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dern Latin poets : for whose writings he the University, which was at length ac-
Mr. Heber's station in life, his easy During his stay at the University, he fortune, his gentlemanly manners, literary formed the design of editing such of the acquirements, and agreeable conversation, Latin poets as were not printed in Bar- caused his society to be courted at this time bou's collection; in pursuance of which, by all ranks; and few men could boast so he published " Silius Italicus,” in two extensive and valuable a circle of friends volumes, in 1792. It is characterized as and acquaintances, among whom were being a well executed and useful book. many of the statesmen, wits, and chief • Claudian” was printed the same year, literary and scientific characters of the day. but has not been published.
The best testimony, however, to the estiThe School for illustrating the Works mation in which he was held is contained of Shakespeare and other English Au- in the beautiful lines addressed to him by thors, from the pages of contemporary Sir Walter Scott, in the introduction to writers at the head of which were the the sixth canto of his “ Marmion;" where, Wartons, George Steevens, Dr. Percy, with his usual discriminating mind, he Bishop of Dromore, Mr. Malone, and has so happily alluded to Mr. Heber's other eminent scholars-occupied, at the literary pursuits and social habits. time Mr. Heber entered life, a distinguished rank in English literature. From
“ Heap on more wood !—the wind is chill;
But let it whistle as it will, the writings of these gentleman, and his
We'll keep our Christmas merry still. acquaintance with many of them, he imbibed a taste for old English literature ; and this, joined to his natural love for How just that, at this time of glee, the drama, led him to form collections of My thoughts should, Heber, turn to thee! our ancient poets and dramatic writers. For many a merry hour we've known, The commencement was, however, suffi
And heard the chimes of midnight's tone. ciently humble. Being in the habit of Cease, then, my friend ! a moment cease, making occasional visits to the metropolis, And leave these classic tomes in peace ! for the purpose of attending the book
Of Roman and of Grecian lore, sales, to purchase classics, he was struck
Sure mortal brain can hold no more. with the high prices which were given
These ancients, as Noll Bluff might say for old English books; and having one
Were pretty fellows in their day;' day accidentally met with a little volume But time and tide o'er all prevail.called “ The Vallie of Varietie,” by On Christmas eve a Christmas talem Henry Peacham, he took it to the late
Of wonder and of war' Profane ! Mr. Bindley, of the Stamp Office, the cele
What ! leave the lofty Latian strain, brated collector, and asked him, “ If tbat
Her stately prose, her verse's charms, was not a curious book ?" Mr. Bindley,
To hear the clash of rusty arms; after looking at it, answered, “ Yes : not In Fairy Land or Limbo lost, very—but rather a curious book.” Such To jostle conjuror and ghost, was the beginning of Mr. Heber's col- Goblin and witch !'- Nay, Heber, dear, lection of ancient English literature; a Before you touch my charter, here, collection which for extent and richness Though Leyden aids, alas! no more. has never been equalled, and perhaps never will be surpassed.
But why such instances to you, In the year 1804 he succeeded, on the Who, in an instant, can review death of his father, to the estates in Your treasured hoards of various lore, Yorkshire and Shropshire, wbich he And furnish twenty thousand more? augmented by purchase, and considerably Hoards, not like theirs whose volumes rest improved. In the year 1806 he offered Like treasures in the Franch’mont chest, himself as representative for the Univer- While gripple owners still refuse sity of Oxford; but was successfully To others what they cannot use; opposed by the late Lord Colchester. Give them the priest's whole century, Whilst resident there as a student, he They shall not spell you letters three; had become a great admirer of Parliamen- Their pleasures in the books the same tary oratory; and on any great ques- The magpie takes in pilfered gem. tion arising, was often known to leave Thy volumes, open as thy heart, the University at mid-day, to be present Delight, amusement, science, art, at the contests of Pitt, Fox, Burke, To every ear and eye impart; &c., generally returning to Oxford on Yet who, of all who thus employ them, the following day. He thus became Can, like the owner's self, enjoy them. conspicuous among his contemporaries But, hark! I hear the distant drum, as a warm politician; and he is supposed The day of Flodden field is come. to have early formed the desire to Adieu, dear Heber! life and health, become one of the Representatives of And store of literary wealth.”
