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A pleasant and brotherly note from Rev. the genial secretary playfully says, “Pick C. C. McCabe, at the Mission Rooms of the up your feet lively." No doubt our colM. E. Church, informs us of an increase last umns will march the more briskly for hearyear in their collections of $142,458, and ing such lively music on the fifes and confident expectation of a further increase drums of another corps of fellow soldiers. of $80,000 in the current year, making a We would fain give them reciprocal cheer. total increase of $222,558 in two years. Do not they get it in the reports of proceedKindly seeking to provoke us to emulation, ings in our recent General Assembly?
« PRESBYTERIAL OVERSIGHT."
The excellent article under this title in sum of $100 or $200 for pastor's support. our February number, by Dr. John Hall, This church has had pastors coming ten or of New York, has brought to us a response
twelve miles, conducting one service Sunday
afternoon. When the pulpit is vacant a from one who subscribes herself “A Chris
minister comes and preaches a sermon; de tian Woman.” She chooses to emphasize
clares it vacant; goes away and seems to the catholic term “Christian;" she would
forget all about it. The people do not feel that cultivate the spirit of catholicity in the de
the presbytery is at all interested in them, nomination of her preference and her provi- but know that they are an incumbrance. dential connection; and she longs to have
To bear one another's burdens means all the appropriate powers of presbytery more than to give money. No doubt if utilized for the Christian ends for which
these people were more faithful in the few they were given. She says:
things committed to them they would do
well, for they have had pious pastors; but I read in THE CHURCH an article on the church has been composed almost alto“Presbyterial Oversight," and appreciated gether of hardworking people and needs enit fully because I have been situated in such
couragement. No doubt the pastors of large a way that I have frequently seen the need churches are fully occupied, for well I know for something of the kind. Of course we the pastor of the church in question could say that the power is in presbytery, but is not attend to the wants of others, but he is it? The shell of a principle will not do for a part of the presbytery, and there is none the kernel. In my, perhaps limited, ob- but the presbytery to do this unless they servation, presbytery is hardly anything were congregational, or willing to be govmore to the churches than the executive erned or misgoverned by any one sufficiently factor, to carry out the designs (or want of self-assertive to do it. If the pastor is asked, designs, often) of the people. I could show as he has often been, to hold special evening you a country church not twenty miles from services, he can seldom get any one to help. one of our largest cities, easily accessible by We read of city ministers addressing assemrailroad or stage, and having been pretty blies outside of their own flock. The Protfaithfully represented in presbytery for a estant Episcopal church in the vicinity holds long time, and having, as is said, “a good convocation and has the bishop's visit. The history" — whatever that means — but in Methodist Episcopal and Methodist Protestwhich, owing partly to frequent removals ant and the Baptist have revival services; and deaths, the membership has continued even the Roman Catholic church has its at about the same figure for a good many missions, where several priests conduct servyears. Of this fact they have been reminded ices. You see that the Presbyterians have at presbytery, when applying for the yearly to be very pious and zealous year in and
year out to keep from being forgotten. It to the Board of Home Missions to get the would be pleasant if they felt that they were money they need, it is little better. Dr. really a living part of the beautiful, active Hall's article was intended to call attention and powerful church of which they read
to the neglected episcopal functions, for “The Great Presbyterian Church."
which our correspondent has so earnestly An eminent minister of the last genera- longed in behalf of the little church for tion, in that branch of the Presbyterian which she speaks so tenderly and so conChurch which then did most of its mission- siderately. She is not the only wise woman ary work through voluntary societies, in co- who feels thus. Women like to feel the operation with Christians of other denomi- bracing and guarding and the steady pressnations, once said that an unhappy effect of ure forward of legitimate authority. A sesthis was to make the churches know the sion that vacates its important functions and presbytery only as a ruling power, and not lets some pro-tempore committee usurp them, as a protecting and cherishing power. He or, as this Christian woman puts it, “any compared the unwisdom of this to that of one sufficiently self-assertive to do it," is not parents who should put into the hands of satisfactory to such women. If a presbytery their children's aunts and uncles all the "is hardly anything more than an executive money to be spent in giving them toys and factor, to carry out the designs, or want of pastimes, reserving to themselves only the designs, of the people,” such women cannot prerogative of chastisement.
see the use of such a presbytery. It is quite possible for presbyteries to We are persuaded that there is a way in make a similar mistake, with no such excuse which presbyterial oversight can be made a for it as “ co-operation.” If the presbytery precious reality-an organized pastoral care. is thought of only as a court to which an It is possible for a presbytery to watch and appeal can be taken from the session, or guard its churches, to advise and help and before which a minister can be accused and lead them, so as to win their grateful and tried, there is very little in all this to attach reverent love, by deserving it. In seeking the people to the presbytery. If it is only for this, we shall do well to give heed to the known by the feeble churches as the body wishes and longings of women as well as to through which they must send applications the thoughts and theories of men.
