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loves you,

Ham. I would I had been there.

His greatness wcigh'd, his will is not his own;
Hor. It would haye much amaz'd you. For he himself is subject to his birth :
Ham. Very like,

He may not, as unvalued persons do,
Very like: Stay'd it long?

Carve for hiinself; for on his choice depends
Hjor. While one with moderate haste 5 The safety and the health of the whole state;
Might tell a hundred.

And therefore must his choice be circumscrib'd
Both. Longer, longer.

Unto the voice and yielding of that body,
Hor. Not when I saw it.

Whereof he is the head: Then if he says, he
Ham. His beard was grizzi'd? no?
Hor. It was, as I have seen it in luis life, to it fits


wisdon so far to believe it, A sable silver'd.

As he in his particular act and place
Ham. I will watch to-night;

May give his saying deed; which is no further,
Perchance, 'twill walk again,

Than the main voice of Denmark

goes withal. Hor. I warrant, it will.

Then weigh what loss your honour may sustain, Ham, If it assume my noble father's person,

15 If with too credent ear you list his songs ; I'll speak to it, though hell itself should gape,

Or lose your heart; or your chaste treasure open And bid me hold my peace. I pray you all,

To his unmaster'd' importunity. If

you have hitherto conceal'd this sight, Fear it, Ophelia, fear it, my dear sister; Let it be tenable in your silence still ;

And keep you in the rear of your affection,
And whatsoever else shall hap to-night, 20 Out of the shot and danger of desire.
Give it an understanding, but no tongue;

The chariest 6 maid is prodigal enough,
I will requite your loves: So, fare you well: If she unmask her beauty to the moon :
Upon the platform, 'twixt eleven and twelve, Virtue itself 'scapes not calumnious strokes:
I'll visit you.

The canker galls the infants of the spring
All. Our duty to your honour.

25 Too oft before their buttons be disclos'd; Ham. Your loves, as mine to yon: Farewell. And in the morn and liquid dew of youth

[Ereunt. Contagious blastments are most imminent. My father's spirit in arms! all is not well ; Be wary then : best safety lies in fear; I doubt some foul play: 'would, the night were

Youth to itself rebels, though none else near. come!

30. Oph. I shall the effect of this good lesson keep, STill then sit still, my soul: Foul deeds will rise As watchman to my heart: but, good my brother, (Though all the earth o’erwhelm them) to men's Do not, as some ungracious pastors do, eyes.

[Exit. Shew me the steep and thorny way to heaven;

Whilst, like a pufi and reckless libertine,

35 Himself the primrose path of dalliance treads,
An Apartment in Polonius' House.

And recks not his own read '.

Laer. O, fear me not.
Enter Laertes and Ophelia.

I stay too long;—But here my father comes.
Laer. My necessaries are embark'd; farewell:

Enter Polonius. And, sister, as the winds give benefit,

40 A double blessing is a double grace; And convoy is assistant, do not sleep,

Occasion siniles upon a second leave. But let me hear from you.

Pol. Yet here, Laertes! aboard, aboard, for Oph. Do you doubt that?


Luer. For Hamlet, and the trifling of his fa The wind sits in the shoulder of your sail,
Hold it a fashion, and a toy in blood; 45 And you are staid for: There,—my blessings with
A violet in the youth of primy nature,

you ; [Laying his hand on Laertes' head.
Forward, not permanent, sweet, not lasting, And these few precepts in thy memory
The perfume and suppliance' of a minute ; Look thou character. Givethythoughts no tongue,
No more.

Nor any unproportion'd thought his act.
Oph. No more but so?

