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and parsimons be the virtues of the merchant, how of any undertaking without them. I say this in much is his punctual dealing below a gentleman's answer to what Sir Roger is pleased to say, 'that charity to the poor, or hospitality among his little that is truly noble can be expected from one neighbours !
who is ever poring on his cash-boox, or balancing Captain Sentry observed Sir Andrew very dili- his accounts.' When I have my returns from gent in hearing Sir Roger, and had a mind to turn abroad, I can tell to a shilling, by the help of numthe discourse, by taking notice in general, from the bers, the profit or loss by my adventure; but I bighest to the lowest parts of human society, there ought also to be able to show that I had reason for was a secret, though unjust way, among men, of making it, either from my own experience, or that indulging the seeds of ill. nature and envy, by com- of other people, or from a reasonable presumption paring their own state of life to that of another, and that my returns will be sufficient to answer my exgrudging the approach of their neighbour to their pense and bazard; and this is never to be done own happiness; and, on the other side, he, who is without the skiil of numbers. For instance, if I ain less at his ease, repines at the other, who he thinks to trade to Turkey, I ought beforehand to know the has unjustly the advantage over him. Thus the demand of our manufactures there, as well as of civil and military lists look upon each other with their silks, in England, and the customary prices much ill-nature; the soldier repines at the courtier's that are given for both in each country. I ought to power, and the courtier rallies the soldier's honour; have a clear knowledge of these matters beforehand. or, to come to lower instances, the private men in that I may presume upon sufficient returns to anthe borse and foot of an army, the carmen and swer the charge of the cargo I have fitted out, the coachmen in the city streets, mutually look upon freight and assurance out and home, the customs to each other with ill-will, when they are in competi- the queen, and the interest of my own money, and tion for quarters, or the way in their respective besides all these expenses a reasonable profit to motions,
myself. Now what is there of scandal in this skill? " It is very well, good captain," interrupted Sir What has the merchant done, that he should be so Andrew: “ you may attempt to turn the discourse little in the good graces of Sir Roger? He throws if you think fit; but I must however have a word or down no man's enclosures, and tramples upon no two with Sir Roger, who, I see, thinks he has paid man's corn; he takes nothing from the industrious me off, and been very severe upon the merchant. labourer; he pays the poor man for his work; he I shall not,” continued he, “at this time remind communicates his profit with mankind; by the preSir Roger of the great and noble monuments of paration of his cargo, and the manufacture of his charity and public spirit, which have been erected returns, he furnishes employment and subsistence by merchants since the reformation, but at present to greater numbers than the richest nobleman; and content myself with what he allows us, parsimony even the nobleman is obliged to him for finding out and frugality. If it were consistent with the quality foreign markets for the produce of his estate, and of so ancient a baronet as Sir Roger, to keep an for making a great addition to his rents; and yet account, or measure things by the most infallible it is certain that none of all these things could be Fay, that of numbers, he would prefer our parsimony done by him without the exercise of his skill in to his baspitality. If to drink so many hogsheads numbers. is to be hospitable, we do not contend for the fame “ This is the economy of the merchant; and the of that virtue: but it would be worth while to con- conduct of the gentleman must be the same, unless, sider whether so many artificers at work ten days by scorning to be the steward, he resolves the together by my appointment, or so many peasants steward shall be the gentleman. The gentleman, made merry on Sir Roger's charge, are the men no more than the merchant, is able, without the mere obliged ? I believe the families of the artificers help of numbers, to account for the success of any will thank me more than the household of the pea- action, or the prudence of any adventure. If, for sants shall Sir Roger. Sir Roger gives to his men, instance, the chase is his whole adventure, his only but I place mine above the necessity or obligation returns must be the stag's horns in the great hall, of my bounty. I am