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at last the figure of Stemaw, dragging his empty sleigh behind I will be of essential service in the cultivation of a branch of him (for he has left his wolf and foxes in the last night's en- knowledge hitherto almost entirely overlooked in our humbler campment, to be taken up when returning homo), becomes seminaries. clearly distinguisbable through the dreamy haze of the cold wintry morning. He arrives at the beaver-lodges, and, I war

Doctrinal Puritans: Heaven Opened; or, a Brief and Plain rant, will soon play havoc among the inmates.

Discovery of the Riches of God's Covenant of Grace; “ His first proceeding is to cut down several stakes, which by the Rev. Richard Alleine, A.D., 1665. he points at the ends. These are driven, after he has cut away a good deal of ice from around the beaver-lodge, into the

The British Reformers; or, Selections from the Writings of ground between it and the shore. This is to prevent the

the British Reformers. Nos. 1 and 2. beaver from running along the passage they always have from These are issued by the Religious Tract Society, and are of their lodges to the shore, where their storehouse is kept, which sterling value. Alleine is an earnest, spiritual, arresting would make it necessary to excavate the whole passage. The writer, and the perusal of various of his pieces has been blessed beaver, if there are any, being thus imprisoned in the lodge,

to many a soul. The two Parts of the “ British Reformers'' the hunter next stakes up the opening into the storehouse on shore, and so imprisons those that may have fled there for shel

contain a portion of the weighty and deeply experimental ter, on hearing the noise of his axe at the other house. Things letters of “ Master John Bradford," written while“ in prison being thus arranged to his entire satisfaction, he takes an in- for the cause of the gospel." strument called an ice-chisel, which is a bit of steel about a

The National Cyclopædia of Useful Knowledge. Parts foot long, by one inch broad, fastened to the end of a stout

XII. to XIV. pole, wherewith he proceeds to dig through the lodge. This is by no means an easy operation; and although he covers the

We have pleasure in repeating our recommendation of this snow around him with great quantities of mud and sticks, yet popular and valuable work. It is a repertory of well-condensed his work is not half finished. At last, however, the interio information on all subjects—Natural Historical, Biographi. of the hut is laid bare, and the Indian, stooping down. gives cal, Political, Mechanical, &c. &c., and even in these days is a great pull, when out comes a large, fat, sleepy beaver, which he flings sprawling on the snow. Being thus unceremaniously amazingly cheap. Two hundred and fifty octavo pages for a awakened from its winter nap, the shivering animal looks lan shilling ! guidly around, and even goes the length of grinning at Stemaw, by way of showing its teeth, for which it is rewarded with a blow on the head from the pole of the ice-chisel, which

Notes of the Month. puts an end to it. In this way several more were killed, and packed on the sleigh. Stemaw then turns his face towards his

THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH IN OUR LARGE TOWXS. encampment, where he collects the game left there; and away he goes at a tremendous pace, dashing the snow in clouds from The following return affords a most instructive comhis snow-shoes, as he hurries over the trackless wilderness to mentary on the boastings which have lately been his forest bome.

indulged in (especially at a distance) on the pretended “ Near his tent, he makes a detour to visit a marten trap; “ revival in the popularity and strength” of the where, however, he finds nothing. This trap is of the simplest Establishment. It is the official account of the construction being composed of two logs, the one of which is mupported over the other by means of a small stick, in such a

sittings let and unlet in the city churches” of Edin. manner, that when the marten creeps between the two and burgh :pulls the bait, the support is removed, and the upper log falls Abbreviate of the Return Let and Unlet Sittings in the on and crushes it to death.

City Churches, for the Year from Martinmas 1847 to Mar"In half-an-hour the Indian arrives at his tent, where the dark eyes of his wife are seen gazing through a chink in the

tinmas 1848, as at 21st February 1848 :covering, with an expression that denotes immense joy at the

Let prospect of gorging for many days on fat beaver, and having

1847-48. 1846-47. wherewithal to purchase beads and a variety of ornaments from the white men, upon the occasion of her husband and herself visiting the posts of the fur-traders in the following CHURCHES. spring."