50 Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar.
Laer. Think it no more:

The friends thou hast, and their adoption try'd, For nature, crescent, does not grow alone Grapple them to thy soul with hoops of steel; In thews?, and bulk: but, as this temple waxes, But do not dull thy palm with entertainment The inward service of the mind and soul

Of each new-hatch'd untledg'd comradle". BeGrows wide withal. Perhaps, he loves you now; 55 Of entrance to a quarrel; but, being in, (ware And now no soil, nor cautel', doth besmirch

Bear it that the opposer may beware of thee. The virtue * of his will : but, you must fear, Give every man thine car, but few țhy voice:

'i.e. what is supplied to us for a minute. The idea seems to be taken from the short duration of vegetable perfumes. ? i. e. in sinews, muscular strength. Yi. e. no fraud, deceit. 4 Virtue seems here to comprise both excellence and power, and may be explained ihe pure etfect.

bi. e, licentious, Chary is cautious. ? That is, heeds not his own lessons.

& The literal sense is, Do not make thy palm callous by shaking every man by the hand. The figurative meaning may be, Do not by promiscuous conversation make thy mind insensible to the difference of characters,


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Take each man's censure', but reserve thy Pol. Ay, fashion you may call it : go to, go to.

Oph. And hath given countenance to his speech,
Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy,
But not express'd in fancy; rich, not gaudy: With alnıost all the holy vows of heaven.
For the apparel oft proclaims the man;

5 Pol. Ay, springes to catch woodcocks'. I do
And they in France, of the best rank and station,

Are most select, and generous chief? in that. When the blood burns, how prodigal the soul
Neither á borrower, nor a lender be:

Lends the tongue vows: These blazes, daughter,
For loan oft loses both itself and friend;

Giving more light than heat, --extinct in both,
And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry. 10 Even in their promise, as it is a making,
This above all,,To thine ownself be true; You must not take for fire. From this time,
And it must follow, as the night the day, Be somewhat scanter of your maiden presence;
Thou canst not then be false to any man. Set your entreatments at a higher rate,
Farewell; my blessing season this in thee! Than a command to parley. For lord Hamlet,
Laer. Most humbly do I take my leave, my 15 Believe so much in him, That he is young ;

[tend? And with a larger tether" may he walk,
Pol. The time invites you ; go, your servants Than may be given you: In few, Ophelia,

Laer. Farewell, Ophelia ; and remember well Do not believe his vows: for they are brokers;
What I have said to you.

Not of that dye which their investments shew,
Oph. 'Tis in my inemory lock'd,

20 But mere implorators of unholy suits,
And you yourself shall keep the keys of it. Breathing like sanctified and pious bonds,
Laer. Farewell.

(Exit Laertes, The better to beguile?? This is for all,—
Pol. What is’t, Ophelia, he hath said to you? I would not, in plain terms, from this time forth,
Oph. So please you, something touching the Have you so slander any moment's leisure,
lord Hamilet.

25 As to give words or talk with the lord Hamlet.
Pol. Marry, well bethought:

Look to't, I charge you; come your ways.
'Tis told me, he hath very oft of late

Oph. I shall obey, my lord. [Exeunt.
Given private time to you; and you yourself
Have of your audience been most free and boun-

If it be so, (as 9o 'tis put on me,

[teous : 30
And that in way of caution,) I must tell you,

The Platform.
You do not understand yourself so clearly,

Enter Hamlet, Horatio, and Marcellus.
As it behoves iny daughter, and your honour: Ham. The air bites shrewdly; it is very cold.
What is between you give me up the truth. Hor. It is a nipping and an eager air.
Oph. He hath, my lord, of late made many 35

Ham. What hour now?
Of his affection to me.

[tenders Hor. I think, it lacks of twelve.
Pol. Affection? puh! you speak like a green

Mar. No, it is struck.

Hor. Indeed? I heard it not: it then draws
Unsisted in such perilous circumstance.

near the season,
Do you believe his tenders, as you call them? 40 Wherein the spirit held his wont to walk.
Oph. I do not know, my lord, what I should

[Noise of music within.

[baby :

What does this mean, my lord ?
Pol. Marry, I'll teach you: think yourself a Han. The king doth wake to-night, and takes
That have ta'en these tenders for true pay,

his rouse'',

[reels : Which are not sterling.

