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line of the State of Ohio, and to provide for the admission of the State of Michie into the Union upon the conditions therein expressed," approved June fifteenth thousand eight hundred and thirty-six; thence with the said boundary-line of State of Ohio till it intersects the boundary-line between the United States z Canada in Lake Erie ; thence with said boundary-line between the United States Canada through the Detroit River, Lake Huron, and Lake Superior, to a point al: the said line last touches Lake Superior; thence in a direct line through Lake See rior to the mouth of the Montreal River; thence through the middle of the na channel of the said river Montreal to the headwaters thereof; thence in a direct r: to the centre of the channel between Middle and South Islands in the Lake of t': Desert; thence in a direct line to the southern shore of Lake Brule; thence alor. said southern shore and down the river Brule to the main channel of the Menonon River; thence down the centre of the main channel of the same to the centre of :-most usual ship-channel of the Green Bay of Lake Michigan ; thence through L centre of the most usual ship-channel of the said bay to the middle of Lake Vito gan; thence through the middle of Lake Michigan to the northern boundary of tĖ: State of Indiana, as that line was established by the act of Congress of the air teenth of April, eighteen hundred and sixteen; thence due east with the poti boundary-line of the said State of Indiana to the northeast corner thereof; an: thence south with the eastern boundary-line of Indiana to the place of beginning.

ARTICLE II.

SEAT OF GOVERNMENT. SECTION 1. The seat of government shall be at Lansing, where it is now established.

ARTICLE III.

DIVISION OF THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT. SECTION 1. The powers of government are divided into three departments-it: legislative, executive, and judicial.

Sec. 2. No person belonging to one department shall exercise the powers property belonging to another, except in the cases expressly provided in this constitution.

ARTICLE IV.

LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT. Section 1. The legislative power is vested in a senate and house of representatives.

SEC. 2. The senate shall consist of thirty-two members. Senators shall be elected for two years, and by single districts. Such districts shall be numbered from one to thirty-two inclusive ; each of which shall choose one senator. No county shall be divided in the formation of senate districts, except such county shall be equitably entitled to two or more senators.

Sec. 3. The house of representatives shall consist of not less than sixty-four not more than one hundred members. Representatives shall be chosen for two years, and by single districts. Each representative district shall contain, as nearly as may be, an equal number of white inhabitants, and civilized persons of Indian descent, not members of any tribe, and shall consist of convenient and contiguous territory. But no township or city shall be divided in the formation of a representative district

. When any township or city shall contain a population which entitles it to more than one representative, then such township or city shall elect by general ticket the number of representatives to which it is entitled. Each county hereafter organized, with such territory as may be attached thereto, shall be entitled to a separate representative when it has attained a population equal to a moiety of the ratio of representstion. In every county entitled to more than one representative, the board of supervisors shall assemble at such time and place as the legislature shall prescribe, and divide the same into representative districts, equal to the number of representatives

to which such county is entitled by law, and shall cause to be filed in the offices of the secretary of state and clerk of such county a description of such representative districts, specifying the number of each district, and the population thereof, according to the last preceding enumeration.*

Sec. 4. The legislature shall provide by law for an enumeration of the inhabitants in the year eighteen hundred and fifty-four, and every ten years thereafter; and at the first session after each enumeration so made, and also at the first session after each enumeration by the authority of the United States, the legislature shall rearrange the senate districts, and apportion anew the representatives among the counties and districts, according to the number of white inhabitants and civilized persons of Indian descent, not members of any tribe. Each apportionment and the division into representative districts, by any board of supervisors, shall remain unaltered until the return of another er umeration |

Sec. 5. Senators and representatives shall be citizens of the United States, and qualified electors in the respective counties and districts which they represent. A removal from their respective counties or districts shall be deemed a vacation of their office.

Sec. 6. No person holding any office under the United States, or any county office, except notaries public, officers of the militia, and officers elected by townships, shall be eligible to or have a seat in either house of the legislature, and all votes given for any such person shall be void.

SEC. 7. Senators and representatives shall, in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest. They shall not be subject to any civil process during the session of the legislature, or for fifteen days next before the commencement and after the termination of each session. They shall not be questioned in any other place for any speech in either house.

SEC. 8. A majority of each house shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as each house may prescribe.

Sec. 9. Each house shall choose its own officers, determine the rules of its proceedings, and judge of the qualifications, elections, and return of its members; and may, with the concurrence of two-thirds of all the members elected, expel a member. No member shall be expelled a second time for the same cause, nor for any cause known to his constituents antecedent to his election. The reason for such expulsion shall be entered upon the journal, with the names of the members voting on the question.

Sec. 10. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and publish the same, except such parts as may require secrecy. The yeas and nays of the members of either house on any question shall be entered on the journal at the request of onefifth of the members elected. Any member of either house may dissent from and protest against any act, proceeding, or resolution which he may deem injurious to any person or the public, and have the reason of his dissent entered on the journal.