As a budget of incident and adventure, and as conveying to the reader an idea of the scenes and occupations of Rupert's Land, we could not desiderate anything more vivid or picto

1. Assembly Hall, rial than the sketches of which this volume consist.

Tolbooth,

50 660 46 644 4 Pulpit Themes; Illustrated by Three Thousand Texts in Old Greyfriars', 107

127

20 full. Systematically Classified from the Works of the 2. New North, 373 996 377 992

4 3. Old,..

78 614 75 617 most Eminent Divines. By the Rev. A. C. BALDWIN,

3 4. High, 130 | 1057 136 1051

6 New-York.

Edinburgh.
5. Trong

151 568 181 538 30 The compiler of this little work states his object to be to

6. Trinity College,...

24 691 21 691 3 afford assistance to brother ministers in the selection of suit- 7. Lady Yester's,..... 986

922 64 64 able and useful subjec of discourse, which few of them, he 8. Now Greyfriars',. 621 590 619 592 2

955 9. St Andrew's......

955 adds, have not at times found more difficult than to prepare a

10. St George's,

700 881 701 880 1 sermon after a suitable subject has been found. We have

11. St Mary's,......

469 1091 512 1048 43 looked into the work, and have no doubt that ministers would 12. St Stephen's,

961 649 1026 584 65 find it of service in the way mentioned.

13. Greenside,

957 105 949 107 8 14. St John's ....

322 597 333 586 11 Johnston's Mustrations of Natural History.—Sheets I. and II.

Edinburgh, 1847.

Totals let and unlet, 6884 8499 6980 8394 84 1180 We can strongly recommend these to our Free Church teachers, as extremely suitable for instructing classes in the Allowing 1500 sitters in addition to these, for the various departments of scientific knowledge. From the want West Church, and the various empty chapels in of illustrations of sufficient boldness it has hitherto been much Canongate and St Cuthbert's parish, we have 8300 inthe practice to teach science to individual pupils, thereby not dividuals as the whole church-sitting adherents of the only losing time, but depriving the scholars of the benefit of Establishment in Edinburgh, out of a population of emulation. Messrs. Johnston's new illustrations will com- 130,000. And this we believe to be considerably pletely remedy this, and in the bands of intelligent educators over the mark, as it is notorious that, especially in

Seats.' 1847-48.

Unlet.

Increasc.

Decrease.

...

...

...

...

the New Town, a large number of the sittings are calmly and earnestly to reiterate " the word of ex.
taken by "genteel” parties, who are seldom if ever hortation," as to the duty which lies upon the Church
in Church, except on the communion Sabbaths. We and upon individual Christians there, to strive more
observe that our contemporaries the Patriot and and more-til the chain be broken-for the deliver-
Universe have printed the returns, expressing surprise ance of the oppressed. There are at present many
at the disclosure which they make of the state of the hopeful and encouraging circumstances connected
Establishment, and also indignation that eighteen with the anti-slavery cause in America. The chief of
men, with such a miserable minority of adherents, these, perhaps, is the public movements on the subject
should be allowed to draw £10,000 a-year out of the which have commenced in various of the Southern
pockets of the citizens. This is the use which such States, and especially in Virginia. There one
returns will serve. Every one living in Edinburgh, of the leading Presbyterian ministers of the
knew how true Dr Chalmers' statement was as to State, and president of a college-Dr Ruffuer-has
the Establishment having become a nullity--that as commenced a movement, which is hailed by all the
a body, they have no decided moral or religious friends of the slave in the Northern States, as most
weight in the community—and do not possess a single promising and important. He is not, of course, an
man who can take his place as a leader in any great | Abolitionist " of the baser sort,” but being a man
national movement. But they are very unscrupulous, of candour, energy, and intelligence, his manifesto
especially when at a distance, and make the most dis- has occasioned a most hopeful excitement. Not ex-
graceful statements as to their success and popularity. citement against himself-on the contrary, his appeals
Ďr Simpson of Kirknewton, and Mr Fowler of Ratho, have been seconded by a large body of the Slavehold-
when in Canada, everywhere assured public meetings ers themselves, and by several of the newspapers of
and private companies, that the accounts which were the Slave States, and various public meetings have
prevalent as to the “ desolation and emptiness” of assembled and testified their concurrence in his plans
the Edinburgh churches, were altogether incorrect but excitement regarding the true merits of the ques-
and false, and indeed that there was no very great tion, and that, of course, betokens “ the beginning of
difference in the amount of sitters. Dr John Cum- the end."
ming makes similar statements even so near as In other States, similar movements are being com-
London. These returns form a most humiliating menced, and the prospect of their spreading and
commentary on such perversions. The same state of strengthening is most hopeful. So far as man can
matters obtains in almost every large town in Scot- see or calculate, it is in this way alone that slavery
land. In Paisley the whole receipts from seat rents will be abolished. We do not undervalue the health-
are not sufficient to pay beadles, precentors, and ful influence of external anti-slavery feeling-on the
cleaners. In Aberdeen, the state of matters is almost contrary, we believe that had the anti-slavery agi-
worse-the town being threatened with bankruptcy, tation in the Northern States been conducted with
in consequence of the annual draught made upon the ordinary Christian prudence and consideration, slaver
revenue for the payment of stipends. The truth is, would have been many years nearer its general aboli-
and these facts show it, that the vast body of our in- tion in the South than it is at present. And if anti-
telligent middle classes have abandoned the Estab- slavery men, either in America or in this country,
lishment. The towns have unequivocally pronounced interfere judiciously even now, their interference may
against her. Her adherents in these-the centres of be attended with the best results.
intelligence, activity, and national influence-form a
small and dwindling minority.