Tender yourself more 45 Keeps wassel”, and the swaggering up-spring **

And, as he drains his draughts of Rhenish down,
Or (not to crack the wind of the poor phrase) The kettle-drum, and trumpet, thus bray out
Wronging it thus?, you'll tender me a fool. The triumph of his pledge.

Oph. My lord, he hath importuu'd me with love, Hor. Is it a custom?
In honourable fashion.

150 Hum. Ay, marry, is't:
· Censure is opinion.

· Chief is an adjective used adverbially; a practice common to our author: Chiefly generous

* That is, infix it in such a manner as that it never may wear out. 4i.e. your servants are waiting for you.

The meaning is, that your counsels are as sure of remaining locked up in my memory,

as if you yourself carried the key of it. Unsified, for untried.--Untried signifies either not tempted, or not refined ; unsifted, signifies the latter only, though the sense requires the former. .? That is, if you continue to go on thus wrong.

She uses fashion for manner, and he for a transient practice. 9 A proverbial saying. 10 Entreatments here means company, conversation; from the French entrétien. " Tether is that string by which an animal, set to graze in grounds uninclosed, is confined within the proper limits. 12 Do not believe (says Polonius to his daughter) Hamlet's amorous vows made to you ; which pretend religion in them (the better to beguile) like those sanctified and pious vows (or bonds I made to Heaven. 13 A rouse is a large dose of liquor, a debauch.

14 See Macbeth, Act I. 15 That is, the blustering upstart, according to Dr. Johnson: but Mr. Steevens says, that up-spring was a German dance; and that the spring was also anciently the name of a tune.


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But, to my mind,-though I am native here, And for my soul, what can it do to that,
And to the manner born,-it is a custom

Being a thing immortal as itself?
More honour'd in the breach,than the observance. It waves me forth again ;-I'll follow it,
This heavy-headed revel, east and west,

Hor. What, if it tempt you toward the flood,
Makes us traduc'd, and tax'd of other nations: 5
They clepe us drunkards, and with swinish phrase Or to the dreadful summit of the cliff,
Soil our addition; and, indeed, it takes

That beetles o'er his base into the sea?
From ouratchievements, tho' perform’dat height, And there assume some other horrible form,
The pith and marrow of our attribute.

Which might deprive' your sovereignty of reason,
So, oit it chances in particular men,

10 And draw you into madness? think of it:
That, for some vicious mole of nature in them, The very place puts toys' of desperation,
As, in their birth (wherein they are not guilty, Without more motive, into every brain,
Since nature cannot choose his origin),

That looks so many fathoms to the sea,
By the o'er-growth of some complexion', And hears it roar beneath.
Oft breaking down the pales and forts of reason; 115 Ham. It waves me still:-
Or by some habit, that too much o'er-leavens Go on, I'll follow thee.
The form of plausive manners;—that these men, Mar. You shall not go, my

lord. Carrying, I say, the stamp of one defect;

Ham. Hold off your hands.
Being nature's livery, or fortune's star,

Hor. Be rul'd, you shall not go.
Their virtues else (be they as pure as grace, 120 Ham. My fate cries out,
As infinite as man may undergo)

And inakes each petty artery in this body
Shall in the general censure take corruption As hardy as the Nemean lion's nerve.-
From that particular fault: The dram of base Still am I call'd—unhand me, gentlemen ;
Doth all the noble substance of worth out?,

[Breaking from them. To his own scandal.

25 By heaven, I 'll make a ghost of him that lets to Enter Ghost.


say, away:-Go on ; I'll follow thee. Hor. Look, my lord, it comes !

(Exeunt Ghost, and Hamlet. Ham. Angels and ministers of grace defend us ! Hor. He waxes desperate with imagination. Be thou a spirit of health,or goblin damn'd; [hell; Mar. Let's follow; 'tis not fit thus to obey him. Bring with thee airs from heaven, or blasts from 30 Hor. Have after:-To what issue will this come? Be thy intents wicked, or charitable,

Mar. Something is rotten in the state of DenThou com'st in such a questionable shape ),

Hor. Heaven will direct it.

mark That I will speak to thee; I'll call thee, Hamlet, Mar. Nay, let's follow him.

