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Ant. Ay, so he fays.
Por. Do you confess the bond ?
Ant. I do.
Por. Then must the Jew be merciful.
Shy. On what compulfion muft I? tell me that.

Por. The quality of mercy is not ftrain'd;
It droppeth as the gentle rain from heav'n
l'pon the place beneath. It is twice bless’d;
It bleseth him that gives, and him that takes.
"Tis mightiest in the mightieft; it becomes
The throned monarch better than his Crown:
The scepter shews the force of temporal pow'r,
The attribute to awe and majesty,
Wherein doth fit the dread and fear of Kings ;
But mercy is above this scepter'd sway,
It is enthroned in the hearts of Kings ;
It is an attribute to God himself;
And earthly power doth chen shew likest God's,
When mercy seasons juftice. Therefore, Jeru,
Tho' justice be thy plea, consider this,
That in the course of juslice none of us
Should fee salvation. We do pray for mercy,
And that same pray’r doth teach us all to render
The deeds of inercy. I have spoke thus much
To mitigate the justice of thy plea ;
Which, if thou follow, this strict Court of Venice
Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchant there.

Shy. My deeds upon my head! I crave the law, The penalty and forfeit of my bond.

Por. Is he not able to discharge the money?

Bal. Yes, here I tender it for him in the Court, Yea, twice the sum ; if that will not fuffice, I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er, On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart, If this will not suffice, it must appear That malice bears down truth. And I beseech you, (28)

(28) That malice bears duzun truth.) I propos'd, in my SHAKESPEARE restor'd, to read rutb here ; i. e. Compassion, mercy. But upon more mature advice, I belicve, the text needs no alteration. Truth may mean here, reason; the reasonable offers of accommodation, which we have made.


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O wise

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Wreft once the law to your authority.
To do a great right, do a little wrong;
And curb this cruel devil of his will.

Por. It must not be, there is no pow'r in Venice
Can alter a decree established.
'Twill be recorded for a precedent;
And many an error, by the fame example,
Will rush into the state. It cannot be.
Shy. A Daniel come to judgment! yea, a Daniel.

young judge, how do I honour thee!

. I pray you, let me look upon the bond.
Shy. Here'tis, moft rey'rend Doctor, here it is.
Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offer'd thee.

Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heav'n.
Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?
No, not for Venice.

Por. Why, this bond is forfeit ;
And lawfully by this the Jew may claim
A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off
Neareft the merchant's heart. Be merciful,
Take thrice thy money, bid me tear the bond.

SbyWhen it is paid according to the tenour.
It doth appear, you are a worthy judge;
You know the law : your exposition
Hath been most found. I charge you by the law,
Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar,
Proceed to judgment. By my soul I swear,
There is no power in the tongue of man

I stay here on my bond.
Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the Court
To give the judgment.

Por. Why, then thus it is :
You must prepare your bosom for his knife.

Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man !
Por. For the intent and purpose of the law
Hath full relation to the penalty,
Which here appeareth due upon the bond,

Sby. "Tis very true. O wife and upright judge,
How much more elder art thou than thy looks !
Por. Therefore lay bare your bofom.


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To alcer me.

Shy. Ay, his breast; So says the bond, doth it not, noble judge ? Nearest his heart, those are his very words. · Por. It is fo. Are there scales, to weigh the flesh! Sby. I have them ready.

Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your charge, To stop his wounds, left he should bleed to death.

Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ?

Por. It is not so express'd; but what of that? 'Twere good, you do so much for charity.

Shy. I cannot find it; 'cis not in the bond.
Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to fay?