in very little pain for the and the fox's nose upon the stable-door. Without Roman proverb upon the Carthaginian traders; the doubt Sir Roger knows the full value of these reRomans were their professed enemies; I am only turns; and if beforehand he had computed the . sorry no Carthaginian histories have come to our charges of the chase, a gentleman of his discretion bands; we might have been taught perbaps by would certainly have banged up all his dogs; be them some proverbs against the Roman generosity, would never have brought back so many fine horses in fighting for, and bestowing, other people's goods. to the kennel; he would never have gone so often, Bat since Sir Roger has taken occasion, from an like a blast, over fields of corn. If such too bad old proverb, to be out of humour with merchants, been the conduct of all his ancestors, he might it should be no offence to offer one not quite so old truly have boasted at this day, that the antiquity of in their defence. When a man happens to break his family had never been sullied by a trade; a in Holland, they say of him, that he has not kept merchant had never been permitted with his whole trae accounts. This phrase, perhaps, among us estate to purchase room for his picture in the gallery would appear a soft or humorous way of speaking, of the Cuverley's, or to claim his descent from the but with that exact' nation it bears the highest re- maid of honour. But it is very happy for Sir Roger proach. Por a man to be mistaken in the calcula- that the merchant paid so dear for his ambition. It time of his expense, in his ability to answer future is the misfortune of many other gentlemen to turn demands, or to be impertinently sanguine in putting out of the seats of their ancestors, to make way for his credit to top great adventure, are all instances of such new masters as have been more exact in their as much infamy, as with gayer nations to be failing accounts than themselves ; and certainly he deserves in courage, or common honesty.
the estate a great deal better who has got it by his “ Numbers are so much the measure of every industry, than he who has lost it by his negligence.” thang that is valuable, that it is not possible to demonstrate the snccess of any action, or the prudence
No. 175.) THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1711. hardly seems to dream of, and is too far gone in it
to receive advice. However, I shall animadvert Proximus a tectis ignis defenditur ægte.
in due time on the abuse which he mentions, having OviD, Rem. Am. v, 625. myself observed a nest of Jezebels near the Temple
, To save your house from neighb'ring fire is hard.—TATE.
who make it their diversion to draw up the eyes of I shall this day entertain my readers with two young Templars, that at the same time they may or three letters I have received from my correspond see them stumble in an unlucky gutter which runs ents: the first discovers to me a species of females under the window. which have hitherto escaped my notice, and is as “MR. SPECTATOR, follows:
“ I have lately read the conclusion of your forty“ Mr. SPECTATOR,
seventh speculation upon butts with great pleasure, “I am a young gentleman of a competent for- and have ever since been thoroughly persuaded that tune, and a sufficient taste of learning, to spend five one of those gentlemen is extremely necessary to or six hours every day very agreeably among my week upon the water for a lady to whom I make my
enliven conversation. I had an entertainment last books. That I might have nothing to divert me from my studies, and to avoid the noises of coaches addresses, with several of our friends of both sexes. and chairmen, I have taken lodgings in a very nar- To divert the company in general, and to show my row street not far from Whitehall; but it is my mis- mistress in particular my genius for raillery, I took fortune to be so posted, that my lodgings are directly one of the most celebrated butts in town along with opposite to those of a Jezebel. You are to know, me. It is with the utmost shame and confusion that