King, father, royal Dane: 0, answer me!
Let ine not burst in ignorance! but tell, 135

Why thy canoniz'd bones, hearsed in death,
Have bürst their cearments? why the sepulchre,

A more remote Part of the Platform.
Wherein we saw thee quietly in-urn’d,

Re-enter Ghost, and Hamlet. Hath op'd his ponderous and marble jaws,

Hum. Whither wilt thou lead me! speak, I'! To cast thee up again? What may this mean,


go no further. That thou, dead corse, again, in complete steel",

Ghost. Mark me.
Revisit'st thus the glimpses of the moon,

Ham. I will.
Making night hideous; and we fools of nature" Ghost. My hour is alniost come,
So horridly to shake our disposition",

When I to sulphurous and tormenting flames
With thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls ? (45 Must render up myself.
Say, why is this? wherefore? what should we do, Ham. Alas, poor ghost !
Hor. It beckons you to go away with it,

Ghost. Pity me not, but lend thy serious hearing
As if it some impartment did desire

To what I shall unfold. To you alone.

Ham. Speak, I am bound to hear. shear. Mar. Look, with what courteous action 50 Ghost. So art thou to revenge, when thou shalt It waves you to a more removed ground:

Ham. What?
But do not

with it.

Ghost. I am thy father's spirit;
Hor. No, by no means.

Doom'd for a certain term to walk the night; Ham. It will not speak; then I will follow it. And, for the day, confin'd to fast in fires, Hor. Do not, my lord.

155/'Till the foul crimes, done in my days of nature, Hain. Why, what should be the fear?

Are burnt and purg'd away. But that I am forbid I do not set my life at a pin's fee’;

To tell the secrets of my prison-louse, 'i.e. humour; as sanguine, melancholy, phlegmatic, &c. 2 The dram of base means the least alloy of baseness or vice: To do a thing out, is to extinguish it, or to efface or obliterate any thing painted or written.

i.e. in a shape or form capable of being conversed with.–To question, certainly, in our author's time signified to converse. * It was the custom of the Danish kings to be buried in that manner $ The expression is fine, as intimating we were only kept (as formerly, too!s in a great family) to make sport for nature, who lay hid only to mock and laugh at us, for our vain searches into her mysteries. Disposition, for frame. 'i.e the value of a pin.

& i.e. take away ?Toys for whims. ! i. e. kinders or prevents me.

I could

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I could a tale unfold, whose lightest word (That, swift as quicksilver, it courses through
Would harrow up thy soul; freezethyyoung blood;| The natural gates and alleys of the body;
Make thy two eyes, like stars, start from their And, with a sudden vigour, it doth posset

And curd, like eager droppings into milk,
Thy knotty and combined locks to part, 5 The thin and wholesome blood: so did it mine;
And each particular hair to stand on end

And a most instant tetter bark'd about,
Like quills upon the fretful porcupine :

Most lazar-like, with vile and loathsome crust,
But this eternal blazon must not be

All my smooth body.
To ears of flesh and blood:-List, list, O list! Thus was I, sleeping, by a brother's hand,
If thou didst ever thy dear father love,-

10 Of life, of crown, of queen, at once dispatch'd":
Ham. O heaven!

(murder. Cut off even in the blossoms of my sin,
Ghost. Revenge his foul and most unnatural Unhousell'd', disappointed', unaneal'd';
Ham, Murder?

No reckoning made, but sent to my account
Ghost. Murder most foul, as in the best it is; With all my imperfections on my head:
But this most foul, strange, and unnatural. 150 horrible ? O horrible! most horrible!
Ham. Haste me to know it; that I, with wings If thou hast nature in thee, bear it not;

Let not the royal bed of Denmark be
As meditation', or the thoughts of love,

A couch for luxury & and damned incest.
May sweep to my fevenge.