THE GALATIANS AND THE GERMANS OF OUR DAY.
The apostle Paul already preached the tion, Martin Luther, bore it. Jerome tells gospel to German tribes. The Galatians us that the Galatians spoke Greek, but at were Germans, Gauls, who had wandered the same time retained their German lanfrom their old home to Greece about the guage, which he compares to the language year 238 before Christ. From there they
From there they spoken at Trèves (Trier, in Germany). were directed by Attalus to the land subse- Paul loved the Germans in Galatia and quently called Galatia. Their leaders are preached the gospel to them. They were reported to have been Leonarius and Lu- infidels and heathen when he came to them. tarius (Lothar, later Luther). The latter But did he say, as is so often said to-day, It bore the name which became world-renowned, does not pay to work among the Germans ? because the prince of the German Reforma- No! He loved them before they were Chris
tians, and they felt the love pulsating through of the Church of Christ ought to be the every word and tone of the great apostle. speedy evangelization of all tongues and What was the consequence? The Germans tribes of this vast continent. always were a nation of deep and warm Granting, as no German will dare gainsay feeling; they consequently rewarded his it, that a portion of the laboring class of love. Love begat love. They received Germans has been saturated with socialistic
as an angel of God, even as Christ and nihilistic ideas, we must not forget that himself” (4:15), and would have plucked the unjustness and rigor of monarchy, the out their eyes to give them to Paul, if it military despotism, taking the best years of were possible, so as to relieve the apostle, a man, and the sore distress and poverty in who seems to have been afflicted with an which these Germans were reared, nursed eye-trouble.
such ideas, similarly as among the Irish. Why, then, should our German nation be Many passed “from a childhood of degradadespised to-day in the most Christian coun- tion to a manhood of hardship and an old try? It is true there are socialists and an- age of unpitied neglect" (Farrar); but diliarchists among our kinsmen, but even to-day gent, self-sacrificing, prayerful labor and some of the foremost theologians are Ger- preaching among them will ameliorate the mans, and hundreds of American pastors Germans in the end. and professors honor and esteem them as Politicians reckon with the “foreign" eletheir beloved teachers. Few English theo- ment as an important factor; dare we as a logical or philosophical works are translated church of Christ, who died for his enemies, into German, but many German theological turn a cold shoulder upon the immigrants and philosophical works are translated into who are to a great extent helping to mould English. No! No! The Germans as a the future of our land ? “Our country for Dation are not infidels and socialists; only Christ” is the sublime motto of Home Mismany Germans, arriving in "free America," sions. Well, brethren, win the Germans mistake liberty to mean licentiousness, and for Christ, and so much the more rapidly degenerate here. The normal German is a the whole country will be Christ's. It is my Christian German, ever since the gospel earnest conviction that we, as a church, was brought to the ancient Germans liv. must take care spiritually of them, or they ing in the primeval forests and accepted by will take care of us and our country. The them.
United States must either digest this heavy It is evident that a grand work for the food or die. We can digest it if we add to our advancement of Christ's kingdom can be laws and our liberty enough of Christian love. done among the German immigrants, and THE CHURCH AT HOME AND ABROAD (p. no American church is better equipped to 392) well says, “ We cannot defend our aldo this work than our Presbyterian Church. tars and fires in any way so well as by ... But it cannot do the work through American the potent and gracious power of Christian pastors. If Germans are reached by Amer- love. The most effectual way of defending ican preachers, those cases are exceptional. ourselves from enemies is by transforming Only a German can understand the Germans them into friends." Henry M. Stanley made fully, and labor with love and success among the arch slave-trader of Africa, Tippu Tib, them. In Madagascar, China, Japan and an ally of the Congo State. He says, “I India, everywhere on foreign fields, native found that Tib was either to be fought or to evangelists are trained to work among their be employed, and I preferred the latter." own people. It is, for this reason, absurd to So it is with many German immigrants. say, “ We want no German churches. Let They will either have to be fought or loved them come into our American churches." and won for Christ. Such men forget that the speedy American- Our Germans need to be Americanized to ization of all immigrants is a political prob- some extent. You Americans have a higher lem. The foremost, all-absorbing problem regard for the Lord's day, a clearer perception of the fact that Christianity is not mere- Now what can we do for the Germans arly knowledge, but new life wrought by the riving on our shores? If the harvest does Spirit of God, and thus far our Germans not come in spontaneously, we must go out need to be Americanized. There is too and gather it in. We, who are under the much memorized Christianity among our sanctifying power of the Holy Spirit, are in people. Biblical history is taught well in
ught well in duty bound to preach the gospel not only to Germany, but personal piety, spiritual life, the far-off Chinese and the fanatic Mohamis often sorely wanting. It is not quickened medan, but also to our brethren after the 80 generally as here by the work of laymen flesh—the large, influential German frain the Sunday-school and prayer-meeting. ternity.