Sir, that a Jezebel (so called by the neighbourhood I must acquaint you with the sequel of my adven. from displaying her pernicious charms at her win. ture. As soon as we were got into the boat. I played dow) appears constantly dressed at her sash, and a sentence or two at my butt, which I tho very has a thousand little tricks and fooleries to attract smart, when my ill genius, who I verily believe inthe eyes of all the idle young fellows in the neigh. spired him purely for my destruction, suggested to bourhood. I have seen more than six persons at him such a reply, as got all the laughter on his once from their several windows observing the side I was dashed at so unexpected a turn; which Jezebel I am now complaining of. I at first locked the butt perceiving, resolved not to let me recover on her myself with the highest contempt, could myself, and pursuing his victory, rallied and tossed divert myself with her airs for half an hour, and me in a most unmerciful and barbarous manner afterward take up my Plutarch with great tranquil. until we came to Chelsea. I had some small success lity of mind: but was a little vesed to find that in while we were eating cheese-cakes; but coming less than a month she had considerably stolen upon home, he renewed his attacks with his former good my time, so that I resolved to look at her no more. fortune, and equal diversion to the whole company. But the Jezebel, who, as I suppose, niight think it In short, Sir, I must ingenuously own that I never a diminution to her honour to bave the number of was so handled in all my life; and to complete my her gazers lessened, resolved not to part with me so, misfortune, I am since told that the butt, Aushed and began to play so many new tricks at her win with his late victory, has made a visit or two to the dow, that it was impossible for me to forbear ob. dear object of my wishes, so that I am at once in serving her. I verily believe she put herself to the danger of losing all my pretensions to wit, and my expense of a new wax baby on purpose to plague mistress into the bargain. This, Sir, is a true acme; she used to dandle and play with this figure count of my present troubles, which you are the as impertinently as if it had been a real child: more obliged to assist me in, as you were yourself sometimes she would let fall a glove or a pin-cushion in a great measure the cause of them, by recomin the street, and shut or open her casement three mending to us an instrument, and not instructing or four times in a minute. When I had almost us at the same time how to play upon it. weaned myself from this, she came in her shift
“ I have been thinking whether it might not be sleeves, and dressed at the window. I had no way highly convenient, that all butts should wear an inleft but to let down the curtains, which I submitted scription affixed to some part of their bodies, showto, though it considerably darkened my room, and ing on which side they are to be come at, and that was pleased to think that I had at last got the better if any of them are persons of unequal tempers, there of her; but was surprised the next morning to hear should be some method taken to inform the world at her talking out of her window quite across the what time it is safe to attack them, and when you street, with another woman that lodges over me. I had best let them alone. But, submitting these am since informed that she made her a visit, and matters to your more serious consideration, got acquainted with her within three hours after the
I am, Sir, yours," &c. fall of my window-curtains.
I have, indeed, seen and heard of several young “Sir, I am plagued every moment in the day, gentlemen under the same misfortune with my preone way or other, in my own chambers; and the sent correspondent. The best rule I can lay down Jezebel has the satisfaction to know, that though I for them to avoid the like calamities for the future, am not looking at her, I am listening to her imper. is thoroughly to consider, not only whether their tinent dialogues, that pass over my head. would companions are weak, but whether themselves immediately change my lodgings, but that I think are wits. it might look like a plain confession that I am con- The following letter comes to me from Exeter, quered ; and besides this, I am told that most quar- and being credibly informed that what it contains is ters of the town are infested with these creatures. matter of fact, I shall give it my readers as it was If they are so, I am sure it is such an abuse, as a sent to me: lover of learning and silence ought to take notice “MR. SPECTATOR, of. " I am, Sir, yours," &c.
Exeter, Sept. 7.
“You were pleased in a late speculation to take I am afraid, by some lines in this letter, that my notice of the inconvenience we lie under in the young student is touched with a distemper which he country, in not being able to keep pace with the
fashions. But there is another misfortune which speech to the greatest fluency imaginable, and then we are subject to, and is no less grievous than the sink away again, and all because they fear we do former, which has hitherto escaped your observa- not love them enough; that is, the poor things love tion. I mean, the having things palmed upon us us so heartily, that they cannot think it possible we for London fashions, which were never once heard should be able to love them in so great a degree, of there.