FRDE CHURCH QUESTIONS IN PARLIAMENT.
Mr Bouverie has given notice of his intention to

introduce a bill on the site question; and Mr The Church and Slavery question, so fiercely agitated Cowan is to introduce another bill, in connexion in Scotland some time ago, is now scarcely ever men with the quoad sacra churches. We most cordially tioned. It must not, however, be lost sight of. The reiterate the call which has been made upon the remembrance of the infamous and unprincipled various congregations of the Free Church, to send attacks, which were so perseveringly made on our up petitions in regard to both these matters. We Free Church, and some of her most beloved and dis- fear that justice will not be obtained on either questinguished ministers in connection with it, has very tion without a combined and determined effort. If naturally produced in the minds of many a strong our politicians were statesmen--if they were possessed aversion to the whole subject. But the Church has still either of that energy or that prudence, which, in a most important and solemn duty to discharge in the times of commotion and upheaving like the present, matter, and we hope our next General Assembly are so requisite in the management of the internal will not forget it. She has signally triumphed over affairs of a great country—such efforts would never the multitude of her heterogeneous and ferocious be required. The idea that one man should have the assailants. But there are three millions of slaves in power, unchallenged and unchecked, to exercise such America who require her help, and that help she is oppression, and to persevere in suchtcruelty, as have able to render more effectually than any other Church been witnessed in Canonbie for the last five years, is in Britain. From circumstances which have recently so altogether monstrous, that were not class interests transpired, we have now more hope of benefit from and courtesies all-prevalent in our high places, it her interference, than we formerly ventured to would not have been tolerated for five months. But entertain. Of course, we do not mean that our the landlord of Canonbie is a duke, and the Free Church should homologate and proclaim the vaunted Church people of Canonbie are only cottars and principle of the universal ex-communication of Slave. hinds, and the toleration laws must be suspended till holders. By doing so, she would but destroy her the duke is graciously pleased to restore it. If the own influence with the American Churches, and give eyes of our legislators were open to the true interests an excuse to those, who wish one, for disregarding of the country, or even to the true interests of the and depreciating her correspondence. But she ought I dukes themselves, they would, without a week's delay

CHURCH AND SLAVERY.

pat an end to all such tyranny. Nothing would more the restoration of the Bourbons, and particularly directly tend to strengthen the Government and insti- during the Pontificate of Grégory XVI., infinite pains tutions of the country. But, we regret to say, we were taken, not only to re-establish the Papacy in the have little hope of their doing so plain a duty spon. constitution of France, as one of the great elements taneously; and therefore, our appeal must lie to the of the restored monarchy, but also to gain over the Christian people of the country.

people, en masse, by means of what were called con

grégations, confréries, &c.-associations like the Holy STATE OF IRELAND–IRISH DEPUTATION.

