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a year, viz.

and their Successors, there shall be One Governor, One Deputy-Governer, A Governor, and Twelve Affiftants, to be from Time to Time constituced, elected and Deputy-Go- chosen out of the Freemen of the said Company for the Time being, in such vernor, and 12 Afliftants

Mannet and Form as hereafter in these Prelents is expressed, which said to be ele&ted Officer's Thall apply themselves to take Care for the best disposing and orderfrom time tö-ing of the general Business and Affairs of and concerning the Land and

Hereditaments herein after mentioned to be granted, and the Plantation thereof, and the Government of the People thereof: And for the better Execution of Our Royal Pleasure herein, We do for Us, Our Heirs, and

Succeffors, assign, name, confticute and appoint the aforelaid John Winthrop Firtt Gover

to be the first and present Governor of the said Company, and the said John nor, DeputyGovernor & Mason to be the Deputy-Governor, and the said Samuel Wyllys, Matibero Affistants ap- Allyn, Nathan Gold, Henry Clarke, Richard Treat, Jokn Ogden, John Tapping, pointed.

John Talcott, Thomas Wells, Henry Wolcott, Richard Lord, and Daniel Clarke, to be the Twelve present Asistants of the said Company, to continue in the said several Offices respectively, until the second Thursday which shall be in the Month of Oktober now next coming. And further, We Will, and by

these Presents for Us, Our Heirs, and Succeffors, Do ordain and grant, That Governor & Deputy-Go

the Governor of the said Company for the Time being, or in his Absence yernor's pow

by occasion of Sickness, or otherwise by his Leave or Perniission, the

Deputy-Governor for the Time being, shall and may from Time to Time Gen. Allem

upon all Occalions, give Order for the assembling of the said Company, bly.

and calling them together to consult and advise of the Business and Affairs

of the said Company, and that for ever hereafter, twice in every Year, Two General

That is to say, On every Second Thursday in Oktober, and on every Second Affemblies in Thurfday in May, or oftner in case it shall be requisite; the Asistants, and

Freemen of the said Company, or such of them (not exceeding Two Persons in May and

from each Place, Town, or City) who shall be from Time to Time thereunto O&ober.

elected or deputed by the major Part of the Freemen of the respective Towns, Cities, and Places for which they shall be elected or deputed, Mall have a General Meeting, or Assembly, then and there to consult and advise in and about the Affairs and Business of the said Company: and that the Governor, or in his Absence the Deputy-Governor of the said Company for the Time being, and such of the Affiltants and Freenen of the said Company as shall be so elected or deputed, and be present at such Meeting or Assembly, or the greatest Number of them, whereof the Governor or Deputy-Governor, and Six of the Afliftants at least, to be Seven, shall be

called the General Affembly, and shall have full Power and Authority to Power to al alter and change their Days and Times of Meeting, or General Assemblies, ter their days for electing the Governor, Deputy-Governor, and Affiftants, or other

Officers, or any other Courts, Assemblies or Meetings, and to choose, nominate and appoint foch and so many other Persons as they shall think fit,

and shall be willing to accept the same, to be Free of the said Company, To appoint and Body Politick, and them into the same to admit; And to elect and freemen, and constitute such Officers as they shall think fit and requisite for the ordering, constitute of

managing and disposing of the Affairs of the said Governor and Company, ficers.

and their Sccessors: And We do hereby for Us, Our Heirs and Succeffors, establish and ordain, That once in the Year for ever hereafter, Namely, the said Second Thursday in May, the Governor, Deputy Governor, and Asistants of the said Company, and other Officers of the laid Company, or such of them as the said General Assembly shall think fit, shall be in the said General Court and Affembly to be held from that Day or Time, newly chosen for the Year ensuing, by such greater Part of the said Company for the Time being, then and there prelent; and if the Governor, DeputyGovernor, and Afiftants by thele Presents appointed, or such as hereafter

be newly chosen into their Rooms, or any of them, or any other the Officers Power to chuse new of

