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John Bourchier lord Berners, now better known as the translator of Froissart, had been appointed deputy of Calais in 1520. Here he amused his leisure with his literary employments ;* and his translation of Marcus Aurelius, made " at the instant desire of his nevewe sir Francis Bryan knight,” was not completed until a few days before his death, and one week later than his will : it was “ ended at Caleis the tenth daie of Marche, in the yere of the reigne of our soveraygne lorde kyng Henry the viij. the xxiiij.” Lord Berners died on the 19th March, 1532. (Life by Mr. Utterson, prefixed to the edition of Lord Berners' Froissart, 4to. 1812, p. 21).

His will was made at Calais on the 3d of March 1532, and commences in the following terms: “I, John Bourchier knight, lord Barnes, the king's deputy-general of the town and marches of Caleys, &c. make this my present testament and last will, in manner and form following. First, I bequeath my soul to Almighty God, &c. and my body to be buried in the parish church of our lady St. Mary the Virgin of the said town of Caleys, within the chauncell of the same church,” &c. He gave to “ Francis Hastings esq. and Jane his wife, &c. my great tenement I dwell in in Caleys." He appoints “ Francis Hastings and Robert Rolf, recorder of Calais, executors; to Robert ten marks sterling ; I make my lord Edmund Howard my brother + overseer of the same my present testament, to whom my brother I give a standing cup of silver and gilted, weighing 22 ounces, &c. In witness whereof, to this my present testament and last will I have set my seal of arms, and subscribed my name, the day and year first above writ, in the presence of the said lord Edmund my brother, and sir Edward Ringesley knight, high marshal of Calais, sir Edward Brindelyolyn, paroche preste of the abovesaid church of our Lady, our ghostly father sir William Petous my chaplain, &c.” This will was proved by Francis Hastings, 4 Feb. 1533. -(Collins's Baronies by Writ, fol. 1734, p. 337.)


FROM FRANCE. The passage of our chronicler, which states that these young noblemen “cam to Caleys out of Fraunce, where they had bene almost xij. monthes," is remarkable as being in contradiction to the view taken by Dr. Nott in

* On this subject see another note appended to the Table of Contents, p. vi. + Lord Berners married lady Katharine Howard, daughter of John duke of Norfolk,

his Life of the Earl of Surrey. It was supposed by previous writers, from the statements of lord Herbert the historian, that Surrey had accompanied the duke of Richmond during his stay in France; but Dr. Nott (p. xxvi.) considers it uncertain whether Surrey went to Paris ; and in p. xxvii. he states that lord Surrey bore the fourth sword at the coronation of queen Anne Boleyne in May 1533. In p. xxviii. he says that the duke of Richmond arrived in London on the 7th Sept. just in time to be present at the christening of the princess Elizabeth : whereas our chronicler states that the duke and earl were only come so far as Calais on the 25th of that month. The explanation of the latter of these discrepancies is furnished by the fact that the duke of Richmond did not actually accompany the duke of Norfolk (who really came in time for the christening), but followed shortly after him. The former may be attributed to the circumstance, that the names mentioned in ceremonials are often those who were considered by the heralds as entitled to be present, rather than such as actually attended. The earl of Surrey, then, may have passed these twelve months in France, the companion of “a king's son,” as he styles himself in one of his sonnets, even though his name was set down as destined to take part in the ceremonial of the queen's coronation.


After the visit of the bishop of Winchester to Calais, mentioned in p. 46, he addressed the following letter of civility to lord Lisle, acknowledging the hospitality he had received from the lord deputy and his lady.

(MS. Harl. 283, f. 214.) My lord, after my right harty commendations, I thanke yowe for your sondry gentyl lettres, and partly to recompense them, I have spoken diligently to the emperor's counsayl that such pullery and wylde-foule maye passe by Graveling as ye require, without interruption, whiche I have had promyse shalbe doon without faulte. I have noo newes to wryte of that ye wold knowe; ye be nerer the market of [them] thenne I am. God send them to be in the conclusion such as al good men desire.

