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II. Thar it is the opinion of this meeting, that if directed to their committee of correspondence, the colonies come into a joint resolution to stop and be also published in the Maryland Gazette, to importations from, and exportations to Great Bri- evince to all the world the sense they entertain of tain and the West-Indies, until the act for block the invasion of their constitutional rights and li. ing up the harbor of Boston be repealed, the same
berties. may be the means of preserving North America in
VII. That the chairman be desired to return the her liberties.- Dissentient three.
thanks of this meeting to the gentlemen of the * III. That therefore the inhabitants of this county commiitee of correspondence from Annapolis, for will join in an association with the several counties their polite personal attendance in consequence of in this province and the principal colonies in Ame- an invitation by the committee of correspondence "rica, to put a stop to exports to Great Britain and for Baltimore-town. the West-Indies, after the first day of October
Signed per order, dext, or such other day as may be agreed on, and
WILLIAM LUX, clerk. to put a stop to the imports from Great Britain after the first day of December next, or such other At a meeting of a very considerable and respectday as may be agreed upon, until the said act shall able body of the inbabitants of Anne-Arundel be repealed, and that such association shall be upon
county, inclusive of those of the city of Annaoath.—Dissentient nire.
polis, on Saturday the 4th day of June, 1774,
Mr. Brice Thomas Beale Worthington, moderator. IV. Unanimously.-That it is the opinion of this meeting, that as the most effectual means of uniting of this meeting, that the town of Boston is now
1. Resolved, unanimously, That it is the opinion all parts of this province in such association, as
suffering in the common cause of America, and proposed, a general congress of deputies from each that it is incumbent on every colony in America county be held at Annapolis, at such time as may to unite in effectual means to obtain a repeal of the be agreed upon; and that, if agreeable to the sense late ac: of parliament for blocking up the barbor of our sister colonies, delegates shall be appointed
of Boston. from this province to attend a general congress of delegates from the other colonies, at such time and II. Resolved, That it is the opinion of this meet. place as shall be agreed on, in order to settle and ing, that if the colonies come into a joint resolution establish a general plan of conduct for the impor. to stop all importations from, and exportations to tant purposes aforemeotioned.
Great Britain, and the West-Indies, till the said V. Unanimously.—That the inhabitants of this act be repealed, the same will be the most effectual
means to obtain a repeal of the said act, and pre. county will, and it is the opinion of this meeting,
serve North America and her liberties. that this province ought to break off all trade and dealings with that colony, province or town, which
III. Resolved therefore, unanimously, that the sball decline or refuse to come into similar resolu- inhabitants of this county will join in an associa. tions with a majority of the colonies.
tion with the several counties in this province, and VI. That capt. Charles Ridgely, Charles Ridgely, the principal colonies in America, to put a stop to son of John, Walter Tolley, jun. Thomas Cockey exports to Great Britain, and the West-ladies, after Dye, William Lux, Robert Alexander, Samuel Pur- the 9th day of October next, or such other day as viance, jun. John Moale, Andrew Buchanan, and may be agreed on, and to put a stop to the imports George Risteau, be a committee to attend a gene. of goods, not already ordered, and of those ordered ral meeting at Annapolis. And that the same gen. that shall not be shipped from Great Britain by tlemen, together with John Smith, Thomas Harri- the 20th day of July next, or such other day as may son, William Buchanan, Benjamin Nicholson, Thobe agreed on, until the said act shall be repealed, mas Sollars, William Smith, James Gittings, Rich and that such assocation be on oath. ard Moale, Jonathan Plowman, and William Spear,
IV. Resolved, That as remittances can be made be a committee of correspondence to receive and only from exports, after stopping the exports to answer all letters, and on any emergency, to call a Great Britain and the West-Indies, it will be imgeneral meeting, and that any six of the number possible for very many of the people of this pro. have power to act.