Ant. But little: I am arm’d, and well prepar'd.
Give me your hand, Basanio, fare you

well! Grieve not, that I am fall’n to this for

For herein fortune thews herself more kind,
Than is her custom. ' It is still her use,
To let the wretched man out-live his wealth,
To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow,
An age of poverty: From which ling'ring penance
Of such a misery doth the cut me off.
Commend me to your honourable wife ;
Tell her the process of Anthonio's end ;
Say, how I lov'd you ; speak me fair in death :
And when the tale is told, bid her be judge,
Whether Bassanio had not once a love.
Repent not you, that you shall lose your friend;
And he repents not, that he pays your debt ;
For if the Jew do cut but deep enough,
I'll pay it instantly with all my heart.

Bal. Anthonio, I am married to a wife,
Which is as dear to me as life itself;
But life itself, my wife, and all the world,
Are not with me esteem'd above thy life.
I would lose all; ay, sacrifice them all
Here to this devil, to deliver

you. Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for that, If she were by to hear you make the offer.

Gra. I have a wife, whom, I protest, I love; I would, she were in heaven, fo the could 4


Intreat fome Pow's to change this currilh Jew.

Ner. 'Tis well, you offer it behind her back; The wish would make else an unquier house.

Shy. These be the christian husbands. I've a daughter; Would


of the stock of Barrabas Had been her husband, rather than a christian! [Afade. We trifle time; I pray thee, pursue sentence.

Por. A pound of that same merchant's desh is thine, The Court awards it, and the law doth give it.

Shy. Most rightful judge! Por. And you must cut this flesh from off his breaft; The law allows it, and the Court awards it.

Shy. Most learned judge! a sentence : come, prepare.
Por. Tarry a little, there is something else,
This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood,
The words exprelly are a pound of fesh.
Then take thy bond, take thou thy pound of Aelh ;

, in the cutting it, if thou dont med
One drop of christian blood; thy lands and goods
Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate
Unto the state of Venice.

Gra. O upright judge! mark, Jew, O learned julge!
Shy. Is that the law?

Por. Thyself thalt see the Act:
For as thod urgelt justice, be assurd,
Thou shalt have justice, more than thou defir'ft.

Gra. O learned judge! mark, few, a learned judge!

Shy. I take this offer then, pay the bond thrice,
And let the christian go.
Baf. Here is the money.

Por. The Jew shall have all justice ; foft! no haite; He hall have nothing but the penalty;

Gra. O ferv! an upright judge, a learned judge!
Por. Therefore

prepare thee to cut off the flesh;
Shed thou no blood, nor cut thou less, nor more,
But just a pound of fleth : if thou tak’it more
Or less than a just pound, be't but fo much
As makes it light or heavy in the substance,
On the division of the twentieth part
one poor scruple; nay, if the scale turn


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But in the estimation of a hair,
Thou dieft, and all thy goods are confiscate.

Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel, Jew!
Now, infidel, I have thee on the hip.

Por. Why doth the Jew pause ? take the forfeiture.
Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go.
Ball. I have it ready for thee; here it is.

Por. He hath refus'd it in the open Court;
He shall have merely justice, and his bond.

Gra. A Daniel, ftill say I; a second Daniel! I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word.

Sby. Shall I not barely have my principal?

Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture, To be fo taken at thy peril, Jew.

Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it!
I'll stay no longer question.

Por. Tarry, Jew.
The law hath yet another hold on you:
It is enacted in the laws of Venice,
If it be prov'd against an alien,
That by direct, or indirect, attempts
He seek the life of any citizen,
The party, 'gainst which he doth contrive,
Shall seize on half his goods; the other half
Comes to the privy coffer of the state ;
And the offender's life lies in the

Of the Duke only, 'gainst all other voice :
In which predicament, I say, thou stand'ft.
For it appears by manifest proceeding,
That indire&tly, and directly too,
Thcu haft contriv'd against the very life
Of the defendant; and thou hast incurr'd
The danger formerly by me rehears'd.
Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the Duke.
Gra. Beg, that thou may't

have leave to hang thyself;
And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state,
Thou hast not left the value of a cord;
Therefore, thou must be hang'd at the state's charge;

Duke. That thou may'll see the diff'rence of our spirit, I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it :


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