which makes them take on so. I say, Sir, a true "A lady of this place had some time since a box good-natured man, whom rakes and libertines call of the newest ribands sent down by the coach. hen-pecked, shall fall into all these different moods Whether it was her own malicious in vention, or the with his dear life, and at the same time see they are wantonness of a London milliner, I am not able to wholly put on; and yet not be hard-hearted enough inform you; but, among the rest, there was one to tell the dear good creature that she is a hypocrite. cherry-coloured riband, consisting of about half a “This sort of good men is very frequent in the dozen yards, made up in the figure of a small head-populous and wealthy city of London, and is the true dress.' The aforesaid lady bad the assurance to hen-pecked man. The kind creature cannot break affirm, amidst a circle of female inquisitors who through his kindnesses so far as to come to an exwere present at the opening of the box, that this planation with the tender soul, and therefore goes was the newest fashion worn at court. Accordingly on to comfort her when nothing ails her, to appease the next Sunday, we had several females, who came her when she is not angry, and to give her his cash to church with their heads dressed wholly in ribands, when he kuows she does not want it; rather than and looked like so many victims ready to be sacri- be uueasy for a whole month, wbich is computed by ficed. This is still a reigning mode among us. Athard-hearted men the space of time which a froward the same time we have a set of gentlemen who take woman takes to come to herself, if you have courage the liberty to appear in all public places without to stand out. aoy buttons to their coats, which they supply with “There are indeed several other species of the several little silver hasps, though our freshest ad-hen-pecked, and in my opinion they are certainly vices from London make no mention of any such the best subjects the queen has; and for that fashion; and we are something shy of affording reason I take it to be your duty to keep us above matter to the button-makers for a second petition. contempt.
" What I would humbly propose to the public is, “I do not know whether I make myself underthat there may be a society erected in London, to stood in the representation of a hen-pecked life, consist of the most skilful persons of both sexes, for but I shall take leave to give you an account of mythe inspection of modes and fashions; and that self, and my own spouse. You are to know that I hereafter no person or persons shall presume to ap- am reckoned no fool, have on several occasions becn pear singularly babited in any part of the country, tried whether I will take ill-usage, and the event without a testimonial from the aforesaid society, that has been to my advantage; and yet there is not their dress is answerable to the mode at London. such a slave in Turkey as I am to my dear. She By this means, Sir, we shall know a little where has a good share of wit, and is what you call a very about we are.
pretty agreeable woman. I perfectly doat on her, and "If you could bring this matter to bear, you my affection to her gives me all the anzieties imawould very much oblige great numbers of your ginable but that of jealousy. My being thus conficountry friende: and among the rest, your very dent of her, I take, as much as I can judge of my humble servant,
heart, to be the reason, that whatever she does, X.
though it be never so much against my inclination, there is still left something in her manner that is
amiable. She will sometimes look at me with an No. 176.] FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1711. assumed grandeur, and pretend to resent that I
havo not had respect enough for her opinion in such Parvula, pumilio, (chariton mia,) tota merum sal.
an instance in company. I cannot but smile at the A little, pretty, witty, charming she !
pretty anger she is in, and then she pretends she is
used like a child. In a word, our great debate is, THERE are, in the following letter matters, which which has the superiority in point of understanding. I, a bachelor, cannot be supposed to be acquainted She is eternally forining an argument of debate : to with : therefore shall not pretend to explain upon it which I very indolently answer, “Thou art mighty until further consideration, but leave the author of pretty.' To this she answers, ' All the world but the epistle to express his condition his own way.
you think I have as much sense as yourself. I re“ MR. SPECTATOR,
peat to her, 'Indeed you are pretty. Upon this * I do not deny but you appear in many of your there is no patience; she will throw down any thing papers to understand human life pretty well;' but about her, stamp, and pull off her head-clothes. there are very many things which you cannot pos- Fye, my dear,” say I, how can a woman of your sibly have a true notion of, in a single life, these are sense fall into such an intemperate rage ?' This is such as respect the married state ; otherwise I can- an argument that never fails. Indeed, my dear,' not account for your having overlooked a very good says she, ‘you make me mad sometimes, so you do, sort of people, which are commonly called in scorn with the silly way you have of treating me like a *the Hen-pecked. You are to understand that I pretty idiot. Well
, what have I got by putting an one of those innocent mortals who suffer derision her in good humour? Nothing, but that I must under that word, for being governed by the best of convince her of my good opinion by my practice; wires. It would be worth your consideration to and then I am to give her possession of my littie enter into the nature of affection itself, and tell us, ready money, and, for a day and a half following, according to your philosophy, why it is that our dislike all she dislikes, and extol every thing, she dears shall do as they will with us, shall be froward, ill-approves. I am so exquisitely fond of this darling, Datured, assuming, sometimes whine, at others rail, that I seldum see any of my friends, am uneasy in then swoon away, then come to life, have the use of all companies till I see her again; and when I come
Lucr. iv. 1155.
