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implements, and the whole is highly executed by Mr. Nollekens.

Here MURRAY, long enough his country's pride,

Is now no more than l'ully or than Hyde. Foretold by A. Pope, and fulfilled in the year 1793, when William Earl of Mansfield died full of years and of honours ; of honours he declined many—those which he accepted were the following: He was appointed Solicitor-General 1742, Attorney-General 1754, Lord Chief Justice and Baron Mansfield 1756, Earl of Mansfield 1776. From the love which he bore to the place of his early education, he desired to be buried in this Cathedral, privately, and would have forbidden that instance of human vanity, the erecting a monument to his memory; but a sum, which, with the interest, has amounted to £2500, was left for that purpose by A. Bailey, Esq. of Lyons Inn, which at least well-meant mark of esteem he had no previous knowledge or suspicion of, and had no power to prevent being executed. He was the fourth son of David, fifth Viscount Stormont, and married the Lady Elizabeth Finch, daughter to Daniel Earl of Nottingham, by whom he had no issue ; born at Scone, 2d March 1704-died at Kenwood, 20th March 1793. The earl is represented sitting on a seat of judgment; on his right hand Justice holds the statera, or balance, equally poised; on his left hand Wisdom opens the Book of Law. Between the statues of Wisdom and Justice is a trophy composed of the Earl's family arms, surmounted by the coronet, the mantle of honour, the trasces, or rods of justice, and curtana, or sword of mercy, On the back of the chair is the Earl's motto-Uni Æquus Virtuti—" Equal to Virtue only." Enclosed in a crown of laurel, under it is a figure of Death, as represented by the ancients, a beautiful youth leaning on an extinguished torch : on each side of the figure of Death is a funeral altar, finished by a fir-apple. This monument is the first that was placed between pillars, so as to walk round it. -Mr. Flaxman, sculptor.


A magnificent monument, to the memory of the Right Honourable William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, whose most striking figure, dressed in Parliamentary robes, stands in an elevated situation, leaning forward, with the right hand extended in the graceful attitude of an orator : under him are figures of Prudence and Fortitude; below them is Britannia, and under her are lying down two noble figures of Earth and Ocean.

The sculptor, Mr. Bacon, has erected it in so masterly a style, that the subject and grandeur of the monument command equal attention.

Through the Supreme Being, Lord Chatham's prudence and fortitude enabled' Britannia to sway the earth and ocean. Upon the base is the following inscription :

“ Erected by the King and Parliament, as a testimony to the virtues and ability of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, during whose administration, in the reigns of George Il. and George III, Divine Providence exalted Great Britain to an height of prosperity unknown to any former age. Born Nov. 15, 1708. Died May 11, 1778.

Under the pavement before the monument of Lord Robert Manners and Chatham, lay the remains of those eminent Statesmen, the Right Hon. William Pitt and CHARLES James Fox, a few feet distant from each other. A singular circumstance occurred at Mr. Fox's funeral; a black cat fell into the procession at the north iron gate, near Sir Isaac Newton's monument, walked steadily by the side of the Beadle to the grave, where

it was thought proper to put it away. No person knew from whence it came.

The late most roble Marquis of LONDONDERRY was here buried.

Sir CHARLES WAGER.-On this elegant monument the principal figure is that of Fame, holding a portrait of the deceased in relief, which is supported by an infant Hercules. The enrichments are naval trophies, instruments of war, navigation, &c. and on the base, in relief, is the representation of the destroying and taking the Spanish galleons in 1708,

To the memory of Sir CHARLES Wager, Knt. Admiral of the White, First Commissioner of the

Admiralty, and Privy Counsellor :

A man of great natural talents,

Who bore the highest commands,
And passed through the greatest employments,
With credit to himself, and honour to his country.

He was in private life
Humane, temperate, just, and bountiful :

In public station,
Valiant, prudent, wise, and honest;

Easy of access to all ;
Plain and unaffected in his manners,

Steady and resolute in his conduct;
So remarkably happy in his presence of mind, that

no danger ever discomposed bim. Esteemed and favoured by his King, Beloved and honoured by his country,

He died May 24, 1743, aged 77.

Admiral VernoN.-On a pedestal of beautiful marble is a bust of that gallant Admiral, with a fine figure of Fame crowning him with laurels. This monument is elegantly ornamented with naval trophies. Beneath is the following inscription :



As a memorial of his own gratitude,

and of the virtues of his benefactor, This monument was erected by his nephew, Francis,

Lord Orwell, in the year 1763,

Sacred to the memory of

Admiral of the White Squadron

of the British Fleet. He was the second son of James Vernon, Who was Secretary of State to King William III.

and whose abilities and integrity

Were equally conspicuous.
In his youth he served under the Adinirals

Shovell and Rook,
By their example he learned to conquer ;

By his own merit he rose to command. In the war with Spain of M,DCC,XXXIX, he took the fort of Porto Bello

with six ships; A force which was thought unequal to the attempt.

For this he received
the thanks of both Houses of Parliament.
He subdued Chagre, and at Carthagena
conquered as far as naval force

could carry victory.
After these services he retired,

without place or title,
from the exercise of public,
to the enjoyment of private virtue.
The testimony of a good conscience

was his reward
The love and esteem of all good men

his glory.
In battle, though calm, he was active,

and though intrepid, prudent;
successful, yet not ostentatious;

Ascribing the glory to God,

In the senate, he was disinterested, vigilant, and

steady. On the XXX. day of October, M.DCCLVII.

he died as he had lived,
the friend of man, the lover of his country,

and the father of the poor,


John Holles, Duke of Newcastle.--This monument is perhaps the most magnificent, as well as the most costly, of any in the whole Abbey; yet the admiration it has attracted bas pot been equal to the profusion of expence bestowed upon it. The beauty of it consists chiefly in the design; and as those who are ignorant of architecture can have no relish for things beyond their knowledge, it has trappened that what was intended to draw all mens' eyes upon it, has been neglected almost as soon as raised. The principal figure rests upon a sepulchral monument of darkish-coloured marble, and represents the noble person to whose memory this stately mausoleum was erected, having in his right hand a General's staff, and in his left a ducal coronet. On one side of the base stands a statue of Wisdom ; on the other of Sincerity. On the angles of the upper compartment sit angels in no very meaning attitude; and on the ascending sides of the pediment sit cherubs, one with an hourglass, alluding to the admeasurement of man's life by grains of sand; the other pointing upwards, where his life shall be no longer measured by duration, On the base of the monument is this inscription :

John Holles, Duke of Newcastle, Marquis and Earl of Clare, Baron Houghton, of Houghton, and Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, whose body is here deposited under the same roof with many of his noble ancestors H 2


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