SEC. 11. In all elections by either house or in joint convention, the votes shall be given viva voce. All votes.on nominations to the senate shall be taken by yeas and nays, and published with the journal of its proceedings.

Sec. 12. The doors of each kouse shall be open, unless the public welfare require secrecy. Neither house shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than where the legislature may then be in session.

SEC. 13. Bills may originate in either house of the legislature.

SEC. 14. Every bill and concurrent resolution, except of adjournment, passed by the legislature, shall be presented to the governor before it becomes a law. If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his objections, to the house in which it originated, which shall enter the objections at large upon their journal .and reconsider it. On such reconsideration, if two-thirds of the members elected agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall be reconsidered. If approved by two-thirds of the members elected to that * Amended; see page 1018.

Amended ; see page 1918.

ENABLING ACT FOR MICHIGAN-1836.

[TWENTY-FOURTH CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION. An Act to establish the northern boundary-line of the State of Ohio, and to provide for

the admission of the Stote of Michigan into the Union upon the conditions therein expressed.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the northern boundary-line of the State of Ohio shall be established at, and shall be a direct line drawn from the southern extremity of Lake Michigan to the most northerly cape of the Maumee (Miami) Bay, after that line, so drawn, shall intersect the eastern boundary-line of the State of Indiana; and from the said north cape of the said bay, northeast to the boundary-line between the United States and the province of Upper Canada, in Lake Erie; and thence with the said last-mentioned line, to its intersection with the western line of the State of Pennsylvania.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the constitution and State government which the people of Michigan have formed for themselves be, and the same is hereby, accepted, ratified, and confirmed; and that the said State of Michigan shall be, and is hereby, declared to be one of the United States of America, and is hereby admitted into the Union upon an equal footing with the original States, in all respects whatsoever : Frovided always, and this admission is upon the express condition, That the said state shall consist of and have jurisdiction over all the territory included within the following boundaries, and over none other, to wit: Beginning at the point where the above-described northern boundary of the State of Ohio intersects the eastern boundary of the State of Indiana, and running thence with the said boundary-line of Ohio, as described in the first section of this act, until it intersects the boundary-line between the United States and Canada, in Lake Erie; thence with the said boundary-line between the United States and Canada, through the Detroit River, Lake Huron, and Lake Superior, to a point where the said line last touches Lake Superior; thence, in a direct line through Lake Superior, to the mouth of the Montreal River; thence, through the middle of the main channel of the said river Montreal, to the middle of the Lake of the Desert; thence, in a direct line, to the nearest headwater of the Menomonee River; thence, through the middle of that fork of the said river first touched by the said line, to the main channel of the said Menomonee River; thence, down the centre of the main channel of the same, to the centre of the most usual ship-channel of the Green Bay of Lake Michigan; thence, through the centre of the most usual ship-channel of the said bay, to the middle of Lake Michigan ; thence, through the middle of Lake Michigan, to the northern boundary of the State of Indiana, as that line was established by the act of Congress of the nineteenth of April, eighteen hundred and sixteen; thence due east with the north boundary-line of the said State of Indiana to the northeast corner thereof; and thence south, with the east boundary line of Indiana, to the place of beginning. ·

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That as a compliance with the fundamental condition of admission contained in the last preceding section of this act, the boundaries of the said State of Michigan, as in that section described, declared, and established, shall receive the assent of a convention of delegates elected by the people of sald State for the sole purpose of giving the assent herein required ; and, as soon as the assent herein required shall be given, the President of the United States shall arnounce the same by proclamation; and, thereupon, and without any further proceeding on the part of Congress, the admission of the said State into the Union, as one of the United States of America, on an equal footing with the original States in ail respects whatever, shall be considered as complete, and the Senators and Representatives who have been elected by the said State as its representatives in the Congress of the United States shall be entitled to take their seats in the Senate and House of Representatives, respectively, without further delay.

SEC. 4. And be it further eracted, That nothing in this act contained, or in the

admission of the said State into the Union as one of the United States of America, upon an equal footing with the original States in all respects whatever, shall be so construed or understood as to confer upon the people, legislature, or other authorities of the said State of Michigan any authority or right to interfere with the sale by the United States, and under their authority, of the vacant and unsold lands within the limits of the said State; but that the subject of the public lands, and the interests which may be given to the said State therein, shall be regulated by future action between Congress, on the part of the United States, and the said State, or the authorities thereof. And the said State of Michigan shall in no case, and under no pretence whatsoever, impose any tax, assessment, or imposition of any description upon any of the lands of the United States within its limits.

APPROVED, June 15, 1836.