home she is in the dumps, because she says she is cution, which Mr. Dryden somewhere calls a "milk sure I came so soon only because I think her hand- ness of blood," is an admirable groundwork for the
I dare not upon this occasion laugh; but other. In order, therefore, to try our good-nature, though I am one of the warmest churchmen in the whether it arises from the body or the mind, whekingdom, I am forced to rail at the times, because ther it be founded in the animal or rational part of she is a violent Whig. Upon this we talk politics our nature : in a word, whether it be such as is enso long, that she is convinced 1 kiss her for her titled to any other reward, besides that secret salis wisdom. It is a common practice with me to ask faction and contentment of mind which is essential her some question concerning the constitution, to it, and the kind reception it procures us in the which she answers me in general out of Harring- world, we must examine it by the following rules : ton's Oceana. Then I, commend her strange me- First, whether it acts with steadiness and uni mory, and her arm is immediately locked in mine. formity in sickness and in health, in prosperity ans While I keep her in this temper she plays before in adversity; if otherwise, it is to be looked upon a me, sometimes dancing in the midst of the room, nothing else but an irradiation of the mind froi sometimes striking an air at her spinnet, varying some new supply of spirits, or a more kindly circu her posture and her charms in such a manner that lation of the blood. Sir Francis Bacon meations I am in continual pleasure. She will play the fool cunning solicitor, who would never ask a favour if I allow her to be wise ; but if she suspects I like a great man before dinner; but took care to prefe her for her trifling, she immediately grows grave. bis petition at a time when the party petitioned ba
“ These are the toils in which I am taken, and I his mind free from care, and his appetites in goox carry off my servitude as well as most men ; but humour. Such a transient temporary good-natur my application to you is in behalf of the ben-pecked as this, is not that philanthropy, that love of man. in general, and I desire a dissertation from you in kind, which deserves the title of a moral virtue. defence of us. You have, as I am informed, very The next way of a man's bringing his good-nagood authorities in our favour, and hope you will ture to the test, is, to consider whether it operates not omit the mention of the renowned Socrates, according to the rules of reason and duty : for if, and his philosophic resignation to his wife Xantippe. notwithstanding its general benevolence to manThis would be a very good office to the world in kind, it makes no distinction between its objects, general, for the hen-pecked are powerful in their if it exerts itself promiscuously towards the deservquality and numbers, not only in cities, but in ing and the undeserving, if it relieves alike the idle courts; in the latter they are ever the most obse- and the indigent, if it gives itself up to the firat quious, in the former the most wealthy of all men. petitioner and lights upon any one rather by accident When you have considered wedlock thoroughly, ihan choice, it may pass for an amiable instinct, but you ought to enter into the suburbs of matrimony, must not assume the name of a moral virtue. and give us an account of the thraldom of kind The third trial of good-nature will be the exakeepers, and irresolute lovers; the keepers who can- mining ourselves, whether or no we are able to not quit their fuir ones, though they see their ap- exert it to our own disadvantage, and employ it on proaching ruin; the lovers who dare not marry, proper objects, notwithstanding any little pain, though they know they never shall be happy with-want, or inconvenience which may arise to ourselves out the mistresses whom they cannot purchase on from it. In a word, whether we are willing to risk other terms.
