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communicate to the elector of Bavaria, his intended move. ments in Switzerland, and their object. He knew the elector had a right to expect that information, although the greater part of Swabia lies between his dominions and Switzerland. And this right is founded on the broad principles already mentioned. . As to the depredations on our commerce, they are numerous, and of great importance ; but my honorable colleague has told us, our merchants are in a fair way of getting redress. I own, sir, I am surprized at this information, which is, I presume, a state secret, communicated from the executive department. My honorable colleague, who is the pattern of discretion, who was the monitor, and threatened to be the castigator of those, who, from treachery or weakness, might betray or divulge the secrets of the Senate, cannot possibly allude to any thing on our files. He has, therefore, received this information from some other quarter, and I feel myself much obliged by his kind communication. But he must pardon me, sir, that until it comes forward in some body, shape, or condition, which I can grasp, I am compelled to withhold

my faith.

Sun Having thus examined the existent state of things, I proceed to consider the consequence to the United States, resulting from the possession of that country by France. To this effect I shall suppose the Floridas to be included in her newly acquired dominion, and shall state what I conceive to be the conduct which she will pursue. She will, I presume, consider herself as not bound by our treaty with Spain. Declaring this to the inhabitants of the western country, and repelling the claim of right, she will (as matter of favor) give them unlimited freedom of trade to and from New Orleans. At that place, she will eventually raise a considerable duty on exports, to pay the expence of her garrisons, and of the civil administration. But to compensate this, she will probably give an exclusive privilege of commerce to her colonies, and obtain from Spain and Holland similar privileges. Under these circumstances, let us examine the general and particu. lar consequences to this our country. a. The general consequences are those which affect our commerce, our revenue, our defence, and what is of more importance even than these, our union. Your commerce will suffer, because you will no longer hold the means of supplying the West-India islands şubject to your single control, and because all the export from New Orleans, being, of course, in

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French bottoms, your navigation will be proportionably dimi. nished. Your revenue will suffer as much as your commerce.

The extensive boundary of more than two thousand miles; will be stocked with goods for the purpose of contraband trade. The inhabitants will naturally take their supplies in that way. You must therefore multiply your revenue officers and their assistants, and while your receipt diminishes, the expence of collection will be encreased. As to what regards your defence, it is evident that the decrease of your navigation and revenue, must narrow your means of defence. You cannot provide the same force either by land or by sea ; but the evil does not stop there. With this country in your possession, you have means of defence more ample, more important, more easy than any nation on earth. In a short time all the West-India islands, fed from your granaries, must depend on your will. And in consequence, all the powers of Europe who have colonies there, must court your friendship. Those rich sources of commercial importance will be as it were in your hands....

They will be pledges for the amity of others in seas and dominions far remote. It is a defence, which though it costs you nothing, is superior to fleets and armies. But let the resources of America be divided, (which must happen when the French are masters of New Orleans) and all this power and influence are gone. One half your resources will be in their hands, and they will laugh at your feeble attempts with the other half. It is the interest of this country that the possessions of European powers in the West-Indies should be secured to them. And in this view of the subject it is important that the island of St. Domingo should be subjected by France, it would therefore have been wise to have aided in that subjugation. There is indeed a special reason for it beyond the considerations of external policy. That event will give to your slaves the conviction that it is impossible for them to become free. Men in their unhappy condition must be impelled by fear, and discouraged by despair. Yes !...The impulsion of fear must be strengthened by the hand of despair! Consider, moreover, your condition in the wars which are most likely to happen. These must be either with France or England. If with France, your interior is ruined ; if with England, the commerce of the Atlantic states will be distressed, and that of the western country too, though not perhaps in so great a degree. Thus let the war be with whichsoever of those nations it may, one half of the United States must be peculiarly injured; and in all cases it will be difficult for them to assist each

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