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The agitation of his mind on this man to man, a more forcible instance occaison, the sense of the danger which could not present itself to their menaced his own concerns and those of thoughts. his family, as well as of the mischief Of the trength and cultivation of his which must neceffarily fall on the de. talents, the biographical account of Mo. luded men who had thus forfeited Collins, which appeared fome years every privilege of confidence, preyed fince in our Magazine, furnithes no forcibly upon bis fpirits, and he had discreditable specimen. It is an ulefcarcely reached his home, when he ful leflon, conveyed in a pleasing ingewas seized with a delirious fever. The nious manner, and demonstrating the iminediate attendance of a Physician value of a judicious application of time alleviated the firit tymptoms of this to the purposes of comfort, social uti. dreadful ditorder, and he was appa- lity, and contentment. But Mr. Ranrently better the next day ; but, on dall's praise is of a higher order. the ensuing morning, a returning pa- When a benetit was to be conferred, roxyim batided the powers of medicine, or a misturtune averted, no instant was and put a peridd to the earthly exiitence !oft in com:nencing the execution of of this valuable man. He died in the bis ever ready purpose, and the zeal of 48th year
of his age, leaving a wife and his dilposition allowed him no moment two daughters to deplore his lois Those of remiffion, till it was effec ually comwho, after more than twenty years of pleted. To a mind tinctured with uninterrupted happineis, have bent fuperftition, it would seem, from the under fimilar afflicting dispensations, reitless ailiduity of his hours, that he will belt sympathize with the pious entertained a previous sense of their forrows of the former. To the latter haltening period, of the premature init is an unspeakable consolation, that a terruption bis benevolent designs were mother is yet spared to them, who, un- to undergo. variably amiable and admirable in her The virtuous Emperor Marcus Anto. conduét, is at once the example and the ninus has left a lingular record of the reward of donieitic virtue. Happy it is several excellent qualities he learned for them all, in this hour of distress, from his discriminate valuation of vathat they have learned to place a re. rious individuals. Those who delire liance on the good providence of God, look into the world with a similar and know how to commit themselves aim, might have found in Mr. Ran. unto him as unto a faithful Creator. dall's character what would certainly
Thele are the documents which we add to the stock of their virtues. If are enabled to communicate respecting they were to draw an example from his Mr. Randall's life, His character conduct in lite (and there are few above might be difcriminately learned from the reach of lich an example), they contemplating the real sorrow of his would imitate the alert Vigilance to numerous associates who attended the which he had habituated his mind in Iait folemn rites paid to their friend. the performance of duties, whether There are few men to whom the pleasing or painful; and if they could triumph of worth is allowed without ads, from his maís, one quality to ensome accompanying sensation of envy; rich the treasures of the foul, as the but to him, who, chat knew him, was Indians believe they cau cake poileflion not willing to concede it unalloyed ? of the virtues of their deceased compa. He was actively benevolent to many, nions, they would transplant to their witliout assumption of importance from own boloms the Philanthropic Particithe favours he conferred, or ottenta- pation of another's jovs and forrows, tious of the pains he lo readily em- which gave, not only to his words, but ployed in their service. He was huin. to his very thoughts, the line mental ble, innocent, of a warm and generous tone and colour that he perceived preheart, easily moved to anger, and as vailing in the object of his folicitude, ealiy foftened to pity. Each one, who and taught him, as it were, to vibrate to wept over bis grave, was conscious that its feelings. They would wish to obhe bad, in the intercourse of life, met tain that unhesicating aifection, that with men of more daring energies, of heart-expanding charity, that generous powers of mind more concentrative, profusion of friendly warmth. wbich, and of faculties more eminently com. forbidding him to conñne his kindness prehensive; but of that love of our to any, endeared him to all. kind, of this benevolence which binds In the relations of KUSBAND und
FATHER, the pious sufferings of vised schemes of work, of which the wri his family can best speak his worth. ter of this account can bear witness that In that of FRIEND, those who were the chief aim was to create a temporary once fo happy as to share his regard, provision for the numerous Shipwrights experienced to regular and constant belonging to his docks, whose services, proofs of its continuance, fo Itrict a he said, had contributed to raise his discharge of those kindly duties which fortunes, and whom, therefore, he always attend on virtuous friendship, would not forsake or turn adrift in that they could safely recline on him the hour of their needs for these men in the moments when consolation was he was content not only to suspend his wanted, and receive delight from him profits, but even to diminilh his capiin those which were allotted to the tal, in the juft confidence that when enjoyment of rational and cheerful different circumstances thould arise, intercourse. As one of there, the their exertions would amply reward writer of this feels a deplorable charm his affectionate care. now made in his life, of which the Of the melancholy reverse of his exfuture hours (even if, fortunately, pectations, as many of those men as are passed amidst those dear remaining endowed with honeft natural feelings companions wliom the affectionate in. will bear the recollection deeply enAuence of the deceased had collected grafted amidst the regrets of their and united) wear, in prospect, the bosoms; and that one who dared, in gloomy hue of inlufficiency and dis- the hour of tumult (if it be poslible comfort.
