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TECHNICAL AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS IN FINLAND.

Marginal nuum. ber.

Name of school.

Location.

Louer technical schools.

i Helsingfors technical school. Helsingfors.....

2

Å bo technical school

Åbo ...

3 Taminerfors technical school Tammerfors. 4

Kuopio technical school Kuopio. 5

Nikolaistad technical school. Nikolaistad.

Elementary technical schools. 6 Tammerfors elementary Tammerfors.

teclinical school. 7 Åbo elementary technical | Åbo

school. 8 Viborg elementary tech

dical school. 9 Uleåborg elementary tech: Uleåborg

nical school. 10 Björneborg elementary tech Björneborg

nical school. 11 Jyväskylä elementary tech. Jyväskylä..

nical school. 12

Kotka elementary technical Kotka

school. 15 Raimo elementary tech- Ranmo

nical school. 14 Saint Michel elementary Saint Michel...

techuical school. 15

Jacoboxtad elementary tech: Jacobstad

nical school. 16

Ekenäs clementary tech- Ekenäs

nical selool. 17 Torneå elementary tech: Torneå

nical school. 18 Kexholm elementary tech- Kexholm

nical school. 19 Mariehamn elementary Mariehamn

teclinical school.

20

Industrial schools. Wasa practical school Nikolaistad... Uleåborg practical school... Uleåborg

21

22

Makarne IIalloublads in- Sordavala.

(ustrial school. Lektor Mäkincus practical Sordavala..

school.

23

24 Säkkijärvi industrial school. Säkkijärvi......

25 Joensuun industrial school.. Joensuu 26 Ingmau's industrial school. Åbo

27

28

Willmanstrand industrial Willmanstrand

school. llattula industrial school... Hattula... Satakunta industrial school. Tuiskula

23

Curriculum.

Penmanship, bookkeeping, mathe

matics, physics, practical mechan. ics, machine construction, freehand, mechanical, and traile draw. ing, bridge, road, and water en

gineering, and manual work. Same as No. 1, and, in addition,

slip building
Same as No. 1
Same as No. 1
Same as No. 1, and, in addition,

chemistry.

Free-hand, ornamental, trade, and

mechanical drawing, mathematics, penmanslıir. history, book. keeping, Swedish and Finnish languages.

Drawing, modelling, carpentry, and

blacksmith work. Carpentry, lathe work, wond scalp.

ture, basket making, drawing,

and modelling: Work in wood and iron, drawing,

and modelling. All kinds of carpenter work, frce.

hand, ornamental, and tradedraw.

ing. Carpenter, blacksmith, and tin

smith work, free-band and trade

drawing Carpenter work Fancy work in wood and wood

sculpture. Carpenter vork, harness making,

drawing, and arithmetic. All kinds of wood work..

30 Imperial Finnish industrial Åbo

school, 31 Borgå weaving school...... Borgå.. 32 Borg school for straw Borgå..

workers. 33 Tavastehus work school.... Tarastelius... 34 Kuopio school of wearing Kuopio .

Placksmithing, wagon making, and

agri altural implements. Weaving, sewing star work,

drawing, and bookkeeping. Weaving, knitting, sewing, and

straw werk. Straw work of all kinds, and

basket making. Weaving, dyeing, and sewing... Wearing, dyeing, and sewing.....

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By government, county, and fees Eight months each; 60 cents per month...

ten hours daily. By government, county, and fees, and One year each; twelve 80 cents per month... by private donations.

hours daily. By government, county, and fees, and Four

months each; by private donations.

thirty-four hours per

week. By government, county, and fees, and Six months each

40 cents per month... by private donations. By government, county, and fees, and

40 cents per month... by private donations. By government, county, and fees, and Eight months cach.

by private donations. By government, county, ard fees, and

80 cents per month... by private donations. By government, county, and fees, and

by private donations. By government and private donations, No fixed timo

40 cents per month... and fees. By government and private donations, No fixed time

40 cents per month... and fees. By government and private donations, No fixed time

40cents per month... and fees. By government and private donations, No fixed timo

40 cents per month... aud fees. By government and private donations, No fixed time

60 cents per month... and fees.