Guild of St Joseph, in Edinburgh, ready at all times We are delighted to observe the deep and growing head. These had numerous ramifications, even in

to do the bidding of the directing clergy at their interest manifested in the state of Ireland by the

the army; and the alarm they excited among those Christian people of this country. Recent events are

Frenchmen in the wealthier ranks of society, who well fitted to lead to the inquiry, “What can be

dreaded seeing France again become, from the king done for that unhappy island ?" And where God

on the throne, downwards, a miserably superstitious seems to be opening a door so wide, promising it is and priest-ridden nation, led to some very stringent most right that his people should be preparing to

measures against the Jesuits, &c., during the three enter. The Irish deputation never met with such

years preceding the Revolution of 1830, and had a success before in Scotland, and the startling details

great deal to do in producing that Revolution itself. of Dr Dill and others have greatly tended to deepen

That Revolution was, of course, viewed with a most the previously existing feeling. At the same time, unfavourable eye by the Vatican, and by the whole we have great doubts whether any plan of a suffi- body of Ultramontanists, who had been struggling, ciently large and comprehensive nature has yet been

under Charles X., to regain for the Gallican Church propounded for meeting the existing evils. One or

its old strong footing in the French monarchy, and two missionaries, and a few schools, will never do.

in the superstitious regards of the French people. Why should our friends not at once lay before the

Louis Philippe found the whole of the bishops opkingdom the plan of a large agency and a missionary posed to him and his policy; for the seventeen years college at Limerick or Galway, by which to make it

of his reign was just like that of Britain in Ireperpetual ! We are convinced that if Drs Cooke, land

during the same period—a policy of constant Morgan, Edgar, and others were to start such a pro

concession and effort to please, met by an apparent ject, enough could be raised both to build and endow

determination never to be satisfied. In vain did he such an institution at the present moment. At all

court the bishops—make magnificent presents to nuevents, the subject in all its magnitude is worthy of

merous churches--favour the rebuilding and embelthe most profound attention, and requires prompt lishment of ancient ecclesiastical edifices-put his action. If any delay takes place, or if the means

navy at the command of the Propaganda missions, prepounded are inadequate, the present most favour

and in a thousand ways court the good graces of able opportunity will probably pass away, and the

Rome. He was either thought insincere, or, which rising hope of Ireland settle down again in blackness

is more probable, it was seen that the Chamber of and despair.

Deputies, constituted as it was—that is, representing

just those very portions of the community which It is much to be regretted, and ought to suggest were least disposed to be priest-ridden themselves, the necessity for much caution and circumspection, or to see their country become morally and religiousthat the accounts we receive of the eventful proceed ly, and in the end, politically too, a province of Rome ings now in progress on the Continent, are all, in so --was the grand obstacle in the path of Roman ambifar as the London newspapers and their correspond. tion. Hence, universal suffrage began to be thought ents go, reported by men who look at them in a purely of as an expedient for removing this obstacle; and secular light. The Papacy, in particular, seems thus to popularity, among even the very lowest and most sink into by far too insignificant a position; and some illiterate, became the order of the day among the most significant acts of the Papal clergy and their same clergy that had so warmly opposed, and so followers among the people, both in France and Ger. deeply suffered from, the Revolution of 1792. This many, acts to which the whole sincerely Protestant will easily account for the readiness with which the population of Europe and the world ought to be di- Archbishops of Lyons and Paris, the two great heads rected, are allowed to slip past almost quite unno- of the French Papacy, have turned their backs on ticed.

