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that JESUS CHRIST created all these planets, and reared the mighty fabric of the universe? It is so. Then was that mind that increased in wisdom, the identical mind that at the first drafted the plan of the universe? Most certainly not. Then as cane did and rational men we must come to the conclusion that our Lord Jesus possessed a human mind, and that he was in all respects truly man in regard to his body and mind.
3. It is evident that our Savior possessed a hue man soul, from the fact that he was tempted in all points like as
We are aware that satan teinpts the Christian, by throwing his vile insinuations into the mind. If he possessed no human soul, and all the soul he had was his divine nature, then he could not have been tempted, " for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man.” In order that he could be our example, and fulfill the law for us, and in so doing make it honorable, he must have inherited the capacity of being tempted, and of course he possessed a human mind, endow. ed with all the faculties that the mind of our first parents possessed in their primitive state. There could have been no propriety in his suffering temptation, as our example, if by his nature, (being destitute of a human soul,) he was infinitely above the power of temptation. Now this must have been the case, if he had no soul, except the indwelling of the Godhead, for, as we said before, “ God cannot be tempted.”
4. Jesus Christ testified that he had a soul. At
one time be was heard
soul (psuche) is exceedingly sorrowful.” Mark 14:34. Again "my soul (psuche) is troubled, and what shall I say." John 12:27. But perhaps a Unitarian friend may object, “that this soul Jesus spake of was not human, or like the souls of the rest of mankind, but it was that derived intelligence, whom God authorized and delegated to create the universe, and that it was angelic or super angelic.” But it should be understood that the angels are spoken of as spirits, and not as souls. Says an apostle, speaking of angels, “ Are not they all ministering spirits?” (ppeumata.) Here they are called spirits. Heb. 1:14, also Heb. 1:7. We frankly acknowledge that the human soul is sometimes termed (pneuma) or the spirit of man. But we have no recollection of angels being described as souls, or of their being known by the appellation, PSUCHE.
David, while personating the Savior, says, “ Thou wilt not leave my soul in hades” nor suffer thy holy one, (that is, his body,)to see corruption.” Ps. 16:10. Here we have his soul and body brought to view very clearly again. But certainly Christians will not dispute what the Lord Jesus said with his expiring breath.
“Father,” said he,“ into thy hands I commit my spirit.” Gr “ Pater eis cheiras sou parathesomai lo pneuma mou.” Even with his latest breath, he wishes to cominend his soul into the bands of God his Father, thus following the example of many of the illustrious dead who had left the world, saying,
" In manus tuas Domine commendo
spiritum meum.” Thus he lived as a man and died as a man, commending his soul to God.
Finally: There is the same evidence that Jesus our Savior possessed a human body, that there is that Peter, John or Paul did; and there is equal evidence that he possessed a human soul that there is that he possessed a human body.
CHAPTER II. Evidences that the Lord Jesus possessed divine na
ture, and was in that nature as truly God as he was man in his human nature.
UNITARIANS often object to this idea, because they conclude it is mysterious. But we care not whether the idea is said to be mysterious or not mysterious, so we can make our ideas intelligible. This is the mystery an apostle speaks of; when he tells us, « God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory." I Tim. 3:16. But will not Unitarians believe any thing that appears mysterious ?
The eternity of God, his underived existence, is in reality mysterious, that is, it is something we cannot comprehend. The view of the universe created and sustained by him is incomprehensible, yet we generally believe it. We might see a chain let down from a height, and understand that the lowest link hung on the one above it, and so it might continue to do to almost an infinite extent, but after all to suppose the highest link in the vast chain, hung upon and sustained itself would seem mysterious. Thus it is with the existence of God. Grav. itation also is something that people generally suppose has a real existence. We soe its effect. The planetary worlds seem to feel its influence at a great distance from the centre of the solar system. Her
schel, at the distance of one thousand eight hundred millions of miles, obeys its invincible mandate. A man cannot comprehend himself, nor even a hair that grows from his head. Then certainly it discovers gross folly to undertake to comprehend the incomprehensible Jehovah, and it discovers gross infidelity for a man to say he will believe nothing but what he clearly comprehends. There are things of which we may have very distinct ideas, which in themselves are utterly undefinable. Gravitation cannot be defined, that is, a man cannot tell what it is; but he may forni some idea what it is not. When we say the underived existence of God fornis a proposition, which in its nature cannot be defined, we would not wish to be understood that the proposition itself is one that cannot be made intelligible. These remarks we have made, in order to show the inconsistency of Unitarians, in repudiating the doctrine of the humanity and divinity of our Savior, on the ground that it is mysterious.
1. The existence of Jesus Christ is coetaneous with eternity itself, or with the existence of Jehovah.
David seems to speak of his existence in this sense when he
" BEFORE the mountains were brought forth, or even thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from EVERLASTING to EVERLASTING thou art GOD." Ps. 90:2. He thought the Creator existed from eternity to eternity, as far as thought can extend backward, nay, farther, or farther than it can reach into futurity.