Herewith I send two lettres, oon to my lord of Duresme,* and an other to mastre Wallop,t which I praye youe cause to be sent unto them.

* Cuthbert Tunstall.

+ Sir John Wallop.

I praye youe I maye be commended to my good lady, with thankes for my good chere to youe both ; and sou I pray God send youe hartely wel to fare. At Antwerp the last of Novembre. Your good lordshippes assuredly,

Ste. Winton. Directed, To my very goode lorde my Lorde Deputie of Calais.

ELECTION OF BURGESSES FROM CALAIS TO PARLIAMENT, 1536. In the following letter from lord chancellor Audley to viscount Lisle the lord deputy of Calais, the writer reminds his lordship that it had been provided by an Act of the last Parliament,* that is, in the last session of the parliament then assembled, that Calais should always send two burgesses, one to be chosen by the deputy and council, and the other by the mayor and commonalty : directing him now to see such order fulfilled. He forwards also a writ to lord Lisle himself, but intimates that his attendance will be dispensed with.

(MS. Cotton. Titus, B. 1. f. 144.) After my righte herty commendacions, it may like your lordshipp to understond that the kinges highnes hath somonyd hys parlament to be holden at Westminster the thursday in Wyttsonweke + next comyng ; wherfor I send your lordshipp oone wrytt for your somon; to be there. Neverthelesse ye shal not nede to com, oonlez ye have further knowleyge of the kinges plesure that his grace ys content that ye shalbe absent from your charge at Calys; but I send you the wrytt, bycause it ys the order that every nobilleman shuld have his wrytt of somong of a parlament.

I also send by this brynger ij. other wryttes, oone to the counselle for eleccion of oone burgez, another to the mayer and comonalté for eleccion of another burgez,& praying you and the counselle so to execute the wrytt dyrectyd to you that ye may chose and name a man that bothe for gravyté, honesty, reputacion, and wytt, may be abyll to serve the kynge for oone burgez in his parlament, for his towne and marches of Calys ; and likewyse desire you to move the mayer, that he and his bretherne take suche respect in the eleccion of another burges as shalbe of like gravyté, honesté, reputacion and wytt as ys aforesayd. Signyfying to you that ther ys an act passid at the last parlament, that Calys shal alweyes at every Parliament

* See Statutes of the Realm, vol. iii. p. 649. † The parliament met on the 8th June 1536.

See these writs printed in Rymer, xiv. 567 ; and the like, dated 23 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII. 1541, ibid. p. 740.

in Englond have ij. burgessez, oon to be chosen by the deputie and the counsell, and the other to be chosen by the mayer and comonalte. And thus hertely fare ye well, with as good helthe and longe lyff as I wold myself. Wryten at London, the xiiij. day of Maye.

Your lovyng frend THOMAS AUDELEY, k'. chanceler.

Directed, To his loving frend the lorde Lysley, deputie of Cales, be this yoven, wt spede.

(It was usual at this period for knights to add k. to their signatures.)

RECEPTION OF THE LADY ANNA OF CLEVES AT CALAIS, 1539. Miss Strickland, “Lives of the Queens of England," 1842, vol. iv. p. 330, has given a brief abstract of a narrative remaining in the State Paper office, describing the journey of the lady Anna of Cleves from Dusseldorf to Calais ; and has also quoted at full Hall's ample recital of the ceremonies and festivities upon her reception in England. That popular authoress was not, however, aware of the existence of the papers which are here inserted.

The treaty made on this occasion was not inserted in Rymer's collection, but a copy may be seen in MS. Cotton. Vitellius, C. XI. p. 213. The commissioners on the king's side were Thomas archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas lord Audley, lord chancellor, Charles duke of Suffolk, Thomas Lord Cromwell, keeper of the privy seal, William earl of Southampton, lord admiral, and Cuthbert bishop of Durham ; on the part of John Frederick duke of Saxony,* sir John a Doltzike knight, and Francis Burgart, his vice-chancellor ; and on the part of William duke of Juliers, Gelders, Cleve, &c. William ab Harff, “aule prefectus," elsewhere called “the steward Hoghsteyn," (see p. 172), and Henry Olysleger. The English part of the treaty was executed at Windsor Castle, Sept. 24, 1539.