vince who are possessed of valuable property, im. VII. That a copy of the proceedings be trans.mediately to pay off their debts, and therefore it mitted to the several counties of this province, is the opinion of this meeting, the gentlemen of
the law ought to bring no suit for the recovery At a numerous meeting of the inhabitants of the of any debt, due from any inhabitants of this city of New York, convened in the fields, by province, to any inhabitant of Great Britain, until public advertisement, on Wednesday the 6th of that said act be repealed; and further, that they July, 1774, ought not to bring suit for the recovery of any MR. ALEXANDER M‘DOOGALL, chairmandebt, due to any inhabitant of this province, except The business of the meeting being fully explain. in such cases where the debtor is guilty of a wilfuled by the chairman, and the dangerous tendency delay in payment, having ability to pay, or is about of the numerous and vile arts used by the enemies to abscond or remove his effects, or is wasting his of America, to divide and distract her councils, as substance, or shall refuse to settle his account. well as the misrepresentations of the virtuous
intentions of the citizens of this metropolis, in this V. Resolved, That it is the opinion of this meet.
interesting and alarming state of the liberties of ing, that a congress of deputies from the several
America, the following resolutions were twice counties, to be held at Annapolis as soon as con
read, and the question being separately put on veniently may be, will be the most speedy and
each of them, they were passed without one diseffectual means of uniting all the parts of this
sentient. province in such association as proposed; and that, if agreeable to the sense of our sister colonies, Ist. Resolved, nem. con. That the statute comdelegates ought to be appointed from this province monly called the Boston port act, is oppressive to to attend a general congress of deputies from the the inbabitants of that town, unconstitutional in other colonies, at such time and place as may be its principles, and dangerous to the liberties of agreed on, to effect unity ir, a wise and prudent plan British America; and that, therefore, we consider for the forementioned purpose.
our brethren at Boston, as now suffering in the
common cause of these colonies. VI. Resolved, unanimously, That the inhabitants of this county will, and it is the opinion of this 2d. Resolved, nem, con. That any attack or meeting, that the province ought to break off all attempt to abridge the liberties, or invade the contrade and dealings with that colony, province, or stitution of any of our sister colonies, is immediately town, which shall decline or refuse to come into an attack upon the liberties and constitution of all similar resolutions with a majority of the colonies. the British colonies. VII. Resolved, That Brice Thomas Beale Wor.
3d. Resolved, nem. con. That the shutting up of thington, Charles Carroll, barrister, John Hall, any of the ports in America, with intent to exact
from Americans, a submission to parliamentary William Paca, Samuel Chase, Thomas son, jun. Matthias Hammond, Thomas Sprigg, Samuel taxations, or extort a reparation of private injuries, Chew, John Weems, Thomas Dorsey, Rezin Ham- is highly unconstitutional, and subversive of the mond, John Hood, jun. be a committee to attend commercial rights of the inhabitants of this con
tinent. a general meeting at Annapolis, and of corres. pondence, to receive and answer all letters, and 4th. Resolved, nem. con. That it is the opinion of on any emergency to call a general meeting, add this meeting, that if the principal colonies on this that any six of the number have power to act. continent, shall come into a joint resolution, to Ordered, That a copy of these resolves be trans. Britain, till the act of parliament for blocking up
stop all importation from, and exportation to Great mitted to the committees of the several counties of
the harbor of Boston be repealed, the same will this province, and be also published in the Mary
prove the salvation of North America and her liber. land Gizette.
lies, and that, on the other band, if they continue By order, JOHN DUCKETT clk. com.
their exports and imports, there is great reason to
fear that fraud, power, and ibe most odious op. New.Yok, July 7, 1774.