Sir Walter has also, in otber of his was member of several other literary works, mentioned Mr. Heber; and on Societies ;-indeed, to use the phrase of the publication of each of the Waverley Dr. Johnson, “ He was an excellent novels, that gentleman never missed find clubber.” ing a copy on his table. Dr. Ferriar also In the second edition of his Biblioaddressed an elegant poetical epistle on mania, published in 1811, Dr. Dibdin the Bibliomania to Mr. Heber; which gave the following character of Mr. Heled to Dr. Dibdin's addressing to him the ber under the name of Atticus :first edition of his well known volume Atticus unites all the activity of under the same title. Mr. Adolphus, De Witt and Lomenie, with the retenjun. addressed to him his series of letters tiveness of Magliabechi and the learning on the Authorship of the Waverley no- of Le Long.
Yet Atticus doth vels; and Mr. Mitford his letter on sometimes sadly err. He has now and Weber's edition of the works of Ford the then an ungovernable passion to possess Dramatist. The names of the authors more copies of a book than there were who have acknowledged his assistance in ever parties to a deed, or stamina to a throwing open to them his literary stores, plant, and, therefore, I cannot call him a or communicating information, would duplicate or a triplicate collector. form a long catalogue ; and several works But he atones for this by being liberal in of merit owe their origin entirely to his the loan of his volumes. The learned suggestions.
and curious, whether rich or poor, have Soon after the peace in 1815, Mr. always free access to his library. In conHeber went on the continent, visiting sequence, he sees himself reflected in a France, Belgium, and the Netherlands ; thousand mirrors, and has a right to be adding to his literary treasures, and ac- vain of the numerous dedications to him, quiring during his stay the friendship of and of the richly ornamented robes in many eminent literary characters, who which he is attired by his grateful friends." were charmed with his agreeable manners He has been known seriously to say to and boundless information on every topic his friends, on their remarking on his of elegant literature. In the year 1818 many duplicates, “Why, you see, Sir, he was one of the persons whose opinion no man can comfortably do without three was taken by the committee appointed copies of a book. One he must have by the House of Commons relative to for his show copy, and he will probably the purchase of Dr. Burney's library. In keep it at his country house. Another the year 1821, there being a vacancy in he will require for his own use and rethe representation of the University of ference; and unless he is inclined to Oxford, he again come forward as a can- part with this, which is very inconvenient, didate. His wide circle of friends, and or risk the injury of his best copy, he the great interest made for him, would at must needs have a third at the service of once have secured his return, but that the his friends." This was a handsome speech question of Roman Catholic Emanci- to address to a borrower; but it cannot pation being at that time greatly agitated, be denied that Mr. Heber's duplicates many members of the University consi- were often purchased from that passion of dered themselves bound to elect such a Collectors, which demands not only that member as they were assured would refuse an article should be possessed, but that it further concessions to the Roman Catho- should also be kept from the possession lics; and as Mr. Heber, either from not of others. The fact was that collecting having made up his mind on a question of had grown into an uncontrollable habit, such vast political importance, or from and that it was only satisfied in him, as in want of courage to declare a decided opi- others, by an almost unlimited indulnion, had not expressed himself so strongly gence. The same desire of possessing on the subject as they required, these gen- duplicates, or (which is the same thing tlemen either refrained from voting, or under another form) preventing other voted for his opponent. On the second day Collectors obtaining them, was not pecuof the election, wbich was very severely liar to Mr. Heber, but is more remarkcontested, Mr. Heber's committee issued able because exhibited on a larger scale a paper, containing his sentiments on the and with ampler means. subject of Catholic Emancipation; which Mr. Heber's conduct in Parliament was being satisfactory to the major part of by no means answerable to the expectathe gentlemen of the University, he had tions of many of his constituents, as on the honour of being returned-attaining no occasion did he venture to speak in the thereby the great object of his ambition. House, though constant in his attendance, The same year he served the office of and frequently engaged on committees. Sheriff of Shropshire. It was about this His silence was considered as remarkable time also that he was engaged in founding by many of his friends, from his known the Athenæum Club; besides which, be powers and the fluency of his private con
versation ; but it is to be considered that ther, the late Bishop of Calcutta, though the studies to which he had devoted him- he was considerably taller, and better self, were little allied to those which forw looking. Mr. Heber was very nearthe usual topics of discussion in the sighted. His address and manners were Senate. There was indeed one great extremely courteous and gentlemanly. occasion which he might have seized, His cheerfulness and the charms of his when the University of Oxford sustained conversation, which he knew well to adapt a memorable attack from Brougham; but to please all ranks and ages, and supplied his colleague Mr. Peel was then at his with a fund of amusing anecdote, rendered post, and Mr. Heber considered himself him a most acceptable and delightful comexcused or anticipated. It is also pro- panion. In addition to Greek and Latin, bable that his not having practised public he acquired the Italian and French lanspeaking in early life occasioned his being guages; and had some little knowledge of diffident of making the attempt at this the Spanish and Portuguese. Besides time; and it must be recollected that his the editions of Silius Italicus, and Clautime was so completely absorbed by his dian, already noticed, he superintended bibliographical pursuits, as to account for the publication of the third edition of his neglect of those more important “ Ellis's Specimens of the English Poets,” acquirements, and that enlarged circle of which was remodelled and greatly imknowledge, wbich could fit him for the proved from his rich and unrivalled collec. politician and the statesman. At length, tion of old poetry.