to be appointed for the said Company shall die, or be removed fro:n his or ficers in case their several Offices or Places before the said gencral Day of Election, of the death whom We do hereby declare for any Misdeineanor or Default, to be reor removal of movable by the Governor, Asistants, and Company, or such greater Part others. of them in any of the said public Courts to be assembled, as is aforesaid, that

then,

(5) then, and in every such Case, it shall and may be lawful to and for the Go: vernor, Deputy-Governor, and Assistants, and Company aforesaid, or such greater Part of them so to be assembled, as is aforesaid, in any of their Assemblies, to proceed to a new Election of one or more of their Company, in the Room or Place, Rooms or Places of such Governor, Deputy-Governor, AMiftant, or other Officer or Officers so dying or removed, according to their Discretions, and immediately upon and after such Election or Electi- Former of: ons made of such Governor, Deputy-Governor, Afiftant or Alistants, or cers power to any other Officer of the said Company, in Manner and Form aforesaid, the ceale, upon Authority, Office and Power before given to the former Governor, Deputy- new ones: Governor, or other Officer and Officers so removed, in whose Stead and Place new shall be chosen, shall as to him and them, and every of them respectively, cease and determine. Provided also, And Our Will and Pleasure is, That as well such as are by these Presents appointed to be the present Governor, Deputy-Governor, and Affiltants of the said Company, as those that shall succeed them, and all other Officers to be appointed and chofen, as aforesaid, shall before they undertake the Execution of their faid Offices and Places respectively, take their several and respective corporal Oaths for the due and faithful Performance of their Duties, in their several Ofices and Places, before such Peson or Persons as are by these Presents hereafter appointed to take and receive the same; That is to say, The said Jobs Winthrop, who is herein before nominated and appointed the present Governor of the said Company, shall take the said Oath before One or more of the Masters of Our Court of Chancery for the Time being, unto which Master

Governor, D: of Chancery, We do by these Presents give full Power and Authority to

Governor, & administer che faid Oath to the said Jobn Winthrop accordingly: And the 'Afiftants to said John Mason, who is herein before nominated and appointed the present be sworn to a

faithful Deputy-Governor of the said Company, shall take the said Oath before the per

formance of said John Winthrop, or any Two of the Asistants of the said Company, unto their duty s whom We do by these Presents give full Power and Authority to administer office. the said Oath to the said John Mason accordingly: And the said Samuel Wyllys, Henry Clarke, Matthew Allyn, John Tapping, Nathan Gold, Richard Treat, Richard Lord, Henry Wolcott, John Talcott, Daniel Clarke, John Ogden, and Thomas Wells, who are herein before nominated and appointed the present Afiftants of the said Company, fhall take the Oath before the said John Winthrop, and Jobn Mafon, or One of them, to whom We do hereby give full Power and Authority to administer the fame accordingly: And Our further Will and Pleasure is, that all and every Governor, or DeputyGovernor to be elected and chosen by Virtue of these Presents, fhall take the laid Oath before Two or more of the Afiftants of the said Company for the Time being, unto whom We do by these Presents give fuil Power and Authority to give and administer the faid Oath accordingly, and the faid Assistants, and every of them, and all and every other Officer or Oficers to be hereafter chosen from Time to Time, to take the faid Oath before the Governor, or Deputy-Governor for the Time being, unto which Governor, or Deputy-Governor We do by these Presents give full Power and Authority to administer the fame accordingly. And further, Ot Our more ample Grace, certain Knowledge, and meer Motion, We have given and granted, and by these Presents for Us, Our Heirs and Succeffors, do give and grant unto the said Governor and Company of the Englise Colony of ConneEticut, in New England, in America, and to every Inhabitant there, and to every Person and Persons trading thither, and to every fach Perfon and Perfons as are or shall be Free of the said Colony, full Power and Authority from

Power to Time to Time, and at all Times hereafter, to take Ship, Transport and

transport ind carry away for and towards the Plantation and Defence of the said Colony, habitants in such of Our loving Subjects and Strangers, as shall or will willingly accom to the Colo. pany them in, and to their faid Colony and Plantation, except such Person ny, & goods,

merchandi. and Persons as are or shall be therein restrained by Us, Our Heirs and Succeffors ; and also to ship and transport all, and all Manner of Goods, Chattels, Merchandizes, and other Things whatsoever that are or shall be useful or necessary for the Inhabitants of the said Colony, and may lawfully