pression, will rise triumphant over right, justice, On Monday evening the committee met, and
social happiness, and freedom:-Therefore, nominated five gentlemen as delegates at the grand congress on the first of next September, who are 5th. Resolved, nem, con. That the deputies who to be proposed to the citizens summoned to assem. hall represent this colony in the congress of Ame. ble this day at 12 o'clock, at the city hall, for their rican deputies, to be held at Pbiladelphia, about approbation; or to make such alterations as may the first of September nest, are hereby instructed, k'e agreed upon
empowered, and directed to engage with a ma
jority of the principal colonies, to agree, for this to the different counties in this colony, and to the city, upon a non-importation from Great Britain, committees of correspondence, for the neighboring of all goods, wares and merchandizes, until the act colonies. for blocking up the harbor of Boston be repealed, and American grievances be redressed; and also
PAILADELPAIA, July 23, 1774. to agree to all such other measures as the con. The committee chosen by the several counties in gress shall, in their wisdom, judge advansive of
Pennsylvania, having brought in a draught of inthese great objects, and a general security of the
structions, the same were debated and amended, and rights and privileges of America.
being agreed 10, were ordered to be signed by the
chairman. The committee in a body then waited 6th. Resolved, nem. con. That this meeting will on the assembly, and presented the same. abide by, obey, and observe all such resolutions, GENTLEMEN.-The dissentions between Great determinations, and measures, which the congress Britain and her colonies on this continent, comaforesaid shall come into, and direct or recommencing about ten years ago, since continually mend to be done, for obtaining and securing the increasing, and at length grown to such an excess important ends mentioned in the foregoing resolu. as to involve the latter in deep distress and danger, tions. And that an engagement to this effect be have excited the good people of this province to immediately entered into and sent to the congress, take into their serious consideration the present to evince to them, our readiness and determina situation of public affairs. tion to co-operate with our sister colonies, for the
The inhabitants of the several counties qualified relief of our distressed bretbren of Boston, as well to vote at elections, being assembled on due notice, as for the security of our common rights and pri- bave appointed us their deputies; and in consevileges.
quence thereof, we being in provincial committee 7th. Resolved, nem. con. That it is the opinion of met, esteem it our indispensable duty, in pursuance this meeting, that it would be proper for every
of the trust reposed in us, to give you such instruccounty in the colony, without delay, to send two
tions as, at this important period, appear to us to depaties, chosen by tbe people, or from the com. mittee, chosen by them in each county, to bold, We, speaking in their names and our own, acin conjunction with deputies for this city and knowledge ourselves liege subjects of his majesty county, a convention for the colony (on a day to king Gcorge the third, to whom "we will be faithbe appointed) in order to elect a proper number of ful and bear true allegiance." deputies, to represent the colony in the general congress: but that, if the counties shall conceive
Our judgments and affections attach us, with this mode impracticable, or inexpedient, they be inviolable loyalty, to his majesty's person, family requested to give their approbation to the deputies
and government. who shall be chosen for this city and county, to We acknowledge the prerogatives of the sorepresent the colony in congress.
vereign, among wbich are included the great pow. 8th. Resolved, nem. con. That i subscriprion
ers of making peace and war, treaties, leagues and should immediately be set on foot, for the relief
alliances binding us-of appointing all officers, of such poor inhabitants of Boston as are, or may except in cases where other provision is made, by be deprived of the means of subsistence, by the grants from the crown, or laws approved by the operation of the act of parliament for stopping up
crown-of confirming or annulling every act of our the port of Boston. The morey which shall arisi assembly within the allowed time—and of hearing from such subscription, to be laid out as the ciry
and determining finally, in council, appeals from committee of correspondence sball think will best our courts of justice. "The prerogatives are answer the end proposed.
limited," as a learned judge observes, "by
bounds so certain and notorious, that it is impossi9th. Resolved, nem. con. That the city committee ole to exceed them, without the consent of the of correspondence be, and they are hereby instruci- people on the one harid, or without, on the other, ed to use their ulmost endeavors to carry these a violation of that orginal contract, which, in all resolutions into execution.
stales impliedly, and in ours most expressly, subOrdered, that these resolutions be printed in
sists between the prince and subject.-For these the public newspapers of this city, and transmitied *Blacksione, 237.
