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II. 4 Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth. And, thus general would God have your prayers and intercessions to be, because he hath excluded no sorts or conditions of men from the capacity of heaven, or from the means of salvation ; so as it is not for us to reject or condemn any, as irrecoverably cast away by him, and uncapable of our prayers, since he hath revealed bis will to be thus large and gracious.
II. 5 For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus ; For as there is but one God, and mankind is but as one corrupted mass; so there is but one Mediator betwixt God and mankind, even that Man and God, Jesus Christ, who, having taken the nature of man upon him, for the working of this reconciliation, hath therein made no difference of Jews or Gentiles, of great or mean, but calleth all indifferently ;
II. 6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time. And gave himself accordingly, to be a ransom for all; so as the world should, in due time, see and know what an open way is made by him for their salvation ; a ransom sufficient for the redemption of all mankind, and perfectly effectual to all that believe.
II. 7 Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle. Of which wonderful and merciful redemption I am, through the grace of God, ordained a preacher, and an apostle.
II. 8 I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting. By virtue of this my Apostolical charge and function, I do therefore ordain and will, that men do not confine their devotion to any one place; but that, as occasion offers itself, they pray every where ; looking not so much to these outward circumstances, as to the inward devotion of the heart, that they pray in holiness, in charity, in faith.
II. 9 Not with broidered hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly array. Not in a fashion, that may argue either wantonness, or curious niceness, or pride.
II. 12 But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. For I suffer not a woman, though she be endued with gifts fit for the instruction of others, to teach publicly in the congregation : nor yet at home to take upon her, to govern and rule her husband; but, jn a modest silence, to receive his instruction and commands.
II. 13 For Adam was first formed, then Eve. For Adam had the priority in his very creation : he was first formed; and then Eve was formed of the substance taken from him.
II. 14 And Adain was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.
19 Formad ehe erials for a
And Adam, as he was the first in creation, so he was not the first in transgression; neither was Adam deceived immediately by the serpent, but the woman.
II. 15 Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety. But, though the woman hath, by her yieldance to the suggestion of the serpent, brought upon man and herself so great sin and misery, and though I allow her not to take upon her public offices; yet there is employment for her at home, wherein she may so demean herself, as may be pleasing unto God: and, in that very punishment which God inflicted upon her, he hath given her just cause and means of comfort ; for God shall make those her painful conceptions, and the care and anxiety which she undergoes in the education and nurture of her charge, good means to bring her to salvation : but the main condition and help to that her future glory, is the continuance (of that sex, as well as the other) in faith, charity, and holiness with sobriety.
III. 1 If a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work. If a man desire the office of public teaching and governing the Church, he desireth a work, that is both holy, and excellent, and difficult.
III. 2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife. A Bishop, then, must be a man of an inoffensive life : one that is not tainted with the common blemish of polygamy; that is, of having more wives at once than one, or, after an unjust repudiation of one wife, marrying another.
III. 6 Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil. Not a novice in the faith, or in age ; lest, being puffed up with the conceit of his early advancement above others, he fall, through pride, into that condemnation into which the Devil is, for that same cause, plunged; or give advantage, by this means, to the tempter and accuser of mankind, to work his damnation."
III. 7 Lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil. Lest he fall into the reproach of the heathen; and, going on in lewd and debauched courses, be entangled in the bands of wickedness, the snares of the Devil.
III. 9 Holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience. Holding and maintaining the true doctrine of Christian religion, in a sanctified heart and a pure conscience.
III. 12 Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well. See verse 2.
III. 13 Purchase to themselves a good degree, and great boldness in the faith which is in Christ Jesus. Do justly obtain the favour and honour, to be preferred to the higher offices in the Church; and do, by this means, receive an increase of courage and holy boldness, in the profession of the Gospel of Christ.
III. 15 But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the Church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth. How thou oughtest to carry thyself in this great family of God, the Church of the Living God; which is, in respect of men, the pillar and ground of truth : so as that it sustaineth, and beareth up, by a faithful profession and maintenance thereof, the true religion of God.
III. 16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness : God was manifest in the flesh, &c. The sum whereof is, that undoubtedly-great and wonderful mystery of godliness : God manifested in the flesh, &c.
IV. 1 Now the Spirit speaketh erpressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; Now the Spirit of God hath expressly revealed, both to me and others his prophets, that, in the latter times, wherein Antichrist shall reign and sway in the world, some shall depart away from the purity of religion, giving heed to seducing spirits, and to doctrines devised and set on foot by the Devil ;
IV. 2 Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron; Broaching false and erroneous points of doctrine, and labouring to make them good by a hypocritical ostentation of holiness; having hard and seared hearts, insensible of their own dangerous estate, and of the fearful judgments of God;
IV. 3 Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. Forbidding marriage, either absolutely in itself or specially to some sorts and estates of men, as a thing unclean and unlawful; and commanding, upon pretence of holiness and conscience, to abstain from some kind of meats, which yet God hath created good and allowed to be received.