But, howsoever thou pursu'st this act,
Chost. I find thee apt;

20 Paint not thy mind, nor let thy soul contrive
And duller should'st thou be than the fat weed Against thy mother aught ; leave her to heaven,
That rots itself in ease on Lethe's wharf,

And to those thorns that in her bosom lodge,
Would'st thou not stir in this. Now, Hamlet, hear: To prick and sting her. Fare thee well at once!
"Tis given out, that, sleeping in my orchard, The glow-worm shews the matin to be near,
A serpent stung mé; so the whole ear of Den-25 And 'gins to pale his unettectual fire':
Is by a forged process of my death [mark Adieu, adieu, adieu ! remember me. [Exit.
Rankly abus'd: but know, thou noble youth, llam. O all you host of heaven! O earth! What
The serpent, that did sting thy father's life,


[heart :
Now wears his crown.

And shall I couple hell?-O fie!-Hold, bold, my
Ham. O, my prophetic soul! my uncle? 30 And you, my sinews, grow not instant old,
Ghost. Ay, that incestuous, that adulterate beast, But bear me stiflly up!-Remember thee?
With witchcraft of his wit, with traitorous gifts, Ay, thou poor ghost, while memory holds a seat
(O wicked wit, and gifts, that have the power In this distracted globe'. Remember thee?
So to seduce !) won to his shameful lust

Yea, from the table of my memory.
The will of my most seeming-virtuous queen:

35 I'll wipe away all trivial fond records,
O, Hamlet, what a falling-ott was there! All saws of books, all forms, all pressures past,
From me, whose love was of that dignity, That youth and observation copied there;
That it went hand in hand even with the vow And thy commandment all alone shall live
I made to her in marriage; and to decline Within the book and volume of my brain,
Upon a wretch, whose natural gifts were poor

40 Cnmix'd with baser matter: yes, by heaven.
To those of mine!

O most pernicious woman!
But virtue, as it never will be mov'd,

O villain, villain, smiling, damned villain!
Though lewdness court it in a shape of heaven; My tables,-meet it is, I set it down,
So lust, though to a radiant angel link’d, That one may smile, and smile, and be a villain:
Will sate itself in a celestial bed,

45 At least, I am sure, it may be so in Denmark:
And prey on garbage,

But soft methinks, I scent the morning air So, uncle, there you are. Now to my word " ;
Brief let me be:-Sleeping within mine orchard”, It is, Adieu, adicu! remember me.
My custom always of the afternoon,

I have sworn it.
Upon my secure hour thy uncle stole,

50 Hor. My lord, my lord,

[Within. With juice of cursed hebenon ' in a vial,

Mar. Lord Hamlet,

Î Within.
And in the porches of mine ears did pour

Hor. Heavens secure him!

The leperous distilment; whose effect

Ham. So be it!
Holds such an enmity with blood of man,

Mur. Ilo, ho, ho, my lord ! [Within.
* This similitude is extremely beautiful. The word meditation is consecrated, by the mystics, to
Hamlet, considering with what to compare the
swiftness of his revenge, chooses two of the niost rapid

2 Orchard
things in nature, the ardency of divine and human passion, in an enthusiast and a lover.

* That is, henbane. * Dispaich'd for bereft. i.e. without the sacrament taken; from the old

Saxon word for the sacrament, housel. Disappointed is the same as unappointed ; and may be properly explained unprepared. ?j. e. unanointed, not having the extreme for leudness.

' i. e. fire that is no longer seen when the light of morning approaches. i.e. in this head confused with thought.

11 Hamlet alludes to the watch-word given every day in the military service, which at this time he says is, Adien, adieu, remember me.


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Ham. Hillo, ho, ho, boy! come, bird, coine!. Ham. Ha, ha, boy! say'st thou so? art thou Euer Horatio, and Murcellus.

there, true-penny? Mar. How is't, my noble lord?

Come on,--you hear this fellow in the celleridge,Hor. What news, my lord ?

Consent to swear. Ham. O wonderful!