A letter of Gregory Cromwell, son of the lord privy seal, to his wife, dated Calais, the 9th of December, and briefly describing the arrangements made for the lady Anna's reception, is printed in Miss Wood's Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladies, ii. 357.

The ordere takene for the receavinge of the moste noble Princesse the

Ladye Anne of Cleves, Julyers, &c. repayringe into England for a mariage, by the grace of God to be solempnysed betweene hir and

the Kinges Majestie, our most gracyous and dread soveraigne Lord. (MS. Harl. 295, f. 152 b. Another copy in MS. Cotton. Vitellius, C. xi. f. 221 b. They

vary in their orthography; and neither of them are contemporary.) Fyrste, it is appoynted that the lord deputye and counselle of Callyse, with the menne of armes, and suche nomber of the retynewe of that towne

* The duke of Saxony had married Sibilla sister of Anna of Cleves. William duke of Juliers, &c. was her brother,

as to them and the lord admyrall, beinge nowe sent thither to see hir transported, shalbe thought meele, shall in their best arraye meete and receave hir grace, at hir enterie into the Englishe pale ; and after their due reverence and salutacions made unto the same, they shall conduct her and her traine to the said towne, makeinge unto the strangers comeinge with her, as their degrees require, all honest and frendly semblance and entertainement, whereby they may perceive themselves most hartely welcome.

Item, it is appointed that aboute St. Peter's, without the said towne of Calis, the said lord admirall, with all the lords and other gentlemen assigned to keepe him company and to attende upon him in this voyage, shall meete her,* and make like reverence and salutacions, [and] shall in like maner

* The mode in which this programme was fulfilled is thus described by Hall: “ The xi, day of Decembre, at the turnepyke on thys syde Gravelyng, was the lady Anne of Cleve receyved by the lorde Lysle, deputie of the town of Calice, and with the speres and horsemen belongyng to the retynue there, all beyng fresh and warlyke apparelled, and so marching toward Calice, a myle and more from the towne, met her grace the erle of Southampton gret admirall of England, and apparelled in a coate of purple velvet cut on cloth of golde, and tyed with great aglettes and treifoiles of golde, to the nombre of iiij. C.,and baudrick-wise he ware a chayne, at the whych dyd hang a whystle of golde set with ryche stones of a great value. And in his company xxx. gentlemen of the kynges housholde, very rychly apparelled with gret and massy chaynes, and in especial syr Frauncis Bryan and syr Thomas Seymer's chaynes were of great valure and straunge fassyon. Besyde this, the lorde admirall had a great nombre of gentlemen in blew velvet and crymosyn sattyn, and his yomen in damask of the same colours, and the maryners of his ship in sattyn of Bridges, both coates and sloppes of the same colours ; whych lorde admirall with low obeysaunce welcomed her, and so brought her into Calyce by the Lanterne gate, where the shippes laye in the haven garnyshed with their banners, pencelles, and flagges, pleasauntly to beholde. And at her entry was shot such a peale of gonnes, that all the retynew much merveiled at it. And at her entery into the towne, the mayer of the towne presented her with an C. marke in golde. And before the Staple-hall stoode the merchauntes of the staple, well apparelled, which lykewise presented her with a C. sovereyns of golde in a ryche pursse, which hertely thanked them, and so she rode to the kinges place called the Checker, and there she laye xv. dayes for lacke of prosperous wynde. Duryng whyche tyme goodly justes and costly bankettes wer made to her for her solace and recreation. And on S. Jhon's day in Christmas, she with I. sayle toke passage about noone, and landed at Deele, in the downes, about v. of the clocke.”

The entertainment of the royal bride in Calais is further thus described in the narrative in the State Paper Office: “When she entered the Lantern gate she staid to view the king's ships, called the Lyon and the Sweep-stakes, which were decked with one hundred banners of silk and gold, wherein were two master-gunners, mariners, and thirty-one

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