among the first wo may
• See Dugdale's Origines Juridiciales.
subjects of Thor and Woden, and that this science monstrous things done in both, that if one had not very much flourishes in the north at present, he been an eye-witness of them, one could not believe might have found a better solution for this difficulty that such matters had really been exhibited. There than any of those he has made use of. This body of is very little which concerns human life, or is a picmen in our own country may be described like the ture of nature, that is regarded by the greater part British army in Cæsar's time. Some of them slay of the company. The understanding is dismissed in chariots, and some on foot. If the infantry do less from our entertainments. Our mirth is the laughter execution than the charioteers, it is because they of fools, and our admiration the wonder of idiots; cannot be carried so soon into all quarters of the else such improbable, monstrous, and incoherent town, and dispatch so much business in so short a dreams could not go off as they do, not only without time. Besides this body of regular troops, there are the utmost scorn and contempt, but even with the stragglers, who, without being duly listed and en. loudest applause and approbation. But the letters rolled, do infinite mischief to those who are so un- of my correspondents will represent this affair in a lucky as to fall into their hands.
more lively manner than any discourse of my own; There are, besides the above-mentioned, innu- I shall therefore give them to my reader with only merable retainers to physic who, for want of other this preparation, that they all come from players, and patients, amuse themselves with the stifing of cats that the business of playing is now so managed, that in an air-pump, cutting up dogs alive, or impaling of you are not to be surprised when I say one or two insects upon the point of a needle for microscopical of them are rational, others sensitive and vegetative observations; besides those that are employed in the actors, and others wholly inanimate. I shall not gathering of weeds, and the chase of butterflies : not place these as I have named them, but as they have to mention the cockleshell-merchants and spider- precedence in the opinion of their audiences. catchers.
“ MR. SPECTATOR, When I consider how each of these professions are “ Your having been so humble as to take notice of crowded with multitudes that seek their livelihood in the epistles of other animals, imboldens me, who am them, and how many men of merit there are in each the wild boar that was killed by Mrs. Tofts, to reof them, who may be rather said to be of the science, present to you, that I think I was hardly used in not than the profession; I very much wonder at the hu- having the part of the lion in Hydaspes given to me. mour of parents, who will not rather choose to place It would have been but a natural step for me to have their sons in a way of life where an honest industry personated that noble creature, after having behaved cannot but thrive, than in stations where the greatest myself to satisfaction in the part above-mentioned. probity, learning, and good sense, may miscarry. That of a lion is too great a character for one that How many men are country curates, that might have never trod the stage before but upon two legs. As to made themselves aldermen of London, by a right the little resistance which I made, I hope it may be improvement of a smaller sum of money than what excused, when it is considered that the dart was is usually laid out upon a learned education ? A thrown at me by so fair a hand. I must confess I sober frugal person, of slender parts and a slow ap- had but just put on my brutality; and Camilla's prehension, migbt have thrived in trade, though he charms were such, that beholding her erect mien, starves upon physic; as a man would be well enough hearing her charming voice, and astonished with her pleased to buy silks of one whom he would not ven- graceful motion, I could not keep up my assumed ture to feel his pulse. Vagellius is careful, studious, fierceness, but died like a man. and obliging, but withal a little thick-skulled; he
“I am, Sir, your most humble admirer, has not a single client, but might have had abund
« Thomas PRONE." ance of customers. The misfortune is, that parents “MR. SPECTATOR, take a liking to a particular profession, and there- “ This is to let you understand, that the play. fore desire their sons may be of it: whereas, in so house is a representation of the world in nothing so great an affair of life, they should consider the ge- much as in this particular, that no one rises in it nius and abilities of their children more than their according to his merit
. I have acted several parts own inclinations.
of household-stuff with great applause for many It is the great advantage of a trading nation, that years: I am one of the men in the hangings in The there are very few in it so dull and heavy, who may Emperor of the Moon ; I have twice performed the not be placed in stations of life, which may give third chair in an English opera : and have rehearsed them an opportunity of making their fortunes. A the pump in The Fortune-Hunters
. I am now grown well-regulated commerce is not, like law, physic, or old, and hope you will recommend me so effectually, divinity, to be overstocked with hands; but on the as that I may say something before I go off the contrary flourishes by multitudes, and gives employ- stage; in which you will do a great act of charity to ment to all its professors. Fleets of merchant-men
"Your most humble servant, are so many squadrons of floating shops, that vend
“ WILLIAM SCREENE." our wares and manufactures in all the markets of “ MR. SPECTATOR, the world, and find out chapmen under both the “ Understanding that Mr Screene has writ to tropics.-C.
you, and desired to be raised from dumb and still parts; I desire, if you give him motion or speech,
that you would advance me in my way, and let me No. 22.] MONDAY, MARCH 26, 1711.
keep on in what I humbly presume I am master, to : Quodcunque ostendis mihi sic, incredulus odi.
wit, in representing human and still life together.
I have several times acted one of the finest flowerWhatever contradicts my sense
pots in the same opera wherein Mr. Screene is a I hate to see, and never can believe.-Roscommon.
chair; therefore, upon his promotion, request that I The word Spectator being most usually understood may succeed him in the hangings, with my hand in as one of the audience at public representations in the orange-trees. our theatres, I seldom fail of many letters relating
“ Your humble servant, to plays and operas But indeed there are suck
“ RALPH SIMPLE.'
HOR. Ars. Poet. ver. 5.