prerogatives are vested in the crown for the support power has been established over them, even the of society, and do not intrench any further on our wisest and bravest nations, that ever flourished, natural liberties, than is expedient for the mainten have, in a few years, degenerated into abject and ance of our civil."
wretched vassals. But it is our misfortune, that we are compelled
So alarming are the measures already taken for loudly to call your attention to the consideration Laying the foundation of a despotic authority of of another power, totally different in kind, limited, Great Britain over us, and with such artful and as it is alleged, by no “bounds,” and ***wearing a incessant vigilance is the plan prosecuted, that most dreadful aspect" with regard to America. unless the present generation can interrupt the We mean the power claimed by parliament, of work, while it is going forward, can it be imagined, right, to bind the people of these colonies by
that our children, debilitated by our imprudence statutes, “IN ALL CASES WHATSOEVER."-A power,
and supineness, will be able to overthrow it when as we are not, and, from local circumstances, can completed? populous and powerful as these colonies not be represented there, utterly subversive of our may grow, they will still find arbitrary domination natural and civil liberties—past events and reason not only strengthening with their strength, but convincing us, that there never existed, and never exceeding, in the swiftness of its progression, as can exist, a state thus subordinate to another, and it ever has done, all the artless advantages that yet retaining the slightests portion of freedom or can accrue to the governed. These advance with happiness.
a regularity, which the Divine Author of our
existence has impressed on the laudable pursuits The import of the words above quoted needs no
of his creatures: but despotism, unchecked and descant; for the wit of man, as we apprehend, can
unbounded by any laws-never satisfied with what not possibly form a more clear, concise, and com. has been done, while any thing remains to be done, prehensive definition and sentence of slavery, than
for the accomplishment of its purposes—confiding, these expressions contain.
and capable of confiding only, in the annihilation This power, claimed by Great Britain, and the of all opposition-holds its course with such unabat. Jate attempts to exercise it over these colonies, ing and destructive rapidity, that the world has present to our view two events, one of which must become its prey, and at this day, Great Britain and inevitably take place, if sbe shall continue to insist her dominions excepted, there is scarce a spot on on her pretensions. Either, the colonists will sink the globe inhabited by civilized nations, where the from the rank of freemen into the class of slaves, vestiges of freedom are to be observed. overwhelmed with all the miseries and vices,
To us, therefore, it appears, at this alarming proved by the history of mankind to be inseparably
period, our duty to God, to our country, to ourannexed to that deplorable condition_or, if they selves, and to our posterity, to exert our utmost have sense and virtue enough to exert themselves abilities, in promoting and establishing harmony in striving to avoid this perdition, they must be
between Great Britain and these colonies, os * involved in an opposition, dreadful even in con
CONSTITUTIONAL FOUNDATION. templation. Honor, justice, and humanity call upon us to hold,
For attaining this great and desirable end, we
request you as soon as you meet, to appoint a proand to transmit to our posterity, that liberty which
per number of persons to attend a congress of we received from our ancestors. It is not our duty depu: ies from the several colonies, appointed, or to leave wealth to our children; but it is our duty to be appointed, by the representatives of the peo to leave liberty to them. No infamy, iniquity,
ple of the colonies respectively, in assembly or or cruelty, can exceed our own, if we, born and educated in a country of freedom, entitled to its
convention, or by delegates chosen by the counties blessings, and knowing their value, pusillanimously provincial committee, at sach time and place as
generally in the respective colonies, and met in deserting the post assigned us by Divine Pro shall be generally agreed on: and that the deputies vidence, surrender succeeding generations to a from this province may be induced and encouraged condition of wretchedness, from which no human efforts, in all probability, will be sufficient to for the common welfare, we think it proper, pas
to concur in such measures, as may be devised extricate them; the experience of all states mourn. fully demonstrating to us, that when arbitrary they will be supported in their conduci by their
ticularly to inform you how far, we apprehend, *Ibid. 270.