that such were the fact), to lift his hand Such wasthe man who, in the Atrength againit his benefactor, may know that, of life, his mind open to every indu. although he dealt no deadly, or even ence of science and truth, and his heart dangerous blow, he gave a fatal wound to every sentiment of piety and huma. to that peaceful and benevolent fpirit ; nity, funk a victim to the ingratitude and may take home to his conscience of those, whose fortunes he had * eftab the indelible reproach of having hallished, whose well-being he had fof- tened the dissolution of his belt and tered, and whole real interest he had constant friend. never deserted. Those unhappily mis- (Our admiration of the amiable characguided men will long have caufe to ter of Mr. Randall, who has left a very remember, that their tumultuary con. numerous class of friends to lament bis lojs, duct bas deprived them of him who, had induced us to bope that we might bave during a fluctuating course of proper- been able to present a Portrait of him to ous and adverse times, maintained to- the Public, in addition to the foregoing Mewards them the same steady, un varying moir ; but the delicacy of a near and dear tenor of protection and support; who relative bath hitherto opposed an obftacle ta at one particular period, when he found our intention ; and we respect ber feeling's himself wholly unemployed, either by too much to be importunate on the fub. the Government or by individuals, de- jett.)
THE DISCIPLE OF J. J. ROUSSEAU. DISCONTINTED with the picture whelmed, as it were, with offers of
which society affords, Maurice, service, with proteitations of attachfor whom it had so many charnis, be- ment. Politeness, affability, embelgan to be disguited with it. He was lished every countenance. At twentyconvinced of the illusion of the Hatter- five the charm vanithed; he then ima. ing represei:tation fermed by his ima- gined he saw nothing but falsehood, gination, at the age of twenty. When malice, jealousy, .crimes, and odious he entered the world, he heard from pallions Maurice has gone from one every quarter the language of benevo- excess to the other. He is mistaken lence, in every look he read the ex. now as he was mistaken before. prcílion of affection. He was
To reconcile him with mankind, 1, * This appears from the fund which they have amassed from the surplus of their wages, and which it is known they have applied to the purposes of ungenerous refife ance to their employeri.
the other day, proposed a little excur- We entered. We were told that the tion of about forty miles from Paris. owners were ablent, but that they He agreed to it, upon any promising to would soon return. Whilst waiting take him to a misanthropift of the most for them, we took a survey of the gloomy disposition, to whom he might apartment into which we had been incommunicate all his unfavourable len- troduced. It was a room of moderate timients of mankind.
size, with three windows looking toWe therefore took the road to Fon- wards the valley. The eye ranged over tainbleau, where we arrived on the meadows through which it traced all evening of the 12th of May. We had the serpentine meanders of the rivulet, till ten miles to go. It was one of Over the verdure of the dale rose the those delightful spring days when na. mill, whose wheel, causey, and small ture, blooming and gay, embellisherl canal, were distinguishable. with the sun's luftre, presents to the In the interior, the furniture was eye of senability an enchanting spec. elegantly simple ; no gilding, no luxu. tacle. The earth exhaled a health- ry; they contribute not to the happi. fraught odour : a multitude of trees nels of life. in flower mingled with it their de. Over the chimney-piece were seen lightful perfumes. The inore back. the instrument which thews the time, ward oak had not yet expanded all his and the buits of those who knew how leaves; but the early birch already to make the best use of it. In front wived its aerial foliage, and the ele. was an open piano, on which a sonata gint acacia dropped from its branches of Steibelt and some symphonies of feftoons of a delicate green. The vi. Haydo proved, that in this charming gilant lark, almost motionless in the retreat the moit amiable of arts was iky faluted our ears with his melodious cultivated. At this fight, Maurice notes, the prelage of a fine day.. If gave me an expreslive look, which Maurice had quarrelled with mankind, seemed to say that I had deceived him he had not with nature. We pro. -But the arrival of the proprietors ceeded without either utrering a word, prevented any reproach, any explanaand in a continual ecstacy. When ed.