ACT FOR THE ADMISSION OF MICHIGAN-1837.*

[TWENTY-FOURTH CONGRESS, SECOND SEssion.] An Act to admit the State of Michigan into the Union upon an equal footing with the

original States. Whereas, in pursuance of the act of Congress of June the fisteenth, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, entitled “An act to establish the northern boundary of the State of Ohio, and to provide for the admission of the State of Michigan into the Union, upon the conditions therein expressed," a convention of delegates, elected by the people of the said State of Michigan, for the sole purpose of giving their assent to the boundaries of the said State of Michigan, as described, declared, and established in and by the said act, did, on the fifteenth of December, eighteen hundred and thirtysix, assent to the provisions of the said act: Therefore,

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the State of Michigan shall be one, and is hereby declared to be one, of the United States of America, and admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original States, in all respects whatever.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Treasury, in carrying into effect the thirteenth and fourteenth sections of ihe act of the twenty-third of June, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, entitled “An act to regulate the deposits of the public money," shall consider the State of Michigan as being ore of the United States.

APPROVED, January 26, 1837.

CONSTITUTION OF MICHIGAN-1850.

The People of the State of Michigan do ordain this Constitution.

ARTICLE I.

BOUNDARIES. The State of Michigan consists of and has jurisdiction over the territory embraced withir. :he following boundaries, to wit: Commencing at a point on the eastern boundary-line of the State of Indiana, where a direct line drawn from the southern extremity of Lake Michigan to the most northerly cape of the Maumee Bay shall intersect the same, said point being the northwest corner of the State of Ohio, as established by act of Congress, entitled "An act to establish the northern boundary

The conditions imposed by the act of Congress approved June 15, 1836, were rejected by a convention which met at Ann Arbor September 28, 1836, but were accepied Ly a second convention which assembled at Ann Arbor December 15, 1836.

+ This constitution was framed by a convention which m.ct at Lansing June 3, 1850, and completed its labors August 15, 1€50. It was ratificd by a vcte of 36,169 against 9,433.

line of the State of Ohio, and to provide for the admission of the State of Michigan into the Union upon the conditions therein expressed," approved June fifteenth, ope thousand eight hundred and thirty-six ; thence with the said boundary-line of the State of Ohio till it intersects the boundary-line between the United States and Canada in Lake Erie ; thence with said boundary-line between the United States and Canada through the Detroit River, Lake Huron, and Lake Superior, to a point where the said line last touches Lake Superior; thence in a direct line through Lake Superior to the mouth of the Montreal River ; thence through the middle of the main channel of the said river Montreal to the headwaters thereof; thence in a direct line to the centre of the channel between Middle and South Islands in the Lake of the Desert; thence in a direct line to the southern shore of Lake Brule; thence alons said southern shore and down the river Brule to the main channel of the Menomonte River; thence down the centre of the main channel of the same to the centre of the most usual ship-channel of the Green Bay of Lake Michigan ; thence through the centre of the most usual ship-channel of the said bay to the middle of Lake Michigan; thence through the middle of Lake Michigan to the northern boundary of the State of Indiana, as that line was established by the act of Congress of the nineteenth of April, eighteen hundred and sixteen; thence due east with the north boundary-line of the said State of Indiana to the northeast corner thereof; and thence south with the eastern boundary-line of Indiana to the place of beginning.

ARTICLE II.

SEAT OF GOVERNMENT. SECTION 1. The seat of government shall be at Lansing, where it is now established.

ARTICLE III.

DIVISION OF THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT, SECTION 1. The powers of government are divided into three departments—the legislative, executive, and judicial.

Sec. 2. No person belonging to one department shall exercise the powers properly belonging to another, except in the cases expressly provided in this constitution.

ARTICLE IV.

LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT. SECTION 1. The legislative power is vested in a senate and house of representatives.

SEC. 2. The senate shall consist of thirty-two members. Senators shall be elected for two years, and by single districts. Such districts shall be numbered from one to thirty-two inclusive ; each of which shall choose one senator. No county shall be divided in the formation of senate districts, except such county shall be equitably entitled to two or more senators.

SEC. 3. The house of representatives shall consist of not less than sixty-four nor more than one hundred members. Representatives shall be chosen for two years, and by single districts. Each representative district shall contain, as nearly as may be, an equal number of white inhabitants, and civilized persons of Indian descent, not members of any tribe, and shall consist of convenient and contiguous territory. But no township or city shall be divided in the formation of a representative district. When any township or city shall contain a population which entitles it to more than one representative, then such township or city shall elect by general ticket the number of representatives to which it is entitled. Each county hereafter organized, with such territory as may be attached thereto, shall be entitled to a separate representative when it has attained a population equal to a moiety of the ratio of representation. In every county entitled to more than one representative, the board of supervisors shall assemble at such time and place as the legislature shall prescribe, and divide the same into representative districts, equal to the number of representatives

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