The assumed parliamentary power of internal by acts of the several assemblies. It is also our legislation, and the power of regulating trade, as opinion, that, taking example from our mother of late exercised, and designed to be exercised, country, in abolishing the "courts of wards and we are thoroughly convinced, will prove unfailing liveries, tenures in capile, and by knights service and plentiful sources of dissentions to our mother and purveyance,” it will be reasonable for the country and these colonies, unless some expedients colonies, in case of obtaining the terms before can be adopted to render ber secure of receiving mentioned, to settle a certain annual revenue on from us every emolument that can, in justice and his majesty, his heirs and successors, subject to reason, be expected, and us secure in our lives, the control of parliament, and to satisfy all damages liberties, properties, and an equitable share of com.done to the Eust-Jodia company. merce.
This our idea of settling a revenue, arises from a Mournfully revolving in our minds the calami. sense of duty to our sovereign and esteem for our tjes that, arising from these dissentions, will most mother country. We know and have felt the bene. probably fall on us or our children, we will now fits of subordinate connexion with her. We nei. lay before you the particular points we request of ther are su siupid as to be ignorant of thein, nor you to procure, if possible, 1o be finally decided; so unjust as to deny them. We have also ex. and the measures that appear to us most likely to perienced the pleasures of gr.titude and love, as produce such a desirable period of our distresses well as advantages from that connexion. The im. and dangers. We therefore desire of you, pressions are not yet erased. We consider her
circumstances with tender concern. We have not First. That the deputies you appoint, may be been wanting, when constitutionally called upon, instructed by you strenuously to exert themselves, to assist her to the utmost of our abilities; insoat the ensuing congress, to obtain a renunciation, much that she has judged it reasonable to make on the part of Great Britain, of all powers under sus recompenses for our overstrained exertions: and the statute of the 35th of Henry the eighth, chapter we now think we ought to contribute more than the 20-of all powers of internal legislation of we do, to the alleviation of her burthens. imposing taxes or duties, internal or external and
Whatever may be said of these proposals on of regulating trade; except with respect to any new articles of cominerce, which the colonies may for timidity or rashness. We perfectly know, that
either side of the Atlantic, this is not a time, either bereaf:er raise, as silk, wine, &c. reserving a righu
the great cause now agilaled, is to be conducted to carry these from one colony to another-a repeal
to a happy conclusion, only by that well tempered of all statutes for quartering troops in the colonies, or subjecting them to any expense on account of composition of counsels, wiib firmness, prudence,
loyalty to our sovereign, respect to our parent such troops-of all statuies imposing duties to be
state, and affection to our native country, united, paid in the colonies, that were passed at the
must form. accession of his present majesty or before this time: wbich every period shall be judged most
By such a compact, Great Britain will secure adviseable-nof the statutes giving the courts of every benefit, that the parliamentary wisilom of admiralty in the colonies greater power than courts ages has thought proper to attach to her. From of admiralty have in England- of the statutes or her alone we shall still continue to receive manu. the 5th of George the second, chapter the 22d, factures. To her alone we sl.all continue to carry and of the 23d, of George the second, chapter the the vast mulitude of enumerated articies of com. 29.1.mof the statute for shutting up the port of merce, the exportation of which her polley has Boston--and of every other statute particularly if- thought fit to confine to herself. With such purts of fec!ing the province of Massachusetis-Bay, püssed
the world only, as she has appointed us to deal, we in the last session of parliament.
shall continue to deal; and such commodities only, as
she has permiited us to bring from them, we shall In case of obtaining these terms, it is our opi. continue io bring. The executive and controling nion, that it will be reasonable for the colonies to power of the crown wiil retain their present full engage their obedience to the acts of parliament, force and operation. We shall conteniedly laboe commonly called the acts of navigation, and to for her as affectionate friends, in time of tran. every other act of parliainent declared to have quillity: and cheerfully spend for her, as dutifu force, at this time, in these colonjes, other than children, our treasure and our blood, in time of war. those above mentioned, and to confirm such stalutes she will receive a certain income froin us, without