H. J. WEBER.
OUR SECOND VOLUME.
The report of the Committee on the Con- pleasant evidence of continued endeavor to solidated Magazine, printed in the first seven extend the circulation, and desire in all pages of this number, gives a clear and full
proper ways to encourage and help such account of the labors of that Committee, endeavor. Specimen copies are freely sent and of the results thus far. The Committee to all who ask for them, and in many have reason to be happy in the approval churches the clubs are kept constantly of their work by the General Assembly. growing. It should be understood that adThe report was accepted and adopted, as it ditions may be made to any club at any stands printed at the beginning of this first time, new members paying, from whatever number in the second volume. The changes date they wish, to the end of the time to which are therein indicated as already de which the earlier members of the club have cided upon by the Committee were ap- paid. We trust that in every case“ pastors proved by the General Assembly, and are and elders, or others in charge of clubs, will now made, as will be seen by inspection of promptly attend to the renewal of subscripthis number.
tions before they expire. We intend that The Committee, the editor, and all con- on our part no effort shall be wanting to nected with them in this work, grateful for make the magazine so interesting and so such generous approval, will still study and helpful to all parts of our church work that labor to make the magazine more and more none of its readers, loving that work, will worthy of it. We have no expectation of feel willing to discontinue it. For all help ever carrying it beyond the possibility of in this effort from correspondents-men, further improvement. We are receiving women or children—we are very thankful.
Eight pages are now added to the ninety- On the second page of the cover will be six heretofore found in each number, to re- found the table of contents, and on the port the contributions to our church's treas- third and fourth pages, the addresses of the uries. As the fiscal year of most of the officers of the General Assembly, its boards boards begins in April, the eight pages are and committees; also the standing notices, not sufficient to contain all the receipts. directions for bequests, etc. Those for which we cannot make room in With the new color of the cover, it is this number will appear in the August hoped that these will all be easily legible, number.
as they were not on the deep-blue cover.
that question, in a practical way, far better
than any discussion here could do. The Not less than $800,000 will be needed to
21,000 elders at their back, if they will, can meet the most urgent demands of this work make success both certain and easy. for the coming year. We repeat, therefore, our urgent admonition to pastors and ministers generally, as those charged by the Head of the church with submitting his BEGIN AT JERUSALEM. claims to the people, to do their share to The distinction between home and foreign scure this increase of funds and to meet
missions is, of course, purely conventional. these golden opportunities. The Assembly Two boards instead of one are merely for
convenience and economy and system and
division of labor. “The field is the world." THE STAKE ADVANCED.
A Chinaman in China has equal need and
equal claim with a Chinaman in America. It showed no small nerve and courage on East Indian and western Indian are alike the part of the Standing Committee and the in relation to God's law and the church's General Assembly to ask for $800,000 for duty. There is no more difference between home missions this year. It was, to be sure, Mormon in America and Mussulman in but $50,000 advance upon last year's call; Asia in our day than between Jew and but that mark has been repeatedly set and Greek in Paul's day. So the work is one never yet reached. To attain the new stand- and the aim is one. The instinct and imard will involve the contribution of almost pulse to seek and save the lost which the $150,000 more than last year. To set the disciple catches from the Master knows no stake so far ahead, not in vain show, but latitude or longitude. There is no real sevwith calm judgment and in sober earnest, is erance or diversity between laborers at home a move whose significance calls for careful and abroad. There is no logical propriety pondering by every pastor, elder and mem- or possibility of collision or friction between ber of our church.
board and board. They march abreast, The arguments in favor of it are many shoulder to shoulder, in the one campaign. and mighty. The work plainly in sight They are the two hands of the one body. even now, which every coming month will They are compacted and interlocked in the widen, and which cannot be done with structure and life of the one church. smaller means; the steadfast but hard- The only precedence, in any sense or pressed workers in the field, who must bear shape, which home missions can claim is a large share of any shortcoming; the large that suggested by our Lord's direction, “besuccess of the past year, even with smaller ginning at Jerusalem.” It is often said in resources than were hoped for at its begin regard to this, “we are to begin at Jerusaning; the unusual fervor of the Assembly in lem, but we are not to end there." It is the direction of home missions,--all these just as necessary to a full, all-round view both demand and encourage the most stren- of the meaning of the words to say, “ we are uous endeavor to raise the year's gifts to the not to end at Jerusalem, but we are to begin new standard.
there." The point of “beginning" must And why should it not be reached? The stand first, in order of time and in order of special committee of elders appointed by place. And thus and no otherwise home the Assembly for the purpose will handle evangelization may assume priority. It has