His valuable drahe felt that the retention of the honour was matic collection was ever in the hands of incompatible with the pursuit to which be the late Mr. Gifford, while he was editing had devoted himself, and wbilst he was at Jonson, Massinger, and Ford. He also Brussels in 1826 he resigned his seat. published an edition of Brewster's TransHe had quitted England in the preceding lation of Persius, with the Latin text. year, and he prolonged his stay for several These constitute, so far as is known, the years, during which he was occupied in extent of his literary labours; but he has increasing his collection; keeping up at left behind him a vast monument of his the same time, through his agent in Lon- industry, in the catalogue and collations don, his intercourse with the sale-rooms of a great portion of his library. In early in England, so as to let nothing escape
life he devoted some time to the sports of him that was valuable and rare.
the field, and also to agricultural pursuits, In the year 1831 he returned to Eng- but more from a general activity of mind land, but, alas! not into the society and body, than from any knowledge of which he had left ; living, with the excep- that subject. His pride was to tire out tion of his visits to the auction-rooms and his bailiff in a ramble across bis fields, booksellers’ shops, entirely secluded among walking from an early hour of the mornhis books at Pimlico or Hodnet. His con- ing till night closed upon them. stitution, from fatigue and anxiety, united But it was from his library that he to considerable irregularity of hours both derived the great source of his pleasure ; in diet and sleep, had become greatly im- and to the enlargement and improvement paired, and his friends saw with anxiety of which he latterly devoted the whole of his health suffering those changes which his time and too much of his fortune. he either did not, or would not see, him. Mr. Heber's mania for book collecting self. During the last six weeks of his commenced, as we have said, at an early life, his decline was very rapid, and he period of life; and at every sale during the did not take that care of himself which last thirty years he was a great purchaser. his delicate state required. Even in the His library contains many of the princilast week of his life he was imprudent pal treasures possessed by the late Dr. enough to venture out in the night air, Farmer, Isaac Reed, J. Brand, George against the kind remonstrances of his Steevens, the Duke of Roxburghe, James attendants. This accelerated the pro- Bindley, Benj. Heath, J. Perry, Gilb. gress of his disorder-an attack on the Wakefield, J. Kemble, E. Malone, R. lungs, attended with great difficulty in Wilbraham, J. Dent, Dr. Gosset, Sir M. breathing, and jaundice. He retained to M. Sykes, &c. He collected with great the last an anxiety to accumulate still avidity the manuscript as well as the printfurther literary stores; and within the ed works of the early English poets; and last few days of his life was in communi- was well acquainted with their contents cation with several booksellers and auc- and merits. He was very nearly becoming tioneers.
the purchaser of Mr. Jean Francois VanMr. Heber was tall, strong, and well develde's entire collection, which has been made ; and, until his health was impaired, lately sold at Ghent contained in 14,000 had the appearance of a person likely to lots; and he purchased an entire library live to an advanced age.