IV. 5 For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer. For it is sanctified to us, and may lawfully be received ; if the word of God have not forbidden, but given free way unto it ; and if we use it, both with prayer for a blessing upon it, and with thanksgiving to God for it.
IV. Ő Nourished up in the words of faith and of good doctrine, whereunto thou hast attained. Nourished and brought up in the true religion of God, and in good and wholesome doctrine.
IV. 7 But refuse profane and old wives' fables, and exercise thy, self rather unto godliness. But refuse thou both erroneous and heretical opinions, as also the fabulous dotages of vain and brain-sick men ; and exercise thyself rather in the holy and spiritual works of piety and godliness.
IV. 8 For bodily exercise profiteth little : but godliness is profita.
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ble unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come. For, as for that bodily exercise of fasting and strict penitence wherewith many please themselves, if it be considered in itself, surely it profiteth little, and many have used it to small purpose; but the exercises of true Piety, whereby we work upon our hearts, to draw them to the fear of God, to sound repentance, to a lively faith, and all other heavenly dispositions, are profitable to all ends and purposes; having the promises of God's gracious acceptation and reward, both in respect of the blessings of this life and the life to come.
IV. 10 For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe. For therefore we do, with much cheerfulness, both labour and toil in our vocations, and also suffer the reproaches that are cast upon us for Christ; because we have our full trust and confidence reposed upon the Living God; who is the protector, preserver, and maintainer of all men, but especially of those that believe, who are most peculiarly interested in him.
IV. 11, 12 These things command and teach. Let no man despise thy youth ; but be thou an example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity. Demean thyself so gravely and stayedly, that no man may take occasion to despise thee for thy young years; but be thou an example to all believers, to frame their lives according to thine: go thou, therefore, before them; and lead them, both by thy doctrine and by thy conversation, in Christian love and charity, in an undaunted courage and fortitude, in a lively faith, in a holy purity both of heart and life.
IV. 13 Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine. Till I come, be thou diligent in reading and meditating upon the Holy Scriptures ; and employ thyself carefully in teaching and exhorting others.
IV. 14 Neglect not the gift that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the presbytery. Do not neglect to stir up and exercise those notable gifts and graces, which were given thee by the Spirit of God; when, upon the special revelation of God, and the divine oracle of his Holy Ghost, thou wert appointed and designed to this holy ministry; whereto thou wert admitted and consecrated, by the prayers and imposition of the hands of the presbytery.
IV. 16 Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine ; continue in them. Look carefully to thyself, both for thy life and thy doctrine ; and continue constant, in the careful observation of these rules, which I have given thee.
V. i Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father ; and the younger men as brethren.
Do not take up too sharply and roundly those, that are ancient in years; but entreat them plausibly and gently, as thy fathers in age: neither be too harsh to the younger men; but treat with them, as with brethren.
V. 3 Honour widows that are widows indeed. Give due respect to those widows, which, under thy charge, are appointed to be maintained by the public contribution of the Church : such I mean, as are widows indeed; and therefore, for their condition, duly capable of this maintenance.
V. 4 But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents : for that is good and acceptable before God. But, if any widow have children and nephews of sufficient ability to provide for her, let those children or nephews learn to shew their piety and love to such their parents or aunts; and to requite those loving and chargeable offices, which, in their younger times, they received from them. :
v.°5 Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day. Now she, that is a widow indeed, fit for your relief, is she, that is utterly destitute of other helps, that is religiously given, trusting in God, and spending her time ever in holy devotion, both night and day.
V. 6 But she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth. But she, that lives in pleasure and delicacy, pampering herself so much the more by occasion of her freedom, and giving herself over to wautonness; though she live in the body, yet in soul she is dead, dead in her sins and trespasses.
V. 8 But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel. "But, if any shall willingly neglect to provide for those that concern him, and especially for them of his own family and near kindred, that man, together with humanity, bath cast away religion also ; and makes himself, in this foul and shameful incivility, worse than an infidel.
V. 9 Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years old, having been the wife of one man. Let not one be taken into the number of those widows, who depend upon the maintenance of the Church, and are employed by it to charitable services in attendance of the sick and ministration to the Saints in their travails, under threescore years old ; and such an one, as hath given good proof of her modesty; having so been the wife of one husband, as that she hath not, upon his repudiation, married to another.
V. 11 But the younger widows refuse : for when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they will marry; But do not admit of younger widows to this condition and service : for they, after that they have betaken themselves to this ministration, and by this means have as it were married themselves to Christ, when they grow pampered and wanton, will be