any part of our fortune, our reputation, or health, “What will be a greater embellishment to your or ease, for the benetit of mankind. Amoug all discourse will be, that you may find instances of these expressions of good-nature, I shall single out the baughty, the proud, the frolic, the stubborn, who that which goes under the general name of charity, are each of them in secret downright slaves to their as it consists in relieving the indigent; that being wives, or mistresses. I must beg of you in the last a trial of this kind which offers itself to us almost place to dwell upon this, that the wise and valiant at all times, and in every place. in all ages have been hen-pecked; and that the I should propose it as a rule, to every one who is sturdy tempers who are not slaves to affection, owe provided with any competency of fortune more than that exemption to their being enthralled by ambi-sufficient for the necessaries of life, to lay aside a tion, avarice, or some meaner passion. I have ten certain portion of his income for the use of the poor. thousand thousand things more to say, but my wife This I would look upon as an offering to Him who sees me writing, and will, according to custom, be has a right to the whole, for the use of those wbom, consulted, if I do not seal this immediately. in the passage hereafter mentioned, he has de
“ Yours, NATHANIEL Henroost." scribed as his own representatives upon earth. At T.
the same time we should manage our charity with such prudence and caution, that we may not hurt
our own friends or relations, whilst we are duing No. 177.] SATURDAY, SEPT. 22, 1711.
good to those who are strangers to us. Quis enim bonus, aut face dignus
This may possibly be explained better by an exArcana, qualem Cereris vult esse sacerdos,
ample than by a rule. Ulla aliena sibi credat mala? Juv. Sat. xv. 140.
Eugenius is a man of a universal good-nature, Who can all sense of o!hers' ills escape, Is but a brute, at best, in human shape.- TATL.
and generous beyond the extent of his fortune;
but withal so prudent in the economy of his affairs, In one of my last week's papers I treated of good that what goes out in charity is made up by good nature, as it is the effect of constitution ; I shall management. Eugenius has what the world calls now speak of it as a moral virtue. The first may 2001. a year; but never values himself above pinemake a man easy in himself and agreeable to others, score, as not thinking he has a right to the tenth but implies no ierit in him that is possessed of it. part, which he always appropriates to charitable A mau is no more to be praised upon this account, uses. To this sum he frequently makes other vothan because he has a regular pulse, or a good di- luntary additions, insomuch that in a good year, for gestion. This good-nature however in the cousti- such he accounts those in which he has been able to make greater bounties than ordinary, he has passages which I have always read with great degiven above twice that sum to the sickly and indi- light in the Book of Job. It is the account which gent. Eugenius prescribes to himself many parti- that holy man gives of his behaviour in the days of eular days of fasting and abstinence, in order to his prosperity, and if considered only as a human increase his private bank of charity, and sets aside composition, is a finer picture of a charitable and what would be the current expenses of those times good-natured man than is to be met with in any for the use of the poor. He often goes afoot where other author. his business calls him, and at the end of his walk “Oh that I were as in months past, as in the has given a shilling, which in his ordinary methods days when God preserved me: when his candle of expense would have gone for cuach-hire, to the shined upon my head, and when by his light I first necessitous person that has fallen in his way. walked through darkness; when the Almighty was I have known him, when he has been going to a yet with me; when my children were about me; play or an opera, divert the money, which was de when I washed my steps with butter, and the rock signed for that purpose, npon an object of charity poured me out rivers of oil. whom he has met with in the street; and afterward * When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; pass his evening in a coffee-house, or at a friend's and when the eye saw me, it gave witness to me. fire-side, with much greater satisfaction to himself, Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the than he could have received from the most exqui- fatherless, and him that had none to help him. The site entertainments of the theatre. By these means, blessing of him that was ready to perish came upon he is generous without impoverishing himself, me, and I caused the widow's heart to sing for joy. and enjoys his estate by making it the property of I was eyes to the blind, and feet was I to the lame; others.