tion. joying the grand 1pectacle of natur:e, We were welcomed with that affabi. there is at firit no room for reflections; lity that cannot be mistaken. Mere the faculty of thinking feems for a puliteness frequently uses the same time fufpended. One feels, the heart language as benevolence, but the acexperiences a delicious intoxication : cent is not the fame, and the heart this is the leat prepared by Nature. knows how to make the distinction,
We arrived between two hills co. This family is composed of M. de La vered with trees, near a rivulet, whose about forty-five years of age, his wife, meandering course we followed, keep- a daughter entering upon her eighing along a hedge planted on its banks. teenth (pring, and a child of ten years. Upon the two hills we observed um- “ Here," said I, presenting Maurice, brageous thickets, groves, clumps of " is a friend almost disgusted with life, trees, and grey rocks, which height- drenched with the cup of bitterness, ened the beauty of the verdure. Far. irritated at the injuttice of mankind, ther on was a mill; its wheel was mo.. and whom I have taken the liberty to tionless, and the dam diminished the bring hither to reconcile him with the current of the rivulet. We advanced species.” A few pleasantries palled in silence : the hills toon approach, on the youth of the misaothropist : join, are confounded in each other, they seemed to say to him, But you and in the angle which they form we have yet feen nothing! perceive a charming habitation lituated M. de L. whom I know intimately, between two beautiful Itreamiets was the fon of that Mad. de L. to thaded by ancient trees, which the axe whom Rouleau wrote several letters, has respected. This was the limit of fome of which are inserted in the col. our walk. This rural abode is the aty- lection of his works. An enthusiastic lumn of happiness, of virtue, of friend. admirer of the author of Emilius, this thip; it is the retreat of a fage whose tender mother had herself nurled her peaceful days are spent remote from only child. As a recompence for this ambition and its illutions, far from the duty, 10 sweet in the fulfilment, Rous deceitful paflions and their empty pro. seau gave her a lace he hinself had mises.
made, and which is mult carefully pre
ferved. This lady' was one of those ing one day in'a stage-coacli from Paris who for the greatest length of time towards Montmorency, one of his maintained a conne&tion with Jean fellow-travellers called him by his Jacques, through the medium of her name. Rousseau made an excuse for child, whom he was always rejoiced to stopping, got down from the coach, fee, being fond of children. He had and returned the same way without in some measure directed his educa- saying a fingle word, or taking any tion. M. de L. was eighteen years old notice of the coachman, who called when he lost his Mentor. Éducated after him. according to bis advice, he had been “Like you,"faid M.de L. addreffing taught the turner's buliness. At himself to our misanthropist,“ like twenty-five M. de L. fixed his choice, you, I was early, prejudiced against married without listening to pruden. fociety; I did not love, although I had tial confiderations, and was happy. no realon to complain of it. Thefe
Family reasons, to which he had the prejudices were instilled into me by weakness to yield, and perfecutions, Jean Jacques, in whom they were more compelled him to leave France at the exchiable than in any other man. He moment when emigration had become frequently said to me, that in social an epidemic disorder, and before it was man there were two quite distinct injustified by events. M. de L. thought dividuals ; the man of nature, and the himself obliged to follow the torrent. man formed by society. The more, He was still ignorant that the man who continued he, we preserve the gifts takes up arms against his country can. la vithed upon us by the former, the not acquire glory, even if triumphant, better we are. The more we lost He soon perceived that intrigue, vanity, them to substitute in their stead the and passion, continued to reign at the pernicious favours of society, of the fugitive court. Abandoning it to its less value we are. By means of this fate, and resolving to take no part in diftinction he pretended to explain all the quarrel, he settled, with his wife our contradictions. It is to him I owe and daughter, in a village of Prusia, my principles on happiness, and contewhere he maintained himself by his quently happiness it felf. What constitrade. He then perceived the pro. tites the basis of it is that inward conpriety of his matter's doctrine on the tent produced by a conscience pure fubjeét of making man independent on and free, not only from crimes and fortune. Intelligent, clever, indus- faults, but even from culrable desires. trious, he was soon abie, by his labour, Desire and envy almost always accomto support his family; and the shop of pany each other. If a man defires the the French toy-man had the most cuf- htuation held by another, he is not tomers. The love of his country long before he confequently envies brought him back to France, ahout him : thus arifes al: eady a painful len. two years ago, as soon as tranquillity timent, which must disturb his 'tran. was restored. His imniente estatcs bad quillity. By continually dwelling on been all fold: no hing was left him but this idea, he finds himself difpoled, the small farm where we were, which almost without perceiving it, to wifi belonged to his wife.