5 Hor. Propose the oath, my lord. Hor. Good my lord, tell it.

Ham. Never to speak of this that you have seen, Ham. No; you will reveal it.

Swear by my sword 2. Tlor. Not I, my lord, by heaven.

Ghost. (beneath.] Swear. [ground:Mar. Nor , my lord.

Hum. Hic & ubique ? then we'll shift our Ham. How say you then; would heart of man 10 Come bither, gentlemen, once think it :

And lay your hands again upon my sword:
But you'll be secret,-

Swear by my sword,
Bo h. Ay, by heaven, my lord. (mark, Never to speak of this that you have heard.

Ham.There's ne'era viilain,dwelling in all Den Ghost. (beneath.] Swear by his sword.
But he's an arrant knave.

(15) Ham. Well said, old mole! can'st work i' the Hor. There needs no ghost, my lord, come from

earth so fast?

[friends. the grave,

A worthy pioneer !—Once more remove, good To tell us this.

Hor. O'day and night, but this is wondrous Mum. Why, right; you are in the right;


[come. And so, without more circumstance at all, 20 Ham. And therefore as a stranger give it welI hold it fit, that we shake hands, and part : (There are more things in heaven and earth, HoraYou,as your business and desire,shall point you; Than are dreamt of in your philosophy.

[tio, For every man hath business and desire,

But come; Such as it is,-and, for my own poor part, Here, as before, never, so help you mercy! Look you, I will go pray:

125 How strange or odd soe'er I bear myself, Hor. These are but wild and whirling words, As I, perchance, hereafter shall think meet

To put an antick disposition on,Ham. I am sorry they offend you, heartily; That you, at such times seeing me, never shall Yes 'faith, heartily.

|(With arms encumber'd thus; orthis head-shake; Hor. There's no offence, my lord. |30|0r by pronouncing of some doubtful phrase,

Ham. Yes,by Saint Patrick,but there is, Horatio, As, Well, ruell, we know;-or, We could, an if we And much oitencetoo. Touching this vision here - would ;or, if we list to speak ;-or, There be, It is an honest ghost, that let me tell you : an if they might; For your desire to know what is between us, Or such ambiguous giving out;) denote O'er-masterit as you may. And now, good friends, 35 That you know aught of me: This do ye swear, As you are friends, scholars, and soldiers,

and mercy at your most need help you! Give me one poor request.

Swear. Hlor. What is’t, my lord ? we will.

Ghost. (beneath.] Swear.

[men, Ham. Never make known what you have seen Ham. Rest, rest, perturbed spirit !-So, gentleto-night.

40 With all my love 1 do commend me to you: Both. My lord, we will not.

And what so poor a man as Hamlet is Ham. Nay, but swear it.

May do, to express his love and friending to you, Hor. faith, my lord, not I.

God willing, shall not tack. Let us go in together; Mar. Nor I, my lord, in faith.

And still your fingers on your lips, I pray. Ham. Upon my sword.

45 The time is out of joint;-0 cursed spight! Mar. We have sworn, my lord, already. That ever I was born to set it right! Ham. Indeed, upon my sword, indeed.

Nay, come, let's go together, [Ereunt. Glöst. [beneath. ] Swear.

my lord.

So grace

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Pol. You shall do marvellous wisely, good Rey.
An Apartment in Polonius' House. 55 Before you visit him, to make enquiry (naldo,
Enter Polonius, and Reynaldo.

Of his behaviour.
Pol. GIVE him this money, and these notes, Rey. My lord, I did intend it.

(sir, Reynaldo.

Pol. Marry, well said ; very well said. Look you, Rey. I will, my lord.

Enquire me first what Danskers * are in Paris ; · This is the call which falconers use to their hawk in the air when they would have him come down to them. * It was common to swear upon the sword, that is, upon the cross which the old swords always had upon the hilt. 3 i.e. receive it to yourself; take it under your own roof; as much as to say, Keep it secret in alluding to the laws of hospitality, * Danske is the ancient name of Denmark,


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