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be transported thither ; Nevertheless, not to be discharge of Payment to
Us, our Heirs and Succeffors, of the Duties, Customs and Subsidies which
are or ought to be paid or payable for the same. And further, Our Will

and Plealure is, and we do for Us, Our Heirs and Succeffors, ordain, deThe king's

clare, and grant unto the said Governor and Company, and their Succeffors, subjects in

That all, and every the Subjects of Us, Our Heirs, or Successors, which this colony to

shall enjoy all the

go to inhabit within the said Colony, and every of their Children privileges of which shall happen to be born there, or on the Seas in going thither, or free and na- returning from chence, shall have and enjoy all Liberties and Immunities of tural subjects. free and natural Subjects within any the Dominions of Us, Our Heirs or

Successors, to all intents, Constructions and Purposes whatsoever, as if they
and every of them were born within the Realm of England ; And We do
authorise and impower the Governor, or in his Absence the Deputy-Go-
vernor for the Time being, to appoint Two or more of the faid Afiftants

at any of their Courts or Assemblies to be held as aforesaid, to have Power Power to ad- and Authority to administer the Oath of Supremacy and Obedience to all oath of supre, and every Person and Persons which shall at any Time or Times hereafter macy and o- go or pass into the said Colony of Connecticut, unto which said Asistants so bedience.

to be appointed as aforesaid, We do by these Presents give full Power and
Authority to adminifter the said Oath accordingly. And We do further
of Our especial Grace, certain Knowledge, and mere Motion, give, and
granc unto the said Governor and Company of the English Colony of Cone
ne Eticut, in New-England, in America, and their Succeffors, That it shall and
may be lawful to and for the Governor, or Deputy-Governor, and such of
the Afitants of the said Company for the Time being as shall be Affem
bled in any of the General Courts aforesaid, or in any Courts to be especially
summoned or assembled for that Purpose, or the greater part of them,

whereof the Governor, or Deputy-Governor, and Six of the Asistants to To erect ju be always Seven, to erect and make such Judicatories, for the hearing, dicatories.

and determining of all Actions, Causes, Matters, and Things happening
within the laid Colony, or Plantation, and which shall be in Dispute, and
Depending there, as they shall think Fit, and Convenient, and also from

Time to Time to Make, Ordain, and Establish all manner of whol-fome, To ordain & and reasonable Laws, Statutes, Ordinances, Directions, and Instructions, for fettling not Contrary to the Laws of this Realm of England, as well for settling the the forms of Forms, and Ceremonies of Government, and Magistracy, fit and neceffagovernment, ry for the said Plantation, and the Inhabitants there, as for Naming, and

Stiling all Sorts of Officers, both Superior and Inferior, which they shall
find Needful for the Government, and Plantation of the said Colony, and
the distinguishing and setting forth of the several Duties, Powers, and
Limits of every such Office and Place, and the Forms of such Oaths not
being contrary to the Laws and Statutes of this Our Realm of England, to
be adminiftred for the Execution of the said several Offices and Places as
also for the disposing and ordering of the Election of such of the said Of-
ficers as are to be annually chosen, and of such others as shall succeed in
case of Death or Removal, and administring the said Oath to the new-

elected Oficers, and granting necessary Commissions, and for Imposition
To impose
fines, mulcts,

of lawful Fines, Mulēts, Imprisonment or other Punishinent upon Offen-
ders and Delinquents according to the Course of other Corporations with-
in this our Kingdom of England, and the same Laws, Fines, Mules and
Executions, to alter, charge, revoke, annul, release, or pardon under their
Common Seal, as by the said General Assembly, or the major Part of them
shall be thought fit, and for the directing, ruling and dispoling of all other
Matters and Things, whereby Our faid People Inhabitants there, may be so
religiously, peaceably and civilly governed, as their good Life and orderly
Conversation may win and invite the Natives of the Country to the Knows
lege and Obedience of the only true GOD, and the Saviour of Mankind,
and the Christian Faith, which in Our Royal Intentions, and the Adventur-
ers free Poffeffion, is the only and principal End of this Plantation ; willing,

commanding and requiring, and by these Presents for Us, Our Heirs and Laws to be

Succeffors, ordaining and appointing, that all such Laws, Statutes and Orpublished. dinances, Instructions, Impositions and Directions as Thall be so made by the