In person and
of 30,000 volumes at Paris. features he was not very unlike his bro- He was in constant communication with
most of the old-booksellers in every city cis Freeling, Dr. Dibdin, Mr. Amyot, and town of the United Kingdom; and those Prince Cimitelli, Bishop Copleston, &c. that periodically published catalogues fre- &c. He was the medium by which Porquently sent the sheets to Mr. Heber by son was introduced to Lord Grenville, post, as they were printed. On hearing for the purpose of editing or correcting of a curious book, he has been known to the sheets of the “ Oxford Homer.” put
himself into the mail coach, and travel Mr. Heber was never married. His three, four, or five hundred miles to ob- father had, by a second marriage, three tain it, fearful to entrust his commission children, two sons and a daughter. Reto a letter. Nor was it in English lite- ginald Heber, the late lamented Bishop rature alone that his stores were exten- of Calcutta, is so well known to the public sive. His collection of Greek and Latin as to render any further mention of him classics, Spanish, Italian, Portugeuse, unnecessary. The youngest son, the Rev. and French, far, very far exceeds any Thomas Cuthbert Heber, died in 1816; that ever was made by a private indi- he was a young man of promising parts, vidual. His collection of Merican books particularly fond of heraldry and geneais singular, indeed. He had an insuperable logy, very quiet, good-tempered, amiaobjection to books printed on large paper, ble, but somewbat indolent, with none because they occupied so much room on his of Reginald's activity. The daughter was shelves. Some years ago he built a new married to the late Rev. Charles Cow. library at bis house at Hodnet; which is per Cholmondeley, who succeeded the said to be full. His residence in Pimlico, Bishop in the rectory of Hodnet, and where he died, is filled like Magliabe- died Feb. 5, 1831 (see the Gentleman's chi's at Florence, with books from Magazine, vol. i. 281). The Bishop of the top to the bottom-every chair, every Calcutta left two children, both daughtable, every passage, containing piles of ters; and Mrs. Cholmondeley has by her erudition. He had another house in late husband four sons. York-street, leading to Great James- The funeral took place at Hodnet, on street, Westminster, laden from the Monday the 16th of November, It ground floor to the garret, with curious was strictly of the most private characbooks. He had a library in the High- ter, and a walking procession from the street, Oxford, an immense library at Hall to the church, a distance of some Paris, another at Antwerp, another at 500 yards. The tenants, about 36 in Brussels, another at Ghent, and at other number, preceded the Rector and his places in the Low Countries and in Ger- two Curates; then the body, immediately many. In short, there is neither end nor followed by the four Masters Cholmonmeasure to his literary stores.
deley, nephews of the deceased; the But Heber was not a mere book collector Messrs. Wrightson, his first cousins; _“ he was a scholar, and a ripe and good the Rev. Dr. Dibdin, his old friend and one;" few men were better acquainted literary associate; Mr. Macaulay, do. with the contents of their books, or could mestic tutor to the family; R. Fisher, more eloquently expatiate on their respec- esq. solicitor; and John Newell and tive merits. He has always been consi- John France, each upwards of 40 years dered as a delightful companion, abounding the confidential servants of Mr. Heber. with literary, political, and critical anec- Notwithstanding the untowardness of dote, relating to past and present times. the morning, the churchyard and the He had been the friend or companion of church were crowded with sympathizing Professor Porson, Dr. Charles Burney, spectators. The service was read by the Dr. Routli, Dr. Raine, the present Lord Rev. Oswald Leycester, the Rector, (now Lyttelton, the late Earl of Dudley, the in his 82d year,) with a most peculiar disBishop of Exeter, Mr. Kett of Trinity; tinctness, power, and propriety. and particularly his relation, Dr. Martin Routh of Magdalen, Dr. Whitaker the
H. J. HEARD, LL.D. Historian of Yorkshire, the Rev. Stephen
At his residence, BallyWeston, the Hon. and Rev. Wm. Hur- brack, near Cork, Henry Joseph Heard, bert, George Ellis the elegant Historian Esq. LL.D. Vicar-General of the united of the Poets, Professor Gaisford, Mr. dioceses of Cork and Ross. Kemble, Sir Walter Scott, Southey, The Heard family is of English exMalone, Bindley, Lord Spencer, Lord traction. The first of that name who Grenville, the Duke of Buckingham, appeared in Ireland was John Heard, Esq. George Canning, Mr. Frere, Wm. Gif- who, emigrating from Wiltshire, enrolled ford, Lord Seaford, Charles Wynn, Sir himself amongst the followers of Sir W. Jas. Mackintosh, Dr. Goodall, Dr. Keate, Ralegh. This person settled at BanMr. Cracherode, Lord Holland, Lord don, in the county of Cork, where he died Dover, Lord Cawdor, Lord Bute, Lord in 1619. Of his two surviving sons the Clive, the Duke of Devonshire, Sir Fran- eldest remained in Ireland, and was great
grandfather to the late Dr. Heard; the thus contrived to amass, concurrently with second, Isaac, passed over to England, the laborious education and practice of and taking up his abode as a merchant at his profession, astonished even his intiBridgewater, was grandfather of the cele- mate friends. When he came permanently brated Sir Isaac Heard, Garter King of to reside in his native county, he was Arms, who died April 29, 1822. See confessed to be the first as to erudition bis Memoir in the Gentleman's Mega- there, and for extent and variety of inzine, vol. xcii. p. 466.