I was a father to the poor, and the cause which I There are few men so cramped in their private knew not I searched out. Did not I weep for him affairs, who may not be charitable after this manner, that was in trouble ? was not my soul grieved for without any disadvantage to themselves, or preju- the poor? Let me be weighed in an even balance, dice to their families. It is but sometimes sacrific-that God may know mine integrity. If I did deing a diversion or convenience to the poor, and spise the cause of my man-servant or of my maidturning the usual course of our expenses into a bet- servant when they contended with me; what then ter channel. This is, I think, not only the most shall I do when God riseth up? and when he viprudeut and convenient, but the most meritorious siteth, what shall I answer him? Did not he that piece of charity, which we can put in practice. By made me in the womb, make him? and did not one this method, we in some measure share the necessi- fashion us in the womb ? If I have withheld the ties of the poor at the same time that we relieve poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of them, and make ourselves not only their patrons, the widow to fail: Or have eaten my morsel myself but their fellow-sufferers.
alone, and the fatherless hath not eaten thereof: Sir Thomas Brown, in the last part of his Religio If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or Medici, in which he describes his charity in several any poor without covering : If his loins have not heroic instances, and with a noble heat of senti- blessed me, and if he were not warmed with the rent, mentions that verse in the Proverbs of Solo- fleece of my sheep: If I have lifted up my hand mon, “ He that giveth to the poor, lendeth to the against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the Lord :" There is more rhetoric in that one gate ; then let mine arm fall from my shouldersentence, says he, than in a library of sermons; blade, and mine arm be broken from the bone. If and, indeed, if those sentences were understood by I have rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated the reader, with the same emphasis as they are de. me, or lifted up myself when evil found him: hivered by the author, we needed not those volumes (neither have I suffered my mouth to sin, by wishing of instructions, but might be honest by an epitome.t a curse to his soul.) The stranger did not lodge in This passage of Scripture is, indeed, wonderfully the street; but I opened my doors to the traveller
, persuasive; but I think the same thought is carried If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likemuch farther in the New Testament, where our wise therefore complain : If I have eaten the fruits Saviour tells us, in a most pathetic manner that thereof without money, or have caused the owners he shall hereafter regard the clothing of the naked, thereof to lose their life ; let thistles grow instead the feeding of the hungry, and the visiting of the of wheat, and cockle instead of barley.-L. imprisoned, as offices done to himself, and reward them accordingly. I Pursuant to those passages in Holy Scripture, I have somewhere met with the No. 178.] MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1711. epitaph of a charitable man, which bas very much
HOR. 2. Ep. ii. 133. pleased the. I cannot recollect the words, but the sense of it is to this purpose : What I spent I lost; what I possessed is left to others; what I gave
I CANNOT defer taking notice of this letter :away temaios with me.ş
“ MR. SPECTATOR, Since I am thus insensibly engaged in sacred “ I am but too good a judge of your
paper writ, I cannot forbear making an extract of several 15th instant, which is a master-piece ;
of jealousy: but I think it unworthy of you to * Prov. xix. 17.
speak of that torture in the breast of a man, and * Brown's Ret Medici, part II. sect. 13. f. 1659. p. 29.
not to mention also the pangs of it in the heart of a * Matt. xxv. 31. et 8849
woman. You have very judiciously, and with the The epitapla aliuded to is (or was! in St. George's Church greatest penetration imaginable, considered it as at Duocaster in Yorkshire, and runs in old English thus :How now, who is heare? That I spent, that I had :
woman is the creature of whom the diffidence is I Robin of Doncastere. That I gave, that I have; raised; but not a word of a man, who is so unAnd Margaret iny seare. That I left, that I lost. merciful as to move jealousy ip his wife, and not
A D. 1579. Quoth Robertus Byrks, who in this world did reign threescore years and seven, and yet lived not one.
Job xxix. 2, &c. XIX. 25, &c. XIX. 6, &c. passim.
Comis in uxorem