for fome event that may render the This is brietiy the history of M. de fituation vacant, to calculate even the L. It contains, as we have seen, no favourable chances, the probabilities great events; but the picture of his opi- on which hope is founded. He is iin. nions is more interesting, and we hall patient. he accutes Time of delay, hepresent a lketch of theni to the reader. implores Fortune, forgetful that there
Almost all the maxims of Jean is behind him another envious man, Jacques were engraved on his memory, making the fame complaints, forming on his heart He never spoke but the fame wishes. But fuppose him por with the utmost veneration of that feiled of the employ, the role object of extraordinary man, whole singularities his defires, will be stop there? What he explained.
limits has ambition ? Has it ever been “ The perfecutions," said he to us, seen to fix bounds for itself, and to e which Routleau had experienced, respect them ? No. He will see above caused him to read an exprellion of him some other person, whose merit he hatred in every countenance ; and will analyse ; and the result of this what he dreaded above all things was examination will cause him to conclude to meet any one ebat knew him. Bea that he has at least cqual merit, and
rights as well founded as the other ; accuse himself. Any medicine is falu. and he will again enter the circle of tary only from the combination of a envy, of calculation, of intrigue, never certain number of rubítances. Each more to leave it. These reflections are separately may perhaps be a poison. justified by experience, and I acquired I do not contend that Jean Jacques it at my own expence. I therefore was never wrong in his principles of haltened to quit my employments, and education ; but I am confident inai an thought myielf more happy in fre- affectionate and prudent father will quenting the brilliant societies of the know how to diltinguith error, and capital. But, alas ! what is called plea- will never be the victim of it. Amongst sure is little deserving of the name. the enemies of Jean Jacques you see no Will you give it to entertainments, mothe s, you obierve very few fathers : where you yawn at a vait expence; they are almot all fy.ematic celibatists to splendici exhibitions, where you are who never taste i an infant's endearing fatigued in the most curemonious ityle ? Carelles. This remark is worthy of Lei us admit that there happiness is fome attention." not to be found. It was in my toy-lhop
Maurice was lirious; whilst contemthat I firit began to enjoy it. Conti- plating the happiness of M. de L. his nuaily employed with my labour, when dilike to fociety became ftill itronger. I grew tired I thought of my family, M. de L. gueted it, and said to him, of its wants, and that idea gave me “ It is not furprising that you do not freíh courage. In hort, it was here, love society ; but you are not per. in this retirement, chat I became com. mitted to hate the individuals ihas pletely happy. Here I give way, with compofe it. Molt of them polless virout ftar, to the tendereft emotions. tres which appear only in the bosom I employ myself with the education of of their families. In frequenting the my children: Anna derives from her company of civilized men, when their mother her virtues and her abilities; intereft or business call them together, my lon Theodore will owe to me you would indeed be tempted to be. Jove of labour, a found judgment in a lieve that every one left his honesty, robust body.”
his virtue, at home, and brought with M. de L. was still speaking, when his him into social intercourse nothing but fon entere:l. He was a child of ten distrust and disimulation. It is, thereyears, who appeared to be fourteen. fore, the interior of families, and not He had in bis band a finall cup of societies, that one ought to visit. A box-wood, which he had just made real milanthropist is a character to be with his father's turning lathe. " In pitied ; you must avoid becoming a the education of my son," laid M. de mifinthropist.” L. “I follow Rouilenu's precepts. I But we were obligerl to leave this smile at the inalice with which some of abode of happiness; the invitation thore precepts are selected in order to given us to return thither often dimia condemn the author. I fincerely piry nished the pain of our regret ; and I the firner wholotes his children by the perceived that the lovely Anna had ule of the cold bath ; but lie murinus perhaps still more than M. de L. reconat Rousseau whilst he ought only to ciled Maurice with mankind.
ANECDOTE OF THE LATE DUKE OF CUMBERLAND.
His Royal Highness was fome years away as much, had he betted, to the
ago at Nowmarket; and just before Iorities of the Thef. The race was no the hories started he milied his pocket. fooner finished, than a veteran halfbook, containing some bank notes. pay Officer presented his Royal HighWhen the kaowing-ones came about ness with his pocket book, frying, he him, and offered him several betts, he found it near the Itand, but had not an said, “ He had lost his money already, opportunity of approaching him before, and could nor afford to renture any The Duke generoully replied, “I un more that day." The horse which the glad it has fallen into such good hands; Duke had intended to hack was dir. Keep it: had it not been for this accitanced ; so he consoled him'elf that dent, it would 112 ve been loy this time tire lo's of his pocket-book was only a difered among the birls atid Lernporary evil, as be dould have put thieves of Swaakse."