Governor,

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Governor, Deputy-Governor, and Afiftants as aforesaid, and published in Writing under their Common Seal, shall carefully and duly be observed, Laws to be kept, performed, and put in Execution, according to the true Intent and put in Execua

tion, Meaning of the fame, and these Our Letters Patents, or the Duplicate, or Exemplification thereof, shall be to all and every such Oficers, Superiors and Interiors from Time to Time, for the putting of the same Orders, Laws, Statutes, Ordinances, Instructions, and Directions in due Execution, again ft Us, Our Heirs and Succeffors, a suficient Warrant and Discharge. And We do further for Us, Our Heirs and Succeffors, give and grant unto the said Governor and Company, and their Successors, by these Presents, That it shall and may be lawful to, and for the Chief Commanders, Governors and Officers of the said Company for the Time being, who shall be resident in the Parts of New-England hereafter mentioned, and others inhabiting there,

Power to als by their Leave, Admittance, Appointment, or Direction, from Time to

semble & put Time, and at all Times hereafter, for their special Defence and Safety, to in warlike Assemble, Marcial-Array, and puc in warlike Posture the Inhabitants of posture the the said Colony, and to Commissionate, Impower, and Authorize such Per- Inhabitants, fon or Persons as they shall think fit, to lead and conduct the faid Inhabitants, and to encounter, expulse, repel and refift by Force of Arms, as well by Sea as by Land, and also to kill, Nay, and destroy by all fitting Ways, Enterprizes, and Means whatsoever, all and every such Person or Persons as shall at any Time hereafter attempt or enterprize the Destruction, Invasion, Detriment, or Annoyance of the said Inhabitants or Plantation, and to use and exercise the Law Martial in such cases only as Occasion To use the

Law Martial Ihall require; and to take or surprize by all Ways and Means whatsoever, all and every such Person and Persons, with their Ships, Armour, Ammunition and other Goods of such as shall in such hoftile Manner invade or attempt the defeating of the said Plantation, or the hurt of the said Company and Inhabitants, and upon just Causes to invade and destroy the Natives, or other Enemies of the said Colony. Nevertheless, Our Will and Pleasure is, and We do hereby declare unto all Christian Kings, Princes, and States, that if any Persons which shall hereafter be of the said Company Declaration

His Majesty's or Plantation, or any other by Appointment of the said Governor and to all Princes Company for the Time being, shall at any Time or Times hereafter rob or and States, a fpoil by Sea or by Land, and do any Hurt, Violence, or unlawful Hoftility gainst such as to any of the Subjects of Us, Our Heirs or Successors, or any of the Subjects spoil by Sea of any Prince or State being then in League with Us, Our Heirs or Successors, or Land. upon Complaint of such Injury done to any such Prince or State, or their Subjects, We, Our Heirs and Successors will make open Proclamation within any Pi is of Our Realm of Englard fit for thác Purpose; that the Person or Persons committing any such Robbery or Spoil, fhall within the Time limited by such Proclamation, make full Reftitucion or Satisfaction of all such Injuries done or committed, so as the faid Prince, or others ld complaining may be fully satisfied and contented; and if the said Person or Perforis who shall commit any fuck Robbery or Spoil shall not make Satisfaction accordingly, within such Time fo to be limited, thác then it shall and may be lawful for Us, Our Heirs and Successors, to put such Person or Persons out of Our Allegiance and Protection ; and that it shall and may be lawful and free for all Princes or others to prosecure with Hoftility such Offenders, and every of them, their; and every of their Liberty re: Procurors, aiders, Abettors and Counsellors in that Behalf. Provided also; served for all and Our express Will and Pleasure is, and We do by thefe Prefents for his Majesty's Us, Our Heirs, and Succeffors, Ordain and Appoint, that these Presents subjects to fish shall not in any Manner hinder any of Our loving Subjects whatsoever to