Louis Philippe and his monarchy. On comparing this last with the two former Revolutions in France, we find the Papacy making a pro

ROME-MIRACULOUS RECOVERY OJ AN APOSTLE'S SKULL. digious change. The first Revolution found Pius VI. on the throne, a pontiff remarkable for his vanity, The following ludicrous illustration of Roman and for the pusillanimity with which he suffered the Popery, appears in the letter of the Italian corresEmperor Joseph II. to carry forward the most tren-pondent of the Atheneum, and is worth perusal chant ecclesiastical reforms, without either firmly The mode of the recovery of the apostle's head will resisting him, or cunningly co-operating with him

of course, be enlarged on as one of the miracles of in the way of subjugating the new state of things to the nineteenth century; and a hundred years after himself and the Vatican. In France the Revolution this, if Popery last so long, it will, doubtless, be became more and more decidedly anti-Papal; and, enriched with numerous accompaniments, in the indeed, seemed at last to give a death-blow to the shape of thunder and lightning, and other things system, from which, however, it speedily recovered, equally startling:partly owing to Napoleon having called in its aid in his

"A great part of the philosophy of life, the moralists tell attempts to reconstruct society in France, still more

us, lies in the observation of its contrasts;- if so, the Eternal from the influence the emigrant French clergy pro- City affords assuredly, just at present a very fertile_field

to cured for the whole Papal system in England. On / philosophers. Take the following pendant picture to that

ROMISH POLICY IN FRANCE.

which I have just been sketching, for example. It is rarely, discovery of the treasure on board their boat-I cannot say. I should think, that the past and the present--that two widely Nor is there much interest in knowing how the fact may be. separated centuries I may say-are so strangely placed face to The gist of the story consists in the circumstance that such a face. Among the various government notices which adorn the tale is current and credited at Rome in the year 1848;—in the walls of the town-for placarding is the recognised means of ever-fresh serviceability of the old legend, coming up as good communication between the Government and the citizens— as new, and just as capable of satisfactorily explaining such appears a huge sheet purporting to emanate from the chapter facts as it was at first invented to explain hundreds of years of the Basilic of St Peter. Crowded between the promise of go!" a constitutional régime and an address to the Guardia Civica, SABBATH RAILWAY TRAVELLING IM AMERICA. or jostling an advertisement of a new paper on one side and the announcement of a railway company on the other, this

It may encourage our friends to persevere in their lengthy document sets forth, in terms of the most moving dis

efforts against Sabbath railway travelling, to be intress and profound grief the lamentable fact of the loss of the formed that in America, where Sabbath-trains have head of St Andrew! This invaluable relic, it seems, has for years extensively run, a most salutary change is been stolen from the place in St Peter's where it has been taking place. The change is attributed to two preserved for so many years. And there is an 'Et tu, Brute' consideration about it, which hits poor mother Church cruelly things: first, To the measures perseveringly taken by hard. For, from the nature of the place where the thing was

the “ American and Foreign Sabbath Union;" and kept and the precautions adopted for its safe keeping, it would second, To the fact that the shareholders have disgeem that the thief must recessarily have been one of the ec- covered that their Sabbath trains do not pay. An clesiastical body attached to the church. Those wbo have been annual expense of £12,000, was saved by the at Rome will remember the four colossal statues at the feet of stopping of Sabbath mails, by the late Postmasthe four piers of the copula, and the four • loggie' or balconies above them. One of these statues is that of St Andrew; and

ter General, chiefly in New England, where and in the chamber behind the loggia over it was preserved the

there is now 110 Sabbath mail or railway carriage for saint's original head. It is almost need!ess to observe that travellers. A similar change of sentiment, to a great relics are scarcely stolen now-a-days for their holiness, as in extent, has also been silently effected in New York the days of Henry III. of France; and that St Andrew, like and some other States. The Rochester Adtertiser some others, has lost his head

says: amount in value.