formation he bad perhaps few equals any Dr. Heard was the eldest son of Henry where. As an historian and antiquary, Heard, Esq. formerly an opulent mer- as well as in his legal capacity, he was chant in Cork, and was born in that city, looked up to and consulted by all within in the parish of St. Mary's Shandon, in his sphere. Nor did he neglect the purthe month of August 1764. At an early suit of lighter literature. As a linguist age he was put to school with the Rev. he had mastered most of the modern Joshua Browne, D. D. Vicar of Castle- tongues. In particular may be noticed his lyons, under whose tuition he made great proficiency in the Irish language. In adprogress in classical study. Dr. Browne, dition to these attainments he bad much discerning the powerful talents of his rare and curious reading.
He was pecupupil, distinguished him early by his liarly felicitous in quotation, and could favour. A mutual attachment ensued, make prompt and dextrous use of what which ripened into a friendship termi- he knew. Without seeking to display nated only by the death of that exellent his multifarious acquirements, he was not
It was at first designed to rear unwilling to communicate information, the subject of this memoir as a physi- and as he was skilful in maintaining cian; however, an eminent Scotch prac- hilarity by repartee, wit, and lively anectioner represented that the constitution dote, it was the delight of his admiring of young Heard was not sufficiently ro- friends to court his society and draw from bust to support the fatigues of that
his richly stored memory. He was equally fession. He was therefore sent to Mr. ready to take a part in the conversation Furlong, a solicitor in Dublin, with a of the learned, or to join in the amuseview to being subsequently entered at the ments of children, which he well knew Temple. Whether ill health or other how to promote,
In fine he had the re. causes operated, he never became a mem- markable art of winning the esteem and ber of any of the Inns of Court, although respect of the old and of attaching the he went over to England for that pur- affections of the young. Dr. Heard spent pose, and remained for some time in Lon- a life of the strictest celibacy, owing, it don. Returning to Dublin, he was sworn is said, to an early disappointment of the in an attorney, and practised in that heart. His disposition was distinguished calling at the Irish Bar. In 1791 his fa- by the sterling qualities of generous hosther died, and from that time Mr. Heard pitality, and a bountiful though secret resided at Ballybrack, his patrimonial charity. In his friendship he was active property. In the year 1802 the Hon. Dr. and sincere. His manners were mild, afThomas Stopford, then Bishop of Cork fable, and diffident. In his latter days a and Ross, appointed him Registrar to the painful disorder, which had been preying united dioceses. In 1815, having been on him for upwards of 20 years, and at created Doctor of Laws, he was pro- length hastened his end, rendered his moted by the late Bishop St. Lawrence temper a little irritable. There was also to the place of Vicar-General, the duties some tincture of eccentricity in his chaof which office he most zealously and effici- racter; but it has been shrewdly, though ently discharged until a short time before quaintly, observed by a learned man, that his death.
che must be an odd man, who has no Although Dr. Heard did not enjoy an oddities.” An anecdote highly illustrative university education, this circumstance of his idiosyncracy is related on good auproved, in bis case, of little disadvantage. thority. While he was yet a young man, Stimulated as much perbaps by a sense of being warmly engaged in an argument, he this deficiency, as by an innate thirst of either fell or was pushed from his chair knowledge, he employed himself in the when he supported the debate as he lay cultivation of learning in every branch. upon the ground, nor did he rise until the Being possessed of a mind ardent in re- dispute was over. search, deliberate in judgment, and won- It is much to be regretted that he has derfully tenacious in memory; and hav- left no lasting record of his extraordinary ing the gifts of indefatigable application, talents and varied information. He emacute reason, and a singular clearness of ployed his pen indeed frequently, but bis apprehension, his diligence was rewarded friends could not prevail upon him to with unusual success. The vast fund of print bis productions. knowledge, which under self-tuition he