upon the coaft use and exercise the Trade of Fishing upon the Coast of New England, in America, but they and every or any of them shall have full and free Power and Liberty, to continue, únd use the said Trade of Fishing upon the faid Coast, in any of the Seas thereunto adjoining, or any Arms of the Seas, or Salt Water Rivers where they have been accustomed to fish, and to build To build and set up on the waste Land belonging to the said Colony of ConneEticut, Wharves,&c. such Wharves, Stages, and Work-Houles as shall be necessary for the salting upon waite

dryingi

drying, and keeping of their Fish to be taken, or gotten upon that Coast, any Thingin thefe Presents contained to the contrary notwithstanding. And

Know Ye further, That We, of Our abundant Grace, certain Knowledge, Grant of the and mere Motion, have given, granted, and confirmed, and by these Prelands within sents for Us, our Heirs and Successors, do give, grant and confirm unto the the limits ex- said Governor and Company, and their Succeffors, all that Part of Our governor and Dominions in New England in America, bounded on the East by Narragansetcompany, River, commonly called Narraganset-Bay, where the said River falleth into with the com- the Sea, and on the North by the Line of the Massachusetts- Plantation; and modities 'thereof, &c.

on the South by the Sea ; and in Longitude as the Line of the MeljachusettsColony, running from East to West, That is to say, From the said NarraganJet-Bay on the East, to the South Sea on the West Part, with the Islands thereunto adjoining, together with all firm Lands, Soils, Grounds, Havens, Ports, Rivers, Waters, Fishings, Mines, Minerals, precious Stones, Quarries, and ail and singular other Commodities, Jurisdiâions, Royalties, Privileges, Franchises, Preheminences, and Heredicaments whatsoever, within the said Tract, Bounds, Lands, and Inands aforesaid, or to them or any of them belonging. To bave and to hold the fame unto the said Governor and Company, their Successors and Asigns for ever, upon Trust, and for the Use and

Benefit of Themselves and their Associates, Freemen of the said Colony, To be held in free and com

their Heirs and Assigns, to be holden of Us, Our Heirs and Succeffors, as mon foccage. of Our Manor of Eaft Greenwich, in free and common Soccage, and not in

Capite, nor by Knights Service, yielding and paying therefore to Us, Our Heirs and Succeffors, only the Fifth Part of all the Ore of Gold and Silver which from Time to Time, and at all Times hereafter, shall be there gotten, had, or obtained, in Lieu of all Services, Duties and Demands whatsoever, to be to Us, our Heirs, or Successors therefore, or thereout rendered, made, or paid. And lastly, We do for Us, our Heirs and Succeffors, grant to the

faid Governor and Company, and their Successors, by these Presents, That to have the thele Our Letters Patents, shall be firm, good and effectual in the Law, to most favora

all Intents, Constructions, and Purposes whatsoever, according to Our true ble, construction for the Intent and Meaning herein before declared, as shall be construed, reputed benefit of the and adjudged most favourable, on the Behalf, and for the best Benefit, and govrnor and

Behoof of the said Governor and Company, and their Succeffors, although company.

express Mention of the true Yearly Value or Certainty of the Premises, or
of any of them, or of any other Gifts or Grants by Us, or by any of Our
Progenitors, or Predecessors, herecofore made to the said Governor and
Company of the English Colony of Cannefticut, in New-England, in America,
aforesaid, in these Presents is not nade, or any Statute, Act, Ordinance,
Provision, Proclamation, or Restriction heretofore had, made, enacted,
ordained, or provided, or any other Matter, Cause, or Thing whatsoever,
to the contrary thereof, in any wise notwithstanding. In Witness whereof,
We have caused these Our Letters to be made Patents. Witness Ourself
at Westminster, the Three and Twentieth Day of April, in the Fourteenth
Year of our Reign.
By Writ of Privy Seal,

HOWARD

The patent

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