Two years

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One year

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1 Joensuu school of weaving. Joensuu 2 Saint Michel school of Saint Michel..

wearing. 3 Uleåborg school of weaving Uleåborg 4 Rovaniemi school of weav. Rovaniemi.

ing. 5 | Kajana school of weaving .. Kajana 6 Kexholm school of weaving. Kexholm 7 Fredrikshamn school of Fredrikshamn..

weaving 8 Satakunta school of wcaving Satakunta .. 9 Central school of art in- Helsingfors..

dustry.

Weaving, dyeing, and sewing...... Weaving, dyeing, and sewing... Weaving, dyeing, sewing, and draw.

ing Weaving, dyeing, sewing, and draw.

ing Weaving, dyeing, sewing, and book

keeping. Weaving, dyeing, sewing, and book.

keeping. Weaving, dyeing, sewing, and book

keeping Weaving, dyeing, sewing, and book.

keeping Free-hand, ornamental, architect

ural, and mechanical drawing, trade drawing, arithmetic, mathematics, bookkeeping, ornamen. tal modelling, porcelain

and flower painting, wood sculpture and wood engraving, metal work, and penmanship.

TECHNICAL AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS IN FINLAND-Concluded.

How supported.

Courses.

Fees
(approximate).

MarTotal ginal pupils. num.

ber.

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By government and private donations, No fixed time

and fees. By government and private donations, No fixed time

and fees. By government and private donations, No fixed time

and fees.
By government and private donations, No fixed time

and fees.
By government and private donations, No fixed time

and fees.
By government and private donations, No fixed time

and fees. By government and private donations, No fixed time .....

and fees. By government and private donations, No fixed time

and fees. By state, private donations, and fees. One to three years...

40 cents per month.:. 40cents per month... 40 cents per mouth... 55 conts per month... 40 cents per month... 40 cents per month... 60 cents per month... 40 cents per month... $2 per term .......

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TECHNICAL AND TRADE EDUCATION,

The following review of the present condition of middle and lower grade technical and trade education in Russia is derived from a work (a) on that subject by J. A. Anapoff of Saint Petersburg, portions of which have been specially translated for this Department. This, we are informed, is the only work of a statistical nature relating to this subject.

Technical and professional education in Russia, in the current restricted sense of the terms, is of comparatively recent origin, for, though the government had previously given some attention to general education, it was not till within the last twenty-five years that measures were adopted for the promotion of special education, except in the two government schools—the Saint Petersburg Technological Institute and the Imperial Technical Institute at Moscow, both of which have since attained to the rank of universities.

Twenty-five years is too short a period for the full development of any scheme of public education; nevertheless the following data may serve as a proof of the great progress of professional education throughout Russia within the two and a half decades to which this report relates. This progress is attributable chiefly to the aid granted by the government, the communes, and by private munificence. The financial assistance extended by individual benefactors to newly established technical and professional schools has sometimes been quite large, and the ministry of finance, in whose care these institutions were placed up to 1881, also rendered essential service in their development.

The permanent establishment of new schools and the large increase of their number showed the necessity of forming a general plan of technical and professional education, which was finally formulated by the ministry of finance, in accordance with an imperial order, in 1878.

In 1881, in obedience to an imperial decree, most of the schools were placed under the superintendence of the ministry of public instruction. By this order the authority to organize a system of public education was vested in the ministry of public instruction; and, pursuant to the plan, the committee of the scientific department organized a special section of technical and professional education.

a Review of the Present Condition of Middle and Lower Technical and Trade Education in Russia, by J. A. Anapoff, director of the Tsarevitch Trade School, member of the section of the scientific committee on technical and professional education, an assistant to the president of the permanent committee on technical education attached to the Imperial Russian Technical Society. Saint Petersburg, 1889.

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