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admit adopted agents amended American argument arising authority belongs binding body Calhoun called cents character citizens clear Cloth common compact conclusively Confederation Congress consideration considered consolidation Constitution construction contend convention created decide decision delegated deny departments derived determining distinct doctrine Documents doubt duties effect encroachments equal established execute exercise existence express extent Extracts fact Federal Government feeling finally force gentleman give grant hand History honorable idea illustrations important individuals interfere interpret judge judicial justice land Leaflets legislatures liberty limits maintain majority manner matter means ment nature object opinion origin parties plain political popular possess President Price proper proposition protect provision pursuance question reason regarded relation Reply Representatives resist respective secession Senator separate sovereign sovereignty supposed Supreme Court supreme law things tion treaties true unconstitutional understand Union United violation Webster whole
Seite 23 - Liberty first, and Union afterwards, — but everywhere, spread all over in characters of living light, blazing on all its ample folds, as they float over the sea and over the land, and in every wind under the whole heavens, that other sentiment, dear to every true American heart, — Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable.
Seite 39 - We, the people of the United States, do ordain and establish this constitution.
Seite 22 - I profess, sir, in my career hitherto, to have kept steadily in view the prosperity and honor of the whole. country, and the preservation of our Federal Union. It is to that Union we owe our safety at home, and our consideration and dignity abroad.
Seite 18 - There are those, doubtless, who wish they had been left without restraint; but the Constitution has ordered the matter differently. To make war, for instance, is an exercise of sovereignty; but the Constitution declares that no State shall make war. To coin money is another exercise of sovereign power; but no State is at liberty to coin money. Again, the Constitution says that no sovereign State shall be so sovereign as to make a treaty. These prohibitions, it must be confessed, are a control on...
Seite 21 - But who shall decide this question of interference? To whom lies the last appeal? This, Sir, the Constitution itself decides also, by declaring, " that the judicial power shall extend to all cases arising under the Constitution and laws of the United States.
Seite 16 - ... say, upon the ground of revolution. I admit that there is an ultimate violent remedy above the Constitution and in defiance of the Constitution, which may be resorted to when a revolution is to be justified. But I do not admit that under the Constitution, and in conformity with it, there is any mode in which a State government, as a member of the Union, can interfere and stop the progress of the general government, by force of her own laws, under any circumstances whatever.
Seite 21 - With these, it is a constitution ; without them it is a confederacy. In pursuance of these clear and express provisions, Congress established, at its very first session, in the Judicial Act, a mode for carrying them into full effect, and for bringing all questions of constitutional power to the final decision of the Supreme Court. It then, sir, became a government. It then had the means of selfprotection ; and, but for this, it would, in all probability, have been now among things which are past.
Seite 42 - Government created by this compact was not made the exclusive or final judge of the extent of the powers delegated to itself; since that would have made its discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of its powers...
Seite 35 - The first resolution declares that the people of the several States "acceded' to the Constitution, or to the constitutional compact, as it is called. This word "accede," not found either in the Constitution itself, or in the ratification of it by any one of the States, has been chosen for use here, doubtless, not without a wellconsidered purpose. The natural converse of accession is secession; and, therefore, when it is stated that the people of the States acceded to the Union, it may be more plausibly...