It was impossible not to be struck with the ludicrous nature sented the same bustle and activity, the came crowd of this loss, as the eye fell on the statement of it when intent of goers and comers, on the Sabbath, as on any other on looking for the important announcements that are daily | day of the week, and business men improved then chronicling the steps of a nation's progress towards freedom. Nor were the lamentations of the worthy canons, it must be commencing their journeys. Now, however, there is

what they generally regarded as a day of leisure, for confessed, calculated to produce a more sympathizing frame of mind. The style of these irresistibly suggested the recollec

a wonderful change. Instead of the day-boats on tion of those of poor 'Kitty of Colraine in the old song, for the Hudson on Sunday being crowded, as formerly, her lost pitcher:

they have been withdrawn entirely, the proprietors 'Twas the pride of my dairy,

finding that it did not pay. So also with the railSure, sure such a pitcher, I'll ne'er see again! The document offers a reward of 500 scudi--more than road companies between Albany and Buffalo. We £100-a very large sum for such a purpose in this country,

venture the assertion, that not one of them upon the for the recovery of the treasure; with its ornaments, I pre

whole line, from their receipts on Sunday, pay the sume is understood, though nothing is said to this effect. It

expenses incurred.” concludes with a statement of the intention of the chapter to On the Housatonic road the cars do not run on offer up a “triduo "—i.e., extra repetitions of litanies for the Sabbaths, and on the western road there is but one space of three days—with a view of appeasing God (placare train on that day. The directors of the road between Iddio), and conjuring the misfortunes with which his wrath on account of the abduction of St Andrew's head might be

New York and Philadelphia have given notice to the expected to afflict the city The grim old church figure amid post-office department, that after their present mail all the new lights! Here is a numerous body of educated contract expires, they will not run their cars on men asserting their belief that the Supreme Being may be es. Sabbath. pected to manifest anger for & certain special theft above what he would feel at any other crime of a similar natare-that this

IRISE MISSION AND SCRIPTURE READERS' anger would be manifested by inflicting evil, not on the thief, but on the innocent citizens in blind indiscriminate vengeance This interesting mission continues to prosper, and --and that this vengeance might be averted by a certain amount affords every encouragement to its friends to prosecute of reiterated repetitions of a given form of words !

the work. We are sorry, however, to learn that the To complete my story, however and therein to complete committee have to complain of much apathy and inthe idea of Rome and its population deducible from it--I inust tell you the sequel. Yesterday, which was a day or two after

attention to its claims on the part of the Christian the public announcement of the loss, it was reported that this public. It is to be hoped that this has arisen from missing treasure had been recovered. The history of its re other causes than want of interest in the object. It storation was this, and was eagerly circulated from mouth to should be remembered that this is the only mission mouth among the populace. A boat navigating the Tiber had received on board a sack filled apparently with

among us specially directed to promote the spiritual to a certain point on its course." But, strange to tell, all the improvement of Roman Catholics in Edinburgh; efforts of the boatmen were unavailing to force forward their

whereas Popery has its host of Jesuits here—its nuns, bark an inch! For two days was the struggle continued in

its Holy Guild of St Joseph, its orders of Carmelites, vain, till at length the men, naturally guessing (since the

and of St Vincent de Paul, &c., &c., all busily enguess was natural, I cannot think how they were so very long gaged in disseminating the soul-destroying tenets of in arriving at it), that it must be something connected with the Man of Sin," whose coming is after the workthe nature of the cargo which prevented the boat from moving, ing of Satan, with all power and signs, and lying searched every packet on board-and in the midst of the sack of rags found 'St Andrew's head! Now, whether or not the

wonders, and with all deceivableness of unrighteoushead has been found at allwhether the good canons may

ness in them that perish.” choose to supply its?place, and give out that it has been recovered-or whether it might be really the case that boatmen Printed and Published by John JOANSTONE, 15, Princes Street, carrying off the stolen goods were tempted by the reward of Edinburgh; and 26, iPaternoster Row, London, And sold by the 500 scudi, and invented the above story to account for their Booksellers throughout the kingdom.

