Trans-Neptunian Objects and Comets: Saas-Fee Advanced Course 35. Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy

Capa
Springer Science & Business Media, 13 de nov de 2007 - 258 páginas

The study of the Solar system, particularly of its newly discovered outer parts, is one of the hottest topics in modern astrophysics with great potential for revealing fundamental clues about the origin of planets and even the emergence of life. The three lecturers of the 35th Saas-Fee Advanced Course, which have been updated and collected in this volume, cover the field from observational, theoretical and numerical perspectives.

 

O que estão dizendo - Escrever uma resenha

Não encontramos nenhuma resenha nos lugares comuns.

Conteúdo

An Observational Perspective
1
11 The Conduct of Research into the Subject
2
2 The Modern Solar System
5
22 The Three Domains
9
3 Cometary Nuclei
26
31 Mantles
38
4 Kuiper Belt
47
Spectra
53
44 The Mass Deficit of the Cold Population
134
45 Pushing out the Kuiper Belt
138
5 Origin of the Late Heavy Bombardment of the Terrestrial Planets
139
Perspectives for Future Work
151
References
154
Comets
164
2 Sublimation Processes
168
22 Gas Sublimation and Nucleus Differentiation
170

Shapes Spins
56
Multiple Objects
57
Densities
59
46 Centaurs
62
47 Irregular Satellites
63
48 Trojans
68
References
72
Current Dynamics and Primordial Evolution
79
1 The TransNeptunian Population
80
12 The Structure of the TransNeptunian Population
84
13 Dynamics in the Kuiper Belt
93
14 Note on the Scattered Disk
100
2 The Dynamics of Comets
101
21 Origin and Evolution of Jupiter Family Comets
104
22 Origin and Evolution of LongPeriod Comets
108
23 Note on HalleyType Comets
113
24 The Fate of Faded Comets
115
3 The Formation of the Oort Cloud
117
31 Problems with the Classical Scenario
122
32 Oort Cloud Formation in a Dense Galactic Environment
124
4 The Primordial Sculpting of the Kuiper Belt
127
41 The Origin of the Resonant Populations
128
42 The Origin of the Hot Population
130
43 The Origin of the Outer Edge of the Kuiper Belt
132
23 Observations of Gas Activity Evolution
175
3 Coma and Tail Dynamics
182
32 Dynamics in the Outer Coma and Neutral Gas Tails
200
33 Dynamics of Dust Tails
201
34 Dynamics of Ion Tails
204
4 Emission Excitation in the Gas Coma
208
41 Resonance Fluorescence
212
42 Prompt Emission
213
43 Optical Depth Effects
214
45 OH Maser Emission
216
51 Chemistry of Some Frequently Observed Species
219
6 Gas Production Rates
224
62 Abundance Ratios and Compositional Differences among Comets
226
63 Compositional Differences Among Comets
230
64 Isotopic Ratios
231
7 Dust Particles
233
71 Composition
234
72 Size Distribution
236
73 The Dust Production Rate
238
8 Outlook
240
References
242
Acknowledgments
255
Index
257
Direitos autorais

Termos e frases comuns

Sobre o autor (2007)

David Jewitt is professor at the University of Hawaii and joint discoverer (with Jane Luu) of the first trans-Neptunian object, 1992 QB1.

Alessandro Morbidelli is researcher at Nice Observatory and winner of the Urey Prize of the Division of Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society in 2000.

Heike Rauer is professor at the Free University of Berlin and staff scientist at the DLR institute for Planetary Research. She is joint discoverer of the sodium tail of comet Hale-Bopp.

Informações bibliográficas