EDINBURGH

SOCIETY

TIIE

FREE CHURCH MAGAZINE.

was

a

TUE EVANGELIST MARK, AND HIS GOSPEL. | longs to the same individual; for what author would It is hardly possible for those who have been any

mention different persons under the same designation time engaged in the study of Scripture, to avoid in different parts of his book? Epiphanius has forming a particular attachment to some individual affirmed that both Mark and Luke were of the numin the family of the sacred writers. Each of them ber of the seventy disciples—an opinion which has has his own character; and after long intimacy with been embraced by many learned moderns. Bede tbem, we begin to think we have become acquainted and Cave suppose that he was a Levite, because with their very persons, so that we could distinguish Barnabás, his mother's brother

, was of that order. them by the tone of their voice, their step, look, and Epiphanius is more particular still; for he tells us he gesture—that we could know them among a hundred. was one of those who were offended at the words of The circumstances which may lead to such a pre- Christ (John vi. 66), but was reclaimed by Peter, and ference of one writer to another-a preference denot- being filled with the Spirit, wrote a Gospel. ing no contempt of the rest, any more than that of Assuming, then, that Mark and John Mark was Christ for John implied disregard of the other dis- the same person, we learn that

he eiples-it may not be easy to explain. How it came young man, the son of a pious mother, in whose to pass I know not, but I was early led to form an

house the disciples were wont to meet for prayer, attachment of this kind to the evangelist Mark. Per- nursed up in the school Christ, a partaker of the haps it might be owing to the circumstance that he sufferings of the early Christians, and honoured to seems to be most generally disregarded or overlooked be a fellow-labourer with the apostles Barnabas, Paul, among the other writers of the New Testament. But and Peter. We are naturally prepossessed in favour be this as it may, one effect of this prepossession in of one who is closely related by blood with persons favour of this evangelist, is, that it has led me to of high moral worth and piety; and with such an study his Gospel more narrowly perhaps than others uncle and such a mother-the one a son of consolamay generally have done, and I may now give the tion, the other a mother in Israel-we cannot help, reader the results of my reflections.

even in the absence of all direct testimony, forming • The personal history of Mark is involved in ob- a good opinion of the moral qualifications of “ Mark, scurity and fable. It has been very much disputed sister's son to Barnabas.” Nor need this favourable among critics, both ancient and modern, whether he judgment be affected by the single incident recorded was the same person with John Mark, mentioned in to his disadvantage, that on one occasion he “departed the Acts and Epistles, who was the nephew of Barna- from the apostles from Pamphylia, and went

not with bas, and the occasion of the unhappy quarrel between them to the work," when we reflect that Barnabas Paul and Barnabas. The chief reason which induced considered it compensated by his being willing to the ancients to consider him a different person, pro- embark again in their hazardous enterprise; and bably, was, that they found John Mark blamed by Paul that Paul himself, though offended at his former for deserting him, and they were unwilling to believe conduct, saw reason afterwards to admit him as a that one who behaved in that faint-hearted manner fellow-labourer, and mentions him with respect in could be the evangelist. I am strongly inclined to several of his epistles. agree with Macknight in thinking it highly probable The information which we possess as to the time, that dark, the author of the Gospel, and this John and place, and occasion of writing his Gospel, is Mark, as the same person In addition to what I almost as scanty as the materials of his personal have stated, my reasons are--Ist, That there can be history. . Eusebius mentions a tradition of Papias, in Kttle doubt that the person whom Peter calls “ Mar- which John the presbyter is said to have affirmed cus my son," was the evangelist. All the accounts “ that Mark, Peter's interpreter, wrote faithfully of early historians concur in asserting that the evan- whatever he heard, but not in the order wherein the gelist Mark was the companion of Peter. Now there things were said and done by Christ; for he neither can be no doubt of Peter's intimacy with John Mark; heard nor followed Christ, but was a companion of for we are told that after his deliverance from prison Peter, and composed his Gospel rather with a view by the angel, he went straight to the house of Mary to the people's profit than with a design to give a the mother of Johu, whose surname was Mark. Then, regular history." The truth of this tradition may 21, I go on the principle that the Scriptures, though be justly doubted. It contradicts the account of Epiwritten by various penmen, bord one author-the phanius; there is no reason to suppose that Peter Holy Spirit; and that we may thereforo conclude, needed an interpreter; and the gospel bears very when we find the same name introduced in different clenr internal evidence, I think, of having been writplaces, without any mark of distinction, that it be.'ten by an eye-witness. It seems, however, to be No. LIII.

MAY, 1848.

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